• Title/Summary/Keyword: Entrepreneurship

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A Study on the Features of Entrepreneurship Education in Overseas Universities : Case of Five Universities in the United States (해외 대학의 창업교육 현황과 특징에 관한 연구 : 미국 5개 대학 사례를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Woo Jin;Kim, Yong Tae;HwangBo, Yun
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.99-110
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    • 2013
  • This study analyzed universities's entrepreneurship education curriculum and variety programs through visiting to five entrepreneurship centers. Through these analyzes, the study presents a basic frame work for prosperous entrepreneurship education in Korea. We have selected for visiting research universities in the middle east of the United states; University of Iowa, University of Missouri(Kansas City), Saint Louis University, University of Louisville and George Washington University. We visited entrepreneurship center of each university in order to have in-depth interview with professor who is responsible for building entrepreneurship curriculum and administrative director of entrepreneurial programs so that we research how university progresses entrepreneurship education at undergraduate level. The study, at the time of 61 universities selected for LINC project by the Korea Ministry of Education who expects Industrial-Academia cooperative effects just installed each entrepreneurship center, analyzed case study of operational practice and entrepreneurship education curriculum for the effective operation of entrepreneurship centers in universities. We believe that the study will be able to provide a richer and more accurate information and ideas since the all the analysis is based on the firsthand interview by visiting.

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Development of Curriculum Framework for Entrepreneurship of Youth (청소년 기업가정신 교육과정 틀(Framework) 개발)

  • Kang, Kyoung Kyoon
    • Journal of vocational education research
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.79-102
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to develop curriculum framework for entrepreneurship development for adolescents. In order to achieve this goal, we studied and developed entrepreneurship semantics, entrepreneurship education, entrepreneurship education, entrepreneurship education contents. This study was developed through Delphi survey. The results of this study were as follows. First, the meaning of entrepreneurship is Innovative mind-set to create true value by experience into life in order to pursue 'self full-filling life' as the organizer of life. Second, the nature of entrepreneurship education for youth is that entrepreneurship education aims to find and solve new problems through self-management to young people who will lead the future, and to create dynamic challenges and creative changes to create innovative values. Leadership skills, challenging spirit, and ability to solve practical problems'. Third, we developed a general goal for youth and elementary, middle and high school goal for entrepreneurship education. Fourth, as a domain of entrepreneurship education, we have developed 'core discovery', 'entrepreneurial skills', 'becoming an entrepreneur' and developed key themes. Based on the results of this study, we developed a systematic entrepreneurship education linkage and educational condition creation for young people outside schools; entrepreneurship program application and educational condition development according to the operation of the free-learning semester system; the strengthening of business start-up support for youth in late adolescence, the establishment of measures to utilize related institutions in local communities and others.

The Effects of Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy on Entrepreneurship of University Students: Moderating Effects of Entrepreneurial Education and Career Uncertainty (예비창업자의 창업효능감과 기업가정신의 관계: 창업교육 및 진로불확실성의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Park, JaeChun;Kim, JuSeob
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 2019
  • Recently, domestic universities have emphasized career path to start-up through entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE) and entrepreneurship. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of ESE on entrepreneurship of university students. Also we examine the moderating effects of entrepreneurial education and career uncertainty between ESE and entrepreneurship. Research sample consisted of 236 university students in Cheonan city. The results of this research is as follows: First, ESE showed a positive effects on entrepreneurship. Second, the moderating effect of entrepreneurial education was significant on the relationship between ESE and entrepreneurship. In other words, university students with a higher entrepreneurial education showed higher entrepreneurship when ESE was lower. But students with a lower entrepreneurial education showed higher entrepreneurship when ESE was higher. Finally, the interaction effects of career uncertainty was confirmed in relationship between ESE and entrepreneurship. In other words, university students with a higher career uncertainty showed higher entrepreneurship when ESE was higher. But students with a lower career uncertainty showed higher entrepreneurship when ESE was lower. In order to improve the entrepreneurship of the pre-founders, it is necessary to strengthen the behavior control of university students by enhancing the ESE. Also, the improvement of entrepreneurship of pre-founders should strengthen the ESE of university students, and should complement systematic and effective entrepreneurship education. In particular, we should provide the stability for career decision by eliminating uncertainty about the career path of university students.

The Effect of Online Entrepreneurship Education on the Global Start-up Entrepreneurship (온라인 창업교육이 글로벌 창업 기업가정신에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Choi, Ju-Choel
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.59-70
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    • 2015
  • The recent global economic crisis and intensifying competition among Northeast Asian neighbors, China and Japan are changing in the foreign policy coarse of growth uncertainty, the domestic enterprise's growth power is faced serious limitations, Therefore, it's increasing that making new growth engines for the creative economy in order to achieve sustainable growth and continue to lead the Global Trade and human resources development and training needs for social entrepreneurship through the creation usually related to human resources. However, the creation of institutional entrepreneurship support system based on the fusion construct and cultured creativity through entrepreneurship education, such as mental challenges proactively apply the various ordinary area and several temporal spatial constraints can be utilized. There follows are in this study and time to entrepreneurship education without restrictions in place were the impact of the most important elements are enterpreneurship in the online entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurship. As the result of analysis, online learning environment have a positive impact on entrepreneurship. I hope that a global powerhouse through youth entrepreneurship would like to contribute IT power nation.

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A Study on Curriculum Design of Entrepreneurship Education in Undergraduate School (창업교육의 대학교과과정 설계방향에 관한 연구)

  • Mok, Young-Du;Choi, Myeong-Gil
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.320-334
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    • 2010
  • Due to the global economic crisis and jobless growth, the problem of employment is becoming an important social issue. Fostering potential entrepreneurs with systematic education can be an alternative for resolving the jobless growth problem. Therefore, this study presents entrepreneurship subjects which are needed for designing a curriculum of the systematic entrepreneurship education. This study develops a questionnaire based on prior researches, and executes the survey of two focused groups comprised with a group of researchers lecturing subjects related with entrepreneurship and a group of executing an entrepreneurship consulting. The result of the study can be applied to design and run the curriculum in the universities, which consider introducing stage of entrepreneurship education. This study help a entrepreneurship department to bear the curriculum, and a direction of specialization.

A Study on the Influence of Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurship on Entrepreneurial Intention and the Moderating Effect of Deokhu-like Behavior (창업교육과 기업가정신이 창업의도에 미치는 영향 및 덕후성향의 조절효과에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Su;Jeong, Yeong-Keun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.394-406
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    • 2021
  • This study was intended to demonstrate how entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurship affect the entrepreneurial intention, and also to examine whether Deokhu-like behavior, which can be called a personal characteristic, acts as an moderating variable in the relationship between entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention. For this study, we conducted an online survey of young people through a research company and collected 231 surveys. The analysis showed that entrepreneurship education had a positive impact on risk-taking and innovativeness, which are factors of entrepreneurship, and again, risk-taking and innovativeness, had a positive impact on entrepreneurial intention. And the mediating effect was also found to be significant. It was also shown that the moderating effect of Deokhu-like behavior on risk-taking and innovativeness was significant. These findings suggest that entrepreneurship education has the effect of enhancing the entrepreneurial intention through the medium of entrepreneurship, and that the entrepreneurial intention can be stronger if a person with Deokhu-like behavior fosters entrepreneurship.

Analysis of the Experiences and Attitudes of Elementary School Pre-service Teachers on Entrepreneurship Education and Core Competencies of Entrepreneurship (초등 예비교사의 창업가정신 교육에 대한 경험 및 태도와 창업가정신 핵심역량 분석)

  • Lee, Soo-Young
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.99-111
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    • 2021
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the experiences and attitudes of elementary pre-service teachers, the level of entrepreneurship core competencies, and to analyze differences in entrepreneurship core competencies by grade, gender, and attitude. To this end, 208 elementary pre-service teachers who responded to the online questionnaire surveyed their experience, attitudes, perceptions, entrepreneurship attempts, and entrepreneurship core competency levels. As a result, pre-service teachers had a low level of understanding and direct participation in entrepreneurship education, the need for entrepreneurship education for elementary school students and teachers was high. The average of the value-creation competency group consisting of innovation, social value orientation, and change agility was relatively lower than the challenge, group creativity, and self-directed competency group. The difference of the entrepreneurship core competency level between the grades was not significant, and female students' competency levels were statistically significantly higher than male students. In addition, the average of the four core competencies of entrepreneurship in the group that recognizes the importance of entrepreneurship as essential competencies was statistically higher than that of their counterparts. Based on the results of this study, the implications for the design and development of a program for enhancing entrepreneurship competency for elementary school pre-service teachers were presented.

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The Impact of Entrepreneurial Personal Characteristics and Social Entrepreneurship on Social Entrepreneurial Intention (창업자의 개인적 특성과 사회적기업가정신이 사회적기업 창업의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Jo, Hyejung;Kim, Mi Ri
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.157-174
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of personal characteristics and social entrepreneurship on social entrepreneurship intention, and to determine whether the moderating effect of gender influences on the relationship between personal characteristics and social entrepreneurship. In order to achieve these research objectives, the personal characteristics affecting social entrepreneurship were identified with moral obligation, self-efficacy, and emotional intelligence. Also, prior studies on social entrepreneurship and social enterprise entrepreneurship intention were reviewed. As a result of the study, we find that moral obligation, self-efficacy, and emotional intelligence all had a positive effect on social entrepreneurship. Second, social entrepreneurship had a positive effect on social enterprise entrepreneurship intentions. Third, analyzing the moderating effect of men and women in the relationship between personal characteristics and social entrepreneurship, it was found that there was a difference in the value of the path coefficient representing the relationship between moral obligation and social entrepreneurship. However, there was no moderating effect in the relationship between self-efficacy, emotional intelligence, and social entrepreneurship by gender. Therefore, this study is expected to serve as a reference for people who want to start a social enterprise in the future to verify their characteristics and use them as a way to improve their social entrepreneurship.

The Effect of Humane Entrepreneurship on the Core Competencies and Corporate Performance of SMEs (사람중심 기업가정신이 중소기업 핵심역량과 기업성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kwang-Hyun;Dong, Hak-Lim
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.217-232
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    • 2019
  • As the role of entrepreneurship has become more important for continuous business growth in a rapidly changing economic environment, numerous studies dealing with entrepreneurship are taking place. However, recent studies has concentrated mainly on business-oriented entrepreneurship which emphasizes corporate efficiency only. While in the era of fourth industrial revolution human resources are more important than corporate efficiency, the existing literature is largely focused on traditional entrepreneurship. Research on humane entrepreneurship has not been rigorous, and there are few studies involving small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) in particular. The purpose of this study is to fill in this void by investigating the effect of humane entrepreneurship on core competencies of SMEs and the effect of these core competencies on corporate performance. To examine SMEs core competencies and their performance from the perspective of humane entrepreneurship, this study set up traditional entrepreneurship and humane entrepreneurship as variables, and develop research model based on these variables. This study tests 5 different hypothesis using this model. A survey was conducted among CEOs and executives at SMEs in Seoul and Gyeonggido, South Korea from, June 26 to August 1, 2018. A total of 310 questionnaires were analyzed. The results show that both traditional and human entrepreneurship have a positive effect on the core competencies of SMEs, which are core competency factors, and that core competencies positively affect both non-financial performance and financial performance. Moreover, non-financial performance is found to have positive effect on financial performance. Given these findings, this study suggests that humane entrepreneurship is critical to SMEs and their performance, no less than traditional entrepreneurship. This study provides profound implications of necessity of raising humane entrepreneurship in environment of companies.

The Impact of Entrepreneurship and Management Strategies on Organizational Performance Perceived by Members: Focused on SMEs

  • Kim, Moon Jun
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.26-37
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the relationship between the entrepreneurship and management strategy perceived by the members of SMEs and their organizational performance. First, as a result of the hypothesis that the entrepreneurship of one hypothesis had a significant influence on organizational performance, risk sensibility, progressiveness, and innovation, which are entrepreneurship, had a positive influence on both financial and non-financial performance. Second, as a result of verifying the influence relationship of the hypothesis two entrepreneurship on the management strategy, risk sensibility, progressiveness, and innovation, which are entrepreneurship, were statistically significant for the management strategy, cost advantage strategy, differentiation strategy, and centralization strategy. Therefore, in order to practice management strategy based on entrepreneurship, it was analyzed to influence mutual cohesion. Third, the management strategy showed a positive influence on organizational performance. In particular, only the centralization strategy, a type of SMEs' management strategy, confirmed the positive impact on the financial and non-financial performance. Therefore, the importance of entrepreneurship and management strategy has been emphasized in order for SMEs to create organizational performance through the advancement of sustainability management system.