• Title, Summary, Keyword: Environmental Friendliness

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An Assessment on Environment Friendliness of National Park Facilities in Korea (국립공원 시설의 친환경성 평가)

  • 오구균;권태호;정승준
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.44-53
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this paper is to evaluate environmental friendliness for facilities of national park to improve naturalness of national park. We have evaluated environmental friendliness of the facilities in Chirisan national park in terms of resource conservation and environmental integration, which are consisted of 9 and 8 evaluation indicators, respectively. Environmental friendliness of the small facilities was not good due to not using locally obtained materials and natural material, and that of large and complex facilities was bad in the field of excessive damage during construction, inadequate maintenance, use of natural material, locally obtained material, environmental integration with surroundings. In evaluating environmental attributes, new facilities is better than the older ones. The small facilities appeared to be worse than those of the complex, and the large facilities are the worst in terms of environmental friendliness. In general, environmental friendliness turned out to be lower in the light of the facilities in the clustered area than those of the facilities of the other area. In the future, It is required that criteria for evaluating environmental friendliness of natural park facilities is established.

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Effect of Environmental Friendliness on the Purchase of Energy Saving Product (친환경성이 에너지절감 제품 구매에 미치는 영향)

  • Joo, Young Jin;Han, Chang Woo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.347-355
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    • 2014
  • In this research, we analyzed the effect of environmental friendliness on consumer's purchase intention with an energy saving product. We found that the economic benefit, easy to use and environmental friendliness have significant positive(+) effects on environmental friendliness of the energy saving product. We also found that the effects of economic benefit and environmental friendliness differ by the level of consumer's environmental consciousness. Consumers with high level of the environmental consciousness are less sensitive on the change of the economic benefit and more sensitive on the change of the environmental friendliness than consumers with low level of the environmental consciousness. The results of this research imply that when planning a marketing strategy for an environmental friendly product it is important to emphasis the economic benefit to consumers with low level of the environmental consciousness while it is important to emphasis the environmental friendliness to consumers with high level of the environmental consciousness.

Evaluation Model for Environmentally Friendliness of Tourism Farms by LISREL Structural Equation Model (LISREL 구조방정식 모델에 의한 농촌 관광농원의 환경친화성 평가 모형 추정)

  • Eom, Boong-Hoon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.56-65
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    • 1999
  • Recently, new concept and paradigm of 'Environmentally-Friendliness' is taking a growing interest in environmental planning and design. This study is to establish the evaluation model for environmentally-friendliness of 'Tourism Farms' in rural areas by LISREL structural equation model. A questionnaire survey was conducted for deputy manager group and expert group. As the Result of LISREL structural equation model, the environmentally-friendliness of tourism farms is composed of three categories. First, conservation of global environment (Low Impact), second, friendliness to surrounding nature(High Contact), and third, environmental health and amenities (Health & Amenity). Five indicators, such as (1)saving of energy and water resource, (2)reduction and reuse of garbage, (3)natural purification of sewage disposal, (4)utilization of natural energy, (5)campaign and education programs of environmentally-friendliness, were affecting the first category, i.e., conservation of global environment(Low Impact). Friendliness to surrounding nature (High Contact) is affected by 3 indicators, (1)contact to nature and diverse green areas, (2)water intimate & contact areas, (3)natural ecology observation by biotope. Finally, the dimension of environmental health and amenity is affected by 3 indicators, (1)nature affinity by farming experience, (2)environmental-friendliness of soil & crops by organic farming, (3) campaign and education programs of environmentally-friendliness. Total coefficient of determination of the structural equation model by LISREL was 0.897, which showed high explanatory power.

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A Study on the Evaluation of Environmental Friendliness in the Bundang Area (분당 지역 주거환경의 환경친화성에 대한 조사 연구)

  • Park Nam-Hee;Kim June-Young
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the factors of environmental friendliness perceived among residents, and to provide housing designers and housing policy makers with the relevant information. Literature review and questionnaire survey were used in this research. Data drawn from 320 residents living in the Bundang area were analyzed. Data were analyzed with the SPSS PC+ 11.0 window version. The results were summarized as follows: 1) Residents were satisfied with the amenity of their residential environment but they were unsatisfied with other ecosystem among environment friendly factors. And they pointed out that three factors are very important factors among environmental friendliness, which are the environmental friendliness apartment community plan, the minimization of environmental pollution, the energy saving. 2) There was significant difference the evaluation of environmental friendly factors according to sex, age, educational level of wife, and income. Especially, women are unsatisfied with environmental friendliness of their residential environment and it was founded that the older the age, the more positive evaluation on their residential environment. 3) There was significant difference in the evaluation of environmental friendly factors according to location, housing type, homeownership, and residential period. Location was related to the amenity of their residential environment, housing type, homeownership, and residential period were related to the convenience of their residential environment.

Estimation Indicator System for the Environmentally Friendliness of Residential Areas (주거지 환경친화성 평가 지표체계 개발)

  • Eom Boong-Hoon
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.985-994
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    • 2005
  • Recently, Environmental friendliness and sustainability become the main concern of residential area planning. This paper deals with the estimation indicator system for environmentally friendliness of residential areas. An interview survey was carried out for resident groups by the type of housing. 'Environmentally friendly residential site' is defined as 'A site of sustainable development with low undesirable impact on environment, friendliness to natural environments such as green areas and waters, and amenity, health & hygiene of residents' Totally, nineteen individual indicators, six categories and three principles(Low Impact, High Contact, Amenity & Health) were proposed as estimation indicator system. Residents showed high importance on principle of 'amenity & health'. Individual indicators such as 'garbage segregated collection', 'secure green areas' and 'cleanness of water and air' showed high weighting value by each principles. Satisfaction level of residents for individual indicators, such as 'garbage segregated collection', 'common gardens', and 'cleanness of residential areas', were comparatively high. By the result of factor analysis, the proposed model for indicator system was valid.

A Study on the Methodology for Economic and Environmental Friendliness Analysis of Back-End Nuclear Fuel Cycles

  • Song, Jong-Soon;Chang, Soo-Young;Ko, Won-Il;Oh, Won-Zin
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.361-368
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    • 2003
  • The economic and environmental friendliness analysis of the nuclear fuel cycle options that can be expected in Korea were performed. Options considered are direct disposal, reprocessing and DUPIC (Direct Use of Spent PWR Fuel In CANDU Reactors). By considering the result of calculation of the annual uranium requirement and nuclear spent fuel generation by analysis of nuclear fuel material flows in the nuclear fuel cycle options, we decided the time of back-end nuclear fuel cycle processes and the volume. Then we can analyze the economic and environmental friendliness by applying the unit cost and unit value of each process, respectively.

A Study on the Consumption Value and Environment-FriendlyConsumption Behaviors of Adolescent Consumers (청소년소비자의 소비가치와 환경친화적 소비행동 연구)

  • Oh, Jin-Sook;Kim, Jeong-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.47 no.10
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    • pp.13-28
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze environment-friendly consumption behaviors and consumption value of adolescent consumers, and to analyze the effects of environmental knowledge, environment and experience, perception of environment, the awareness of consumption and environmental pollution, and consumption value on environment-friendly consumption behaviors of them. The data were collected by 999 adolescent consumers in Jeju Province. Data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, t-test, one-way ANOVA and Scheffe’s multiple range test using SPSS 12.0 Program . The results are as follows. Economy had the most cause and effect influence on environment-friendly purchasing behaviors, followed by experience of environmental activities, eco-friendliness, esthetic sense, enjoyment, and awareness of consumption and environmental pollution. Regarding the environmentfriendly consumer behavior, economy is the most influential factor, followed by eco-friendliness, awareness of consumption and environmental pollution, experience of environmental activities, environmental knowledge and monthly average allowance. Eco-friendliness had the most cause and effect influence on environment-friendly disposal behavior, followed by awareness of consumption and environmental pollution, economy and experience of environmental activities.

A Study on the Development of Eco-friendly Environmental Indicators for Saemangeum Project (새만금사업의 친환경개발지표 설정 연구)

  • Ryu, Jae-Hong;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Koo, Ja-Kon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.279-288
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    • 2006
  • Saemangeum reclamation project was started in 1991 with the purpose of eco-friendly reclamation, but without clear definition of eco-friendliness. This study was carried out to find out the environmental indicators to define and evaluate the eco-friendliness of Saemangeum project. The methodology to identify the indicators included the analysis of similar reclamation projects, professional discussions, and Delphi survey. The eco-friendly indicators are theoretically based on the five elements of eco-friendliness; 1) resource consumption, 2) energy consumption, 3) pollution emission, 4) bio-diversity, 5) social amenity. The 69 indicators were explained in detail for the convenient use of the indicators by the potential users. The 69 indicators were classified into three categories such as pre-evaluation, process evaluation, and post-evaluation. In terms of spatial consideration, the 69 indicators were classified into two categories such as direct influence area and indirect influence area. Also the 69 indicators were classified into 7 categories: 1) sea, 2) lake, 3) agricultural land use, 4) industrial land use, 5) residential land use, 6) tourism land use, and 7) environmental land use. Twenty core indicators were selected from the 69 indicators by surveying the importance of each indicator. The core indicators are recommended in case of time and budget strain. When there are few quantitative data accumulated for the reclamation project, 5 macro indicators are recommended to be used. Macro indicators are qualitative in nature, and may be used in order to evaluate the overall eco-friendliness of a reclamation project.

Characteristics of Literature Related to Environmental Friendliness for a Village-focused Green Index (마을형 친환경지표 설정을 위한 친환경관련 문헌 조사 연구)

  • Byun, Kyeong-Hwa;Yoo, Chang-Geun
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to research the characteristics of literature related to environmentally friendly for a village-focused green index. In order to make an assessment, keywords relating to green architecture were selected: environmental friendliness, ecology, sustainable, Noksaek (Green in Korean), green, and environmentally friendly. In addition, three keywords defining the scope of space were also selected: building, village, and city. Quantitative changes and contents of articles containing the keywords were analyzed. The result is as follows. First, 'sustainable' and 'ecology' were the terms most frequently used as parts of subjects and titles, respectively. Second, the studies relating to green architecture focused on villages mostly examine the actual conditions of the villages; criteria for environmental friendliness, analyses and evaluation of the environmentally friendly features of the village; and ways to establish a green, ecological, and sustainable village. Finally, when it came to establishing a village-focused green index, the environment, resources, and energy are shown to be very important elements. In addition, the term 'ecology' in a green index is shown to be significant for the management of the natural environment.

Environmental Friendliness Assessment of Golf Courses in the Capital Region of Korea (수도권 지역 골프장의 환경친화성 평가)

  • 김광두;방광자;강현경
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.20-30
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    • 2003
  • This study is aimed at establishing the categories and items for ecological assessment and evaluation of the environmental friendliness of golf courses in the capital region of Korea. The categories and items for the assessment have been derived based on the existing literature and interviews with golf experts. This study covers 32 golf courses in the capital region of Korea that are available in terms of data and on-site surveys. In order to conduct a comprehensive assessment of the environmental friendliness of the golf courses, the assessment area was divided into 4 categories that include a total of 14 sub-categories. The 4 categories encompass 1) location, 2) topography, 3) vegetation, and 4) construction. As its sub-categories, the location category includes current land use and zoning in the National Land Use Management Law. Topography has 2 sub-categories in the damage ratio of existing topography, gradient, cut area, and slope height. The assessment of vegetation is largely based on site surveys in the categories of preservation of the existing vegetation, the use of natural resources and existing trees, the component ratio of native tree species, the multi-layered structure of vegetation, and the utilization of water purification plants. In the aspect of construction, afforestation on tile slopes and the utilization of existing surface soil were evaluated. The examination of comparative analysis among the 10 items as a ratio measure showed that the scores were low in the sub-categories of current land we, the use of existing trees, and the multi-layered structure of vegetation. However, the rating results were satisfactory in the 2 sub-categories including cut area, and the utilization of native tree species. Those proved to be contributing factors in the ecological health of the golf courses. According to correlation analysis of the 10 items to the overall ecological rating of each golf course, the sizes of the 32 golf courses were mainly affected by the damage ratio of existing topography, gradient, preservation of vegetation and slope height. This study has the initiative to conduct an ecological assessment of golf courses in the country based on site surveys. The study results revealed that location factors such as current land use, damage ratio of topography and gradient and topographical factors were the main factors affecting the environmental friendliness of golf courses. This indicates indicating the significance of these factors in the future construction practices of golf courses. Furthermore, this study raises the need for follow-up studies to establish more detailed assessment criteria and to develop assessment techniques for areas such as slope afforestation and water purification plants that need a qualitative approach.