• Title, Summary, Keyword: Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

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New Environmental Impact Assessment Technology (신환경영향평가기술(新環境影響評價技術)의 개발방향(開發方向))

  • Han, Sang-Wook;Lee, Jong-Ho;Nam, Young-Sook
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.277-290
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the problems of environmental impact assessment(EIA) and to suggest new EIA technology. The problems of EIA in Korea can be summarized as follows. First, the EIA does not reflect the impact of policy, plan and program on environment. Second, the project EIA does not consider the cumulative impacts such as additive impacts, synergistic impacts, threshold/saturation impacts, induced and indirect impacts, time-crowded impacts, and space-crowded impacts. Third, the EIA techniques in Korea are not standardized. Finally, the present EIA suggests only alternatives to reduce adverse impacts. To solve above-mentioned problems, the development of new EIA technology is essential. First, the new EIA technology should be developed toward pollution prevention technology and comprehensive and integrated environmental management technology. Second, new fields of EIA for pollution prevention contain strategic environmental assessment, cumulative impacts assessment, socio-economic impact assessment, cyber EIA and EIA technology necessary after the reunification of Korean Peninsula. Third, EIA technology for integrated environmental management contains the development of integated environment assessment system and the development of packaged EIA technology. The EIA technology for integrated environmental assessment system contains (1) development of integrated impact assessment technology combining air/water quality model, GIS and remote sensing, (2) integrated impact assessment of EIA, traffic impact assessment, population impact assessment and disaster impact assessment. (3) development of integrated technology combining risk assessment and EIA (4) development of integrated technology of life cycle assessment and EIA, (5) development of integrated technology of spatial planning and EIA, (6) EIA technology for biodiversity towards sustainable development, (7) mathematical model and GIS based location decision techniques, and (8) environmental monitoring and audit. Furthermore, there are some fields which need packaged EIA technology. In case of dam development, urban or industrial complex development, tourist development, landfill or combustion facilities construction, electric power plant development, development of port, road/rail/air port, is necessary the standardized and packaged EIA technology which considers the common characteristics of the same kind of development project.

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Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Information System (환경영향평가와 환경정보체계)

  • Kim, Myung-Jin;Han, Eui-Jung
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.95-102
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    • 1995
  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in Korea has worked toward environmental conservation and decision making since the Environmental Impact Statement of 1981. In order to implement the EIA process effectively, we have developed a system for and various methods of EIA. Among these methods, the Environmental Information System, which was introduced recently in Korea, can be used to integrate geographic and attribute data effectively. This study includes methods by which we may use the Environmental Information System. First of all, it explains building EIA factors on the natural environment, the living environment, and the socio-economic environment defined by Environmental Impact Statement regulations in Korea. This study also presents some applications of the assessment methods concerning suitability analysis of landfill sites. Finally, it shows the effectiveness of the Environmental Information System in odor impact assessment. Based on these analysis, the study makes some conclusions for the applications of the Environmental Information System.

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GIS Application in Environmental Impact Assessment : Suitability Analysis and Odor Impact Assessment of Landfill Site (환경영향평가에서 GIS 활용에 관한 연구 : 폐기물매립지 적지분석과 악취영향평가)

  • Kim, Myung-Jin;Han, Eui-Jung;Lee, Jae-Woon;Jeong, Dong-Hwan;Seo, Chang-Wan
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 1995
  • Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA) in Korea has developed as a tool for environmental conservation and decision making since Environmental Impact Statement(EIS) preparation in 1981. For effective implementation of it, we do system development and method enhancement continuously. The recently introduced GIS (Geographic Information System) can integrate geographic and attribute data, which will be applied to scoping, assessment, and alternative assessment, etc. in EIA. This study has three major components. First, it explains building of EIA factors of natural environment, living environment, and socio-economic environment of the study area defined in EIS preparation regulation. Second, the study presents applications of assessment method concerning suitability analysis of landfill site using GIS. Finally, it shows integration of GIS and odor impact assessment. Based on these analysis, the study makes some recommendations and conclusions.

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Regulatory Development of Environmental Impact Assessment in Korea (한국 환경 영향평가제도의 변천)

  • Chang, Chun-Ki;Lee, Jae-Woon;Kwon, Myeong-Hee;Jeong, Dong-Hwan
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.95-103
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    • 1993
  • EIA has been introduced as a tool for environment protection into promulgation of the Environment Preservation Act in 1977, which replaced the Pollution Control Act in Korea. EIA system has been improved with the enlargement of project type, public participation, guideline improvement, and regulatory development. Recently, Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA) Act will have an important role for sustainable development. This article deals with regulatory development, implementation order, EIA project type, and EIS preparation guidelines by Act promulgated and amended, also it explains comparison analysis of Environmental Policy Act and Environment Impact Assessment Act Major results are summarized in the table.

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Studies for International Trends in Health Impact Assessment and Linking HIA and EIA (지속성을 위한 보건영향평가의 국제적인 동향 고찰 및 환경영향평가와의 연계방안 연구)

  • Kim, Im-Soon;Kim, Choong-Gon;Kang, Seon-Hong;Han, Sang-Wook
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.275-289
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    • 2005
  • In Korea, health-related items under current EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) system can only be found in the categories of hygiene and public health. However, environment and public health are not adequately connected and also health is underestimated even though health is an important component of environmental assessments. As a result, health is not well integrated within criteria for investigating the impacts on environment. International trends in HIA (Health Impact Assessment) to strengthen the connection between environment and health were investigated in this research. Definitions, functions, circumstances, and merits of HIA in foreign countries were compared. By collecting and analyzing international organizations' and other countries' data related with HIA and EIA, preceding conditions and execution plans were suggested to link EIA and HIA from SEA (Strategic Environmental Assessment) aspects and to successfully accomplish EIA in Korea. According to this research, EHIA (Environmental Health Impact Assessment) can predict and manage the results of economical development only under the principles of inhabitants' participation, sustainability, and social justice. EHIA should be modified and improved towards increasing regional and national capabilities. For this, preparation of adequate procedure is required to connect EIA and HIA.

A Study on the History and the Future Improvement of Environmental Impact Assessment in Korea (우리나라 환경영향평가제도의 발전과정과 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Mu-Choon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.47-59
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    • 2000
  • The Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA) System has grown up as an adult today in Korea(ROK). It seems that we have only focused on the specific and technical aspects of the assessment without looking at the whole concept during the past 20 years. Thus we have accomplished quantitative growth but not qualitative development at all. This is the right time we should reconstruct the concept and move into the step for qualitative development. It is expected that the corpulence of the EIA system would be enlarged due to the introduction of integrated impact assessment system. It is necessary to introduce a newly designed method into the EIA methodology and improve the Environmental Impact Assessment based on in order to accomplish and manage more effective EIA system. To the conclusion, it is highly necessary to formulate a wholly new system which can be useful to improve the existing various systems and to follow the fundamental concept of EIA.

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A Study on Reforming the Roles and Scope of Environmental Impact Assessment (환경영향평가의 역할 및 범위 재정립 방안연구)

  • Kim, Sun-Hee
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.315-322
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    • 2000
  • Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA) was first formally established in the Korea in 1981. Subsequently there has been a rapid growth in EIA activity, and over one hundred fifty environmental impact statements are now published in Korea each year. Although EIA now has almost 20 years of history in the Korea, elsewhere the development of roles and practice is more recent. Development is moving apace in many countries, including the Japan and the EU Member States. Such progress has not been without its problems, and a number of the current issues in EIA-scope of the assessment, the relative roles, the quality of assessment and monitoring and auditing after decision, and so on- are highlighted. So the purpose of this article is to reform the EIA roles and process, in extending the scope of activity, and assessing effectiveness. This article suggested improving the effectiveness of project assessment, widening the scope: stretegic environmental assessment, and extending EIA to project design process, environmental monitoring and feedback system.

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Preliminary Study for an Application to Environmental Impact Assessment of Remote Sensing Data (원격탐사자료의 환경영향평가 활용을 위한 기초연구)

  • Mun, Hyun-Saing;Kim, Myung-Jin;Kang, In-Goo;Bang, Kyu-Chul
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.59-64
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    • 1995
  • Environmental Impact Assesment(EIA) is composed of various procedures, such as screening, scoping, inventory survey, prediction, assessment, mitigation measure, alternative assessment, and post management. Remote sensing introduced lately begins to be applied ecosystem and land use in inventory survey and assessment of EIA. This study explains on land use classification, buffering analysis of residential area, and overlaying analysis of odor predictive data with residential area for application to EIA with remote sensing data. Residential area extracted from land use classification of remote sensing provides effectively buffering analysis of residential area in selection of landfill site with GIS. It could assess also residential effect to an offensive odor by overlaying analysis. Application methods in EIA should be enlarged to assess effectively.

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Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Monitoring: Monitoring Factors and Organization (환경영향평가와 측정 : 환경처 업무 중심으로)

  • Kang, In-Goo;Chang, Chun-Ki;Han, Eui-Jung;Kim, Myung-Jin
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.69-75
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    • 1994
  • Environmental Impact Assessment is composed of screening, scoping, inventory survey, prediction, assessment, alternative assessment, mitigation measure, and post management. Environmental monitoring data is applied to EIA process such as prediction and post management. It must he collected and managed systematically for effective applying in EIA process. This article explains factors such as air quality, water quality, soil, ocean, odor, noise & vibration, ecosystem, etc. and organizations of environmental monitoring managed by Ministry of Environment.

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Development of Act and Regulation in Environmental Impact Assessment (환경영향평가 제도변천)

  • Han, Eui-Jung;Kang, In-Goo;Mun, Hyun-Saing;Bang, Kyu-Chul;Jeong, Dong-Hwan
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 1994
  • EIA has been developed as a tool for environmental protection into promulgation of the Environment Preservation Act in 1977, with the introduction of EIA concept in the Pollution Control Act amended in 1971. EIA system has been improved with the enlargement of project type, public participation, guiderline improvement, and amendment of Act and presidential decree. Also, this system has been developed to reduce adverse effects affecting environment and human beings for environmentally sound and sustainable development. This study is to analyze contents of Acts and regulations relative to Environmental Impact Assessment from 1971 to recently.

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