• Title, Summary, Keyword: Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

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A Developmental Methodology of Environmental Impact Assessment: Application of Health Risk Assessment (환경영향평가에 있어서 건강위해성평가 기법의 활용방안에 관한 연구)

  • Koo, J.K.;Chung, Y.
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.51-59
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    • 1992
  • Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA) is defined as an activity designed to identify and predict the impact on the environment. In the process of an EIA, the quantitative evaluation is generally performed for the air and water quality which have the national environmental quality standards. But the predicted values for the air and water quality are simply compared to the environmental standards. At present, the EIA process of Korea has no consideration for the possible human health risk resulting from the development projects. Environmental Health Impact Assessment(EHIA) is an applied methodology of EIA to estimate the acceptable health risk caused by a specified level of environmental pollutants. Estimating the excessive lifetime risk that is a possibility of dying of a certain disease by environmental contaminants, is useful as an evaluation technique of EHIA. It is recommanded the decision-makers to make efficient use of EHIA not only the development projects but also legislative proposals, policies and programmes in future.

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A Study on the Substaintiality Program of Teaching Material on Environmental Impact Assessment - Comparative Study in Domestic and Foreign Teaching Materials - (환경영향평가 교재의 내실화 방안 - 국내외 도서의 비교검토를 통해 본 교재의 내실화 방안 -)

  • Kim, Im-Soon;Yang, Won-Ho;Choi, Won-Wook;Han, Sang-Wook
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.205-221
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    • 2002
  • Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is a tool used in planning development strategies and projects, and its use has been adopted into planning regulations in a number of countries. EIA has progressed from the consideration of pollution assessment, through the wider range of ecological assessment. Now EIA is required to consider the textbook of university students. Students taking lesson on EIA textbook are generally majoring in a variety of subjects, including environmental engineering, environmental health, environmental science, city planning, civil engineering, public policy, economics, and applied earth sciences. However, substantiality program of teaching material on EIA textbook has not been studied at expert society in the meantime, though a number of EIA textbook have been published every year in Korea. In current study, we presented the point at issue and improvement method of teaching material of EIA for student using domestic and foreign teaching materials and papers.

A Study on the Implication of Sustainability and Environmental Assessment (지속가능성과 환경평가의 연계에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Sang-Pyo
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.269-279
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    • 2011
  • Sustainability assessments tend to integrate ecological, social, and economic concerns. Sustainability assessment could be considered the highest rung in the assessment ladder. Broad strategies that seek to integrate individual SEA(Strategic Environmental Assessment) could be subjected to a sustainability assessment. Sustainability assessment could incorporate global and transboundary effects and priorities into SEA and project-level EIA(Environmental Impact Assessment). SEA could provide an environmental context and direction for project-level EIA. Procedural and substantive EIA requirements can be addressed through tiering such as sustainability assessment, SEA, project-level EIA. In Korea, PERS(Prior Environmental Review System) that has been utilized to evaluate administrative plans related with various kinds of development projects should be evolved not only to incorporate environmental impacts into early stage decision-making, but also to implicate sustainability assessments that include social equity and economic efficiency. Integration of SEA and sustainability assessment can be initiated through the application of DPSIR (Driving Force - Pressure - State - Impact - Response ) framework that was developed by European Environmental Agency.

Comparative Analysis of EIA Systems of Algeria and Korea (알제리와 한국 EIA 제도 비교 분석)

  • Ladj, Nawel;Hong, Sang-Pyo
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.927-936
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    • 2011
  • 환경영향평가(Environmental Impact Assessment : EIA)는 대규모 개발사업에 관련된 의사결정의 효과성을 향상시킬 수 있는 제도이다. 알제리와 한국의 EIA 제도를 비교분석하여 특징 및 장단점을 파악하여 다른 계획관련 정부기관과 환경관련 기관과의 조정 및 협조 수준의 차이점을 연구하였다. 알제리와 한국의 EIA 제도는 의사결정 절차에 관련된 규정에서는 유사하지만 주민참여 수준에서는 한국이 발달되어 있다. 스크리닝 제도에서는 프랑스의 영향을 받은 알제리의 제도가 비교적 잘 발달되어 있다.

The Environmental Impact Assessment - An Instrument of Environmental Policy in Germany (독일 환경정책 수단으로서의 환경영향평가의 의미)

  • Bechmann, Arnim
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.13-25
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    • 1993
  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) serves to identify a project's possible effects on the environment early enough sufficiently allowing for them to be taken into account in the decision-making process. The EIA in Germany is an instrument of environmental Policy which considers nature as an integrated system (ecosystem). In the german process of developing environmental policy, the EIA has been one of the instruments which introduced by law rather late. This means that the German Law of EIA has been made in 1900, 20 years after the beginning of the environmental policy in Germany. In the following paper I intend to ${\cdot}$ explain the basic concept of the EIA in Germany ${\cdot}$ describe the process of law building for EIA ${\cdot}$ give a short overview of applications and experiences with EIA ${\cdot}$ show the links between EIA and general environmental policy in Germany.

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The Status Quo and Direction of Development of Environmental Impact Assessment System in Korea (우리나라 환경영향평가제도의 현주소와 발전방향에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Joon-Gyu
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.155-161
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    • 2000
  • Environmental impact assessment(EIA), the only preventive system to manage development projects destroying the nature and ecosystem systematically, has been accomplished since the late 1970. EIA connotes intrinsic limits predicting uncertain future with the aid of present data. Furthermore, EIA has been used as not decision-making tools but regulatory means. Therefore, EIA has been criticized severely. In order to present direction of development of EIA, we analyzed problems of management of EIA, and concluded measures as follows are needed. 1. Control of investigation of environmental impact statements 2. Development of evaluating methods and publication 3. Fostering of institute for research and investigation of EIA 4. Construction of harmony of environment and development 5. Upgrade of state of proxy executing EIA.

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The Improvement Direction of the Environmental Impact Assessment System for Residential Developments (주거개발사업의 환경영향평가제도 개선방향)

  • Kim, Heung-Sik;Jeong, Jin-Hyung;Choi, Myung-Soo;An, Jung-Geun;Kim, Sang-Gyu;Kim, Jong-Dae;Chun, Chu-Young
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.117-123
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    • 1998
  • The present study was performed to improve the Environmental Impact Assessment system by comparing and analysing EIA systems for Residential Developments in the light of the business practice. For the improvement of EIA system, future strategies from each of three part ; the organ of approval(Construction&Transportation Dept.) for residential developments, the organ of consultation(Environment Dept.) for EIA and a developer(Korea Nation Housing Corp.), were analysed, and EIA systems and the processes of Residential developments were analysed. Results from the analysis of problems have provided a proposal for improvement of the Environmental Impact Assessment.

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Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Monitoring in Korea (한국에서의 환경영향평가와 환경측정)

  • Kang, In-Goo;Kim, Myung-Jin
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 1995
  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is composed of various procedures, such as screening, scoping, inventory survey, prediction, assessment, alternative assessment, mitigation measures, and post management. Environmental monitoring data for air quality or water quality, etc. is applied in the EIA process, especially in prediction and post management. As an effective tool of environmental monitoring, the remote sensing method, introduced recently, was used in collecting nationwide data concerning ecosystem and land use. This article explains the current monitoring status in Korea. Monitoring factors include air quality, water quality, soil, ocean, odor, noise, and ecosystems. This report explains the organization of the environmental monitoring system managed by the Ministry of Environment in Korea. Furthermore, it shows the environmental criteria and environmental policies applied to EIA in Korea.

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Environmental Impact Assessment Using Remote Sensing Data : the Land Use Change (인공위성자료를 이용한 환경영향평가 : 토지이용 변화를 중심으로)

  • Mun, Hyun-Saing;Kim, Myung-Jin;Han, Eui-Jung;Lee, Jae-Woon;Bang, Kyu-Chul;Lee, Hee-Seon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.23-28
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    • 1995
  • Remote sensing begins to be applied in Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA), and it can systematically assess land use which is an important factor in EIA. This study is to predict land use change of Ulsan region and to assess impact on land use using the past and the present data of remote sensing. Also we analyzed an impact area influenced by EIA projects through the integration of remote sensing and GIS. This technique will be applied to the screening stage in EIA.

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