• Title, Summary, Keyword: Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

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Studies on Environmental Impact Assessment Using Environmental Information System(I) : GIS Application (환경정보체계를 이용한 환경영향평가에 관한 연구(I) : GIS 활용을 중심으로)

  • Kim, K.G.;Kim, M.J.;Kim, I.S.;Seo, C.W.
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.21-30
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    • 1992
  • Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA) is developing as a tool for environmentally sound and sustainable development in Korea. For more effective implementation of it, we try to apply Environmental Information System (EIS) to EIA process. EIS is composed of geographic and attribute data related to environment and Geographic Information System(GIS), and it will be applied to scoping, prediction, and alternative assessment, etc. in EIA. This study focuses on application of geographic data using GIS in suitability analysis of alternative assessment. We use TIN, buffering, and overlaying in GIS functions.

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Environmental Impact Assessment Using Vegetation Index (식생지수를 이용한 환경영향평가)

  • Han, Eui-Jung;Kim, Myung-Jin;Lee, Jae-Woon;Kim, Sang-Hun;Hong, Jun-Suk;Sea, Chang-Wan
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 1997
  • Vegetation Index(VI) derived from remote sensing data is used to assess ecosystem factor in Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA) process. Ecosystem factor has been prepared by Degree of Green Naturality(DGN) mainly in Environmental Impact Statements. But DGN has room for improvement of assessing actual ecosystem situation. The objectives of this study are to define the relationship between field measure DGN and VI, and to develop methodologies to use VI for assessing the status and conditions of natural ecosystem. For verification of DGN and VI, 35 sites using global positioning system are selected and reviewed. Correlation coefficients of DGN and VI shows highly as 0.69. Also VI in EIA found it can be applied to assess ecosystem. It concluded that VI as well as DGN can be applied to assess ecosystem newly and largescale.

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Environmental Impact Assessment for the Waste Landfill Site in the Republic of Korea (한국에서의 매립지에 대한 환경영향평가)

  • Lee, Mu-Choon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.49-54
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    • 1995
  • Most of the solid waste has been land-filed as an ultimate disposal method in Korea, with might induce many environmental problems by generating odor, particulates and leachate. The landfill site should be considered as a kind of pleasant facility to neighboring residents. Currently, for a landfill site, while the environmental law requires to perform the EIA before the planning. EIA has been performed after the selection of the landfill-site. That might be controversal to the purpose of doing EIA. In this study, the weakness of the EIA for the landfill-site was analysed and was suggested for comprehensive EIA in Korea as well.

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A Study on the Linkage between Environmental Imact Assessment and Environmental Management System in Korea (한국에서의 EIA와 EMS의 연계방안 연구)

  • Kim, Im-Soon;Han, Sang-Wook;Kim, Hea Sam;Kang, Seon-Hong;Kim, Dae-Kwon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.165-178
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    • 2006
  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Environmental Management Systems (EMS) are perceived by many to be separate environmental tools. EIA serves as a systematic and predictive tool for assessing the potentially significant impacts of developments on the environment. An EMS, on the other hand, is used to consider the key impacts of operational businesses on the environment. The main difference to note is that during the EIA process impacts on developments are predicted. A proposed development has yet to be built and therefore an element of uncertainty is associated with these assessments. With an EMS, the business or organization's processes are already in operation. Even though there is also an element of prediction involved, it is a comparatively easier task to investigate what the environmental impacts of these processes are. However, in contrast with the orientation of EIA to further development actions, EMS involves the review, assessment and incremental improvement of an existing organization's environmental effects. EMS can thus be regarded as a continuation of EIA principles into the operational stage of a policy, plan, program and project. EIA may be carried out without fully supporting necessary informations to EMS.

A Study on the local Environmental Impact Assessment in Germany (독일 지방자치단체환경영향평가제도 연구)

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    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.463-470
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    • 2002
  • Environmental protection and precaution are the most frequently considered issues in the recent research fields for our present and future surroundings. However, it seems that these environmental issues were less reflected in local-level development plans, and caused several cases of environmental pollution, therefore it became a major concern of local governments and the communities. The role of a 'Local EIA(Environment Impact Assessment)' can be a core issue for the positive preferences of the local-level development plans. Cases of Local EIA in Germany which have been implied successfully are reviewed to generate a local EIA movement and to produce a guideline for Korean local governments. The local EIA in Germany was broadly commenced in the middle of 1980s, and a decade later it was carried out for over 200 of local governments. To produce a better suggestion for Korean local EIA, comparison and analysis of detail data of the German local EIA was carried out, and tested for fourteen cities in Korea based on five categories: i) assessment subject, ii) assessment procedure, iii) main office for assessment, iv) assessment factor and v) assessment standard. Prior suggestions for greater preference of local EIA in Korea are: it is necessary that I) launch of a support system in central government to help the movement of local government; Ⅱ) a knowledge-based expert group in local government which has by all means of exclusive responsibility far any action(new application or performance of local EIA) : 111) establishment of 'environmental protection measure' in local government level for environmental precaution based on individual environmental character and values in their communities.

Metropolitan Area Development Planning and Environmental Impact Assessment in Korea with Special Reference to Asan-bay Metropolitan Area Development Planning (광역권 개발과 환경영향평가)

  • Lee, Jong-Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 1995
  • This study analyzes the problems of environmental laws, development planning laws, Metropolitan Area Development Planning (MADP), and the level of environmental pollution at Asan-bay metropolitan area, where MADP will be realized in the near future. In order to prevent environmental pollution by the implementation of MADP, the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Act and EIA systems in Korea should be revised so as to reflect the followings. First, the impact of national landuse planning changes on the environment should be considered at the beginning of the EIA procedures. Second, the overlapping and greater impact of many projects upon surrounding metropolitan areas should be simultaneously evaluated, though each project is the subject of EIA, and the environmental pollution protection and abatement alternatives must be made in accordance with the above impact of the projects. Thirdly, total effluent regulation of water pollution, air pollution and solid wastes should be enforced based on the self-purification of the metropolitan area environment.

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Comparison Analysis of Vegetation Index and Degree of Green Naturality (식생지수와 녹지자연도의 비교평가)

  • Han, Eui-Jung;Kim, Myung-Jin;Hong, Jun-Suk;Seo, Chang-Wan
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.181-188
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    • 1997
  • Vegetation is an important factor in EIA(Environmental Impact Assessment) and it is assessed according to DGN(Degree of Green Naturality) in EIS(Environmental Impact Statement) preparation. But DGN has room for improvement of assessing vegetation Status. This study introduced NDVI(Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) for improving status assessment method that subjects to DGN. For the application of NDVI, Landsat TM data of Chunchon on May 2, 1989 and June 1, 1994, and data of Ulsan on November 5, 1984, November 2, 1992 and May 9, 1994 were used. It compared NDVI with DGN according to season and location. The correlation coefficient value for the spring image (1994, 0.7, p=0.01) was proved to be higher than that of autumn (1984, 0.5, p=0.01).

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A Study on the Systematization of the Legal Framework for Environmental Impact Assessment Systems (환경영향평가법(環境影響評價法)의 체계정립(體系定立)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Jeong, Yeon-Man
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.195-209
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    • 2001
  • The objective of this study is intended to propose plans for reforming environmental impact assessment(EIA) systems by reviewing the current legal systems of EIA related laws and their implementation status in Korea, and by comparing the Korean situation to EIA systems in several foreign countries. This study tried to integrate all EIA related systems scattered over several laws into one comprehensive EIA law, and also to develop legal procedures necessary to accomplish the legislative purpose of the integrated EIA law. Therefore, I propose four reforms (1) All EIA systems should be integrated into one comprehensive EIA act. (2) Administrative plans and policies, though environmentally harmful, which are not currently subject to any prior consultation system, should be covered by the prior consultation system. (3) A screening or scoping should be adopted. (4) Widen civil participation should be encouraged and the administrative control enforcement and introduction of group litigation or citizen suits would be considered.

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A Study on Introduction Scheme of Health Impact Assessment Compared to EIA System in the United States (미국의 EIA 사례에 비추어 본 건강영향평가 도입 방안)

  • Han, Young-Han;Kim, Im-Soon;Han, Sang-Wook
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.129-141
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    • 2007
  • With its more than 35 years of experience with EIA of NEPA in United States, the extensive knowledge base of EIA could be the most suitable place for initial field of HIA to explore lessons available for. However, caution is needed as the technical differences in analysis, different policy context, and distinct professional culture between EIA and HIA might be. The successe of EIA of NEPA is the integration of environmental goals into decision making process, improved planning, and increased transparency and public involvement, whereas shortcomings of it were defined as the excessive volume and complexity of EIA documents, the limited and adversarial public involvement, the procedural process (not substantive), focus on projects (not on policies and programs), and the limited consideration of health impacts. Integrating HIA into existing EIA process is positive in two reasons that the human health is closely related with natural environment and EIA process is a fully established process that effectively cuts across bureaucratic and sectoral boundaries. Also, integrating of HIA into EIA might be a way with least resistance for the widespread use. A freestanding HIA separated from EIA is desirable in terms of excessive volume of EIA documents and the procedural and legal focus of EIA. It is needed to develop the formulated methodologies for advancing HIA whether it is a part of or separated from EIA, and to estimate the potential values of HIA in the substantial society context. When possible, HIA should be established on the ways that EIAs have been used successfully.