• Title, Summary, Keyword: Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

Search Result 712, Processing Time 0.029 seconds

A Study on Assessment Standard for Environmental Impact Assessment (한국에서의 환경영향평가 평가기준에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Mu-Choon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
    • /
    • v.2 no.2
    • /
    • pp.111-116
    • /
    • 1993
  • The EIA system was developed during ten odd years of introduction. On the other hand, the contentional development representing systematical fidelity does not match to it. I surveyed the problems of EIA on the point of environmental items with no legal standards. EIA is being executed only once on the planning stage. If the present EIA system has two times of execution, the quality of EIA will be much better. First, on the stage of deciding location of the project, EIA should be done. And next, detailed EIA should be done on the stage of executing the project. To describe the problems of EIA, I surveyed the legislations on the point of the former stages, investigation of present status and anticipation. And I tried a theoretical approach to EIA. The knowledge of things, the subject's standpoint and his valuation are all put together in the EIA. The knowledge of relationship between air and water pollutants and their impact on human is accumulated much. On the other hand, the knowledge of the compounded item, fauna-flora(natural ecology) is partial and causes many difficulties. I pointed out the absurdities of assessment technique dealing the standards and introduced assessment technique being applied to items with no physico-chemical standards such as wild lives.

  • PDF

Research on Improving EIA Through Causality Analysis (환경영향평가 문제의 원인 및 연계성 분석을 통한 제도개선 연구)

  • Choi, Joon-Gyu;Seo, Seong-Cheol;Joo, Yong-Joon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.11-24
    • /
    • 2008
  • The Korea Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) system was introduced in 1977 through the Environmental Conservation Act. It has progressed through many laws and regulations promoting the balance between development and conservation, and functioning as a Preventitive environmental policy. Despite the efforts to minimize environmental damage from development and to uplift social awareness of environmental preservation, deficient impartiality and objectivity in completing and investigating environmental assessments, there have continously existed conflicts among related stakeholder, neglecting arrangements and ineffectiveness of public participation. This research present EIA obstacles and analyzes the overall status of the EIA through surveys from related experts. On the basis of this research, the actual complications regarding the developer, public participation, examiner and consultant are brought about. Also, remedies are proposed to ensure effective EIAs and restore confidence in them.

Application of Rapid Impact Assessment Matrix for Environmental Impact Assessment (환경영향평가에서 있어서 신속영향평가(RIAM) 기법 적용방안)

  • Yang, Won-Ho;Kim, Im-Soon;Choi, Won-Wook;Han, Sang-Wook
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
    • /
    • v.11 no.3
    • /
    • pp.223-230
    • /
    • 2002
  • The rapid impact assessment matrix (RIAM) might be a new tool for performance of an environmental impact assessment (EIA), comparing with many traditional methods of EIA, which have produced large reports setting out the subjective judgement reached by the assessors. The main criticisms of E1A are in part a natural result of the traditional method used. RIAM uses a structured matrix to allow for such judgement, both subjective and those based on quantitative data, to be made on a like-by-like basis, and provided a transparent and permanent record of the judgement made. Also, the computerized RIAM system using software program allows for the matrix to be shown in graphical form, which greatly enhances the clarity of the results produced by this method. RIAM provides a system by which development options and scenarios can be rapidly evaluated. To illustrate the use of RIAM, an example from an EIA study using application of scoping by assessment criteria in Environmental Impact Regulation of Korea was given. The criteria that might be used to evaluation EIA methods, and how RIAM measures up against these criteria, are discussed.

A Study on Environmental Impact Assessment on the Area Expansion of Limestone Mining with regard to Cumulative Impact Assessment (누적영향평가 측면에서 환경영향평가제도의 문제점과 개선방안 연구 - 석회석광산 채굴규모 확장을 대상으로 -)

  • Kim, Cho;Yeon, Ik-Jun;Jung, Ju-Yong;Lee, Sang-Woo
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
    • /
    • v.23 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-9
    • /
    • 2014
  • This study, focusing on the area expansion of limestone mines, identifies the problems of Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA) and what impact the current problems exert on another mines developing process. The legal relations analysis reveals that the Management of Mountainous Districts Act and other related laws effect on EIA process, especially the case of area expansion of limestone mines excluded from EIA. However, these problems can create mismatch with the policy goal of EIA system and have a negative impact on the environment in the future. A series of indepth interviews with managers in related agencies found that those agencies have been unaware of the seriousness of the problem. Without any strategy, negative result made by development activities would get more serious and sustainable development may not be possible at all. In order to solve these problems, government should modify the current interdependent legal provision and create the incentive structure to participate actively related agency in the EIA system.

Study on the Certificate System of the EIA Project Manager through Collaborative University Curriculum in Korea (한국에서 대학교과과정과 연계된 환경영향평가사 자격부여에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Im-Soon;Han, Sang-Wook
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.81-95
    • /
    • 2008
  • The study is intended to develop the measures to introduce the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) project manager (Environmental Assessor), who will be responsible for leading the EIA task. This role requires a quality standard of expertise in the area of natural science, social science, knowledge and technology on environment design mechanism, and the integrated approaches that combine the relevant policies and systems. To facilitate the system, the certificate will be given to the person who is well acquainted with the knowledge on EIA with relevant experiences, thereby authorizing them to coordinate the assessment task for reliable outcome. Hence, the need for introducing the system is very crucial. The EIA project manager, as a guide for an EIA project team, shall be the person who has a comprehensive understanding of the project, the knowledge about the principal for implementation of EIA and the expertise in structuring the management system, with a skill to maintain the good relationship with the people engaged in the project. To that end, it is highly recommended to set up such a certificate system to be incorporated in the college curriculum.

Application of the Risk-Based Analysis to EIA (환경영향평가에 있어 위해성분석 기법의 도입)

  • Chung, Yong
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
    • /
    • v.4 no.3
    • /
    • pp.1-8
    • /
    • 1995
  • In generally speaking, the purpose of Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA) is to give the environment its due place in the decision-making process by clearly ealuating the environmental consequence of a proposed activity before action is taken. The introduction of conventional EIA is to be seen as an end product of a very long evolutionary process, starting with rudimentary but evolving pollution control measures for air, water, noise, land and chemicals, each governed by separate, and separately administered pieces of legislation. In EIA process, the measures of status, scoping, proposed mitigation and communication have not been very quantitative in their significancy. Of course, the determinations have uncertainity in the implications for significant impacts. To improve the determination of significant impacts, some more comprehensive methodologies of EIA has been proposed with the concepts of risk analysis in the proposed projects. The concepts of risk analysis has been introduced to the expression of human health impairment due to environmental pollutants since the early 1980's. The risk analysis being meant by the statistical significance of impact has a process quantitatively considering uncertainities and importances of ecological systems and human health as well. The process of risk analysis shows assessment, doseresponse in toxicity, exposure assessment and risk characterization. With the risk assessment, it could be suggested for the proper measurements against their anticipated risk in the EIA. This paper deals the priciples developing process and application of the risk-based analysis in EIA.

  • PDF

Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Management of Railways (I) (철도사업 환경영향평가와 환경관리(I))

  • Lee, Hyun-Woo;Lee, Young-Joon;Park, Young Min;Lee, Jeongho;Yoon, Mikyung
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
    • /
    • v.13 no.6
    • /
    • pp.295-305
    • /
    • 2004
  • After the Rio declaration on environment and development in 1992, developed countries are undertaking "environmentally sustainable transportation (EST)" projects. To meet the needs for EST, current transportation policies in Korea are rapidly reforming and one of its concerns is modernizing and upgrading railway freight system. Planning new railroad construction projects is increasing and subsequent environmental impact assessment (EIA) demands improvements, especially in both the EIA and decision making systems. In this paper, we discuss the present status of EIA for railroad construction projects, especially, by analyzing the EIA documents for the last six years. The EIA for railroad construction projects accounts for only 4.9% of total 918 project EIAs during 1998-2003, and the portion is gradually increasing. Major environmental concerns for EIA in railroad construction projects were geomorphological and ecological changes, protection of rare organisms, air pollution, water pollution, waste management, and noise, etc. We compared characteristics of environmental impacts of railroad construction with those of vehicle road construction, based on environmental and construction-planning indicators appeared in Environmental Impact Statements. Railroad construction usually requires longer tunnels and bridges for a given length than those for vehicle road construction. In addition, the amounts of geomorphological and ecological changes (road-cutting, embankment, devegetation, etc.) in railroad construction were generally less than 50% of those in vehicle road construction. To develop environmentally friendly railway systems, monitoring studies for environmental impacts of railroads such as habitat fragmentation and road kills, dispersal of alien plants, tunnelling effects on groundwater and vegetation, and noise impacts are highly recommended.

Integration of Geographic Information System and Air Dispersion Model (지리정보체계와 대기확산의 통합)

  • Kim, Myung-Jin;Han, Eui-Jung;Kang, In-Goo;Kim, Jeong-Soo
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
    • /
    • v.5 no.1
    • /
    • pp.61-67
    • /
    • 1996
  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in Korea has worked toward environmental conservation and decision making since the Environmental Impact Statement of 1981. In order to implement the EIA process effectively, we have developed a system for and various methods of EIA. Among these methods, the Geographic Information System (GIS), which was introduced recently in Korea, can be used to integrate geographic and attribute data effectively. So GIS begins to increase the necessity of the application in EIA process. This study includes the integration method of the GIS and air dispersion model on the odor impact assessment of $NH_3$ emission in landfill sites. First, it computes surface values by grids using the Digital Elevation Model (DEM). Second, it presents predicted data considering topography and climate by grids. Third, it shows the overlaying analysis of the administrative map including population and odor predictive data. The results could systematically analyze impact areas, and assess residential impact by alternatives. Integration analysis of the air predictive model and GIS as a residential area assessment can support negotiations of public and proponent in EIA.

  • PDF

Improvement of EIA Associated with Greenhouse Gases Subject Matter for the Preparedness of Post-2020 (Post-2020에 연계한 온실가스 항목의 환경영향평가 개선 방안)

  • Hong, Sang-Pyo
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
    • /
    • v.28 no.5
    • /
    • pp.483-491
    • /
    • 2019
  • In orderto cope with the post-2020 in accordance with the Paris Agreement, greenhouse gas (GHG)reduction in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and its contributions to post-2020 were discussed. The 26 Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) administered by Geum-River Basin Environmental Office from 2010 to 2019 were analyzed for reviewing GHG mitigation measures. From the case study, it was found that the assessment of GHG emissions reduction and climate change adaptation were not appropriately performed. In this study, the following measures are proposed to improve the inappropriate assessment of 'GHG subject matter' associated with EIA according to post-2020, 1) allotment of enforced charge on GHG emission during the EIA process, 2) addition of the 'GHG subject matter' in 'establishing permissible discharge standards' which is based on "Act on the Integrated Control of Pollutant-discharging Facilities", and 3) the participation of stakeholders in early EIA stage for governance. Also the details on the EIA for the preparedness of post-2020 were discussed here.

Environmental Impact Assessment and Mediation (독일에서의 환경영향평가와 분쟁조정)

  • Schafer, Bettina
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
    • /
    • v.2 no.2
    • /
    • pp.41-47
    • /
    • 1993
  • During the last years it became more and more difficult to deal with environmental conflicts using traditional political instruments in industrialized countries. One reason for the occurring problems might be the citizens' awareness of scarceness of nature. Another reason might be the changing legislation with the introduction of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) as an integral part of a project's licensing procedure. The EIA offers new possibilities for citizens to interfere in decision processes and to obstruct projects. The changing situation requires new instruments for conflict solving. Mediation may be considered an alternative or completion to the traditional political instruments. It is a systematic strategy for conflict treatment and. with the support of an independent mediator, allows to reach an agreement among all parties involved. Mediation may be introduced in the EIA One possibility offers the scoping date, which, if the participation of the public is assured, might avoid heavy disputes in the further process. Another connection between the instrument of mediation and the EIA could be the use of the environmental impact study (EIS) as information background for a mediation process. EIA would then be source of information about all environmental aspects. Thus the role of EIA would be extended to being a part of conflict analysis in the alternative dispute resolution process.

  • PDF