• Title, Summary, Keyword: Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

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A Study on the Alternative Environmental Assessment System in KOREA : Applying New Conceptual Model(APEMI IA MODEL) into Impact Assessment for Better Integrated Decision-Making (대안적 환경평가 시스템 연구: 통합적 의사결정을 위한 새로운 개념의 영향평가모형(APEMI IA MODEL)의 국내 적용방안 탐색)

  • Kim, Im Soon;Han, Sang Wook
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.179-193
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    • 2005
  • As the world's attention turns to sustainability and the considerations of cumulative effects, the concept of Strategic Environmental Assessment(SEA) has become more significant and urgent and increasing number of countries and international organizations now undertake some forms of SEA. The term SEA, however, is variously defined and understood; generally it means a formal process of systematic analysis of the environmental effects on development policies, plans, programmes and other proposed strategic actions. This process extends the aims and principles of EIA upstream in the decision-making process, beyond the project level in which major alternatives are still open. There is a shift toward more integrative approaches and greater use of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) as sustainability tools in cooperation with Environmental Management System (EMS). Currently, Korea has EIA system and Prior Environmental Review System (PERS) which is different type of SEA as Environment Assessment (EA) system. APEMI IA MODEL integrated following three pillar(refer to attached figure.1) ; First pillar symbolized decision making cycle with planning process. Second pillar symbolized integrated assessment which tying SEA and EIA with specific impacts assessment(eg: social impact assessment, economic impact assessment, health impact assessment etc) in cooperation with EMS. Third pillar symbolized EA best practical procedure of International Association for Impact Assessment(IAIA). Considering the above, we applied new conceptual model(APEMI IA MODEL) into Impact Assessment for better integrated decision-making in KOREA as an alternative IA system(IS IA MODEL A and B refer to attached figure 4, 5).

Integration of Total Pollution Load Management System and Environmental Impact Assessment related System (수계 오염총량관리제와 환경영향평가제도의 통합운영방안)

  • Lee, Jong-Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.359-367
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    • 2003
  • The total pollution load management system of watershed has been implemented upon Special Law pertaining to the Han River Watershed Water Quality Improvement and Residents Support, Special Law pertaining to the Nakdong River Watershed Water Management and Residents Support, Special Law pertaining to the Youngsan River Watershed Water Management and Residents Support, and Special Law pertaining to the Seomjin River Watershed Water Management and Residents Support in Korea since 2002. But many other similar systems with total pollution load management system of watershed are being operated separately or independently, even though its purpose is nearly same with those of the total maximum pollutants load management in Law on Water Quality Environmental Protection, environmental impact assessment(EIA) in Law of Impact Assessment on Environment, Transportation and Disaster and Pre-environmental assessment of Environmental Policy Act. Therefore the contents of total pollution load management system of watershed and many other related systems could be overlapped and at some times have inconsistency among them. This study suggests first the integrated operation of total pollution load management system of watershed, EIA, pre-environmental assessment, urban planning, and sewage planning and secondly EIA system development by integration of EIA and pre-environmental assessment and strategic environmental assessment(SEA).

Data for EIA and Its Presentation in Korea (한국의 EIA 자료와 그의 활용)

  • Lee, Hyoun-Young
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.73-83
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    • 1993
  • Increasing concern for the environment in Korea has led to the demand that major policies and large-scale development projects be subjected to detailed impact assessment. This paper reports on the state of data related to the prediction of the environmental impact (EIA) to emphasize the importance of data quality. Environmental impact statements (EIS) consulted with the Ministry of Environment of Korea were analyzed from 1981 through 1992. Many of assessors used existing data and collected supplementary data from field survey. Most of the results of EIA are presented directly or summarized on maps and as graphics. For the national purpose, large source of quality-controlled data such as atmospheric data have been developed, However, there are the deficiency in data to analyze the impact of human activity, and data gaps and incompatibilities among systems. Consequently, the development of data bank systems including computer database and remotely-sensed satellite data is required to improve the quality of data which are relevant to EIA. The data bank system should be organized meaningfully in minimum time with a least cost, and measurement standards must be made explicit. Geographical information systems (GIS) are applicable to the graphic presentation or to the impact prediction model.

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Environmental Specimen Bank and Ecosystem Assessment

  • Kim, Myungjin;Kim, Jiyeon;Cho, Yongjoo;Yoo, Byungho
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.429-434
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    • 2009
  • Environmental specimen bank (ESB) is a new tool to assess ecosystem in environmental impact assessment (EIA). ESB looks at changes in the concentration of pollutants in human and environmental specimens over long periods of time through retrospective analysis of archived samples. Korea started to design its National Environmental Specimen Bank (NESB) in 2007 and planned to launch an operational pilot project by 2010. NESB prepares five Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) of shoots of Red and Korean pine, leaves of Mongolian oak, Pigeon's egg, and Common carp's muscle out of 14 planned specimens in 2009. ESB contributes to monitoring the effectiveness of EIA projects and policies by providing a time capsule through ecosystem assessment of representative species. This study reviews ecosystem assessment in EIA and the ESB establishment in Korea and probes NESB applications in ecosystem assessment.

Analysis of Environmental Impact Statement (환경영향평가서 분석)

  • Lee, Jae-Woon;Chang, Chun-Ki;Kwon, Myeong-Hee;Bang, Kyu-Chul;Jeong, Dong-Hwan
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.77-84
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    • 1994
  • The study is to analyze the contents of Environmental Impact Statement(EIS) and supplementary EIS prepared from 1981 to 1992. The contents are project area, project cost, EIS volume, project term, assessment term, EIS preparation cost, land use plan, and kinds of predictive model concerning air quality, water quality, noise and vibration etc. by project type. Data are collected with EIS analysis checklist and analyzed by $SPSS/PC^+$.

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Improvement Alternative of Korean Environmental Assessment through the EA of the European Union (유럽연합의 EA에 비춰본 한국의 환경평가제도 개선 방안)

  • Kim, Im-Soon;Han, Sang-Wook;Park, Joo-Hyun
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.139-155
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    • 2006
  • The introduction of Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) has strengthened and extended the value of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) as a fundamental tool for sustainable development. In particular, SEA helps to overcome the limitation of project EIA as a stand alone approach that is applied relatively late in the decision making cycle. SEA is applied to proposals of policy, plan, and/or programme when major alternatives are open. In Korea, similar to SEA, the Prior Environmental Review System (PERS) was introduced to overcome the limitations of the EIA, by checking the environmental impacts on major policy and administrative actions in the early stage of decision making process. SEA appears in various national, regional and international laws. SEA is addressed specifically in the UNECE SEA protocol to the Espoo Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a transboundary context, as well as the European Commission SEA Directive (2001/42/EC). SEA is a valuable tool for integrating sustainability decisions into country's policies, plans and programmes. This paper reviews the policy direction for implementation of the SEA and efficient Environmental Assessment (EA) through integration of the PERS and the EIA.

Effective Implementation of Environmental Impact Assessment (환경영향평가 제도의 활성화 방안)

  • 장준기
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.29-47
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    • 1993
  • The purpose of this study is to improve institution of EIA(Environmenta1 Impact Assessment) in Korea. For this study, institution of EIA in Korea and other countries and copies of EIS prepared in Korea were analyzed. As a result, improvements of EIA should require introducing EIA in projects and planning level, building environmental information system, estimating appropriate costs of EIS preparation.

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State of the Procedural Development of EIA and of the Updating of Legal Bases in the Federal Republic of Germany (독일에서의 환경영향평가절차와 최근의 법규)

  • Summerer, Stefan;Bunge, Thomas
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 1993
  • The following contribution deals with the objectives and scopes of the German Act on Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and with the procedural implementation of this act. It begins with a presentation of the goal and content of EIA and the scope of its application. It then turns to the procedure of EIA, specially to the five distinct steps by which the EIA is to be carried out under German law. Finally some remarks are made on the rote of EIA in the decision-making process and on the further development of EIA since the entry into force of the Act on EIA.

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Improvement of the EIA for Land Reclamation Projects in the Coastal Areas of Korea (해양매립사업 환경영향평가의 개선방안)

  • Jang, Ju-Hyoung;Eom, Ki-Hyuk;Kwon, Kee-Young;Hong, Sok-Jin;Park, Jae-Hyeon;Kim, Gui-Young
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.847-853
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    • 2007
  • In Korean coastal areas, land reclamations are main development projects that should be based on environmental impact assessment(EIA), because those human interventions can change coastlines, damage tidal flats, and pollute adjacent areas to threat seafood safety and devaluate overall ecosystem service value. Existing procedures of the EIA for land reclamation projects were diagnosed and evaluated to enhance them. Problems were identified in the designation of survey areas, the consistency in survey sites and periods, the standardization of survey methods and reports, the confidence of survey results and the verification of predictions. Lack of integration was noticeable and could be improved by synthesizing different assessments from topography geography, marine physics, marine chemistry and marine biology. We suggest that successful precautionary marine environment management requires readjusting the cost of EIA, recruiting experts in marine environment, constructing database and establishing specialized assessment system.