• Title, Summary, Keyword: Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

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A Study on the Improvement of the EIA Items and the Operating System Based on the Analysis of EIA Items Usage (환경영향평가의 평가항목 이용현황 분석을 통한 평가항목 조정 및 운영체계 개선안 도출)

  • Park, Ji Hyeon;Choi, Joon Gyu
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2018
  • Selecting target items of EIA(Environmental Impacts Assessment) is very important process in conducting the EIA. In Korea, like other countries, the EIA Council selects the target items before starting the EIA process. However, the assessment items stipulated in the Enforcement Decree of the Environmental Impact Assessment Act is almost wholly applied to most businesses. Thus, the EIA is difficult to carry out reflecting the characteristics of the target business. Additionally, the items of EIA have a structure that is difficult to change, so that the items of EIA is easy to fall apart from the current social needs. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to suggest adjustment of the items of EIA by reflecting the changes in the assessment and social conditions based on analysis of the usage and effectiveness of the current EIA items. In addition, this study would like to propose a improvement of the operating system in order to ensure that EIA items can be selected effectively.

The Study on the Cause and the Impact of the Development of a Decision Making Systems Like EIA in Cheju Island (제주도 지역의 각종 영향평가제도들의 출현 원인과 영향에 대한 연구)

  • Chung, Yong;Yang, Man-Sik;Kim, Yong-Bum
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.121-133
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    • 1997
  • EIA should be regarded as an aid to improve the decision making processes because it seeks public opinion and external knowledge in order to ensure the maximum degree of fairness and balance in the final decision as much as possible. According to the above benefits, various decision making systems containing EIA concepts were developed in the area of ground water, traffic, disaster or accident and environment in Cheju Island. But because the development of various decision making systems can be the cause of new impact, it was studied the cause and impact of their development. The major reasons for developing the various decision making system like EIA are the lack of the consideration for the impact of project when it is selected project fulfilling EIA and the increase of the effort for the improvement in the professional quality for one subject without the comprehensive assessment among the subject related to environmental impacts. And the development of the various decision making systems like EIA has caused the several impacts like cost elavoration, the relay of project period, etc. Therefore, after it is improved the problems of present EIA on the comprehensive assessment, the various decision making systems like EIA should be integrated in EIA decision making system.

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Environmental Impact Assessment in Europe : Legal Basis and Recent Developments (유럽에서의 환경영향평가)

  • Bunge, Thomas
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.55-61
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    • 1995
  • The European Community (EC) began dealing with the subject of environmental impact assessment (EIA) in the mid-1970s. After ten years of preparatory work and more than 20 draft versions, the EC Council of Ministers adopted, in 1985, the Directive on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment (85/337/EEC). This directive requires the member states to make EIA mandatory for certain projects. Its Article 3 defines the purpose of the instrument: "The environmental impact assessment will identify, describe and assess the direct and indirect effects of a project. There are no rules on scoping or on post-project analysis. However, member states are free to adopt, in their domestic legislation, more stringent rules regarding the scope and procedure of EIA. Consequently, they have developed national EIA systems which differ considerably from each other. Also, EIA practice in each of these countries is different from that in the others. In 1992, the EC Council adopted the 'Flora, Fauna, Habitat' Directive which lays down an additional EIA requirement. Member states will have to develop a network of 'European' nature conservation areas. Each project or plan possibly endangering these areas will have to be assessed whether it is in line with the protection purposes laid down for them. Although the directive does not say so explicitly, this means that a kind of EIA will have to be carried out for those projects and plans. For several years, the Commission has been developing proposals for a directive on EIA of plans and programmes ("strategic EIA"). This would supplement directive 85/337/EED, and would require and EIA for plans and programmes influencing decisions on specific projects(e.g. agricultural plans or energy programmes). At present, procedural and methodological questions of strategic EIA are being discussed extensively both within and without the European Union.

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Harmonized EIA-Guidelines for German Railways Projects (독일에서의 철도사업 환경영향평가 지침)

  • Ch. Ufer, J. Koppel
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.55-58
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    • 1993
  • After establishing the EIA(Environmental Impact Assessment) act in the Federal Republic of Germany there still remain methodical and substantial deficits. So nearly every environmental impact study went to be a matter of experiments. The requirement for standardization of data sampling and evaluation has permanently been increasing. This is meant to ensure quality standards for the assessment of environmental impacts as well as to maintain reliability required by the projecting company. Such a harmonization is of special importance because of the strongly accelerated expansion of traffic infrastructure caused by the reunification of Germany. That is why the guideline "EIA carried out" for the German Railways company is in process of development This guideline, focussing on practical demands, comprises impacts of railways, adequate sets of indicators, feasible tools for the prognosis and evaluation of environmental reactions. "EIA carried out" will be introduced not only as a manual but also through workshops and pilot studies.

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The Impact Assessment of Urbanization on the Atmospheric Environment (도시화가 대기환경에 미치는 영향평가)

  • Lee, Hyoun-Young
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.73-86
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    • 1995
  • This paper demonstrates Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has to be applied for development projects with regard to the ecological, economical and social aspects before any decisions made in the project. Korea has confronted various environmental problems during the last fifteen years, even though EIA has been enacted since 1981. The role of impact assessment in planning and policy processes should be emphasized to investigate the magnitude and intensity of the adverse influences of economic development. In the Seoul Metropolitan Region, it is necessary to apply EIA all urban projects to reduce the adverse effects of urbanization. Special attention should be given to the climatological effects throughout the urbanization process in Korea to keep the urban area energy-efficient. This study intends not only to establish basic data for national-and regional-based land-use policy in the environmental aspects, but also to provide the basic data for the possible climate model (scenarios) that may provide spatial and temporal variability by analyzing the actual climatic record. There is a noticeable impact of urbanization on the atmospheric environment in the Seoul Metropolitan Region. In this sense, the climatic aspect must be taken into consideration in the process of EIA to mitigate the well-known climatic alterations of urbanization. Moreover, the techniques of assessment should be improved by developing geo-reference data sets to build models of the global climate in response to the man-made environmental change.

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Integrated Approaches of Health Impact Assessment as part of Environmental Assessment in Korea (한국에서 환경평가의 부분으로서 건강영향평가의 통합적 접근에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Im-Soon;Park, Joo-Hyun;Han, Sang-Wook
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.309-322
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    • 2006
  • During the last decade, Health Impact Assessment (HIA) has been discussed worldwide as being an important tool for the development of healthy public policy. HIA has been advanced as a means of bringing potential health impacts to the attention of policy makers, particularly in sectors where health impacts may not otherwise be considered. HIA, a systematic assessment of potential health impacts of proposed public polices, programs, and projects, offers a means to advance population health by bringing public health research to bear on questions of public policy. In Korea, health-related items under current EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) system can only be found in the categories of hygiene and public health. However, environment and public health are not adequately connected and also health is underestimated even though health is an important objective component for the implementation of Environmental Assessments (EA). As a result, health is not well integrated within criteria for investigating the impacts on environment. This study examines linkages for HIA from the related and relatively well-developed field of Prior Environmental Review System (PERS) which is similar to SEA and EIA in Korea.

A Study on the Availability of EIA in High School (지속가능한 개발을 위한 교육의 활성화를 위한 환경영향평가영역의 활용가능성 연구 - 고등학교 환경교과서를 중심으로 -)

  • Chung, Si-Nai;Nam, Young-Sook
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2005
  • This study aims to analyze the objectives of environmental education in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and the Education for Sustainable Development(ESD) factors used EIA in 'ecology and environment' textbook, and finally to analyze the situation and contents level of EIA domain in textbook to explore the possibility of the positive availability of EIA domain in high school for realization of effective ESD. To analyze the objectives of environmental education in EIA and ESD factors used EIA, researchers used the text, the activity and the teaching tip in three kinds of 'ecology and environment' textbook by the 7th curricula as the object of analysis. Framework to analyze the objectives of environmental education in EIA is the category of environmental education objectives of UNESCO presented according to 'Tbilisi Intergovernmental Conference on Environmental Education' and framework to analyze ESD factors used EIA is developed on the basis of the theory about EIA and ESD factors updated in this study. In conclusion, it proves that the EIA domain through the activity is effective for realization of ESD. According to the analysis of the study, it is proposed that the follow-up studies on the improvement of EIA domain in textbook in both quality and quantity as well as 'the teaching & learning methods and various development of teaching materials, etc: based on the emphasis on the activity are needed to progress steadily for realization of effective ESD in high school in the future.

A Study on Application of Strategic Environmental Assessment Method to Environment-friendly the Harbour Plan (친환경적 항만계획을 위한 전략환경평가 기법의 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Im-Soon;Park, Joo-Hyun;Han, Sang-Wook;Lee, Eun-Young;Kim, Han-Seon;Lee, Eun-Ju
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.107-120
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    • 2007
  • The introduction of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) has strengthened and extended the value of environmental impact assessment (EIA) as a foundational tool for sustainable development. In particular, SEA helps to overcome the limitation of project EIA as a 'stand alone' approach, applied relatively late in the decision making cycle. SEA is applied to policy, plan and programme (3P) proposals, when major alternatives are open and systematic consideration can be given to their environmental effects. This process also corresponds to options appraisal of development proposal to find the best practical outcome having regard to all potential impacts. There are imperatives for sustainable development (SD) that are shaping future directions for EIA and SEA internationally, regionally and locally. There is a shift toward more integrative approaches of using EIA and SEA as sustainability tools in cooperated environmental management system (EMS). Korea has established and applied EIA for over twenty years for various projects. Given its coverage, the current EIA system is SEA exclusive. The Prior Environmental Review System (PERS), which is a SEA-type of system, was applied in the late 1990s, mainly for various developing planning programs. The current PERS has been modified as a SEA type system, but in general, policy is not going to be covered.

A Comparative Analysis of Environmental Impact Statement before and after Public Participation (주민참여제도를 전후한 환경영향평가서의 비교분석)

  • Bang, Kyu-Chul;Han, Eui-Jung
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.151-156
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    • 1995
  • Public participation in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process has been implemented since the introduction of EIA project on August 1 1991, followed with Environmental Policy Act promulgation on August 1 1990. Though public participation has room for improvement. This study compared before and after the introduction of public participation on EIS preparation cost, project cost, EIS preparation term and project term through 293 EISs analysis. Also public opinions in EIS after introduction of public participation were analyzed. The results are expected to be contributed to the system improvement of public participation.

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