• Title, Summary, Keyword: Environmental Turbulence

Search Result 195, Processing Time 0.039 seconds

Numerical Study on Characteristics of Turbulence Scheme in Planetary Boundary Layer (난류 모수화 방법에 따른 대기경계층 수치모의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, Won-Bae;Lee, Hwa-Woon;Lee, Soon-Hwan
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.19 no.2
    • /
    • pp.137-148
    • /
    • 2010
  • This paper investigates the characteristics of turbulence schemes. Turbulence closures are fundamental for modeling the atmospheric diffusion, transport and dispersion in the boundary layer. In particular, in non-homogeneous conditions, a proper description of turbulent transport in planetary boundary layer is fundamental aspect. This study is based on the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) and combines four different turbulence schemes to assess if the different schemes have a impact on simulation results of vertical profiles. Two of these schemes are Isotropc Deformation scheme (I.Def) and Anisotropic deformation scheme (A.Def) that are simple local scheme based on Smagorinsky scheme. The other two are Mellor-Yamada scheme (MY2.5) and Deardorff TKE scheme (D.TKE) that are more complex non-local schemes that include a prognostic equation for turbulence kinetic energy. The simulated potential temperature, wind speed and mixing ratio are compared against radiosonde observations from the study region. MY2.5 shows consistently reasonable vertical profile and closet to observation. D.TKE shows good results under relatively strong synoptic condition especially, mixing ratio simulation. Validation results show that all schemes consistently underestimated wind speed and mixing ratio but, potential temperature was somewhat overestimated.

REYNOLDS STRESS MODELING OF OPEN-CHANNEL FLOWS OVER BEDFORMS

  • Choi, Sung-Uk;Kang, Hyeong-sik
    • Water Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.3 no.4
    • /
    • pp.247-258
    • /
    • 2002
  • This paper presents a non-isotropic turbulence modeling of flows over bedforms. The Reynolds stress model is used for the turbulence closure. In the model, Launder, Reece, and Rodi's model and Hanjalic and Launder's model are employed f3r the pressure strain correlation term and the diffusion term, respectively. The mean flow and turbulence structures are simulated and compared with profiles measured in the experiments. The numerical solutions from two-equation turbulence models are also provided for comparisons. The Reynolds stress model yields the separation length of eddy similar to the other numerical results. Using the developed model, the resistance coefficients are also estimated for the flows at different Froude numbers. Karim's (1999) relationship is used to determine the bedform geometry. It is found that the values of the form drag and the skin friction are very similar to those obtained by the other turbulence models. meaning higher values of the form drag and lower values of the skin friction compared with the empirical formulas.

  • PDF

Numerical simulation of the neutral equilibrium atmospheric boundary layer using the SST k-ω turbulence model

  • Hu, Peng;Li, Yongle;Cai, C.S.;Liao, Haili;Xu, G.J.
    • Wind and Structures
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.87-105
    • /
    • 2013
  • Modeling an equilibrium atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) in an empty computational domain has routinely been performed with the k-${\varepsilon}$ turbulence model. However, the research objects of structural wind engineering are bluff bodies, and the SST k-${\omega}$ turbulence model is more widely used in the numerical simulation of flow around bluff bodies than the k-${\varepsilon}$ turbulence model. Therefore, to simulate an equilibrium ABL based on the SST k-${\omega}$ turbulence model, the inlet profiles of the mean wind speed U, turbulence kinetic energy k, and specific dissipation rate ${\omega}$ are proposed, and the source terms for the U, k and ${\omega}$ are derived by satisfying their corresponding transport equations. Based on the proposed inlet profiles, numerical comparative studies with and without considering the source terms are carried out in an empty computational domain, and an actual numerical simulation with a trapezoidal hill is further conducted. It shows that when the source terms are considered, the profiles of U, k and ${\omega}$ are all maintained well along the empty computational domain and the accuracy of the actual numerical simulation is greatly improved. The present study could provide a new methodology for modeling the equilibrium ABL problem and for further CFD simulations with practical value.

Feasibility Study for Detecting the Tropopause Folding Turbulence Using COMS Geostationary Satellite (천리안 위성 자료를 이용한 대류권계면 접힘 난류 탐지 가능성 연구)

  • Kim, Mijeong;Kim, Jae Hwan
    • Atmosphere
    • /
    • v.27 no.2
    • /
    • pp.119-131
    • /
    • 2017
  • We present and discuss the Tropopause Folding Turbulence Detection (TFTD) algorithm for the Korean Communication, Ocean, Meteorological Satellite (COMS) which is originally developed for the Tropopause Folding Turbulence Product (TFTP) from the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES)-R. The TFTD algorithm assumes that the tropopause folding is linked to the Clear Air Turbulence (CAT), and thereby the tropopause folding areas are detected from the rapid spatial gradients of the upper tropospheric specific humidity. The Layer Averaged Specific Humidity (LASH) is used to represent the upper tropospheric specific humidity calculated using COMS $6.7{\mu}m$ water vapor channel and ERA-interim reanalysis temperature at 300, 400, and 500 hPa. The comparison of LASH with the numerical model specific humidity shows a strong negative correlation of 80% or more. We apply the single threshold, which is determined from sensitivity analysis, for cloud-clearing to overcome strong gradient of LASH at the edge of clouds. The tropopause break lines are detected from the location of strong LASH-gradient using the Canny edge detection based on the image processing technique. The tropopause folding area is defined by expanding the break lines by 2-degree positive gradient direction. The validations of COMS TFTD is performed with Pilot Reports (PIREPs) filtered out Convective Induced Turbulence (CIT) from Dec 2013 to Nov 2014 over the South Korea. The score test shows 0.49 PODy (Probability of Detection 'Yes') and 0.64 PODn (Probability of Detection 'No'). Low POD results from various kinds of CAT reported from PIREPs and the characteristics of high sensitivity in edge detection algorithm.

Partial turbulence simulation and aerodynamic pressures validation for an open-jet testing facility

  • Fu, Tuan-Chun;Chowdhury, Arindam Gan;Bitsuamlak, Girma;Baheru, Thomas
    • Wind and Structures
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.15-33
    • /
    • 2014
  • This paper describes partial turbulence simulation and validation of the aerodynamic pressures on building models for an open-jet small-scale 12-Fan Wall of Wind (WOW) facility against their counterparts in a boundary-layer wind tunnel. The wind characteristics pertained to the Atmospheric Boundary Layer (ABL) mean wind speed profile and turbulent fluctuations simulated in the facility. Both in the wind tunnel and the small-scale 12-Fan WOW these wind characteristics were produced by using spires and roughness elements. It is emphasized in the paper that proper spectral density parameterization is required to simulate turbulent fluctuations correctly. Partial turbulence considering only high frequency part of the turbulent fluctuations spectrum was simulated in the small-scale 12-Fan WOW. For the validation of aerodynamic pressures a series of tests were conducted in both wind tunnel and the small-scale 12-fan WOW facilities on low-rise buildings including two gable roof and two hip roof buildings with two different slopes. Testing was performed to investigate the mean and peak pressure coefficients at various locations on the roofs including near the corners, edges, ridge and hip lines. The pressure coefficients comparisons showed that open-jet testing facility flows with partial simulations of ABL spectrum are capable of inducing pressures on low-rise buildings that reasonably agree with their boundary-layer wind tunnel counterparts.

Numerical study on the characteristics of TKE in coastal area for offshore wind power (해상풍력발전을 위한 연안지역의 난류에너지 특성 수치연구)

  • Yoo, Jung-Woo;Lee, Soon-Hwan;Lee, Hwa-Woon
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.23 no.9
    • /
    • pp.1551-1562
    • /
    • 2014
  • To clarify the characteristics of TKE (Turbulence Kinetic Energy) variation for offshore wind power development, several numerical experiments using WRF were carried out in three different coastal area of the Korean Peninsula. Buoyancy, mechanical and shear production term of the TKE budget are fundamental elements in the production or dissipation of turbulence. Turbulent kinetic energy of the south coast region was higher than in other sea areas due to the higher sea surface temperature and strong wind speed. In south coast region, strong wind passing through the Korea Strait is caused by channelling effect of the terrain of the Geoje Island. Although wind speed is weak in east coast, because of large difference in wind speed between the upper and lower layer, the development of mechanical turbulence tend to be predominant. Since lower sea surface temperature and smaller wind shear were detected in west coastal region, the possibility of turbulence production not so great in comparison with other regions. The understanding of the characteristics of turbulence in three different coastal region can be reduced the uncertainty of offshore wind construction.

The Impact of Organizational Improvisation on Market Orientation

  • Kim, Seung-Ho;Shim, Joon-Sup
    • International Journal of Contents
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.82-87
    • /
    • 2012
  • Organizational improvisation, the convergence of planning and execution, has emerged as an alternative approach to the limitations in strategic planning. Organizational improvisation has a significant impact not only on organizational performance, but also on market orientation, which has emerged as a key issue in the field of technology commercialization. This study investigates both the effect of organizational improvisation on market orientation, as well as the effect of environmental turbulence and time pressure on organizational improvisation. Results show that organizational improvisation has a positive influence on market orientation, with a stronger effect on the diffusion of market information. This is greatly impacted by environmental turbulence and time pressure. As a result, promoting competencies in organizational improvisation at the corporate level is suggested as a significant means to enhance market-oriented organizational innovation.

Full-scale investigation of wind-induced vibrations of a mast-arm traffic signal structure

  • Riedman, Michelle;Sinh, Hung Nguyen;Letchford, Christopher;O'Rourke, Michael
    • Wind and Structures
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.405-422
    • /
    • 2015
  • In previous model- and full-scale studies, high-amplitude vertical vibrations of mast-arm traffic signal structures have been shown to be due to vortex shedding, a phenomenon in which alternatingly shed, low-pressure vortices induce oscillating forces onto the mast-arm causing a cross-wind response. When the frequency of vortices being shed from the mast-arm corresponds to the natural frequency of the structure, a resonant condition is created causing long-lasting, high-amplitude vibrations which may lead to the fatigue failure of these structures. Turbulence in the approach flow is known to affect the cohesiveness of vortex shedding. Results from this full-scale investigation indicate that the surrounding terrain conditions, which affect the turbulence intensity of the wind, greatly influence the likelihood of occurrence of long-lasting, high-amplitude vibrations and also impact whether reduced service life due to fatigue is likely to be of concern.

Anisotropy of Turbulence in Vegetated Open-Channel Flows (식생된 개수로 흐름에서의 난류의 비등방성)

  • Kang, Hyeong-Sik;Choi, Sung-Uk
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
    • /
    • v.38 no.10
    • /
    • pp.871-883
    • /
    • 2005
  • This paper investigates the impacts of turbulent anisotropy on the mean flow and turbulence structures in vegetated open-channel flows. The Reynolds stress model, which is an anisotropic turbulence model, is used for the turbulence closure. Plain open-channel flows and vegetated flows with emergent and submerged plants are simulated. Computed profiles of the mean velocity and turbulence structures are compared with measured data available in the literature. Comparisons are also made with the predictions by the k-$\epsilon$ model and by the algebraic stress model. For plain open-channel flows and open-channel flows with emergent vegetation, the mean velocity and Reynolds stress profiles by isotropic and anisotropic turbulence models were hardly distinguished and they agreed well with measured data. This means that the mean flow and Reynolds stress is hardly affected by anisotropy of turbulence. However, anisotropy of turbulence due to the damping effect near the bottom and free surface is successfully simulated only by the Reynolds stress model. In open-channel flows with submerged vegetation, anisotropy of turbulence is strengthenednear the vegetation height. The Reynolds stress model predicts the mean velocity and turbulence intensity better than the algebraic stress model or the k-$\epsilon$ model. However, above the vegetation height, the k-$\epsilon$ model overestimates the mean velocity and underestimates turbulence intensity Sediment transport capacity of vegetated open-channel flows is also investigated by using the computed profiles. It is shown that the isotropic turbulence model underestimates seriously suspended load.

Numerical characterization of downburst wind field at WindEEE dome

  • Ibrahim, Ibrahim;Aboshosha, Haitham;El Damatty, Ashraf
    • Wind and Structures
    • /
    • v.30 no.3
    • /
    • pp.231-243
    • /
    • 2020
  • Downbursts are acknowledged for being a major loading hazard for horizontally-extending structures like transmission line systems. With these structures being inherently flexible, it is important to characterize the turbulence associated with the wind flow of downburst events being essential to quantify dynamic excitations on structures. Accordingly, the current study numerically characterizes the downburst wind field of open terrain simulated at the Wind Engineering, Energy and Environment (WindEEE) dome testing facility at The University of Western Ontario in Canada through a high-resolution large eddy simulation (LES). The study validates the numerical simulation considering both the mean and the turbulent components of the flow. It then provides a detailed visual description of the flow at WindEEE through the capabilities enabled by LES to identify the key factors affecting the flow. The study also presents the spatial distribution of turbulence intensities and length scales computed from the numerical model and compares them with previous values reported in the literature. The comparison shows the ability of the downburst simulated at WindEEE to reproduce turbulence characteristics similar to those reported from field measurements. The study also indicates that downburst turbulence is well-correlated circumferentially which imposes high correlated loads on horizontally-distributed structures such as transmission lines.