• Title, Summary, Keyword: Epithelial cell

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Ultrastructure of Secretory Duct Development in the Stem of Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A.Meyer) Seedlings (인삼 유식물체 줄기의 분비관 형성에 관한 미세구조)

  • 류성철
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.151-162
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    • 1989
  • Secretory ducts in the stem of Panax ginseng seedlings are observed with light and electron microscopes to clarify development of the epithelial cells of secretory ducts. Secretory duct initial cell is developed from procambial cell which originated from initial cell is differentiated into ipithelial cell ofsecretory ducts. Intercellular space between the epithelial cells are gradually expanded and differentiated into duct lumen. Disintegrations of epithelial cells occur throughout all the stages of development. The cytoplasm of epithelial cells darken and the epithelial cell wall are lysed, preceding their disintegraton. In the epithelial cell organelles are scattered in the cytoplasm. Development of vcuoles are sparse at the early stage. Starch grains decreased gradually, while lipid droplets increased. Free ribosomes are distributed throughout the cytoplasm and secretory vesicles which originated from rough endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi complex are fused with the plasmalemma. These suggest that the cellular metabolism is active. Microtubules and plasmodesmata are typically observed in the thickened epithelial cell wall. Secretions are accumulated in duct lumen.

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Establishment of Hertwig's Epithelial Root Sheath/Epithelial Rests of Malassez Cell Line from Human Periodontium

  • Nam, Hyun;Kim, Ji-Hye;Kim, Jae-Won;Seo, Byoung-Moo;Park, Joo-Cheol;Kim, Jung-Wook;Lee, Gene
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.37 no.7
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    • pp.562-567
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    • 2014
  • Human Hertwig's epithelial root sheath/epithelial rests of Malassez (HERS/ERM) cells are epithelial remnants of teeth residing in the periodontium. Although the functional roles of HERS/ERM cells have yet to be elucidated, they are a unique epithelial cell population in adult teeth and are reported to have stem cell characteristics. Therefore, HERS/ERM cells might play a role as an epithelial component for the repair or regeneration of dental hard tissues; however, they are very rare population in periodontium and the primary isolation of them is considered to be difficult. To overcome these problems, we immortalized primary HERS/ERM cells isolated from human periodontium using SV40 large T antigen (SV40 LT) and performed a characterization of the immortalized cell line. Primary HERS/ERM cells could not be maintained for more than 6 passages; however, immortalized HERS/ERM cells were maintained for more than 20 passages. There were no differences in the morphological and immunophenotypic characteristics of HERS/ERM cells and immortalized HERS/ERM cells. The expression of epithelial stem cell and embryonic stem cell markers was maintained in immortalized HERS/ERM cells. Moreover, immortalized HERS/ERM cells could acquire mesenchymal phenotypes through the epithelial-mesenchymal transition via TGF-${\beta}1$. In conclusion, we established an immortalized human HERS/ERM cell line with SV40 LT and expect this cell line to contribute to the understanding of the functional roles of HERS/ERM cells and the tissue engineering of teeth.

Construction of Artificial Epithelial Tissues Prepared from Human Normal Fibroblasts and C9 Cervical Epithelial Cancer Cells Carrying Human Papillomavirus Type 18 Genes

  • Eun Kyung Yang;Seu
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 1998
  • One cervical cancer cell line, C9, carrying human papillomavirus type 18 (HPV18) genes that is one of the major etiologic concoviruses for cervical cancer was characterized. This cell line was further characterized for its capacity related to the epithelial cell proliferation, stratification and differentiation in reconstituted artificial epithelial tissue. The in vitro construction of three dimensional artificial cervical opithelial tissue has been engineered using C9 epithelial cancer cells, human foreskin fibroblasts and a matrix made of type I collagen by organotypic culture of epithelial cells. The morphology of paraffin embedded artificial tissue was examined by histochemical staining. The artificial epithelial tissues were well developed having multilayer. However, the tissue morphology was similar to the cervical tissus having displasia induced by HPV infection. The characteristics of the artificial tissues were examined by determinining the expression of specific marker proteins. In the C9 derived artificial tissues, the expression of EGF receptor, as epithelial proliferation marker proteins for stratum basale was observed up to the stratum spinosum. Another epithelial proliferation marker for stratum spinosum, cytokerations 5/6/18, were observed well over the stratum spinosum. For the differentiation markers, the expression of involucrin and filaggrin were observed while the terminal differentiation marker, cytokeratins 10/13 was not detected at all. Therefore the reconstituted artificial epithelial tissues expressed the same types of differentiation marker proteins that are expressed in normal human cervical epithelial tissues but lacked the final differentiation capacity representing characteristics of C9 cell line as a cancer tissue devived cell line. Expression of HPV18 E6 oncoprotein was also observed in this artifical cervical opithelial tissue though the intensity of the staining was weak. Thus this artificial epithelial tissue could be used as a useful model system to examine the relationship between HPV-induced cervical oncogenesis and epithelial cell differentiation.

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Physiological understanding of host-microbial pathogen interactions in the gut

  • Lee, Sei-Jung;Choi, Sang Ho;Han, Ho Jae
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.56 no.2
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    • pp.57-66
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    • 2016
  • The gut epithelial barrier, which is composed of the mucosal layer and the intestinal epithelium, has multiple defense mechanisms and interconnected regulatory mechanisms against enteric microbial pathogens. However, many bacterial pathogens have highly evolved infectious stratagems that manipulate mucin production, epithelial cell-cell junctions, cell death, and cell turnover to promote their replication and pathogenicity in the gut epithelial barrier. In this review, we focus on current knowledge about how bacterial pathogens regulate mucin levels to circumvent the epithelial mucus barrier and target cell-cell junctions to invade deeper tissues and increase their colonization. We also describe how bacterial pathogens manipulate various modes of epithelial cell death to facilitate bacterial dissemination and virulence effects. Finally, we discuss recent investigating how bacterial pathogens regulate epithelial cell turnover and intestinal stem cell populations to modulate intestinal epithelium homeostasis.

Comparative Studies on the Ultrastructures of Non-Ciliated and Ciliated Epithelial Cells in the Ductus Epididymidis of Apodemus agrarius coreae (등줄쥐 (Apodemus agrarius coreae)의 부고환관의 무섬모상피세포와 섬모상피세포의 미세구조에 대한 비교 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-Hun
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.345-362
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    • 1998
  • In order to the comparative morphological study of the non-ciliated and ciliated epithelial cells, and to elucidate the process of degeneration of non-ciliated epithelial cell of the ductus epididymidis, Korean striped field mouse, Apodemus agrarius coreae was examined with light and transmission electron microscopes. The morphological characteristics of non-ciliated epithelial cell, the cell types of the caput epididymidis (Cp), corpus epididymidis (Cr) and cauda epididymidis (Cu) were long-columnar, short-columnar and short-cuboudal, respectively. The mitochondria and rough endoplasmic reticulum tended to be broken as they immigrated from Cp to the Cu. The Golgi acted vigorously at the Cp, but the Golgi was inactive in Cr and Cu. The secretory vesicles and lysosomes were increased gradually from Cp to the Cu. The process of degeneration of the non-ciliated epithelial cells observed in the Cp, Cr and Cu epididymidis. The increase of the non-ciliated epithelial cells, and its degeneration were observed more often from Cp to the Cu. The morphological characteristics of the ciliated epithelial cells, the cell types of the Cp, Cr and Cu were long-columnar, short-columnar and short-cuboudal, respecptively like the non-ciliated epithelial cells. The stereocilia was long and slender at the Cp and Cr, while Cu was very short. The pinocytotic vesicles and absorptive vesicles were increased from the Cp to the Cu. Numerous disintergrated products was existed at the Cr including the Cp, but Cu were not observed. A significant amount of lysosomes existed at the Cp and Cr epithelial cells, but they were not observed in Cu epithelial cells.

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Percutaneous Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Thymoma (흉선종의 경피 세침흡인 세포학적 검색)

  • Park, Weon-Seo;Park, In-Ae;Ham, Eui-Keun;Lee, Sang-Kook
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.16-24
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    • 1993
  • The fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytologic findings in 16 cases of histologically confirmed thymoma are reported. The aspirates were obtained under fluoroscopic guidance. The cytologic diagnoses were inadequate sample in one case, thymoma in 12(75%), small cell carcinoma or thymoma in 1, benign mesenchymal tumor in 1, and germ cell tumor in one. The cytologic features were detailed according to the constituent epithelial cell type, and into 4 small of epithelial cells and lymphocytes. Fifteen cases were classified into 4 small epithelial cell type, 6 intermediate epithelial cell type, 1 large epithelial cell type, 1 large pleomorphic epithelial cell type, and 3 spindle-shaped epithelial ceil type. Cytologic differential diagnosis was discussed, and the important criteria for the cytologic diagnosis of thymoma were reviewed. This review leads us to think that nonoperative cytologic approaches in the diagnosis of the thymoma are possible, and that correct cytologic diagnosis of thymoma with FNAs can easily be made, if adequate samples are obtained However the invasiveness and histologic type could not be predicted by cytological features only. Knowing various cytologic and histologic features of thymoma will be helpful for the diagnosis of thymoma and the differential diagnosis of modiastinal tumors.

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Identification of a High-yield Technique for Isolating Endometrial Epithelial Cells from the Mouse Uterus : A Comparison of Mechanical and Sedimentation-adherence Methods

  • Sohn, Jie Ohn;Jo, Yoon Mi;Park, Hye Jin;Ahn, Ji Yeon;Song, Hyun Jin;Lim, Jeong Mook;Lee, Seung Tae
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.73-80
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    • 2016
  • An in vitro assay following culture of endometrial epithelial cells is essential for understanding epithelial cell function in reproduction. Several diverse techniques have been developed for isolating endometrial epithelial cells, although an optimal technique has not been identified. In this study, we describe a sedimentation-adherence (S-A) isolation technique with a high-yield cell-separating ability to isolate endometrial epithelial cells from 8-week-old female C57BL/6 mice. We analyzed total cell number, viability, morphology, and expression of cytokeratin 18 as an endometrial epithelial cell-specific marker in cells isolated using a mechanical method compared to the S-A technique. There were no significant differences in the total number, viability, or morphology of the putative endometrial epithelial cells with either method. In contrast, significantly more endometrial epithelial cells harvested using the S-A method were positively stained for cytokeratin 18 than those isolated using the mechanical method. These results confirm that the S-A method is more efficient for retrieving endometrial epithelial cells than a mechanical method.

The Role of the Epithelial Cell in Bronchial Asthma (천식에서 기도 상피세포의 역할)

  • Chung, Jin-Hong
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 1999
  • Although traditionally viewed as a physical barrier between the host and a variety of inhaled irritants and pathogens, it has become clear that the epithelium has a much broader functional scope. Epithelial cells arc metabolically active and can play an important role in the regulation of the allergic inflammatory response. This review provides a consideration of the role of the epithelial cell as both a "target" for exogenous and endogenous stimuli and as an "effector" cell that is capable of producing a variety of products that can influence the inflammatory response in the airways.

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Effects of Keratinocyte Growth Factor on the Uterine Endometrial Epithelial Cells in Pigs

  • Ka, Hak-Hyun;Bazer, Fuller W.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.1708-1714
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    • 2005
  • Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) functions in epithelial growth and differentiation in many tissues and organs. KGF is expressed in the uterine endometrial epithelial cells during the estrous cycle and pregnancy in pigs, and receptors for KGF (KGFR) are expressed by conceptus trophectoderm and endometrial epithelia. KGF has been shown to stimulate the proliferation and differentiation of conceptus trophectoderm. However, the role of KGF on the endometrial epithelial cells has not been determined. Therefore, this study determined the effect of KGF on proliferation and differentiation of endometrial epithelial cells in vitro and in vivo using an immortalized porcine luminal epithelial (pLE) cell line and KGF infusion into the uterine lumen of pigs between Days 9 and 12 of estrous cycle. Results showed that KGF did not stimulate proliferation of uterine endometrial epithelial cells in vitro and in vivo determined by the $^3$H]thymidine incorporation assay and the proliferating cell nuclear antigen staining, respectively. Effects of KGF on expression of several markers for epithelial cell differentiation, including integrin receptor subunits $\alpha$4, $\alpha$5 and $\beta$1, plasmin/trypsin inhibitor, uteroferrin and retinol-binding protein were determined by RT-PCR, Northern and slot blot analyses, and immunohistochemisty, and KGF did not affect epithelial cell differentiation in vitro and in vivo. These results show that KGF does not induce epithelial cell proliferation and differentiation, suggesting that KGF produced by endometrial epithelial cells acts on conceptus trophectoderm in a paracrine manner rather than on endometrial epithelial cells in an autocrine manner.

In Vitro Development of Mouse Embryos in Culture Supernatant of Bovine Oviductal Epithelial Cell (소 난관 상피세포의 배양 상층액에서 생쥐 배의 체외발달)

  • 김선구
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.111-117
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    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to examine the effect of culture supernatant of bovine oviductal epithelial cell(BOEC) on in vitro development of mouse embryos. To obtain the culture supernatant, ampullary epithelial cell, ithmic epithelial cell and ciliated eptithelial cell of bovine oviduct were cultured in Ham's F-10 su, pp.emented with 10% FCS. The development rates of mouse embryos to blastocyst stage were significantly(P<0.05) higher in BOEC-culture supernatant(72.3∼82.3%) than in Ham's F-10(50.7%). The proportions of embryonic development into hatched blastocysts were significantly(P<0.05) higher in ampullary cell supernatant(43.2%), ithmic cell supernatant(48.4%) and ciliated cell supernatant (27.7%) than in Ham's F-10(14.4%). On the other hand, the effect of ciliated cell supernatant was lower than those of other cell supernatants(P<0.05). And there was no difference between ampullary cell supernatant and ithmic cell supernatnat.

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