• Title, Summary, Keyword: Escherichia coli 987p

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Prevalence of pili and enterotoxins of Escherichia coli associated with diarrhea in preweaning piglets (포유자돈 소장에서 분리된 대장균의 섬모항원과 장내독소 분포양상)

  • Ham, Hee-jin;Cheon, Doo-sung;Chae, Chan-hee
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.779-784
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    • 1997
  • A comprehensive study of 132 Escherichia coli isolates from 150 piglets with colibacillosis included detection of heat-labile enterotoxin, heat-stable enterotoxin, and identification of K88 (F4), K99 (F5), 987P (F6), and F41. Four pili were examined by haemagglutination and slide agglutination test. Heat-labile(LT) and heat-stable(ST) enterotoxin was determined by reverse passive latex agglutination and precipitation test, respectively. Among 132 E coli isolates, 26 had K88 (19.7%), 16 had K99 (12.1%), 3 had 987P (2.3%), and 2 had F41 (1.5%). Three had K88 and K99 (2.3%), 3 had K88 and 987P (2.3%), 2 had K99 and 987P (1.5%), 5 had K99 and F41 (3.8%), and 8 E coli strains had K88, K99 and F41 (6.1%) simultaneously. Among 132 E coli isolates, 5 produced LT only (3.8%), 55 produced heat-stable toxin ST only (41.7%), and 4 produced both LT and ST (3.0%). Three major pathotypes accounted for 27.9% of E coli isolates: $K99^+$ (8.3%), $K88^+ST^+$ (9%) and $K88^+$ (10.6%). Results of this study indicated that piliated enterotoxin-producing E coli was prevalent and was associated with diarrhea in preweaning piglets.

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Characteristics of Escherichia coli isolated from piglets with diarrhea ; antimicrobial susceptibility, genotypes of enterotoxins and pili and plasmid profiles (설사 자돈으로부터 분리한 Escherichia coli의 특성에 관한 연구 ; 항균제 감수성, 장독소 및 섬모의 유전형의 분포 및 plasmid profiles)

  • Park, Joo-youn;Shin, Na-ri;Park, Yong-ho;Yoo, Han-sang
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.301-310
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    • 2000
  • The antimicrobial susceptibility, genotypes of enterotoxins(LT, STa) and pili(K88, 987P), and plasmid profiles were investigated with 102 Escherichia coli isolated from piglets showing diarrhea in Korea. Almost of them were susceptible to ceftiofur(99%), cefquinone(97.1%). However they showed resistance to bacitracin(100%), streptomycin(98%), vancomycin(97%), trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole(87.2%), tetracycline(84.3%) in antimicrobial susceptibility test. Moreover, all of the isolates demonstrated resistance to more than 2, and 78% of them were resistant to more than 8 of total 17 drugs. Multiplex PCRs for genotyping of enterotoxins(LT, STa) and pili(K88, 987P) were established with primers designed based on sequences from Genebank. Seventeen strains(16.6%) of the isolates had STa gene, 11 strains(10.8%) of them had both STa and LT genes, and 18 strains(17.8%) had K88 gene. But none of the isolates harbored a gene exclusively encoding LT. The gene encoding 987P pili was not found in all isolates. Fifty-four strains of 102 isolates(52.9%) had plasmid with various sizes ranging from 125kb to 1.1kb. Numbers of plasmid per isolates were also various, from 1 to 9. Distinctive relationship between plasmid profiles and genotypes of enterotoxins and pili in the isolates was not found. These results might provide the basic knowledge to establish strategies for the treatment and prevention of colibacillosis in piglets.

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Protective effect of egg yolk antibodies in diarrhea caused by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli 987P(F6) in early weaned pigs (조기이유자돈에 있어서 난황항체를 이용한 장독성 대장균 987P(F6) 설사증 방어효과)

  • Hong, Jong-wook;Kim, In-ho;Kim, Jung-woo;Kwon, Oh-suk;Lee, Sang-hwan;Hong, Eu-chul
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.29-35
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    • 2001
  • The protective effects of egg yolk atibodies obtained from chickens immunized with fimbrial antigens from ETEC 987P were evaluated in 14 and 21 d old pigs in which ETEC diarrhea was induced. For the Exp. 1, eight early-weaned pigs($5.00{\pm}0.5kg$ average BW and 14 d average age) and eight weaned pigs($6.00{\pm}0.5kg$ average BW and 21 d average age) were used to examine influence of egg yolk antibodies on growth performance and resistance to ETEC 987P infection. Dietary treatments included 1) administered of commercial egg yolk(14 d of age; CEY14), 2) administered of egg yolk antibodies(14 d of age; EYA14), 3) administered of commercial egg yolk(21 d of age; CEY21), 4) administered of egg yolk antibodies(21 d of age; EYA21). The 14 and 21 d old pigs were challenged with 2 ml of ETEC 987P at a dose of $10^{10}\;CFU\;ml^{-1}$ per weaned pigs. Weaned pigs treated with egg yolk antibodies recovered and pigs treated with egg yolk antibodies tended to increase average daily gain(P<0.05). Also, EYA12 and EYA21 treatments were reduced coli-form bacteria concentration and increased Lactobacilli sp. concentration from feces. For the Exp. 2, sixteen weaned pigs($6.00{\pm}0.5kg$ average daily gain BW and 21 d average age) were used to examine influence of yolk or white from egg containing antibodies on growth performance and resistance to ETEC 987P infection. Dietary treatments included l) administered of commercial egg yolk(CEY), 2) administered of commercial egg white(CEW), 3) administered of egg yolk antibodies(EYA), 4) administered of egg white antibodies(EWA). Pigs treated only with EYA showed signs of recovery. Also, EYA treatment showed the best average daily gain without significant differences (P>0.05). EYA treatment was reduced coli-form bacteria concentration increased and Lactobacilli sp. concentration from feces. In conclusion, egg yolk antibodies have protective effects from pigs in which ETEC diarrhea was induced.

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Prevalence of Fimbrial Antigen (K88 variants, K99 and 987P) of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia Coli from Neonatal and Post-weaning Piglets with Diarrhea in Central China

  • Wang, J.;Jiang, S.W.;Chen, X.H.;Liu, Z.L.;Peng, J.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.1342-1346
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    • 2006
  • Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli is a major cause of diarrhea in neonatal and post-weaning piglets. To determine the most common fimbrial antigens of ETEC in piglets with diarrhea, two investigations were carried out on intensive pig farms in Hubei province, central China. In 2002-2003, 227 fecal samples from neonatal and post-weaning piglets with diarrhea were tested for the presence of the fimbrial antigen K88 and K99 of ETEC by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Twenty-three (10.1%) of 227 fecal samples were found to contain fimbrial antigen K88, which was identified as K88ac variant; and 13 (5.7%) samples containing K99. In 2004, another 179 fecal samples from diarrheic piglets, 1 day to 6 weeks of age, were tested for prevalence of fimbrial antigen K88, K99 and 987P. Forty-seven (26.3%) of the 179 samples carried at least one of the ETEC fimbrial antigens. K88 antigen was detected in 20.1%. In the 36 samples known to carry fimbrial antigen K88, 32 (88.9%) contained K88ad; and 4 (11.1%) contained K88ac; none of them carried K88ab. Fimbrial antigens K99 and 987P were detected in 1.1% and 6.1%, respectively. Our data indicate that K88 is the most common fimbrial antigen of ETEC associated with diarrhea in piglets in Central China.

Antibacterial Activities of Mushroom Liquid Culture Extracts Against Livestock Disease-Causing Bacteria and Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria (가축질병 세균 및 항생제 내성 세균에 대한 버섯 균사체 배양 추출물의 항균 활성)

  • Park, Joo-Woong;Kim, Taeg;Lim, Dong-Jung;Lee, Hyang-Burm;Joo, Yi-Seok;Park, Yong-Il
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.145-147
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    • 2004
  • The ethyl acetate extracts from the liquid cultures of Coriolus versicolor, Phellinus linteus, and Hericium erinaceus showed significant antibacterial activities against Escherichia coli K88, E. coli K99, E. coli 987P, and Salmonella typhimurium 14058 causing bacterial diarrhea in Korean house pigs and chicken. Of these extracts, Coriolus versicolor extract showed the highest antibacterial activity. In addition, these extracts also showed significant growth inhibition against Staphylococcus aureus CARM3230 and E. coli CARM1381 which are known as kanamycin and ampicillin-resistant strains. These results showed that the mushroom extracts could be developed as a livestock feed additives that can replace commercial antibiotics, and also could be good resources for the development of a new antibacterial agent.

Development of preventive method for enterotoxigenic colibacillosis using egg yolk antibodies I. Imune responses of hens immunized against combined Escherichia coli pilus antigens and heat labile toxin (난황항체를 이용한 돼지 대장균 설사증 방제기법 개발 I. 대장균 pilus 항원과 LT로 면역시킨 닭의 면역반응)

  • Woo, Seng-ryong;Kim, Jong-man;Kwon, Chang-hee;Lee, Hee-su;Lym, Suk-kyoung;Kim, Jong-yeom
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.829-836
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    • 1998
  • Immunogenicity of Escherichia coli pilus and LT were evaluated in 20-week-old hens. The antigens were consisted of K88, K99, 987p pilus and heat labile toxin purified from enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. The durations of antibody titers in sera and egg yolk were investigated by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). After first inoculation, antibody titers in sera reached at peak 2 weeks postinoculation. However, peak antibody titers in egg yolk were detected 4 weeks postinoculation, indicating that transfer of immunoglobulin from serum to egg yolk took about two weeks period. Although there were slight reduction in titers, the specific antibodies in egg yolk lasted up to 3 months. Immune responses against monovalent and combined antigens were showed as almost same patterns. The transfer rate of antibodies from serum to egg yolk didn't show any significant differences among three pilus antigens in this study. Considering the concentrations of antigens in each inoculated group, multivalent antigens containing heat labile toxin of E coli were found to be more immunogenic than monovalent antigen in producing specific antibodies. From this experiment, it was demonstrated that multivalent antigens containing three pilus and heat labile toxin could be a promising candidate for the production of egg yolk antibodies for prophylactic use in preventing swine colibacillosis in future.

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Development of preventive method for enterotoxigenic colibacillosis using egg yolk antibodies II. Therapeutic effect of egg yolk antibodies against colibacillosis of piglets (난황항체를 이용한 돼지 대장균설사증 방제기법 개발 II. 난황항체의 돼지 대장균증에 대한 치료효과)

  • Kim, Jong-man;Woo, Seng-ryong;Kweon, Chang-hee;Kim, Jong-yeom;Huh, Won
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.837-842
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    • 1998
  • The present study describes the effectiveness of egg yolk antibodies (IgY) against enteric colibacillosis and edema disease in piglets. The antibodies were gained from the egg yolk of hens immunized with k88, k99, 987p fimbrial adhesin and heat-labile toxin antigens of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC). Orally-administered egg yolk antibodies solution protected against experimental challenge with ETEC $K88^+$ and $k99^+$ strains in neonatal piglets and mice. In field trial, a total of 598 diarrheal piglets were orally treated with 3ml of antibody once a day to determine for the therapeutic effect. Of them, 582 (97.3%) piglets were recovered from diarrhea in 3 days. We also experimentally treated with the egg yolk antibodies twice a day for 5 consecutive days for 94 weaning piglets with edema disease for the determination of therapeutic effects. Seventy four piglets (78.7%) were recovered from clinical edema signs. Theses findings indicate that egg yolk antibodies against k88, k99, 987p and LT of ETEC are useful source of passive immunity for enteric colibacillosis and edema disease of piglets.

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Studies on biological characters and plasmid profiles of Escherichia coli isolated from pigs (돼지 유래 대장균의 생물학적 특성과 plasmid profile에 대하여)

  • Jeong, Soo-kwan;Jeong, Suk-chan;Choi, Won-pil
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.287-295
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    • 1990
  • The purpose of this study was the examination for presence of pilus antigen, O serogroups, colicin production, antibiotic susceptibility and plasmid profiles among E coli isolated from diarrheal piglets and fattening pigs in Taegu province. Of 145 E coli isolated, 98 strains (67.4%) possesed pilus antigens which belonged to either K88 (47.6%), K99 (11.7%) or 987P (8.3%) types. Fifty-nine strains (40.7%) were classified into tenO serogroups and their types were O8 (22.0%), O20(16.9%), O141(15.3%), O9(10.2%), O45(10.2%), O139(8.5%), O064(6.8%), O149(5.0%), O157(3.4%), and O115(1.7%). Thirty-three strains (22.8%) were colicinogenic and 6 strains (4.1%) were hemolytic. One hundred and thirty-nine strains (95.9%) of 145 E coli isolates were resistant to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, gentamicin, kanamycin, streptomycin, tetracycline, rifampicin and nalidixic acid, alone or in combination thereof. Ninety strains (64.7%) of 139 drug resistant strains carried R factor (R) which were transferable to the recipient by conjugation. In gel electrophoresis for the isolation of plasmid DNA, the number of plasmid DNA band varied from 2 to 11 in 16 E coli with pilus antigen. It's molecular weight ranged from 1.0 to 60.0 megadalton.

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Studies on enterotoxigenic Escherchia coli isolated from piglets with diarrhea (설사 자돈에서 분리된 병원성 대장균에 관한 연구)

  • 김광재;윤교복;최봉출;신은경;김종술;박양주;이유섭
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.359-370
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    • 1997
  • This study was carried out to Investigate the biochemical characteristics, antibiotic susceptibility, serogroups and pili producibility test of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli(ETEC) isolated from piglets with diarrhea in Kangwon province from March to October 1996. 1. Sixty eight E coli strains were isolated from 72 piglets with diarrhea and the biochemical and cultural reaction were compared with the classification criteria of Edwards and Ewing. 2. The serogroups of 26 isolates were classified as 08 : K87 6(8.8%), O20 : K1O1 4(5.9%), O141 : K85 4(5.9%), 09 : K103 : P987 3(4.4%), O45 : K 2(2.9%) 0139 : K82 2(2.9%), O64 : $K^{-}$2(2.9%), O149 : K91 1(1.5%), O157 : K88ac 1(1.5%) and O115 : $K^{-}$1(1.5%), respectively. 3. In antibiotic susceptibility test, the isolates showed high susceptible to Ak, Eno, Na, Gm, Am and Km, whereas resistance to Tc, Sm and Cf. 4. Sixty one strains(89.7%) of 68 I coli Isolates were resistant to one or more drugs. The isolates resistant to 2 and 3 or more drugs were 60.3% and 19.1%, respectively. Amog the 16 multiple resistant patterns, Sm Tc(11.5% ), Cf Sm Tc(11.5% ), Cf Cp Sm Su Tc(9.8% ) and Cf Cp Sm Su Tc(8.2%) patterns were frequently observed. 5. MRHA of guinea pig erythrocytes was detected in 9 out of 26 OK serotype and 9 out of 42 unidentified serotypes. MRHA titers of serotypes showed from 16 to 32 in O141 : K85 and no titers in O139 : K82. 6. By the GM1 ganglioside ELISA, $\beta$-, $\alpha$-, and $\gamma$-hemolysin producing strains was detected as 36, 6, and 5 from heat labile enterotoxin(LT) of 47 ETEC, respectively. The distribution of LT toxin from 112 isolates was showed $\beta$- hemolysin, 2 isolates $\alpha$-hemolysin and 3 isolates $\gamma$-hemol-ysin from 26 OK serotypes.

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