• Title/Summary/Keyword: Experimental Infection

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Effect of Splenectomy on Development of Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis (비장적출(splenectomy)이 원발성 아메바성 뇌수막염의 발생에 미치는 영향)

  • Sin, Ho-Jun;Im, Gyeong-Il;Choe, Rim-Sun
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.156-164
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    • 1985
  • To elucidate the effect of splenectomy on the development of experimental primary amoebic meningoencephalitis in mice, the death rate and survival time of mice infected intranasally with Naegleria fowleri trophozoites $5{\times}10^4$ cultivated in CGVS medium were compared according to the mouse age when splenectomy was done, and post-operation until experimental infection. Immunodigusion was undergone to detect the presence of serum antibod). due to N, fowleri infecttion in mice. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was done to compare the protein fractions of mouse serum in each experimental groups. In experiment I, splenectomy was done 3 weeks and infection 4 weeks after birth, the death rate of control, sham operated and splenectomized group were 100%, 85% and 95%, and the mean survival time after infection 7.3 days, 7.5 days and 7.8 days, respectively. In experiment II, splenectomy was undergone 3 weeks and infection 6 weeks after birth, the death rate of of control, sham operated and splenectomized group were 95%, 95% and 95%, and the mean survival time after infection 12.1 days, 11.5 days and 11.5 days, respectively. In experiment III, splenectomy was done 5 weeks and infection 6 weeks after birth, the death rate of control, sham operated and splenectomized group were 95%, 90% and 95%, and the mean survival time after infection 8.1 days, 8.3 days and 8.5 days, respectively. By Ouchterlony immunodigusion, anti-JV. fowleri antibody in the serum of mouse with primary amoebic meningoencephalitis was detected against a N. fowleri antigen, which was prepared by ultrasonication of N, fowleri trophozoites, each reacting two lines of precipitation. The patterns of serum fractions by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis were different between control and sham operated groups from splenectomized group in fraction II, III and V, the sera of which were collected after N. fowleri infection. This results may be summarized as that splenectomy has no effect on the development of primary amoebic meningoencephalitis in mice.

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Surface ultrastructure of Parvatrema timondavidi (Digenea: Gymnophallidae) according to its developmental stages (Parvatrema timondavidi (Digenea: Gymnophallidae) 피낭유충, 유약충 및 성충의 표피 미세구조)

  • Yu, Jae-Ran;Park, Jin-Yeong;Chae, Jong-Il
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.65-74
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    • 1994
  • Surface ultrastructure of Pawctrema timonnauini developmental stages was studied using a scanning electron microscope. The metacercariae were collected from the marine clam, Topes phiLippinam and juvenile and adult worms were recovered at 1, 2, 3 and 7 days after experimental infection of mice. The metacercariae had a large oral sucker and characteristic lateral projections. Around the lip of the oral sucker many type I and type II sensory papillae were observed, and type III papillae were located symmetrically on the medial side of the lateral projection. Numerous type I papillae were grouped around the genital pore. The tegumental spines were distributed over the worm surface except the lip of the suckers and genital pore. The 1-day old worm had a well-developed ventral sucker, with 6 type II sensory papillae on its outer surface and another 6 type I papillae on the inner side. Two small type I papillae were seen on the anterior side of the ventral sucker. The genital pore was small and opened separately from the ventral sucker and 15 type I papillae were grouped around it. The 2-, 3-. and 7-day worms revealed that as they grew to be adults, the spine tips became multipointed, the genital pore formed a genital atrium, and the cytoplasmic process became well differentiated. In 2- and 3-day worms 10 type II papillae encircling the lip of the oral sucker, and additional 4 papillae at the dorsal side of 4 dorsal type II papillae were a characteristic feature. The distribution pattern of sensory papillae around the oral sucker and genital pore, and 2 type I papillae on the anterior side of the ventral sucker, was so peculiar in R timonnnuini, that they seem to be useful keys for taxonomic differentiation from other gymnophallids.

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