• Title, Summary, Keyword: Extensive laminectomy

Search Result 7, Processing Time 0.038 seconds

Clinical evaluation of extensive laminectomy in dogs (개에서 광범위한 추궁절제술의 임상적 평가)

  • Park, Sung-Min;Lee, Chung-Ho;Kim, Wan-Hee;Kweon, Oh-Kyeong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.42 no.4
    • /
    • pp.537-543
    • /
    • 2002
  • The purpose of the present study was to investigate structural stability of extensive laminectomy and the effect of subcutaneous fat autograft on restricting formation of postlaminectomy membrane (fibrous tissue). Eighteen healthy dogs of both sexes and of mixed breeding were divided into 6 groups : (1) unilateral hemilaminectomy (group H) on 3rd, 4th and 7th vertebrae ; (2) modified dorsal laminectomy (group D) on 3rd, 4th and 7th vertebrae. Hemilaminectomies were carried out incontinuously at 16 sites in 4 dogs, then subcutaneous fat autografts (group F) were applied to 8 laminectomy sites and no treatment (group C) was assigned to 8 laminectomy sites, too. Operating time of group H ($30.9{\pm}10.4$ minutes) was significantly shorter (p<0.05) than that of group D ($43.1{\pm}12.2$ minutes), but surgical hemorrhage of group H is severer than that of group D. General states, such as standing, gait, defecation and urination, were normal. Upper motor neuron/lower motor neuron signs were not found and superficial/deep pain, proprioception and anal sphincter tone were normal. Gross postmortem findings were similar in all groups. The laminectomy sites of groups H and D were filled with fibous connective tissue at 4 months after operation and histopathological abnormalities of spinal cord were not found. One of eight laminectomy sites in group F was filled with fibrous tissue at 2 months after operation, but all operating sites of group C were covered with fibrous tissue. The present study indicated that extensive laminectomy on 7 vertebrae, using unilateral hemilaminectomy and modified dorsal laminectomy technique, maintained structural stability and subcutaneous fat autograft was effective on reducing the formation of fibrous membrane in laminectomy sites.

Minimally Invasive Removal of an Intradural Cervical Tumor : Assessment of a Combined Split-Spinous Laminectomy and Quadrant Tube Retractor System Technique

  • Kwak, Young-Seok;Kim, Kyoung-Tae;Cho, Dae-Chul;Kim, Young-Baeg
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
    • /
    • v.52 no.4
    • /
    • pp.427-431
    • /
    • 2012
  • Conventional laminectomy is the most popular technique for the complete removal of intradural spinal tumors. In particular, the central portion intramedullary tumor and large intradural extramedullary tumor often require a total laminectomy for the midline myelotomy, sufficient decompression, and adequate visualization. However, this technique has the disadvantages of a wide incision, extensive periosteal muscle dissection, and bony structural injury. Recently, split-spinous laminectomy and tubular retractor systems were found to decrease postoperative muscle injuries, skin incision size and discomfort. The combined technique of split-spinous laminectomy, using a quadrant tube retractor system allows for an excellent exposure of the tumor with minimal trauma of the surrounding tissue. We propose that this technique offers possible advantages over the traditional open tumor removal of the intradural spinal cord tumors, which covers one or two cervical levels and requires a total laminectomy.

Surgical Treatment of A-V Fistula Following Lumber Laminectomy (요추 추굴절제술후에 발생한 동정맥루의 외과적 치료 -증례보고-)

  • 장택희
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
    • /
    • v.27 no.5
    • /
    • pp.399-401
    • /
    • 1994
  • We experienced one case of surgical treatment of A-V fistula between the right common iliac artery and the right common iliac vein after lumbar laminectomy. The average vascular surgeon does not have extensive experience with this disorder owing to its rarity. Arteriovenous fistula of the aorta and its major branches present an unparalleled challenge in patient care. Because of their central location, blood flow through these fistulas may be massive;the associated complications are usually dramatic, resulting in severe refractory congestive heart failure, massive venous hypertension, or extensive hemorrhage during an illfated surgical repair.For this reason, it behooves one to become well acquainted with the problem in order to avoid morbid complications and thus ensure optimal patient care.

  • PDF

Expansive Laminoplasty for Cerical Compression Myelopathy (경수 압박으로 인한 척수증 환자에서의 경추강 확장술)

  • Han, Dong-Ro;Doh, Eun-Sig;Kim, Oh-Lyong;Chi, Yong-Chul;Choi, Byung-Yearn;Cho, Soo-Ho
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.141-146
    • /
    • 1989
  • In an attempt to eliminate some negative aspects of conventional extensive laminectomy, 4 cases of multiple level of cervical compression myelopathy, 1 OPLL(ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament) and 3 cervical stenosis, were treated with a technique of expansive laminoplasty. Operative results in all patients were satisfactory without surgical complications and all patients had a neurological improvement. We suggest that our technique is more effective one for cervical canal enlargement with preservation of stability for treating multiple level of cervical canal stenosis, OPLL, and spondylosis than conventional extensive laminectomy.

  • PDF

Lumbar Disc Herniation Presenting Cauda Equina Syndrome

  • Kim, Tae-Wan;Yoon, Jae-Woong;Heo, Weon;Park, Hwa-Seung;Rhee, Dong-Youl
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
    • /
    • v.39 no.1
    • /
    • pp.40-45
    • /
    • 2006
  • Objective : To determine the relationship between the clinical outcome and the extent of surgical laminectomy for adequate decompression on the cases of cauda equina syndrome, the authors review and analyze their cases and compared with those of literatures. Methods : The authors reviewed 655 patients retrospectively who had underwent surgery on the cases of lumbar disc herniation from January 2000 to December 2004. There were 19 patients [2.9%] who presented for clinical cauda equina syndrome. Among them, we selected and analyzed 15 patients who were treated by unilateral partial hemilaminectomy with discectomy or bilateral partial laminectomy with discectomy, and they had been followed from 5 weeks to 47 months postoperatively [mean, 13.47 months]. The levels of the disc herniations were L4-5 in 8 patients, following L5-S1 in 4 patients and 2 levels [L4-5 and L5-S1] in 3 patients. Motor and sensory recoveries were recorded. Postoperative urinary function recovery Was defined according to Gleave and Macfarlane. Results : In 12 months postoperatively, the bladder function was obtained in 14 of 15 patients[93%] with regaining urinary continence. Thirteen of 15 patients[86%] with preoperative motor weakness of lower extremities were recovered. Sensory deficit of lower extremities, perianal and saddle anesthesia were all recovered. Patients had recovered on lumbosciatic pain and saddle hypesthesia, in turn, motor function and urinary incontinence. Conclusion : In treating cauda equina syndrome, the authors did less extensive surgery, such as unilateral partial hemilaminectomy with discectomy or bilateral partial laminectomy with discectomy for adequate decompression. The outcome is satisfactory and comparable with those of subtotal or total laminectomy.

Osteoplasty in Acute Vertebral Burst Fractures

  • Park, Sang-Kyu;Bak, Koang-Hum;Cheong, Jin-Hwan;Kim, Jae-Min;Kim, Choong-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
    • /
    • v.40 no.2
    • /
    • pp.90-94
    • /
    • 2006
  • Objective : Acute vertebral burst fractures warrant extensive fixation and fusion on the spine. Osteoplasty [vertebroplasty with high density resin without vertebral expansion] has been used to treat osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. We report our experiences with osteoplasty in acute vertebral burst fractures. Methods : Twenty-eight cases of acute vertebral burst fracture were operated with osteoplasty. Eighteen patients had osteoporosis concurrently. Preoperative MRI was performed in all cases to find fracture level and to evaluate the severity of injury. Preoperative CT revealed burst fracture in the series. The patients with severe ligament injury or spinal canal compromise were excluded from indication. Osteoplasty was performed under local anesthesia and high density polymethylmethacrylate[PMMA] was injected carefully avoiding cement leakage into spinal canal. The procedure was performed unilaterally in 21 cases and bilaterally in 7 cases. The patients were allowed to ambulate right after surgery. Most patients discharged within 5 days and followed up at least 6 months. Results : There were 12 men and 16 women with average age of 45.3[28-82]. Five patients had 2 level fractures and 2 patients had 3 level fractures. The average injection volume was 5.6cc per level Average VAS [Visual Analogue Scale] improved 26mm after surgery. The immediate postoperative X-ray showed 2 cases of filler spillage into spinal canal and 4 cases of leakage into the retroperitoneal space. One patient with intraspinal leakage was underwent the laminectomy to remove the resin. Conclusion : Osteoplasty is a safe and new treatment option in the burst fractures. Osteoplasty with minimally invasive technique reduced the hospital stay and recovery time in vertebral fracture patients.

Isolated Tuberculoma Mimicking Foramen Magnum Meningioma in the Absence of Primary Tuberculosis: A Case Report

  • Kolakshyapati, Manish;Takeda, Masaaki;Mitsuhara, Takafumi;Yamaguchi, Satoshi;Abiko, Masaru;Matsuda, Shingo;Kurisu, Kaoru
    • Neurospine
    • /
    • v.15 no.3
    • /
    • pp.277-282
    • /
    • 2018
  • Central nervous system tuberculosis is a devastating complication of systemic tuberculosis. Intradural extramedullary (IDEM) tuberculoma at the foramen magnum is rare, and mimics en plaque meningioma. We report the case of a 53-year-old woman who presented with dysesthesia of the tongue and lower cranial nerve (CN) palsy, with onset 4 months prior to admission. The neurologic examination revealed left upper-limb weakness and hypoesthesia on the sole and dorsum of the left foot. Other physical examinations revealed no features of tubercular infection. Laboratory investigations likewise showed no signs of infection or inflammation. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed an IDEM mass originating from the left intradural surface at the foramen magnum extending to the C2 segment and compressing the brainstem and upper cervical cord. The mass was isointense/hypointense on T1- and T2-weighted images and homogeneously-enhanced on postcontrast images. The lesion also exhibited the dural-tail sign and was preoperatively diagnosed as en plaque meningioma. The patient underwent surgery via the left transcondylar fossa approach with partial laminectomy of the atlas. Intraoperatively, the mass exhibited a dural origin and encased the vertebral artery and lower CNs, with strong adhesions. While the histopathological study of the mass was strongly suggestive of tuberculoma with multifocal granulomas, caseous necrosis, and Langerhans giant cells, extensive diagnostic studies failed to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis itself. Although the patient had recurrence with multisystem involvement, she responded well to antitubercular treatment. IDEM tuberculoma of the foramen magnum may present as en plaque meningioma. Histopathology is required for a definitive diagnosis. Prompt surgical resection and decompression with adequate antitubercular treatment yield better neurological outcomes.