• 제목, 요약, 키워드: FCAW

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HSA800 강재의 FCAW 용접성, 용접자세 및 이음성능 연구 (A Study for the Weldability, Welding Position and Welded Joint Performance on the FCAW of HSA800 Steel)

  • 이은택;김종락;최영한;김상섭
    • 한국강구조학회 논문집
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.281-292
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구에서는 HSA800 60mm 강재의 FCAW 용접성, 용접자세 및 이음성능을 확인하기 위해 용접자세 1G와 3G에 대한 FCAW 공시체를 제작하여 10종의 시험을 실시하였다. FCAW 1G 및 3G의 시험결과는 HSA800 강재의 KS 및 강도의 균질성에 대한 기준을 만족하며, 양호한 용접부로 나타났다. 그러나 용접부 평판 인장시험결과 FCAW 3G의 경우 용접기술 및 방법의 개선이 필요하다고 판단된다.

V-groove 박판의 FCAW와 EGW 공정에 따른 변형에 미치는 공정인자 영향 (Process Parameter Effect on Deformation of a V-groove Thin Plate for FCAW and EGW)

  • 한주호;전재승;박철성;오종인;윤진오;이정수
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 2013
  • Finite element analysis and welding experiments were performed to evaluate deformation aspect for Flux Cored Arc Welding(FCAW) and Electro Gas Welding(EGW). Numerical researches of FCAW and EGW were performed considering the difference of number of welding pass and welding direction to arc flow. To perform the numerical study of FCAW and EGW, number of welding pass and welding direction to arc flow were considered in the finite element model. FCAW process requires multi pass and its welding direction is vertical to welding torch. On the other hand, EGW process requires single pass and its welding direction is parallel to welding torch. The difference of welding direction and heat input was considered in the finite element analysis. In FCAW process, Goldak's double ellipsoidal heat input model was adopted. In the EGW process, Hemi-spherical power density distribution was adopted. In the results of experiment and finite element analysis, angular deformation of FCAW process is larger than that of EGW process.

Microstructure and CTOD (crack tip opening displacement) of Deposit Weld Metal in 30 mm Thick Plate

  • Lee Hae-Woo;Kim Hyok-Ju;Park Jeong-Ung;Kang Chang-Yong;Sung Jang-Hyun
    • 한국재료학회지
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.642-648
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    • 2004
  • The microstructure and crack tip opening displacement (CTOD) of deposit weld metal were investigated for a 30 mm- thick plate welded with flux cored arc welding (FCAW) and submerged arc welding (SAW) processes. The CTOD test was carried out both as welded condition and as stress-relieved specimen by local compression. The crack growth rates in FCAW were faster than those in a SAW, and the acicular ferrite content by the SAW process was increased relatively more than that by the FCAW process. The fatigue crack growth rate in a welded specimen was faster than that in locally compressed specimen. The CTOD value of locally compressed specimens was lower than that of as welded specimen. Furthermore, the CTOD value tested with the SAW process was higher than that tested with the FCAW process.

$CO_2$ FCAW에서 용접조건이 Fume발생량에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Effect of Welding Conditions on Fume Generation Rate in $CO_2$ Flux Cored Arc Welding)

  • 채현병;김정한;김희남
    • 한국안전학회지
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.87-95
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    • 1998
  • The use of flux cored arc welding(FCAW) process has grown dramatically since it has been developed because of the remarkable operating characteristics and the resulting weld properties. The feature that distinguishes the FCAW process from other arc welding processes is the enclosure of fluxing ingredients within a continuously fed tubular electrode. The benefits of FCAW process are the increased productivity due to continuous wire feeding, the metallurgical effects derived from the reactions with flux, and the shapes of weld bead formed by slag. However, FCAW process causes the problem in working environment because it generates much more fume than other welding processes. Recently, the welding fume became a hot issue in the field after some welders were diagnosed as manganese toxcosis and siderosis. This study was started to investigate the characteristics of welding fume and utilize the results from the investigation to protect the welders from welding fume. As a first step, the effect of welding conditions on the fume generation rate(FGR) were investigated during FCAW process with $CO_2$ shielding. The considered welding conditions were welding current, arc voltage, travel speed, contact tube to work distance, and torch angle. The results showed that FGR was affected by all of these factors.

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FCAW 용접부 개선각 축소에 따른 강도특성 (Effects of Reduction Groove Angle on Strength Characteristics of FCAW Weldment)

  • 이상철;조성우;양종수;최규원;서정관
    • 대한조선학회논문집
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    • v.53 no.6
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    • pp.473-481
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    • 2016
  • Thick plate is currently widely used in shipbuilding due to the increasing of size of ships. However, its use has increased welding groove angles and volume. The welder's technique must be good enough to improve productivity while preventing defects. Generally, the groove angle can be reduced to less than a flux-cored arc welding (FCAW) machine setting of $35{\pm}5^{\circ}$, requiring fewer welding passes while maintaining high productivity and reduced heat input. Therefore, welding technique can be prevented by improved mechanical properties and welding deformation. Welding defects such as lack of fusion (LF), lack of penetration (LP) and hot cracking should be considered when reducing the groove angle for related applications. In this study, a welding groove angle of $25{\pm}5^{\circ}$ is verified as suitable for FCAW design and fabrication. The experimental results confirm the effects on the strength characteristics of FCAW weldment when reducing groove angle to improve the productivity of shipbuilding industries.

SM490TMC 극후판(120mm) 강재의 가스실드아크용접(FCAW)을 이용한 용접성 및 이음성능에 관한 연구 (A Study of Weldability and Welded Joint Performance on the Gas Shield Arc Welding (FCAW) of SM490TMC Steel Plate (120mm))

  • 김성배;홍형주;최영한;김상섭
    • 한국강구조학회 논문집
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.455-465
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    • 2017
  • 본 연구에서는 SM490 TMC 120mm 강재의 FCAW 용접성 및 이음성능을 확인하기 위해 공시체를 제작하고 10종의 시험을 실시하였다. 용접부 화학성분시험, 용착금속부 인장시험, 용접부 인장시험, 충격시험 결과는 KS를 만족하였다. 특히, 용접부 인장시험 결과, 모재에서 파단이 발생하였으며, 소요성능을 충분히 발휘하는 것으로 나타났다. 또한, 용접부 굽힘시험, 경도시험, 매크로시험, 마이크로시험 및 열영향부 최고경도시험 결과, FCAW는 양호한 용접부로 나타났다.

FCAW 이종접합에서 용접자세에 따른 기계적 시험 특성 평가 (Evaluation of Mechanical Test Characteristics according to Welding Position in FCAW Heterojunction)

  • 조병준;이성준
    • 한국산학기술학회논문지
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    • v.20 no.8
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    • pp.649-656
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    • 2019
  • 조선소, 교량 구조물, 건설기계, 플랜트 산업 등 다양한 분야에서 폭 넓게 활용되고 있는 이산화탄소 아크용접(FCAW: Flux Cored Arc Welding)은 피복 아크 용접(SMAW: Shielded Metal Arc Welding)의 단점을 보완하기 위한 대안으로 1950년대 초 개발되었다. FCAW는 모든 자세에서 용접이 가능하고 작업여건 변수가 많은 현장에서 우수한 품질을 얻을 수 있는 장점이 있어 탄소강과 합금강의 중판, 후판 용접에 많이 사용되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 FCAW를 이용하여 SS400(일반구조용 압연강재)와 SM490A(용접구조용 압연강재)를 이종용접한 후 용접부의 기계적 특성(인장시험, 굽힘시험, 경도시험, 충격시험, 매크로시험)을 분석하고 다음과 같은 결론을 도출하였다. 인장시험 결과, 모든 용접자세에서 KS 규격 인장강도 범위($400{\sim}510N/mm^2$)를 만족하였다. 굽힘시험 결과, 대부분의 시편에서 굽힘시 표면의 터짐 현상이나 기타 결점이 나타나지 않았고, 소성변형 후에도 충분한 인성을 발휘하는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 경도시험 결과, 모든 결과 값이 KS B 0893의 규격치 350Hv보다 낮게 나타나 양호한 것으로 판단된다. 충격시험 결과, 모든 결과가 KS 기준 수치인 27J 보다 큰 것으로 나타났다. 매크로시험 결과 용접부의 형상별로 균일한 조직 상태를 나타냈으며, 용접부 전단면에 걸쳐 내부 결함, 기포 또는 불순물 등이 발견되지 않아 라미네이션의 우려가 없는 것으로 나타났다.

FCAW에서의 아크 길이 추정 방법 개발에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Development of Arc Length Estimation Method in FCAW)

  • 배광무;조상명
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.67-72
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    • 2009
  • The flux cored arc welding (FCAW) process is one of the most frequently employed and important welding process due to high productivity and excellent workability. The process is performed either as an automated process or as a semi-automatic process. In FCAW process, welding voltage has been considered as a qualitative indication of arc length. But it is necessary to let welding operators know, maintain and manage the arc length directly by estimating and displaying it. In this study, to develop arc length estimation technique, we measured a welding circuit resistance($R_sc$) and then we calculated welding circuit voltage drop($V_sc$). Also, we measured arc peak voltage($V_ap$). By subtracting $V_sc$ from $V_arc$, we can easily calculate net arc voltage drop($V_arc$). Consequently, we suggested arc length estimating equation and basic algorithm by regressive analyzing the relationship between net arc voltage drop($V_arc$) and real arc length(Larc) measured by high speed camera. Therefore, arc length can be predicted by just monitoring welding current and voltage.

석유시추용 인코넬 625강의 FCAW용접에 의한 부식성에 관한 연구 (A Study on Corrosive Characteristics of Inconel 625 for Petroleum Application by FCAW Process)

  • 박경동;안도경;안재필
    • 한국해양공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.365-369
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    • 2004
  • Recently, Inconel 625 is used widely in offshore processing piping in order to extend the maintenance tenn and improve the quality of anti-corrosion. According to the resistance to attack in various corrosive media at temperatures from $200^{\circ}C$ to aver $1090^{\circ}C$, in combination with good low- and high-temperature mechanical strength. In general, High quality weldments for this material are readily produced by commonly used processes. in recent years, the flux cored arc welding(FCAW) process is becoming more popular due to higher deposition rate and a better weld quality as compared to the shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) process, at the same time, exhibiting equally good weld metal toughness similar to the SAW process. In this study, the weldability and weldment characteristics(mechanical properties and corrosive environment) of Inconel 625 are considered in FCAW weld associated with the several weld shielding gases($80\%Ar\;+\;20\%\;CO_2,\;50\%Ar\;+\;50\%\;CO_2,\;100\%\;CO_2$) in viewpoint of welding productivity.

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