• Title, Summary, Keyword: FSH

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Signal Transduction of Equine Follicle-Stimulating Hormone Receptor (eFSHR) by rec-eelFSHβ/α, Natural Porcine FSH, and Natural Human FSH

  • Byambaragchaa, Munkhzaya;Kim, Dae-Jung;Kang, Myung-Hwa;Min, Kwan-Sik
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2018
  • In this study, we analyzed signal transduction by equine follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (eFSHR) on sti- mulation with recombinant $eelFSH{\beta}/{\alpha}$ ($rec-eelFSH{\beta}/{\alpha}$), natural porcine FSH (pFSH), and natural human FSH (hFSH). cAMP stimulation in CHO-K1 cells expressing eFSHR was determined upon exposure to different doses (0-1450 ng/mL) of these hormones. The $EC_{50}$ value of $rec-eelFSH{\beta}/{\alpha}$ was 53.35 ng/mL. The Rmax values of $rec-eelFSH{\beta}/{\alpha}$ and pFSH were 28.12 and 2.88 ng/mL, respectively. The activity of $rec-eelFSH{\beta}/{\alpha}$ was much higher than that of natural pFSH. However, signal transduction in CHO PathHunter Parental cells expressing eFSHR was not enhanced by stimulation with natural hFSH. Thus, $rec-eelFSH{\beta}/{\alpha}$ was completely active in cells expressing eFSHR. However, natural hFSH did not invoke a signal response in cells expressing eFSHR. Particularly, natural pFSH was weakly active in the same cells. These results showed that $eelFSH{\beta}/{\alpha}$ has potent activity in cells expressing eFSHR. Thus, $rec-eelFSH{\beta}/{\alpha}$ may efficiently bind to eFSHR, where as natural hFSH does not bind to eFSHR.

Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) Dosage Based on Body Weight Enhances Ovulatory Responses and Subsequent Embryo Production in Goats

  • Rahman, M.R.;Rahman, M.M.;Khadijah, W.E. Wan;Abdullah, R.B.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.27 no.9
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    • pp.1270-1275
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    • 2014
  • An experiment was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of porcine follicle stimulating hormone (pFSH) dosage based on body weight (BW) on ovarian responses of crossbred does. Thirty donor does were divided into 3 groups getting pFSH dosages of 3, 5, and 8 mg pFSH per kg BW, respectively, and were named as pFSH-3, pFSH-5 and pFSH-8, respectively. Estrus was synchronized by inserting a controlled internal drug release (CIDR) device and a single injection of prostaglandin $F2{\alpha}$ ($PGF2{\alpha}$). The pFSH treatments were administered twice a day through 6 decreasing dosages (25, 25, 15, 15, 10, and 10% of total pFSH amount; decreasing daily). Ovarian responses were evaluated on Day 7 after CIDR removal. After CIDR removal, estrus was observed 3 times in a day and pFSH treatments were initiated at 2 days before the CIDR removal. All does in pFSH-5 and pFSH-8 showed estrus signs while half of the does in pFSH-3 showed estrus signs. No differences (p>0.05) were observed on the corpus luteum and total ovarian stimulation among the treatment groups, while total and transferable embryos were higher (p<0.05) in pFSH-5 (7.00 and 6.71) than pFSH-3 (3.00 and 2.80) and pFSH-8 (2.00 and 1.50), respectively. In conclusion, 5 mg pFSH per kg BW dosage gave a higher number of embryos than 3 and 8 mg pFSH per kg BW dosages. The results indicated that the dosage of pFSH based on BW is an important consideration for superovulation in goats.

The Interaction between Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) and Follicular Stimulating Hormone (FSH) on Nuclear Maturation of Mouse Oocytes by Using Their Inhibitor

  • Cha, Soo-Kyung;Kim, Tae-Hyung;Eum, Jin-Hee;Park, Kang-Hee;Park, Eun-A;Kim, Seung-Bum;Chung, Mi-Kyung;Lee, Dong-Ryul;Ko, Jung-Jae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Embryo Transfer Conference
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    • pp.113-113
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    • 2002
  • The stimulatory effect of EGF and FSH on oocyte maturation have been reported in various mammalian species. And some reports presented FSH enhanced the effect of EGF on oocyte maturation. But, the interaction between EGF and FSH on nuclear maturation of mammalian oocytes is not fully understood. We observed the effect of EGF and FSH on nuclear maturation during in vitro maturation of mouse oocytes. Also, we examined the interaction between EGF and FSH on nuclear maturation of mouse oocytes using the EGFR inhibitor or FSH inhibitor. Germinal vesicle (GV) stage oocytes were obtained from 3-4weeks PMSG primed BCFI hybrid mice and cultured in TCM-199 medium with 0.4%PVP supplemented with/without EGF (1ng/ml), FSH (1ug/ml), EGFR specific tyrosine kinase inhibitors: Tyrphostin AG 1478 (500nM), MAP kinase kinase inhibitor : U0126 (20uM) or PD 98059 (100uM) for 14-l5hr. Rapid staining method were used for the assessment of nuclear maturation. Nuclear maturation rates of EGF indjor FSH-treated group were significantly higher than those of control group. Treatment of EGFR inhibitor significantly block the nuclear maturation of GV oocyte in EGF-treated group, but it did not block those of GV oocyte in FSH-treated or FSH and EGF-treated group. Treatment of FSH inhibitor(U0126, PD98059) significantly block the nuclear maturation of EGF-treated group, FSH-treated and FSH and EGF-treated group. These results show that EGF has a stimulatory effect as well as different action pathway with FSH on in-vitro maturation of mouse oocyte in vitro. Therefore, further studies will be needed to find the signaling pathway of EGF associated with nuclear maturation.

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Transfer and Expression of the Recombinant hFSH Gene in CHO Cells and Transgenic Chickens using Retrovirus Vector System (CHO 세포와 형질전환 닭에 있어서 Retrovirus Vector System에 의한 hFSH 재조합 유전자의 전이와 발현)

  • 권모선;구본철;심호섭;박창식;이성호;김태완
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.197-206
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    • 2003
  • hFSH (human follicle stimulating hormone) is heterodimer consisting of $\alpha$ and $\beta$ subunits. Since assembly of the both subunits in the cell is often the rate-limiting step in production of functional hormone, single-chain hormones have been engineered by genetically linking two different cDNA fragments with a linker sequence. Using retrovirus vector system, the resulting recombinant hFSH gene was transferred in CHO cells and chicken embryos, and the expression of the gene was investigated. In CHO cells, protein synthesis from the single-chain FSH gene was 17 fold higher than that from the heterodimeric counterpart. In the study of transgenic chickens, ten of the eleven chicks hatched from 62 embryos manupulated with recombinant retrovirus stock was determined to carry transgenic genes. RT-PCR analyses confirmed transcription of the single-chain FSH gene, however, no recombinant FSH was detected from the blood samples.

Superovulatory Response to 200 mg FSH Level and Production In Vivo Embryos in Korean Native Cattle (Hanwoo) (200 mg FSH 투여에 의한 한우의 과배란 유도 및 체내 수정란 생산)

  • Park, Joung-Jun;Yoo, Han-Jun;Kim, Ki-Won;Lee, Seung-Hwan;Park, Choon-Keun;Hong, Seong-Koo
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.233-238
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    • 2011
  • This study was performed to investigate the FSH levels for superovulation procedure in Korean Native Cattle (Hanwoo). The effectiveness of 200 mg and 400 mg of FSH to initiate superovulation was examined in Hanwoo. Donors, at random stages of the estrous cycle, received a CIDR 7 days later, 200 mg FSH group was treated with 40, 30, 20, 10 mg FSH levels in declining doses twice daily by intramuscular injection fur 4 days. Also, 400 mg FSH group was treated with 80, 60, 40, 20 mg FSH levels. On the 3rd day administration of FSH, 25 mg $PGF_2$ ${\alpha}$ was administered and CIDR was withdrawn. Donors were artificially inseminated twice at 12 hr intervals. The donor cattle received 250 ${\mu}g$ GnRH at time of 1st insemination and embryos were recovered 8 days after the 1st insemination. As a results, average number of CL treated with FSH 200 mg was higher as $20.9{\pm}1.20$ than $15.8{\pm}0.63$ for donors treated with FSH 400 mg, respectively(p<0.05). Treated group of 200 mg FSH level increased (p<0.05) the number of embryos recovered per procedure compared to 400 mg FSH level ($18.2{\pm}1.18$ vs. $12.38{\pm}0.52$, respectively). When treatment of 200 mg FSH was performed, average transferable embryos/ova increased (p<0.05) to $14.1{\pm}1.12$ from $6.8{\pm}0.33$ of treated of 400 mg FSH. Group of 200 mg FSH increased (p<0.05) to $8.3{\pm}0.76$ from $2.0{\pm}0.26$ in morula stage compare to 400 mg FSH group. Mean of total early blastocyst and expanded blastocyst stage embryos was similar (p<0.05) between the 200 mg and 400 mg FSH levels group ($4.7{\pm}1.19$ vs. $2.9{\pm}0.18$ and $1.2{\pm}0.40$ vs. $1.9{\pm}0.17$). These results suggest that 200 mg FSH level-based superovulation protocol with CIDR may be effectively used fur production of superior embryos in Hanwoo. In other words, the less level of FSH may be effectively applied for Hanwoo (Korean Native Cattle), because Hanwoo was smaller body size than beef or daily cow.

Effect of Epidermal Growth Factor on In Vitro Maturation in Pig Immature Oocytes I. Effect of Epidermal Growth Factor in Nuclear Maturation (Epidermal Growth Factor가 돼지 미성숙난포란의 체외성숙에 미치는 영향 I. 핵성숙에 미치는 Epidermal Growth Factor의 효과)

  • 엄상준;김선의;김은영;윤산현;박세필;정길생;임진호
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.217-226
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    • 1995
  • The objective of this experiment was to test the effect of EG F on nuclear maturation of pig immature oocytes in vitro. Basic medium used TCM-199 supplemented with 0.2 mM pyruvate, 1 ${\mu}\textrm{g}$/ml estradiol-I7$\beta$ and 25 ${\mu}\textrm{g}$/ml gentamycin, this medium treated with EGF, FSH and FBS. Experiment 1 examined to the effect according to the addition of FSH or EGF (0, 1. 10 and 100 ng EGF/ml) in oocytes maturation. Nuclear maturation rates (M ll %) of 1, 10 and 100 ng EGF/ml (83.0. 8fi.7 and H7.5%) treatments were significantly higher than those of non- and FSH-treated groups (27.3 and 60.3%, p < 0. 001). Experiment 2 examined to the interactive effects of EGF. FSH or FBS during oocytes maturation. Nuclear maturation rates (M ll %) of EGF alone, EGF plus FSH, EGF plus FBS, FSH plus FBS, and EGF plus FSH added FBS treatments (86.7, 90.2, 87.1. 89.6% and 92.6%) were significantly higher than those of non, FSH, and FBS alone treatments (22.3, 52.2 and 42.3%, p < 0.001). Also, cumulus cells expansion of oocytes maturation was examined to total treatments. Normal cumulus cells expansion was shown by FSH plus FBS, EGF or EGF with FBS combination treatments, but cumulus cells of oocyte complexes were still clumped together in EGF-treated groups although they had separated from oocytes. However, EGF showed a positive on nuclear maturation. These results conclude that EGF alone can stimulate nuclear maturation in pig immature oocytes.

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Development of Transgenic NT Embryos Using Bovine Fetal Fibroblasts Transfected with hFSH Gene (hFSH 유전자가 도입된 소 태아섬유아세포를 이용한 형질 전환 복제 수정란의 발달)

  • Yang B.C.;Im G.S.;Kim D.H.;Min K.S.;Yoon D.H.;Park H.S.;Kim S.W.;Hwang I.S.;Seo J.S.;Seong H.H.;Yang B.S.
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to develope the transgenic cattle expressing hFSH into the urine using the nuclear transfer. To produce the interest gene in urine, the specific vector was ligated with hFSH gene undo. maUII promoter. The fetal fibroblast cells (KbFF) were isolated from a 45-day male fetus. The hFSH gene was co-transfected with pcDNA3 (neo) vector to KbFF cells by electroporation. The gene-transfected cells were cultured with G-418 selection medium for 2 weeks. Selected colonies were confirmed by PCR. For nuclear transfer, enucleated bovine oocytes were transferred with hFSH transfected or nontransfected fetal fibroblasts. The cleavage and blastocyst formation rates were significantly lower (p<0.05) in cloned embryos transfected with hFSH gene (68.7% and 15.7%) than in those non-transfected (67.6% and 24.5 %), respectively. Apoptosis analysis showed no difference between hFSH transfected and non-transfected blastocysts (p>0.05). The blastocysts were transfected to 77 (control 24, hFSH 53) recipient cows. Two calves were born (1.9%) following transfer with NT embryos transfected with hFSH gene, but they were confirmed not to be transgenic calves. This result shows that the hFSH colonies were mixed with transfected and non transfected cells. Further research will be needed for selection and establishment of gene transfected cells.

Gonadotropins Improve Porcine Oocyte Maturation and Embryo Development through Regulation of Maternal Gene Expression

  • Wang, Qing-Ling;Zhao, Ming-Hui;Jin, Yong-Xun;Kim, Nam-Hyung;Cui, Xiang-Shun
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.361-371
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    • 2013
  • The present study assessed the effect of FSH and LH on oocyte meiotic, cytoplasmic maturation and on the expression level and polyadenylation status of several maternal genes. Cumulus-oocyte complexes were cultured in the presence of FSH, LH, or the combination of FSH and LH. Significant cumulus expansion and nuclear maturation was observed upon exposure to FSH alone and to the combination of FSH and LH. The combination of FSH and LH during entire IVM increased the mRNA level of four maternal genes, C-mos, Cyclin B1, Gdf9 and Bmp15, at 28 h. Supplemented with FSH or LH significantly enhanced the polyadenylation of Gdf9 and Bmp15; and altered the expression level of Gdf9 and Bmp15. Following parthenogenesis, the exposure of oocytes to combination of FSH and LH during IVM significantly increased cleavage rate, blastocyst formation rate and total cell number, and decreased apoptosis. In addition, FSH and LH down-regulated the autophagy gene Atg6 and upregulated the apoptosis gene Bcl-xL at the mRNA level in blastocysts. These data suggest that the FSH and LH enhance meiotic and cytoplasmic maturation, possibly through the regulation of maternal gene expression and polyadenylation. Overall, we show here that FSH and LH inhibit apoptosis and autophagy and improve parthenogenetic embryo competence and development.

Transyaginal Ultrasound-guided Oocytes Collection in Superovulated Korean Native Cows (과배란처리 한우에서 초음파 유도에 의한 난자채란에 대한 연구)

  • 이효종;강태영;조성근;박준규;손우진;최민철;최상용
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 1997
  • The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of superovulation treatments on ovarian responses, oocyte recovery rates and grades of collected oocytes using an ultrasound-guided transvaginal approach in Korean native cows. Superovulation in cows was induced with two different regimenes: 1) FSH-decreasing dose(n=8): the cows were received twice per day for three days of the total dose of 400 mg of FSH-p, 2) FSH-single dose(n=9): the cows were administrated a single dose of 400 mg of FSH-p in 25% PVP. The Observation of visible follicles and collection of oocytes were performed 12 hours following the last FSH in FSH-decreasing dose group and 48 hours after the FSH-single dose injection. All visible follicles larger than 6 mm were punctured and aspirated with a 6.5 MHz convex-array ultrasound transducer designed for intravaginal use. The mean number of visible follicles(> 6 mm) was significantly(P<0.05) higher in the FSH-decreasing dose treatment (22.811.9) and FSH-single dose treatment (20.612.0) groups than the non-treatment group(7.0$\pm$8). The mean recovery rate of oocytes was not significantly(P<0.05) different between the treatment and control groups, but the mean number of collected oocytes was significantly(P<0.05) higher in the FSH-decreasing dose treatment( 12.611.5) and FSH-single dose treatment (11.813.6) groups than the non-treatment group(3.7$\pm$0.5). In conclusion, the FSH-single dose treatment at superovulation in cows for ultrasound-guided aspiration might increase the number of aspiratable follicles and the recovery rate of follicular oocytes as the FSH-decreasing dose treatment.

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Subcutaneous Administration of Highly Purified-FSH(HP-FSH) versus Intramuscular Administration of FSH in Superovulation for IVF-ET (체외수정시술을 위한 과배란유도시 Highly Purified Follicle Stimulating Hormone (HP-FSH) 피하주사와 Follicle Stimulating Hormone 근육주사의 비교연구)

  • Bai, S.W.;Kim, J.Y.;Won, J.G.;Jung, C.J.;Chang, K.H.;Lee, B.S.;Park, K.H.;Cho, D.J.;Song, C.H.
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.135-141
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    • 1997
  • The early studies demonstrated that the relative amount of FSH was important for stimulating normal ovarian activity and demonstrated the existence of a threshold level for FSH, above which follicular growth was activated. It was found that only a modest increase in circulating FSH level above the threshold (between 10 and 30%) was required to stimulate folliculogenesis. In addition, FSH is primary responsible for initiating estradiol production through the activation of the aromatase enzyme system in granulosa cells, follicular secretion and growth. LH on the other hand, plays a supportive role in ovarian steroidogenesis, stimulating the ovarian thecal cells to produce androgen, the precursor for estradiol synthesis. But there is now an increasing number of reports in the literature demonstrating an adverse effect of LH on fertility and miscarriage in infertile and fertile women. So HP-FSH is the drug of a highly purified FSH preparation which has a higher specific activity and far fewer impurities than FSH. This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of HP-FSH administered (SC; subcutaneous) versus FSH(IM; intramuscular) for ovulation induction. 20 candidates patients for ovulation induction were participated. All patients underwent pituitary desensitizing with a long gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist protocol and ovulation induction was started with HP-FSH SC (10 patients; group I) or FSH IM (10 patients; group II). After ovulation, outcome of ovulation induction and local reaction of injection site were compared. There were no difference of outcome of ovulation in two groups except pregnancy rate/embryo transfer. Group I had a higher pregnancy rate/ embryo transfer than Group II (44.4% Vs 28.6%). Pain, redness, tenderness, bruising and itching when the injection received on the first 5 days of treated (50 SC and 50 IM injections) were assessed. There were no significant difference (P>0.05) in the incidence of tenderness, bruising and itching between the IM and SC injection. But IM injection (FSH) had a tendency of higher above incidence. The number of reports of pain, redness were significantly increased in IM injection group (P<0.05). These results indicate that SC administration of HP-FSH has been shown to be as effect for superovulation as traditional gonadotropins, with an improved safety profile due to the removal of extaneous proteins.

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