• Title, Summary, Keyword: FV

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Electrophoretic karyotype of Flammulina velutipes and its variation among cultivars (팽이버섯의 핵형분석과 균주 사이의 핵형 다양성)

  • Lee, Song Hee;Lee, Mi-Kyoung;Kim, Na-Ri;Lee, Chang-Yun;Lee, Hyun-Sook
    • Journal of Mushroom
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.63-66
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    • 2014
  • The karyotype of F. velutipes Korean cultivar, Fv 3-6, was compared with those of Japanese cultivars, Fv 0-1, Fv 1-5, Fv 11-1, by CHEF gel electrophoresis. The Korean cultivar, Fv 3-6, showed the difference from the three Japanese cultivars in number and size of chromosomes; the Fv 3-6 had two and one more chromosomes then Fv 0-1 and Fv 11-4, and Fv 1-5 had, respectively. The karyotyping by CHEF gel electrophoresis is quite suitable to define new Korean cultivars against Japanese cultivars.

The Development of Dimerized Chicken Recombinant Single-chain Fv (ScFv) Antibody Using Leucine Zipper Motif (Leucine Zipper Motif를 이용한 닭의 재조합 이량체 Single-chain Fv (ScFv) 항체의 개발)

  • Park, Dong-Woon;Kim, Eon-Dong;Kim, Sung-Heon;Han, Jae-Yong;Kim, Jin-Kyoo
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.328-334
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    • 2011
  • Leucine zipper motif consists of multiple periodic leucine residues, which forms amphipathic alpha helix. The hydrophobic nature of leucine zipper motif can dimerize proteins which contain this motif. Leucine zipper motif addition at C-terminus of single-chain Fv (ScFv) antibody induces its dimerization. Since the dimeric ScFv antibody contains two antigen binding sites (bivalency) like Y-shaped complete antibody, it could increase avidity. As a result, it could show higher antigen binding activity than monomeric ScFv antibodies. Based on this concept, monomeric chicken 8C3 ScFv antibody previously developed from chicken hybridoma was dimerized by the addition of leucine zipper motif at C-terminus of ScFv antibody. The dimeric 8C3 ScFv antibody specifically reacted with Eimerian sporozoite which causes Avian Coccidiosis. As expected, dimeric 8C3 ScFv antibody showed 3-folds higher antigen binding activity than monomer due to increased avidity. In addition, protien yields of dimer expression were 2-folds higher than monomer.

Bacterial Expression of the scFv Fragment of a Recombinant Antibody Specific for Burkholderia pseudomallei Exotoxin

  • Su, Yu-Ching;Lim, Kue-Peng;Nathan, Sheila
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.493-498
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    • 2003
  • The scFv antibody towards the Burkholderia pseudomallei exotoxin was previously constructed by phage display and exhibited good specificity towards the exotoxin. We report here the optimization of the scFv expression in an E. coli expression system. Four different E. coli strains (ER2537, TG1, HB2151, and XL1-Blue) were examined for optimal expression of the scFv protein. Two types of carbon source (i.e. 0.2% glucose and 0.2% glycerol) were also tested for their ability to induce the scFv expression. Cells that carried the scFv construct were grown at $30^{\circ}C$ and induced with 0.05 mM IPTG. The expression was then monitored by SDS-PAGE, Western blotting, and indirect ELISA. The Western blot profile showed different levels of the scFv expression among the host strains; XL1-Blue exhibited the highest level of the scFv protein expression. Glycerol at a concentration of 0.2% (v/v) significantly increased the scFv protein expression level when compared to 0.2% (w/v) glucose. Further optimization demonstrated that the scFv protein expression in XL1-Blue was the most optimal with a glycerol concentration as low as 0.05%. However, by indirect ELISA, only the scFv protein that was expressed in 0.2% (v/v) glycerol exhibited high specificity towards the Burkholderia pseudomallei exotoxin.

Genome-Wide Identification and Characterization of Novel Laccase Genes in the White-Rot Fungus Flammulina velutipes

  • Kim, Hong-Il;Kwon, O-Chul;Kong, Won-Sik;Lee, Chang-Soo;Park, Young-Jin
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.322-330
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    • 2014
  • The aim of this study was to identify and characterize new Flammulina velutipes laccases from its whole-genome sequence. Of the 15 putative laccase genes detected in the F. velutipes genome, four new laccase genes (fvLac-1, fvLac-2, fvLac3, and fvLac-4) were found to contain four complete copper-binding regions (ten histidine residues and one cysteine residue) and four cysteine residues involved in forming disulfide bridges, fvLac-1, fvLac-2, fvLac3, and fvLac-4, encoding proteins consisting of 516, 518, 515, and 533 amino acid residues, respectively. Potential N-glycosylation sites (Asn-Xaa-Ser/Thr) were identified in the cDNA sequence of fvLac-1 (Asn-454), fvLac-2 (Asn-437 and Asn-455), fvLac-3 (Asn-111 and Asn-237), and fvLac4 (Asn-402 and Asn-457). In addition, the first 19~20 amino acid residues of these proteins were predicted to comprise signal peptides. Laccase activity assays and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analyses clearly reveal that $CuSO_4$ affects the induction and the transcription level of these laccase genes.

Expression of a Functional zipFv Antibody Fragment and Its Fusions with Alkaline Phosphatase in the Cytoplasm of an Escherichia coli

  • Hur, Byung-Ung;Choi, Hyo-Jung;Yoon, Jae-Bong;Cha, Sang-Hoon
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.35-45
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    • 2010
  • Background: Expression of recombinant antibodies and their derivatives fused with other functional molecules such as alkaline phosphatase in Escherichia coli is important in the development of molecular diagnostic reagents for biomedical research. Methods: We investigated the possibility of applying a well-known Fos-Jun zipper to dimerize $V_H$ and $V_L$ fragments originated from the Fab clone (SP 112) that recognizes pyruvate dehydrogenase complex-E2 (PDC-E2), and demonstrated that the functional zipFv-112 and its alkaline phosphatase fusion molecules (zipFv-AP) can be produced in the cytoplasm of Origami(DE3) trxB gor mutant E. coli strain. Results: The zipFv-AP fusion molecules exhibited higher antigen-binding signals than the zipFv up to a 10-fold under the same experimental conditions. However, conformation of the zipFv-AP seemed to be influenced by the location of an AP domain at the C-terminus of $V_H$ or $V_L$ domain [zipFv-112(H-AP) or zipFv-112(L-AP)], and inclusion of an AraC DNA binding domain at the C-terminus of VH of the zipFv-112(L-AP), termed zipFv-112(H-AD/L-AP), was also beneficial. Cytoplasmic co-expression of disulfide-binding isomerase C (DsbC) helped proper folding of the zipFv-112(H-AD/L-AP) but not significantly. Conclusion: We believe that our zipFv constructs may serve as an excellent antibody format bi-functional antibody fragments that can be produced stably in the cytoplasm of E. coli.

Expression of the Recombinant Single-Chain Anti-B Cell Lymphoma Antibody

  • Park, Tae-Hyun;Park, Chang-Woon;Awh, Ok-Doo;Lim, Sang-Moo
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.111-121
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    • 2003
  • Recombinant single chain Fv (scFv) antibodies offer many advantages over mouse monoclonal antibodies such as faster clearance from blood, improved tumor localization, reduced human anti-mouse antibody (HAMA) response, and the availability to manipulate the scFv through genetic approaches. The recombinant phage display was constructed using lym-l hybridoma cells as a source of genetic starting material. mRNA was isolated from the corresponding antibodies hybridoma cells. VH and VL cDNA were amplified with RT-PCR and linked with ScFv by linker DNA to form ScFv DNA, which then were inserted into phagemid pCANTAB5E. The phage of positive clones selected with tube containing raji lymphoma cell and infected by competent E. coli HB2151 to express soluble scFv. The scFv lym-l was secreted into the cytosol and culture supernatant and shown to be of expected size (approximately 32 kDa) by western blot. An active scFv lym-l could be produced in E. coli with soluble form and high yield from hybridoma cell line, using phage display system. Immunoreactivity indicated that scFv lym1 showed a potential biding affinity against the raji lymphoma cell as its parental antibody (intact lym-l Ab).

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Educational attainment and differences in fruit and vegetable consumption among middle-aged adults in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV

  • Hong, Seo-Ah;Kim, Ki-Rang;Kim, Mi-Kyung
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.263-269
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    • 2012
  • We investigated whether socioeconomic differences affect fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption with respect to total intake and intake of various FV subgroups. Our study included 6667 adults aged 40-64 years who completed a dietary survey in the fourth Korean NHANES (2007-2009). FV intake was estimated from 24-hour recalls and food frequency questionnaires. Differences in FV consumption related to educational attainment were analyzed according to different nutritional categories of FV. Both men and women in the low-education group had the lowest intake of total FV and total fruits, and women also had the lowest intake of total vegetables. Also lowest in this group was consumption of mushrooms and vegetables (excluding kimchi) among men, and cruciferous and allium vegetables (excluding Chinese cabbage and radish) among women, while kimchi consumption was the highest in this group. Additionally, an association between educational level and intake of citrus fruits was evident among men. Adults in the low-education group consumed less carotene-rich FV, red fruit and/or vegetables, and dark-green leafy vegetables, fewer total vegetable dishes, and fewer types of fruit than in other groups. Men in this group had the lowest intake of yellow/orange fruit and/or vegetables, and women consumed the least folate-rich FV. There is a clear association between educational attainment and FV intake with regard to total intake, and to specific nutrients, bioactive compounds, colors, and variety.

Studies on Flacherie and Ina-flacherie Viruses of the Silkworm, Bombyx mori I. Purification of Viruses (가잠의 연화병바이러스에 관한 연구 I. 연화병바이러스의 정제)

  • 강석권
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 1977
  • The flacherie (FV) and Ina-flacherie (Ina-FV, named arbitarily) viruses of the silkworm, Bombyx mori was isolated from infectious larvae. Two types of infectious particles were purified by sucrose density gradient centrifugation. Some properties of the purified particles were investigated. Electron micrographs showed that FV and Ina-FV were spherical particles with diameters of 27nm and 20nm, respectively. The sedimentation coefficient of Ina-FV was 80S.

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Production of a Recombinant Anti-Human CD4 Single-Chain Variable-Fragment Antibody Using Phage Display Technology and Its Expression in Escherichia coli

  • Babaei, Arash;Zarkesh-Esfahani, Sayyed Hamid;Gharagozloo, Marjan
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.529-535
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    • 2011
  • Single-chain variable fragment (scFv) is a fusion protein of the variable regions of the heavy (VH) and light (VL) chains of immunoglobulin, connected with a short linker peptide of 10 to about 20 amino acids. In this study, the scFv of a monoclonal antibody against the third domain of human CD4 was cloned from OKT4 hybridoma cells using the phage display technique and produced in E. coli. The expression, production, and purification of anti-CD4 scFv were tested using SDS-PAGE and Western blot, and the specificity of anti-CD4 scFv was examined using ELISA. A 31 kDa recombinant anti-CD4 scFv was expressed and produced in bacteria, which was confirmed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot assays. Sequence analysis proved the ScFv structure of the construct. It was able to bind to CD4 in quality ELISA assay. The canonical structure of anti-CD4 scFv antibody was obtained using the SWISS_MODEL bioinformatics tool for comparing with the scFv general structure. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report for generating scFv against human CD4 antigen. Engineered anti-CD4 scFv could be used in immunological studies, including fluorochrome conjugation, bispecific antibody production, bifunctional protein synthesis, and other genetic engineering manipulations. Since the binding site of our product is domain 3 (D3) of the CD4 molecule and different from the CD4 immunological main domain, including D1 and D2, further studies are needed to evaluate the anti-CD4 scFv potential for diagnostic and therapeutic applications.

Functional Expression of Anti-BNP scFv in E. coli Cytoplasm for the Detection of B-type Natriuretic Peptide (B-type natriuretic peptide 분석을 위한 항 BNP scFv 항체의 대장균 세포질 내에서의 기능적 발현)

  • Maeng, Bo-Hee;Nam, Dong-Hyun;Kim, Yong-Hwan
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.591-597
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    • 2009
  • B-type natriuretic peptide is a neurohormone secreted in the cardiac ventricles. BNP levels are elevated in patients with ventricular dysfunction. Therefore, the concentration of BNP is important factor to reflect diagnosis and prognosis for cardiovascular disease. In this respect, anti-BNP scFv is an urgent requirement for early diagnosis in the field of biosensor. Herein, the genetic codes of anti-BNP scFv were chemically synthesized and cloned into both pET22b (+) and pColdⅣ vector, respectively. The recombinant scFv was successfully expressed as a functional form in cytoplasm of E. coli and detected through Western blot and ELISA. The highest level of functional expression of anti-BNP scFv was achieved using pET22b (+) vector at $15^{\circ}C$ by addition of 0.1 mM IPTG. Additionally, being exposed to both BNP and ANP, anti-BNP scFv specifically captured only BNP. Therefore, anti-BNP scFv expressed in this study will be applied to measure the concentration of BNP as a diagnostic recognition molecule.