• Title, Summary, Keyword: Factors affecting depression

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Factors Affecting Depression of Korean Female University Students (전국 여대생의 우울 영향 요인)

  • Lee, Kyung-Sook;Koh, Chin-Kang;Kim, Joo Hyun;Son, Haeng-Mi;Song, Mi Ryeong;Yu, Su Jeong;Cho, Kyung Sook
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.112-121
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This purpose of study was to examine the degree of the depression and to identify the affecting factors on the depression of Korean female university students. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study design was used. Data were collected from 448 female university students. Participants completed a self-reported questionnaire including general characteristics, depression, well-being, stress, self-efficacy, social support, coping, self-esteem, and temperament. Results: The mean of Beck's Depression Inventory was 11.07. The affecting factors on the depression of female university students were stress, well-being, self-esteem, health status and major. The proportion of variance explained by these affecting factors was 50.0%. Conclusion: Depression among female university students were associated with various factors. Considering these factors, intervention programs should be developed to reduce depression of female university students.

Self-efficacy is an Effect Modifier on the Association Between Job-Stress and Depression Scores (근로자의 직무스트레스와 우울과의 관계에서 자기효능감이 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Deok Hee
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.177-187
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: We were to identify the differences of "Job stress" and "Depression scores" in the divided groups by self-efficacy. And the factors affecting Depression scores were analyzed. Method: This study was conducted from July 2006 to September 2006. Collected 295 surveys were used in this study among 311 surveys since 16 surveys offered insufficient data. SPSS for Windows 10.0 was used to analyse the data. Result: We identified the factors of "Occupational climate", "Job control", "Job demand" as affecting the depression scores in the lower self-efficacy group by the multi-variables statistical analysis. And this statistical model had 12.5% explainable power. Also, the factors of "Occupational climate" were identified as affecting the depression scores in the higher self-efficacy group. And the statistical model had 9.0% explainable power. Conclusion: In the lower self-efficacy group, the scores of the job stress and depression were significantly higher. Therefore, in the lower self-efficacy group, the self-efficacy promotion programs should be needed for prevention of the related occupational diseases. The factors related job stress were identified as affecting the depression scores in both lower and higher self-efficacy groups. Therefore, job stress management program should be prepared for stress loading workers.

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Factors Affecting Depression in Women Patients with Osteoarthritis (골관절염 여성 환자의 우울에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kim, Young-Hee;Kwon, Myoungjin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.138-145
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to determine factors affecting depression in women patients with osteoarthritis. Methods: Raw data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2014 was used. Data for 480 women were included. Variables related to general, physical and psychological characteristics were selected. After a sampling plan compound file was created using IBM SPSS 23.0 program, data were analyzed by giving weights. Results: The results of the study are as follows. 1) Depression was significantly different according to economic status, marital status, knee pain, stress and subjective health status (p<.05). 2) Factors affecting the women included marital status, knee pain, stress, and subjective health status. The explanatory power was 41.0%. Conclusion: Results indicate that there is a need to give comprehensive consideration to the factors identified in this study when designing preventive interventions and management plans to alleviate depression in women with osteoarthritis.

Menopausal Symptoms and Depression Among Midlife Women (중년여성의 폐경 증상과 우울)

  • Lee, Hung-Sa;Kim, Chun-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.429-438
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was descriptive survey research to examine the factors affecting menopause, depression and menopausal symptoms, and the relations among these factors in South Korean midlife women. Methods: The subjects were 319 midlife women in Daegu City. Measures were Zung's Self-Report Depression Scale (1979) to check depression, and the Midlife Women's Symptom Index developed by Im (2006) to check menopausal symptoms. Data were collected from June 1 to July 31, 2010. Collected data were analyzed by mean, standard deviation, and Pearson's correlation coefficient through SPSS/WIN 18.0. Results: There was a statistically significant correlation between depression and menopausal symptoms (r=.692, p<.001). The factors affecting depression were age (r=.194, p<.001), income (r=-.307, p<.001), exercise (r=-.602, p<.001), and menopausal status (r=.224, p<.001). The factors affecting menopausal symptoms were exercise (r=-.158, p<.037), menstrual pain (r=-.171, p = .004) and menopausal status (r=.222, p<.001). Conclusion: Intervention programs for decreasing menopausal symptoms in midlife women should be focused on relieving menopausal pain and encouraging excise from youth. Further studies will be needed to examine the relations among other factors including living style, area and menopausal symptoms.

Self-care, Family Support and Depression in Elderly Patients with Diabetes Mellitus (노인 당뇨병 환자의 자가간호, 가족지지, 우울)

  • Park, Kee-Sun;Moon, Jung-Soon;Park, Sun-Nam
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.345-352
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was done to investigate the degree of self-care, family support and depression, and relationship among these variables for elder with diabetes mellitus. Method: Participants were 202 diabetic patients, 65 years or over, living in Seoul, Korea. Data were collected using the self-care tool for diabetic patients by Kim (1996), the family support tool for diabetic patients by Park (1984), and Korea's BDI scale by Lee (1995). Results: Of the patients, 43.1% showed HbAlc levels than higher 7%. The highest mean score was for self-care for medication compliance, and the lowest for blood glucose testing compliance. Factors affecting self-care were employment, education, HbAlc level, diabetic self-care education and complications. Factors affecting family support were living with family, diabetic self-care education, hospitalization and complications. Factors affecting depression were gender, living with family and complications. All of these factors were significant. Patients experiencing depression were 16.8% of patients. There was a significant positive correlation between self-care and family support, and significant negative correlations between self-care and depression, and family support and depression. Conclusion: For more effective management of diabetes mellitus in elders, improvement in self-care compliance, and family support are needed.

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Frailty and its related Factors in Vulnerable Elderly Population by Age Groups (취약계층 노인의 연령별 허약정도와 관련 요인)

  • Park, Eunok;Yu, Mi
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.848-857
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate factors affecting frailty by age groups among vulnerable elders in Korea. Methods: In this secondary analysis, data were collected from records for 22,868 elders registered in the Visiting Health Management program of Public Health Centers in 2012. Health behaviors, clinically diagnosed disease, frailty, depression and cognitive condition were assessed. Data were analyzed using stepwise regression to determine the associated factors of frailty by age group. Results: Alcohol consumption, physical activity, number of diseases, DM, CVA, arthritis, urinary incontinence, depression and cognitive condition were found to be factors significantly associated with frailty among the elders aged 65~74 (F=135.66, p <.001). Alcohol consumption, physical activity, CVA, arthritis, urinary incontinence, depression and cognitive condition were found to be factors associated with frailty in the elders aged 75~84 (F=245.40, p <.001). Physical activity, CVA, arthritis, depression and cognitive condition were factors associated with frailty in the elders over 85 years of age (F=96.48, p <.001). Conclusion: The findings show that frailty of elders and associated factors were different by age group, and common factors affecting frailty were physical activity, CVA, arthritis, depression and cognitive condition. Thus, these factors should be considered in the development of intervention program for care and prevention of frailty and program should be modified according to age group.

The Factors Affecting the Depression in Pneumoconiosis Patients (진폐환자의 우울에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Bak, Jue Hyeon;Lim, Hyeon Woo;Chae, Jung MI;Cho, Hyun Ju;Jung, Hye Sun;Jo, Sun Jin;Lee, W.C.
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.28-36
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    • 2007
  • Objectives: The objective of this study was to analyze factors affecting depression in pneumoconiosis patients. Methods: The subjects were 200 pneumoconiosis patients hospitalized in Pneumoconiosis Hospitals in An-san and Tae-beck. Collected 114 surveys were used in this study among 200 surveys since 86 surveys offered insufficient data. SAS for Windows 8.01 was used to analyse the data Results: Percentage of normal and mild depression is 2.6%, Percentage of moderate depression is 14.9%, Percentage of severe depression is 79.8%. In order to analyze the factors affecting depression rate, the factors with p-values less than 0.1, such as age, education, religion, work department, hospitalized period, physical pain existence, daily living ability, family supports and internal locus of control, were selected as independent factors and analyzed using a stepwise multiple regression. As results, the factor that affected the rate of depression were of the age, education, ADL(Activities of Daily Living), the internal locus of control, family support. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop health program which can improve the patient's ADL(Activities of Daily Living), enforce internal locus of control to minimize the depression rate in pneumoconiosis patients.

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Affecting Factors of Homebound Bedridden Elderly′s Depression (재가 와상 노인의 우울에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • 김인자;김금순;서문자;조남옥
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.665-672
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    • 2002
  • It was identified that how many homebound bedridden elderlies and their primary caregivers were depressed, and which factors affected the bedridden elderly's depression. Method: The subjects were 191 homebound bedridden elderlies and their primary caregivers. The affecting factors were classified into two categories : bedridden elderly and their primary caregiver related factors. Then bedridden elderly's factors were classified demographic and disease-related factors again. The stepwise regression was used to identify significant factors. Result: The prevalence of bedridden elderly's and caregiver's depression was 77.8% and 67.0%, respectively. And the model explained 33.3% of variance of bedridden elderly's depression. Cognitively-impaired female elderlies who had depressed caregivers were found to be more depressed. And caregivers who perceived burden were identified to be more depressed. Conclusion: It is recommended that the health professionals need to identify bedridden elderlies and caregivers at risk of depression. Especially elderlies who is in poor cognition, those who are female, and those whose caregivers were depressed might be considered carefully in all counseling or follow-up. Also the primary caregivers must be helped to access already available formal and informal support.

Exploration Factors Affecting Depression of Immigrant School-Adolescents (중도입국 학교청소년의 우울에 영향을 미치는 요인 탐색)

  • Choi, Eun-Hee;Kim, Kyung-Eun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.27-39
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    • 2018
  • This study explored the influencing factors on the depression of immigrant school-adolescents. It made use of family factors, school factors, and multi-cultural factors to verify the influencing variables of depression in school grade. Data were drawn from the National Survey of Multi-cultural families 2015 and analyzed t-test and chi square test and multiple regression analysis by using SPSS Win 21.0. First, school violence experience was the most important factor on the affecting depression in elementary school students. Multi-cultural family identity was the main cause of depression in middle school students, and school study difficulty in high school students. Second, major variables on the affecting depression in all groups were identified as social discrimination experience. These results implied the differentiated support by ages was asked for the stable settlement of adolescents. Experience of social discrimination was a common factor raising the level of depression in all groups. Therefore, we should be done active intervention in school environment.

Factors Affecting Activities of Daily Living, Depression and Life Satisfaction among Aged Women (여성노인의 일상생활 수행능력, 우울, 생활만족도와의 관련 영향요인)

  • Park, Sunhee;Suh, Soonrim;Kim, Hongsoon
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.119-125
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the impact of activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living and depression on life satisfaction among aged women. Methods: The sample consisted of 309 aged women of over 60. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis. Results: Significant factors affecting the life satisfaction were spouse, religion, perceived health status, age, and depression. The most significant variables among them were depression and perceived health status. The explanatory power on life satisfaction was 57% in regression model. Conclusion: Depression and perceived health status are important variables to influence on life satisfaction. Therefore, it is suggested that nursing intervention to reduce or prevent depression and enhance health status should be developed to promote quality of life in aged women.