• Title, Summary, Keyword: Faithfulness

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The Effect of Group Efficacy on the Appropriation Process and User Satisfaction in Knowledge Management Systems (집단효능감이 지식경영시스템 사용자의 전유과정과 만족에 미치는 영향)

  • Ryu, Il;Kim, Jae-jon;Roe, Hee-ok
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.141-158
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    • 2008
  • This study introduces the construct of group efficacy and combines the construct with the Adaptive Structuration Theory(AST) and user satisfaction framework. Job efficacy and IT efficacy identified as the dimensions of group efficacy are hypothesized to influence faithfulness of appropriation and consensus on appropriation. and then the user satisfaction of knowledge management systems(KMS). Data were collected through a survey of respondents who have the experience of using KMS, and analyzed by using structural equations modelling. The major findings of this study are as follows: First, job efficacy was found to have a positive influence on consensus on appropriation and user satisfaction. Second, IT efficacy was found to have a positive effect on faithfulness of appropriation and consensus on appropriation. Third, faithfulness of appropriation was found to have a positive influence on consensus on appropriation and user satisfaction. Implications of these findings are discussed for researchers and practitioners.

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A study of discourses on remarriage of the widows during the enlightenment period -Based on newspapers and Shinsoseol- (개화기 과부개가 담론분석 -신문과 신소설을 중심으로-)

  • 전미경
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.17-29
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    • 2001
  • This paper serves to analyze discourses on remarriage of the widows at the beginning of the modernization era or during the enlightenment period of Korea (1860-1910). The discourses of newspapers and Shinsoseol which are the text of this study have been analyzed with the qualitative research technique. The major conclusions that are derived from the study are as follows: First, intellectuals during the enlightenment period claimed the unfairness of the prohibition from remarriage of the widows with especially focusing on financial difficulty and life-long loneliness of the young widows. Second, permission of remarriage of the widows was explained not with the point of vies of individual life of widow, but with the point of vies of strengthening the international competitiveness. Third, the discourse claimed that the widow should hold the power of decision of remarriage. Forth, the discourse emphasized the etiquette of the wedding ceremony in remarriage of widows. Fifth, the point that the faithfulness was not easy for a usual widow to obey made the faithfulness noble ethical principle of Korea society.

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A Study on the Difference between Working Students and Non-Working Students in Faithfulness to the Distance (원격강의 수강시 직장인과 비직장인의 참여도 차이에 관한 연구)

  • Nam, Sang-Zo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 2004
  • It is usually perceived that there is conditional difference between the working students and the non-working students in distance learning. In this paper, we surveyed attendances in distance learning courses to verify the differences in faithfulness, studying time, completion of contents looking. The results are analysed and reported.

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The Influence Factors on Usage and Performance of Group Support System (GSS 사용과 성과 요인 : TAM, TTF, 조직구조화이론(AST) 혼합모형)

  • Kang, So-Ra;Yang, Hee-Dong;Park, Hyun-Yoe
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.63-87
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    • 2008
  • This study investigates the effects of individual and group level factors on the use of GSS (Group Support System) and task performance from GSS use. GSS facilitates the group work, so that GSS adoption is not necessarily influenced only by individual perceptions on information systems as TAM insists. Adaptive Structuration. Theory (AST) joins with TAM in our study to explain the adoption and success from GSS use. AST contends that the success of IS is not necessarily the technical fit between tasks and technology, instead the political outcome among user socializations. We found that collected data from 303 individual IT staffs in a national bank. Our results demonstrate that traditional theories on TAM (Technology Acceptance Model) need to be refined, when considering the TTF(task-technology fit). TTF render high influences on PU(perceived usefulness). PEU(perceived ease of use) and FOA(faithfulness on appropriation). And FOA influences highly on our dependent variable. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.

A Study on Student Perception of Participation in Distance Learning : Differences Between Working and Non-Working Students (직장인과 비직장인의 원격강의 수강참여 인식 비교연구)

  • Nam Sang-Zo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2005
  • It is assumed that there is difference between working students and non-working students with respect to distance learning. In this paper, we surveyed attendance in distance learning courses to verify differences in perception of faithfulness, studying time, and completion of content reading. The results are analyzed and reported. The statistical analysis indicates that working students perceive that they are less faithful to their lectures. However, the results pertaining to participation time per week and content reading showed no statistical difference between working students and non-working students.

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Subjectivity of Terminally Ill Cancer Patients and Primary Family Caregivers on the View of Death (죽음에 대한 말기 암환자와 가족의 주관성)

  • Lee, Eun Ju;Kim, Boon Han
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.746-759
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study was designed to systematically explore and elicit information about terminally ill cancer patients' and primary family caregivers' subjectivity of death. Method: Using Q-methodology, 21 terminally ill cancer patients and 19 primary family caregivers sorted 40 statements during personal interviews. Results: The results of this study show that terminally ill cancer patients have four factors ('Attachment to life', 'Hope for heaven', 'Resignation to reality', 'Avoidance of pain') of response and primary caregivers have four factors('Dependence on religion', 'Faithfulness to reality', 'Obedience to fate', 'Agony of reality'). Comparing the subjectivities of death of terminally ill cancer patients and primary family caregivers, 'Hope for heaven' and 'Dependence on religion' reveal the similarities of their outlook. On the other hand, 'Attachment to life', 'Resignation to reality', 'Avoidance of pain', 'Faithfulness to reality', 'Obedience to fate', 'Agony of reality' reveals different aspects of their outlook. The group of terminally ill cancer patients and their families divided into four types. Type A was 'Attachment to life and Agony of reality', type B was 'Attachment to life and Obedience to fate', type C was 'Hope for heaven and Dependence on religion' and type D was 'Resignation to reality and Faithfulness to reality'. The positive group was C or 'Hope for heaven and Dependence on religion'. Conclusion: There are significant differences found in the subjective structure of death among terminally ill cancer patients and primary family caregivers. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an individualized nursing intervention for terminally ill cancer patients and family caregivers.

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A Study on Classification of Home Management Behavior and It's Related Variables of Urban Housewives (도시주부의 가정관리행동 유형분류와 그 관련변인에 관한 연구)

  • 이정우
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.223-239
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study is to classify the home management behaviors of urban housewives and to find out variables which influence them. Following are the results. 1. The home management behavior of urban housewives are classified into six types. Thouse expense and convenience oriented type, using the information and family centered type, tradition and steady oriented type, improving life type, conservative and thrifty type and the self-faithfulness and change adaption type. 2. Follows are the variables which have influenced on home management behaviors of urban housewives. \circled1 The level of education of housewives, perceived level of economical resources, income and evaluation level of life have influenced on expense and convenience oriented type. \circled2 The duration of marriage, the level of education of husband, the satisfaction of housework and communication interaction have influenced on using the information and family centered type. \circled3 The satisfaction of housework, the perceived level of economical resources, the level of education of husband and the age of housewives have influenced on the tradition and steady oriented type. \circled4 The perceived level of family resources and the communication interaction have influenced on the improving life type. \circled5 The communication interaction and the income have influenced on conservative and thrifty type. \circled6 The perceived level of economical resources, the satisfication of housework, the communication interaction, the level of education of housewives, the age of housewives and the number of children have influenced on the self-faithfulness and change-adaption type.

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The Influence of Appropriation and on Performance in Online Game: Focusing on MMORPG (온라임 게임의 전유가 게임 성과에 미치는 영향 : 대규모 다중사용자 온라인 역할수행게임을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Woong-Kyu;Kwon, Jeong-Il
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.103-119
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    • 2006
  • One of the most important reasons for using online game is intrinsic motivation which relates the drive to perform a behavior for perceptions of pleasure and satisfaction from the behavior itself. Therefore, most studies for using online game have been based on theories for intrinsic motivation such as flow. However, such theories have some limitations for explaining social aspects of online games such as Massively Multiplayer Online Role Game (MMORPG), which provides a society for game players by using a virtual space for playing games so called 'persistent world'. Adaptive structuration theory (AST) is one of trying to capture the change of using IT due to social interactions between users and system. In order to explain online game players' behavior considering social interaction, we suggest a research model based on AST. Our model aims to investigate the relationship between appropriation which is determined by faithfulness of appropriation (FOA) and consensus on appropriation (COA) and performance which is represented by the relationship among perceived winning, flow, and intention of reuse. An empirical test of our model for 125 MMORPG users which is analyzed by Partial Least Square method shows very satisfactory and interesting results. While hypotheses suggested in our model are supported, the influence of COA on game performance is shown to be stronger than that of FOA.

Moderation Effects of Computer Self-efficacy on the Relationship among Variables for Appropriation in using IT (정보기술 사용 전유에 관한 변수들 간의 관계에서 컴퓨터자기효능감의 조절효과)

  • Lee, Woong-Kyu
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.25-46
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    • 2009
  • According to adaptive structuration theory, faithfulness of appropriation(FOA), and consensus on appropriation(COA) are variables for measuring appropriation in use of IT. FOA is the level of interpreting and using the intentions of the IT designers objectively and COA is the level of agreement on ways of using IT among or with user group independently of designers' intention. In traditional theories of IT adoption, computer self-efficacy(CSE), self evaluation on abilities of using computer, has been considered as one of the important individual differences. which would influence on beliefs of using IT. Therefore, considering the relationship among CSE, FOA, COA and attitude, we can hypothesize that CSE would play a moderation varaible among appropriation related variables relationships, FOA-attitude and COA-attitude. The objective of this study is an analysis of CSE's moderation effects in causality relationship among appropriation measuring variables. For this purpose, we propose a research model where there are four hypotheses for moderation effects of CSE on the relationships between appropriation variables. We test these hypotheses by sampling ERP and groupware users. In result, our proposed hypotheses except moderation effect of COA-usefulness are accepted. Main contribution of this study is to identify the relationship between CSE and AST. This study implies that very careful consideration of users' CSE is necessary in order to perform managerial activities based on FOA and COA in IT management department.

An Influence of Appropriation on Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation with Ease of Use in Using Information Technology : Focus on Blog Users (정보기술 사용에서의 전유가 내재적/외재적 동기 및 사용용이성에 미치는 영향 : 블로그 사용자들을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Woong-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.131-148
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    • 2008
  • Today, it is not difficult to use information technology (IT), especially, Internet based ones. Many people can not only access IT without learning how to use it but also find and develop new techniques and usages which couldn't be expected by system engineers or designers. This is owing to social interactions among users as well as advancement of IT. Theoretically, such social interactions in using IT can be well explained by adaptive structuration theory (AST) which has been considered as one of trying to capture the change of using IT due to social interactions between users and system. This study is to analyze the relationship between social interactions and motivation in using IT which can determine attitude and intention of using IT. For this purpose we provide a research model, in which two AST related variables, faithfulness of appropriation and consensus on appropriation, are independent variables and three beliefs for using IT, usefulness, ease of use and playfulness, are dependent ones. Additionally, for reflection of changing uses, usefulness is formed as second order factor by two first order factors-usefulness of self-expression and communication. An empirical test of our model for blog users which is analyzed by Partial Least Square method shows supporting most of hypotheses except one, consensus-ease of use.