• Title, Summary, Keyword: Family Deficiency

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The factors associated with Vitamin D deficiency in community dwelling elderly in Korea

  • Kim, Sun Hea;Oh, Jung Eun;Song, Dong Won;Cho, Choo Yon;Hong, Sung Ho;Cho, Yong Jin;Yoo, Byung Wook;Shin, Kyung Suk;Joe, Hyun;Shin, Hwang Sik;Son, Doo Yong
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.387-395
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    • 2018
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Recent studies showed vitamin D deficiency is linked to chronic diseases in addition to skeletal metabolism which could threaten the elderly. We analyzed health conditions and socio-demographic factors associated with vitamin D deficiency in community dwelling people aged 65 years and older. SUBJECTS/METHOD: Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2010 to 2012 were obtained. A total of 2,687 subjects aged 65 years and older were participated. The cutoff value of the Vitamin D deficiency was considered as serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] ${\leq}20ng/mL$ (50 nmol/L). RESULTS: The overall prevalence rate of vitamin D deficiency in the elderly was 62.1%. The factors such as female, obesity, metabolic syndrome, current smoker, and skipping breakfast were positively associated with vitamin D deficiency, but high intensity of physical activity and more than 9 hours of sleep duration were negatively associated with vitamin D deficiency (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: It is important that health professions know that the factors proved in this study are connected to vitamin D deficiency thus provide information and intervention strategies of vitamin D deficiency to old aged people.

Is Vitamin D an Independent Risk Factor of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease?: a Cross-Sectional Study of the Healthy Population

  • Park, Danbee;Kwon, Hyuktae;Oh, Seung-Won;Joh, Hee-Kyung;Hwang, Seung-sik;Park, Jin Ho;Yun, Jae Moon;Lee, Hyejin;Chung, Goh Eun;Ze, Sangjoon;Park, Jae Hong;Bae, Yeseul;Lee, Arang
    • Journal of Korean Medical Science
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.95-101
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    • 2017
  • The association between vitamin D levels and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been recognized. However, few studies showed independent associations between vitamin D deficiency and NAFLD after a sex-related adjustment for metabolic factors. We aimed to study whether vitamin D deficiency is an independent risk factor of NAFLD even after controlling for metabolic syndrome and visceral fat in both sexes. In this cross-sectional study, 7,514 Korean adults (5,278 men, 2,236 women) participated in a health check-up program. They underwent blood tests, abdominal computed tomography (CT) of the visceral fat area, and ultrasonography for NAFLD screening. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the association of vitamin D deficiency with NAFLD according to the sex differences. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with NAFLD. The adjusted odds ratio (aOR) for NAFLD increased sequentially with decreasing vitamin D level, even after adjusting for metabolic syndrome and visceral fat. The subjects in the vitamin D sufficiency group (20-30 ng/mL) had an aOR for NAFLD of 1.18 (95% CI, 1.00-1.39), whereas the deficiency group (< 20 ng/mL) had an aOR of 1.29 (95% CI, 1.10-1.52). However, we have detected a significant sex-related interaction when analyzing the results. A significant relationship between vitamin D deficiency and NAFLD was found in men (aOR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.11-1.60) but not in women.

Study on Mediating Effects of Relational Factors between Family Deficiency and Community Spirit in Adolescence (청소년의 결손가정 요인이 공동체의식에 미치는 영향에서 관계적 요인의 매개효과)

  • Park, Sun-Sook;Lee, Inn-Seok
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.185-196
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    • 2014
  • This study aimed to exam the mediating effects of relational factors between family deficiency and community spirit in adolescence. Relation factors were composed of some factors, parents relation, peer relation, teacher relation, neighbor relation. Using samples from Korean Youth Panel Study(KYPS) 2012, authors analyzed 4,362, 6th grader and 9th grader, with a hierarchical regression to answer research questions proposed by the study. Results showed that the level of community spirit vary with significant in gender, age, health, family deficiency. Among control factors, girls, grade, recognition of health, earning affected the community spirit. In the relationship between family deficiency and community spirit in adolescence was proven to be influential. In conclusion, the researcher's hypothesized research model between relational factors and community spirit was proved to be true. Therefore this study suggested that adolescents in family deficiency were needed to be boosted a many relational factors. Finally, it remarked the limits of the study and the suggestions for the further research direction.

Effect of Functional Deficiency in Family on Self-esteem, Depression, and Suicidal Inclination of Adolescents (가족의 기능적 결손 정도가 청소년의 자아존중감, 우울, 자살생각에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jae-San;Lee, Mi-Soon;Moon, Jae-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.199-209
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the structural relationships between functional deficiency of Family and self-esteem, depression, suicidal inclination of adolescents. Methods: The data in this study came from the Korea Youth Panel Survey Data (N=3,449) for 2005~2007. To investigate the causal relationship between each variable presented in the research model, structural equation modeling (SEM) was carried out by using AMOS 7.0. And all data were analyzed by using SPSS/WIN 12.0. Results: The main analytical results of this study were as follows; First, the family function made a positive impact on the self-esteem of adolescents. Second, the severe functional deficiency in family appeared to have a negative effect on the suicidal inclination and depression of adolescents. Third, the higher the adolescents' self-esteem, the lower depression and suicidal ideation. Fourth, the more severe the depression, the higher occurrence of suicidal inclination. Conclusion: In conclusion, functional deficiency in adolescents' family impacted negatively on self-esteem, and this contributed to increased depression and anxiety, and to suicidal inclination finally. These findings confirmed that the strength of family function, the closeness with parents, forming a stable relationship and strength of the emotional bond are very important factors to form self-esteem and reduce depression and suicidal inclination.

Predictors of Psychological Well-Being in Single Elderly People Living Alone Across Developmental Stages and Implications for Elderly Policy (노년시기별 단독거주 노인의 심리적 복지감 예측 요인과 정책적 함의)

  • Yun, Kang-In;Sung, Miai
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2017
  • Using data from the 2015 Korea Welfare Panel Study, we examined the predictors of psychological well-being (life satisfaction and depression) of single elderly people living alone across development stages (young-old, mid-old, and old-old) and suggested implications for elderly policy. For this purpose, we selected 1,364 elderly people who lived alone but preserved their family relationships, and were 65 years of age or older. Separate analyses were conducted for the three groups of single elderly people living alone. Overall, the psychological well-being of single elderly people living alone was higher than moderate level, and they were generally satisfied with their everyday lives and less depressed. However, there were group differences: the young-old group was more satisfied than the old-old group with in their everyday lives and less depressed than the mid-old and old-old groups. In the young-old group, life satisfaction was significantly associated with subjective health, non-physical conflict with family, disposal income, house ownership, dietary deficiency, cost of living, and public pension. In addition, depression was significantly associated with subjective health, non-physical conflict with family, dietary deficiency, and physical conflict with family. In the mid-old group, life satisfaction was significantly associated with subjective health, housing non-physical conflict with family, disposal income, and dietary deficiency. Depression was significantly associated with subjective health, housing deficiency. In the old-old group, life satisfaction was significantly associated with subjective health and non-physical conflict with family. Depression was significantly associated with subjective health. Therefore, 'health'and 'family'are important key concepts to consider when making elderly policy.

Self-esteem and Stress in a Child of Deficiency Family (결손가정아동의 자아존중감 및 스트레스에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Sung-Ok;Shin, Kui-Soon;Park, Jung-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.403-416
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    • 2003
  • The recent study was examined the effects of stress related to self-esteem upon the types of deficiency, the genders, the grades. A Questionnaire was distributed to 172 elementary school students in 4th, 5th and 6th grades. The results of this study were as follows : First, children's stresses were related to their self-esteem and their self-esteem was explained mostly by the stress from home environment. Second, children's stress upon the birth order was higher in the first than in the second and the third birth order. Third, their self-esteem was explained mostly by the support from friends, teachers, and academic fields. Forth, children's stress of divorced and separated families as a reason of deficiency was higher than their stress upon the separation by death.

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A Screening Tool for Identifying High-Risk Pregnant Women of Fe Deficiency Anemia : Process I (임신부의 철분 영양 잠재위험집단의 조기선별을 위한 스크리닝 도구의 개발 I)

  • 박정아;윤진숙
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.6 no.5
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    • pp.734-743
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    • 2001
  • Iron deficiency anemia is a worldwide public health problem relevant to unsound nutritional practice. While the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia is very common among pregnant women, appropriate nutritional service programs to improve the iron status are lacking in Korea. In an attempt to develop a nutritional screening tool to separate the high-risk subjects of iron deficiency, we carried out a nutritional survey for 115 Korean pregnant women whose gestational age ranged from 13 to 24 weeks. Each subject was interviewed with questionnaires for general characteristics and dietary habits. Food intake was measured by 24-hour recap method and 2 day record. Fasting blood was drawn for measuring hemoglobin and serum ferritin. It appeared that half of the pregnant women belonged to the anemia group and had insufficient dietary habits to provide adequate amounts of dietary iron. The first gravida and the working women had better hematological iron indicators than the second or more gravida and the housewives. It also appeared that women who had bigger family size and lower BMI in pre-pregnancy had poorer iron status. Among the food consumption habits, fruit dependent dietary habit was related to poor iron status. Sufficiently consumed green leafy vegetable and appropriate amount of food before morning sickness were positive factors of iron stares. Our results indicated that parity, BMI, current job, family size, food habits including consumption of fruits, green & yellow vegetables, and food habits before the onset of morning sickness are significant factors to contribute the Fe deficiency anemia during pregnancy.

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Hereditary protein S deficiency presenting acute pulmonary embolism

  • Kim, Jiwan;Kim, Sung Hea;Jung, Sang Man;Park, Sooyoun;Yu, HyungMin;An, Sanghee;Kang, Seonghui;Kim, Hyun-Joong
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.52-55
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    • 2014
  • Protein S deficiency is one of the several risk factors for thrombophilia and can cause blood clotting disorders such as deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. A 54-year-old man was admitted with the complaint of dyspnea and was diagnosed with pulmonary embolism. The patient had very low level of free protein S, total protein S antigen, and protein S activity (type I protein S deficiency). In history taking, we found that his mother, 78 year old, had a history of same disease 10 years ago, and confirmed the pronounced low level of protein S. The patient's son also had very low level of protein S, however there had not been any history of pulmonary embolism yet. This case study suggests that asymptomatic persons with a family history of protein S deficiency and pulmonary embolism should be checked regularly for early detection of the disease, as protein S deficiency can be suspected.

Vitamin D status and its association with cardiometabolic risk factors in Korean adults based on a 2008-2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

  • Chung, Ji-Youn;Hong, Sung-Ho
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.495-502
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    • 2013
  • Recent studies suggest that vitamin D deficiency and cardiometabolic disorders are becoming increasingly more prevalent across multiple populations. However, there is a lack of comprehensive data for Korean adults. We investigated the vitamin D status, the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its association with metabolic syndrome (MS) risk in Korean adults aged 20 years or older. The study subjects (n = 18,305) were individuals who participated in the Korean National Health Examination and Nutrition Survey (KNHANES) in 2008-2010. Vitamin D status (25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]) was categorized as < 20, 21-29, and ${\geq}$ 30 ng/mL, which are the cut-off points for deficiency, insufficiency and normal limits. A wide variety of cardiometabolic risk factors were compared according to the vitamin D status. Vitamin D deficiency was found in 53.9% of men and 70.5% of women. Mean BMI, systolic BP, HbA1c and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were highest in the vitamin D deficiency group in both genders. Further, the MS was most prevalent in the vitamin D deficiency group in both genders (12.3%, P = 0.002 in men and 9.2%, P < 0.001 in women). Compared to the vitamin D normal group, the adjusted odds ratio (ORs) (95% confidence interval [95% CI]) for MS in the vitamin D deficiency group were 1.46 (1.05-2.02) in men and 1.60 (1.21-2.11) in women, after adjusting for confounding variables. In conclusion, Vitamin D deficiency is a very common health problem in Korean adults and is independently associated with the increasing risk of MS.

A Study on Stress of Children Comparing Two-parent Families and Other Types of Families -Girls’ High School Students in Puchon City- (양친가정과 결손가정 자녀의 스트레스 인지도에 관한 비교연구 -부천시 여고생을 중심으로-)

  • 현온강;이순덕
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.131-146
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    • 1991
  • The purpose of this study is to acquire basic materials to help the students Others of families in their homes through understanding them. This study was based on the questions asked to 100 students without parents in their homes and 100 students in standard homes. Percentage, T-test, counseling sample were used for statistical report. The following are the analysed results of this study. 1. Among the ten events, except for family life and economic problems, there were no distinguished contrasts between the students without parents in their homes and the students in standard homes. 2. The factors influencing stress are mainly plan for future, social environment, school life and learning and students without parents are especially affected by economic problem. 3. Comparing students without parents with one another in stress, the students without parents have economic problem and deficiency of affeetion, the students without father economic problem and their mothers health, the students without mother the difficulty of house affairs and emotional uneasiness of family. The students with step-mother have much misunderstasnding because of the lack of conversation among their family. The students with step-father hardly kconverse with their father and feel uneasy in family life. Based on all can be gailed these results, the following conclusion. 1) The students Other Types of families are stressed much more than the students in standard homes in family life and economic problems. 2) All Students are Stressed by bad environment, the plan of future, scholl and learning, 3) Comparing the Stubents without parents with one another, the students without parents have economics probem and deficiency of affeetion, the students without father economic problem and their mothers health, the students without mother house affairs and emotional uneasiness off family. The students of step-father and step-mother have the misuder standing by the lark of comversation, the deficiency of affection and the uneasiness off family life.

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