• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fault detection

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A fault detection and recovery mechanism for the fault-tolerance of a Mini-MAP system (Mini-MAP 시스템의 결함 허용성을 위한 결함 감지 및 복구 기법)

  • Mun, Hong-Ju;Kwon, Wook-Hyun
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.264-272
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    • 1998
  • This paper proposes a fault detection and recovery mechanism for a fault-tolerant Mini-MAP system, and provides detailed techniques for its implementation. This paper considers the fault-tolerant Mini-MAP system which has dual layer structure from the LLC sublayer down to the physical layer to cope with the faults of those layers. For a good fault detection, a redundant and hierarchical fault supervision architecture is proposed and its implementation technique for a stable detection operation is provided. Information for the fault location is provided from data reported with a fault detection and obtained by an additional network diagnosis. The faults are recovered by the stand-by sparing method applied for a dual network composed of two equivalent networks. A network switch mechanism is proposed to achieve a reliable and stable network function. A fault-tolerant Mini-MAP system is implemented by applying the proposed fault detection and recovery mechanism.

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Satellite Fault Detection and Isolation Scheme with Modified Adaptive Fading EKF

  • Lim, Jun Kyu;Park, Chan Gook
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.1401-1410
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    • 2014
  • This paper presents a modified adaptive fading EKF (AFEKF) for sensor fault detection and isolation in the satellite. Also, the fault detection and isolation (FDI) scheme is developed in three phases. In the first phase, the AFEKF is modified to increase sensor fault detection performance. The sensor fault detection and sensor selection method are proposed. In the second phase, the IMM filer with scalar penalty is designed to detect wherever actuator faults occur. In the third phase of the FDI scheme, the sub-IMM filter is designed to identify the fault type which is either the total or partial fault. An important feature of the proposed FDI scheme can decrease the number of filters for detecting sensor fault. Also, the proposed scheme can classify fault detection and isolation as well as fault type identification.

A Novel Fault Detection Method using the PWM Characteristic at Open-Circuit Fault in NPC Inverter Systems (NPC 인버터 시스템에서 개방성 고장시 PWM 특성을 이용한 새로운 고장 검출 방법)

  • Lee, Jung-Dae;Kim, Tae-Jin;Ha, Dong-Hyun;Hyun, Dong-Seok
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.57 no.7
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    • pp.1200-1207
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, a novel fault detection method is proposed when the neutral-point-clamped inverter has a open-circuit fault in the switching device. This proposed method is configured with simple circuit and is achieved by a simple algorithm using the inherent characteristic of the continuous Pulse Width Modulation. Also, this method has the fast fault detection ability and is much simpler to embody, in comparison with conventional fault detection methods. This ability to detect fault minimizes harmful effect which are such as DC-link voltage unbalance and overstress to other switching devices. Therefore, this proposed fault detection method can improve reliability of NPC inverter system. Experimental results are presented to verify the validity of proposed fault detection method.

A Fault Detection Isolation and Compensation Scheme using Finite-time Fault Detection Observers (유한시간 수렴 고장검출관측자를 이용한 고장검출식별 및 보상기법)

  • Lee, Kee-Sang
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.58 no.9
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    • pp.1802-1808
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    • 2009
  • A fault detection observer with finite time convergence characteristics(FT_FDO) is proposed and applied to a fault detection isolation system for a dynamic control system. The FT_FDO is a kind of dual state-observer scheme that provides with the state estimates insensitive to a specified fault and the corresponding fault estimate. The state estimates are processed to get the residual that will be logically compared with other residuals to detect and isolate the fault of interest, and the fault estimate may be used for fault compensation. The FDIS employing the FT_FDOs can be considered to be a multiple observer schemes(MOS) in which FT_FDOs are parallelly driven to generate a set of residuals to be compared each other. Due to the finite time convergence characteristics of the FT_FDO, the predetermined detection delay can be considered in the design stage of FDIS so that any fault of interest can be detected and identified in that time. It evidently resolves a well known difficulty of threshold selection owing to the transient responses of the fault detection observers(FDO) employed in FDIS. An FDIS is constructed for instruments(2-sensor, 1-actuator) in an inverted pendulum control system, and simulations are performed to show the performance of the FDIS and fault tolerant control system.

Application of robust fault detection for DC motor considering system uncertainty (불확실성을 고려한 DC Motor의 견실한 이상검출)

  • 김대우;유호준;권오규
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.856-859
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    • 1997
  • In this paper we treat the application of fault detection method in DC motor having both model mismatch and noise problems. A fault detection method presented by Kwon et al. (1994) for SISO systems has been here experimented. The model mismatch includes here linearization error as well as undermodelling. Comparisons are made with the real plant, DC motor. The experimental result of robust fault detection method is shown to have good performance via with the alternative fault detection method which do not account noise.

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A Sensor Fault Detection for Boiler-Turbine Control System (보일러-터빈 제어시스템의 측정기 고장검출)

  • Yoo, Seog Hwan
    • Journal of Applied Reliability
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2014
  • This paper deals with a design of observer based fault detection filter for a boiler-turbine control system. The goal is to present a method for rapid sensor fault detection in order to enhance the reliability of boiler-turbine operation in the thermal power plant. Our fault detection filter can be designed via solutions of linear matrix inequalities. In order to demonstrate the efficacy of our design method, numerical simulations are provided.

Development of Portable Cable Fault Detection System with Automatic Fault Distinction and Distance Measurement (자동 고장 판별 및 거리 측정 기능을 갖는 휴대용 케이블 고장 검출 장치 개발)

  • Kim, Jae-Jin;Jeon, Jeong-Chay
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.65 no.10
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    • pp.1774-1779
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    • 2016
  • This paper proposes a portable cable fault detection system with automatic fault distinction and distance measurement using time-frequency correlation and reference signal elimination method and automatic fault classification algorithm in order to have more accurate fault determination and location detection than conventional time domain refelectometry (TDR) system despite increased signal attenuation due to the long distance to cable fault location. The performance of the developed system method was validated via an experiment in the test field constructed for the standardized performance test of power cable fault location equipments. The performance evaluation showed that accuracy of the developed system is less than 1.34%. Also, an error of automatic fault type and location by detection of phase and peak value through elimination of the reference signal and normalization of correlation coefficient and automatic fault classification algorithm not occurred.

Application of The Fault Detection Filter For Dynamics Failure Detection (Detection filter에 기초한 고장검출기법 적용에 관한 연구)

  • 김정근;장태규
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.55-58
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    • 2001
  • 본 논문에서는 해석적인 모델에 기초한 고장 검출 기법의 하나인 fault detection filter를 적용한 고장 검출 알고리듬을 개발하고 이를 적용하여 고장검출 필터의 유효성을 보이고자 한다. Fault detection filter는 특수한 형태의 observer로써 특정한 고장의 발생시 잔차가 출력 공간에서 일정한 방향을 유지함으로써 고장 개소의 판별이 가능하다. 이에 본 논문에서는 fault detection filter에 기초한 고장 감지 시스템을 적용하기 위한 다이나믹 시스템 모델링과 고장감지 시스템의 설계과정 및 이를 적용 모의시험 결과를 수록하였다. 결과를 통하여 fault detection filter가 갖는 방향성에 대한 sensitivity 효과를 고장 감지 목적에 유효하게 적용할 수 있음을 보였다.

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Two-Faults Detection and Isolation Using Extended Parity Space Approach

  • Lee, Won-Hee;Kim, Kwang-Hoon;Park, Chan-Gook;Lee, Jang-Gyu
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.411-419
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    • 2012
  • This paper proposes a new FDI(Fault Detection and Isolation) method, which is called EPSA(Extended Parity Space Approach). This method is particularly suitable for fault detection and isolation of the system with one faulty sensor or two faulty sensors. In the system with two faulty sensors, the fault detection and isolation probability may be decreased when two faults are occurred between the sensors related to the large fault direction angle. Nonetheless, the previously suggested FDI methods to treat the two-faults problem do not consider the effect of the large fault direction angle. In order to solve this problem, this paper analyzes the effect of the large fault direction angle and proposes how to increase the fault detection and isolation probability. For the increase the detection probability, this paper additionally considers the fault type that is not detected because of the cancellation of the fault biases by the large fault direction angle. Also for the increase the isolation probability, this paper suggests the additional isolation procedure in case of two-faults. EPSA helps that the user can know the exact fault situation. The proposed FDI method is verified through Monte Carlo simulation.

Fault Detection and Classification with Optimization Techniques for a Three-Phase Single-Inverter Circuit

  • Gomathy, V.;Selvaperumal, S.
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.1097-1109
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    • 2016
  • Fault detection and isolation are related to system monitoring, identifying when a fault has occurred, and determining the type of fault and its location. Fault detection is utilized to determine whether a problem has occurred within a certain channel or area of operation. Fault detection and diagnosis have become increasingly important for many technical processes in the development of safe and efficient advanced systems for supervision. This paper presents an integrated technique for fault diagnosis and classification for open- and short-circuit faults in three-phase inverter circuits. Discrete wavelet transform and principal component analysis are utilized to detect the discontinuity in currents caused by a fault. The features of fault diagnosis are then extracted. A fault dictionary is used to acquire details about transistor faults and the corresponding fault identification. Fault classification is performed with a fuzzy logic system and relevance vector machine (RVM). The proposed model is incorporated with a set of optimization techniques, namely, evolutionary particle swarm optimization (EPSO) and cuckoo search optimization (CSO), to improve fault detection. The combination of optimization techniques with classification techniques is analyzed. Experimental results confirm that the combination of CSO with RVM yields better results than the combinations of CSO with fuzzy logic system, EPSO with RVM, and EPSO with fuzzy logic system.