• Title, Summary, Keyword: Feed Rate

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A Study on the Feed Rate Optimization of a Linear Motored Feed Drive System for Minimum Vibrations (Linear Motor 이송계의 진동 최소화를 위한 이송속도 최적화)

  • 최영휴;홍진현;최응영;김태형;최원선
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers Conference
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    • pp.321-325
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    • 2004
  • Linear motor feed drive systems have been broadly used in machine tools or precision automatic feed systems. Recently, modem machine tools require high speed and high precision feed drive system to achieve high productivity. Unfortunately, a feed drive system, even though it was optimum designed, may experience severe transient vibrations during high-speed operation if its feed rate control is unsuitable. A rough feed rate curve having discontinuity in its acceleration profile causes a serious vibration problem in the feed slides system. This paper presents a feed rate optimization of a machine tool feed slide system, which is driven by a linear motor, for its minimum vibrations. Firstly, a 4-degree-of-freedom lumped parameter model is proposed for the vibration analysis of a linear motor driven machine tool feed drive system. Next, a feed rate optimization of the feed slide is carried out for minimum vibrations. The feed rate curve optimization strategy is to find out the most appropriate acceleration profile with jerk continuity. Of course, the optimized feed rate should approximate to the desired one as possible. A genetic algorithm with variable penalty function was used in this feed rate optimization.

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A Study on the Feed Rate Optimization of a Ball Screw Feed Drive System for Minimum Vibrations (볼스크류 이송계의 진동 최소화를 위한 이송속도 최적화)

  • Choi, Young-Hyu;Hong, Jin-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.962-966
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    • 2004
  • Ball screw feed drive systems have been broadly used in machine tools or precision automatic feed systems. Recently, modern machine tools require high speed and high precision and drive system to achieve high productivity. Unfortunately, a feed drive system, even though it was optimum designed, may experience severe transient vibrations during high-speed operation if its feed rate control is unsuitable. A rough feed rate curve having discontinuity in its acceleration profile causes a serious vibration problem in the feed slide system. This paper presents a feed rate optimization of a machine tool feed slide system, which is driven by a ball screw, for its minimum vibrations. Firstly, a 6-degree-of-freedom lumped parameter model was proposed for the vibration analysis of a ball screw driven machine tool feed drive system. Next, a feed rate optimization of the feed slide was carried out for minimum vibrations. The feed rate curve optimization strategy is to find out the most appropriate acceleration profile having finite jerk. Of course, the optimized feed rate should approximate to the desired one as possible. A genetic algorithm with variable penalty function was used in this feed rate optimization.

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A Study on the Feed Rate Optimization of a Ball Screw Driven Machine Tool Feed Slide for Minimum Vibrations

  • Choi, Yong-Hyu;Choi, Hoon-Ki;Kim, Soo-Tae;Choi, Eung-Young
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1028-1032
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    • 2004
  • In order to prevent machine tool feed slide system from transient vibrations during operations, machine tool designers usually adopt some typical design solutions; box-in-box typed feed slides, optimizing moving body for minimum weight and dynamic compliance, and so on. Despite all efforts for optimizing design, a feed drive system may experience severe transient vibrations during high-speed operation if its feed rate control is unsuitable. A rough feed rate curve having discontinuity in its acceleration profile causes a serious vibration problem in the feed slides system. This paper presents a feed rate optimization of a ball screw driven machine tool feed slide system for its minimum vibration. Firstly, a ball screw feed drive system was mathematically modeled as a 6-degree-of-freedom lumped parameter system. Next, a feed rate optimization of the system was carried out for minimum vibrations. The main idea of the feed rate optimization is to find out the most appropriate smooth acceleration profile with jerk continuity. A genetic algorithm was used in this feed rate optimization

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A complete S-shape feed rate scheduling approach for NURBS interpolator

  • Du, Xu;Huang, Jie;Zhu, Li-Min
    • Journal of Computational Design and Engineering
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.206-217
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    • 2015
  • This paper presents a complete S-shape feed rate scheduling approach (CSFA) with confined jerk, acceleration and command feed rate for parametric tool path. For a Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline (NURBS) tool path, the critical points of the tool path where the radius of curvature reaches extreme values are found firstly. Then, the NURBS curve is split into several NURBS sub-curves or blocks by the critical points. A bidirectional scanning strategy with the limitations of chord error, normal/tangential acceleration/jerk and command feed rate is employed to make the feed rate at the junctions between different NURBS blocks continuous. To improve the efficiency of the feed rate scheduling, the NURBS block is classified into three types: short block, medium block and long block. The feed rate profile corresponding to each NURBS block is generated according to the start/end feed rates and the arc length of the block and the limitations of tangential acceleration/jerk. In addition, two compensation strategies are proposed to make the feed rate more continuous and the arc increment more precise. Once the feed rate profile is determined, a second-order Taylor's expansion interpolation method is applied to generate the position commands. Finally, experiments with two free-form NURBS curves are conducted to verify the applicability and accuracy of the proposed method.

Feed Rate Control for the Head-Feed Thresher (수급식탈곡기(穗給式脱穀機)의 공급율(供給率) 제어(制御)(II) -제어시스템 설계 및 시뮬레이션-)

  • Choi, Y.S.;Chung, C.J.
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.110-122
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    • 1990
  • This study was undertaken to develop the feed rate control system for the head feed thresher by making use of the microprocessor and to evaluate the response of the system to a various threshing conditions. The control unit was composed of one-board microcomputer. The speed of the wet-paddy feeding chain was controlled by dc moter with PI controller. It was used the adaptive control method to maintain the constant feed rate regardless of the fed rice varieties. The sliding type potentiometer was used as the feed rate sensor, which was attached on the sheaf-holding apparatus. The mathematical models of the system components were derived and computer simulation was developed for investigating the parameters affecting on control performance and for estimating the response of the system. A one-board microcomputer-based feed rate control system developed in this study was properly functioned and assessed as adequate for the feed rate control system of the head feed thresher. Based on the simulation for the bundle feed, it was anticipated that the lower setting value of the cylinder speed(RL) is to be set higher than the limiting operational speed. In addition, the higher setting value of the cylinder speed(RH) is to be set lower than the limiting cylinder speed for threshing. The computer simulation for the continuous spread feed showed that the lower the setting value of straw layer thickness(LL) was set, the shorter the correction time. However, if too low LL may be established, the feed rate could not reach to its desired rate.

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Feedrate Scheduling for High Speed Machining Based on an Improved Cutting Force Model (향상된 절삭력 모델을 이용한 고속 가공의 이송속도 스케줄링)

  • 이한울;고정훈;조동우
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.141-144
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    • 2003
  • This paper proposes an analytical model of off-line feed rate scheduling to obtain an optimum feed rate for high speed machining. Off-line feed rate scheduling is presented as an advanced technology to regulate cutting forces through change of feed per tooth, which directly affects variation of uncut chip thickness. In this paper, the feed rate scheduling model was developed using a mechanistic cutting force model using cutting-condition-independent coefficients. First, it was verified that cutting force coefficients are not changed with respect to cutting speed. Thus, the feed rate scheduling model using the cutting-condition-independent coefficients can be applied to set the proper feed rates for high speed machining as well as normal machining. Experimental results show that the developed fred rate scheduling model makes it possible to maintain the cutting force at a desired level during high speed machining.

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Growth Performance and Digestive Characteristics of Starry Flounder Platichthys stellatus on the Moist and Extruded Pellets (습사료와 부상사료에 대한 강도다리(Platichthys stellatus)의 성장과 소화 특성)

  • Kim, Pyong Kih
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.679-685
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    • 2012
  • A study was carried out to observe the effects of feed types on the growth, feed preference, and enteric feed transition rate of juvenile starry flounder, Platichthys stellatus for 45 days. Fifty fish (avg. 135 g) were stocked each in replication, and fed a commercial extruded pellet diet (EP, 45% protein) and a moist pellet diet (MP, 65% raw mackerel+35% feed powder in wet basis), respectively. The MP presented the higher performance than that of the EP on the feed efficiency ($68.3{\pm}0.9%$ for EP and $92.3{\pm}4.3%$ for MP) and the specific growth rate ($1.07{\pm}0.07$ for the EP and $1.20{\pm}0.05%$ for the MP). In contrast, the EP showed the higher feed preference in terms of the daily feed intake ($1.57{\pm}0.08%$ for the EP and $1.30{\pm}0.01$ for the MP) and the ad libitum feeding rate after a fast of 72 hours (1.73% for the EP and 1.35% for the MP). The feed transition rate through intestinal canals decreased exponentially in both the EP and the MP, showing the faster transition rate with the EP. In the result, starry flounder appeared to have the better feed preference to the EP, but have the higher feed efficiency and growth performance to the MP.

NC Code Optimization Based on an Improved Cutting Force Model (향상된 절삭력 모델 기반의 NC 코드 최적화)

  • 이한울;고정훈;조동우
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.37-42
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    • 1997
  • Off-line feed rate scheduling is an advanced methodology to automatically determine optimum feed rates for the optimization of NC code. However, the present feed rate scheduling systems have lim~tations to generate the optimized NC codes because they use the material removal rate or non-generalized cutting force model. In this paper, a feed rate scheduling system based on an improved cutting force model that can predrct cutting forces exactly in general machining was presented. Original blocks of NC code were divided to small ones with the modified feed rates to adjust the peak value of cutting forces to a constant vale. The characteristic of acceleration and deceleration for a given machrne tool was considered when off-line feed rate scheduhng was performed. Software for the NC code optimization was developed and applied to pocket machining simulation.

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Effects of Binder-Sheaf Size on Threshing Performance and Load Characteristics of an Auto Feed Thresher (바인더 볏단의 크기가 자동탈곡기(自動脱糓機)의 탈곡성능(脱糓性能) 및 부하특성(負荷特性)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Yoo, Soo Nam;Ryu, Kwan Hee
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.60-72
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    • 1981
  • This study was carried out to find out the effects of the sheaf size of paddy harvested by the binders on the threshing performance, load characteristics and power requirement of an auto-feed thresher. The results of the study are summarized as follows: 1. The seperating performance of the thresher appeared to be satisfactory for all the sheaf sizes although the amount of rubbishes and empty grains slightly increased with the sheaf size of paddy. 2. There was no significant difference in grain output quality of the thresher among the three sheaf sizes. However, the amount of grains left unthreshed increased with the sheaf size. In the case of the largest sheaf size with the feed rate of 780kg/h, it exceeded the limit set by the national inspection regulations. 3. The position of the feed-chain rail gave a significant effect on the power requirement of the thresher. At the feed rate of 780kg/h, the net power required to convey sheafs through the feed chain was in the range of 0.37 to 0.50 PS for the middle and lowest position of feed-chain rail, and there was no significant difference among the sheaf sizes. At the highest position, however, it appeared that the smallest sheaf required more power than the others. The net power requirements at this position were 1.03, 0.59. 0.65 PS for the smallest, medium and largest sheafs respectively. 4. The torques of both the thresher and the engine shaft increased with the feed rate and were not affected by the sheaf size for the lower two feed rates of 520 and 780kg/h. At the highest feed rate of 1,040 kg/h, however, they were affected by the sheaf size. In this case, the medium sheaf size gave lower values than the others. 5. The variations in the thresher and the engine torque increased with the feed rate and were not affected by the sheaf size for the feed rate of 520kg/h. At the feed rate of 780kg/h, however, they increased with sheaf size. And at the feed rate of 1,040 kg/h, the torque variations increased greatly for all the sheaf sizes due to an over-load operating condition. 6. It appeared that the average and maximum power requirements of the thresher increased with the feed rate. But, there was no significant difference in power requirement among the sheaf sizes for the lower two feed rates. 7. The threshing efficiency of the thresher was in the range of 214-249 kg/ps.h with the feed rates of 520 and 780 kg/h, and it was not affected by both the sheaf size and the feed rate. At the feed rate of 1,040 kg/h, however, it decreased to as low as 171-174 kg/ps.h because of a sudden increase in power requirement. 8. The average power requirements of the engine were slightly higher than those of the thresher due to the slippage of flat belt between the thresher and engine. It appeared that power transmission from the engine to the thresher was maintained properly since slippages were moderately low with the range of 2.78 to 6.51% throughout the tests. 9. The specific fuel consumption of the engine (diesel 8PS) decreased as the feed rate increased. However, there was no significant reduction in specific fuel consumption as the feed rate increased above 780 kg/h.

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Effects of first feed intake time on growth performance, nutrient apparent metabolic rate and intestinal digestive enzyme activities in broilers

  • Wang, J.S.;Guo, T.Y.;Wang, Y.X.;Li, K.X.;Wang, Q.;Zhan, X.A.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.899-904
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    • 2018
  • Objective: This experiment studied the effects of first feed intake time post-hatch on growth performance, nutrient apparent metabolic rate and intestinal digestive enzyme activities in broilers. Methods: Two thousand five hundred and twenty LingNan Yellow broilers were randomly allotted to seven treatments with six replicates of 60 each. The only experimental factor was the first feed intake time which was 18, 24, 30, 36, 42, 48, and 54 hours after hatching. The whole experiment lasted for 21 days. Results: During the whole period, the 30 h treatment had the best body weight and average daily gain (p<0.05), followed by the 24 h group performance optimization. Also, the 30 h group was observed to have the best apparent metabolic rate for ether extract (p<0.05) and crude protein (p<0.05) and the highest activities of amylase, lipase and trypsin in small intestine. And the 24 h group was second only to the 30 h group in terms of the above two measures. Conclusion: These results indicated that the appropriate first feeding time of LingNan Yellow broilers was 24 to 30 hours after hatching.