• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ferromagnetic Artifact

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Assessment of Magnetic Resonance Image Quality For Ferromagnetic Artifact Generation: Comparison with 1.5T and 3.0T. (강자성 인공물 발생에 대한 자기공명영상 질 평가: 1.5T와 3.0T 비교)

  • Goo, Eun-Hoe
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.193-199
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    • 2018
  • In this research, 15 patients were diagnosed with 1.5T and 3.0T MRI instruments (Philips, Medical System, Achieva) to minize Ferromagnetic artifact and find the optimized Tesla. Based on the theory that the 3.0T, when compared to 1.5T, show relatively high signal-to-ratio(SNR), Scan time can be shortened or adjust the image resolution. However, when using the 3.0T MRI instruments, various artifact due to the magnetic field difference can degrade the diagnostic information. For the analysis condition, area of interest is set at the background of the T1, T2 sagittal image followed by evaluation of L3, L4, L5 SNR, length of 3 parts with Ferromagnetic artifact, and Histogram. The validity evaluation was performed by using the independent t test. As a result, for the SNR evaluation, mere difference in value was observed for L3 between 1.5T and 3.0T, while big differences were observed for both L4, and L5(p<0.05). Shorter length was observed for the 1.5T when observing 3 parts with Ferromagnetic artifact, thus we can conclude that 3.0T can provide more information on about peripheral tissue diagnostic information(p<0.05). Finally, 1.5T showed higher counts values for the Histogram evaluation(p<0.05). As a result, when we have compared the 1.5T and 3.0T with SNR, length of Ferromagnetic artifact, Histogram, we believe that using a Low Tesla for Spine MRI test can achieve the optimal image information for patients with disk operation like PLIF, etc. in the past.

Metal Artifact Caused by Magnetic Field Strength and Sequence on T1WI-MRI (자기공명영상에서 자장세기와 시퀀스에 따른 아티팩트 변화)

  • Ko, Seong-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.9
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    • pp.302-308
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    • 2010
  • In MRI, the Ferromagnetic artifact is generated by the metalization within in which the before inspection removal is impossible and the distortion of an image is brought. The distortion measure according to the steel for each sequence of T1 image and magnetic field intensity are analyzed and minimized method is looked into. We used SIEMENS 1.5T and 3.0T MRI for experiment equipment. First, it places within the Phantom making a metalization(Ti+Al, Stainless, Nitinol) on 1.5T, 3.0T MRI and the T1 weighted image for each Sequence is acquired. The distortion of an image and about adjacent portion change of the metal material were compared through the obtained image, we analyzed. In all metalizations, a distortion was generated and a distortion was few in particularly, and Titanium-Aluminium alloy. And the extent of a distortion was worse image in the Turbo spin Echo. The use of the Titanium-Aluminium alloy the inserted in an internal material of the metalization is recommend. and, equipment of 1.5T the patient inserting a metal in an internal is used in an inspection than equipment of 3.0T. Also, the sequence is suitable when it obtains the optimum T1 weighted image of an impersonate to use the Turbo spin Echo.

DENTAL TREATMENT IN A PATIENT WITH ATYPICAL TERATOID RHABDOIDAL TUMOR UNDER GENERAL ANESTHESIA (비정형 유기형/간상 종양(Atypical teratoid rhabdoidal tumor) 환자의 전신마취 하 치과치료)

  • Kim, Hyuntae;Song, Ji-Soo;Hyun, Hong-Keun;Kim, Young-Jae;Kim, Jung-Wook;Jang, Ki-Taeg;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Shin, Teo Jeon
    • The Journal of Korea Assosiation for Disability and Oral Health
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.74-78
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    • 2019
  • Atypical teratoid rhabdoidal tumor(AT/RT) is a rare and fast-growing tumor usually diagnosed in childhood. Routine magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) assessment of AT/RT patients is done to detect metastatic tumors and recurrent lesions. The purpose of this case report is to present a case about caries treatment of a 3-year-8-month old female patient with AT/RT under general anesthesia. A 3-year-8-month old patient with AT/RT visited Seoul National University Dental Hospital for caries treatment. At the first dental visit, she was receiving chemotherapy. Multiple caries were observed from clinical and radiographic examination. The dental procedure was successfully performed under general anesthesia. Patients with brain tumor may take routine MRI to detect metastatic tumors and recurrent lesions. Dentists should take into consideration of possible dislodgement of restoration by ferromagnetic properties and artifact formation on MRI image. Ready-made zirconia crowns can be a good restoration option for such patients.

A Study on Compensation for Imaging Qualities Having Artifact with the Change of the Center Frequency Adjustment and Transmission Gain Values at 1.5 Tesla MRI (1.5 Tesla 기기에서 중심주파수 조정과 송 신호강도(Transmission Gain)값 변화에 따른 인공물이 있는 자기공명영상의 질 보상에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-Seung;Goo, Eun-Hoe;Park, Cheol-Soo;Lee, Sun-Yeob;Lee, Han-Joo
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.244-252
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to compensate for susceptibility and a ferromagnetic body artifact using CFA and TGV on MR Imaging. A total of 30 patients (15 men and 15 women, mean age: 45 years) were performed on head and neck diseases. MR Unit used a 1.5T superconducting magnet (GE medical system, High Density). This study have investigated by changing with CFA and TGV (70, 90, 110, 130, 150) searching for compensation values about susceptibility and a ferromagnetic body artifact in 60 kg standards of body weight (p<0.05). As a quality results, Image qualities were obtained at different score from CFA and TGV (70, 90, 110, 130, $150=3.23{\pm}0.35$, $4.31{\pm}0.02$ $4.23{\pm}0.21$, $5.12{\pm}0.25$, $7.13{\pm}0.72$, $8.31{\pm}0.01$, $5.21{\pm}0.15$, $6.14{\pm}0.08$, $5.23{\pm}0.72$, $5.91{\pm}0.06$, p<0.05). Absolute CNRs (TG, CNRpre, CNRpost) were acquired with (70:$-1.44{\pm}0.11$, $-2.7{\pm}0.04$, 90:$-2.18{\pm}0.42$, $-4.41{\pm}0.43$, 110:$-2.89{\pm}0.43$, $-5.23{\pm}0.02$, 130:$-2.34{\pm}0.05$, $-5.26{\pm}0.01$, 150: $-2.09{\pm}0.08$, $-3.87{\pm}0.12$, p<0.05). In conclusions, this study could be compensated for metal and flow artifacts surrounding the tissues having artifact by changing CFA and TGV.

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Reduction of Artifacts in Magnetic Resonance Imaging with Diamagnetic Substance (반자성 물질을 이용한 자기공명영상검사에서의 인공물 감소)

  • Choi, Woo Jeon;Kim, Dong Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.581-588
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    • 2019
  • MRI is superior when contrasted to help the organization generate artifacts resolution, but also affect the diagnosis and create a image that can not be read. Metal is inserted into the tooth, it is necessary to often be inhibited in imaging by causing the geometric distortion due to the majority and if the difference between the magnetic susceptibility of a ferromagnetic material or paramagnetic reducing them. The purpose of this study is to conduct a metal artefact in accordance with the analysis using a diamagnetic material. The magnetic material include a wire for the orthodontic bracket and a stainless steel was used as a diamagnetic material was used copper, zinc, bismuth. Testing equipment is sequenced using 1.5T, 3T was used was measured using a SE, TSE, GE, EPI. A self-produced phantom material was used for agarose gel (10%) to a uniform signal artifacts causing materials are stainless steel were tested by placing in the center of the phantom and cover inspection of the positive cube diamagnetic material of 10mm each length.After a measurement artefact artifact zone settings area was calculated using the Wand tool After setting the Low Threshold value of 10 in the image obtained by subtracting images, including magnetic material from a pure tool phantom images using Image J. Metal artifacts occur in stainless steel metal artifact reduction was greatest in the image with the bismuth diamagnetic materials of copper and zinc is slightly reduced, but the difference in degree will not greater. The reason for this is thought to be due to hayeotgi offset most of the susceptibility in bismuth diamagnetic susceptibility of most small ferromagnetic. Most came with less artifacts in image of bismuth in both 1.5T and 3T. Sequence-specific artifact reduction was most reduced artifacts from the TSE 1.5T 3T was reduced in the most artifacts from SE. Signal-to-noise ratio was the lowest SNR is low, appears in the implant, the 1.5T was the Implant + Bi Cu and Zn showed similar results to each other. Therefore, the results of artifacts variation of diamagnetic material, magnetic susceptibility (${\chi}$) is the most this shows the reduced aspect lower than the implant artificial metal artifacts criteria in the video using low bismuth susceptibility to low material the more metal artifacts It was found that the decrease. Therefore, based on the study on the increase, the metal artifacts reduction for the whole, as well as dental prosthesis future orthodontic materials in a way that can even reduce the artifact does not appear which has been pointed out as a disadvantage of the solutions of conventional metal artifact It is considered to be material.

Tunneling Magnetoresistance in Si/$SiO_2$/NiFe/$Al_2$$O_3$/Co Thin Films (Si/$SiO_2$/NiFe/$Al_2$$O_3$/Co 박막의 투과자기저항 특성 연구)

  • 현준원;백주열
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.934-940
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    • 2001
  • Magnetic properties were investigated for Si/SiO$_2$/NiFe(300 )/A1$_2$O$_3$(t)/Co(200 ) junction related with the parameters of $Al_2$O$_3$. Insulating $Al_2$O$_3$ layer was formed by depositing a 5~40 thick Al layer, followed by a 90~120s RF plasma oxidation in an $O_2$ atmosphere. Magnetoresistance was not observed for tunnel junction with 5~10 thick Al layer, but magnetoresistance was observed large for tunnel junction with 15~40 thick Al layer. Oxidation time did not largely influence magnetoresistance. Tunnel magnetoresistance effect depended on magnetization behavior of two ferromagnetic layers. Tunneling junction was confirmed through nonlinear I-V curve. In this work, tunneling magnetoresistance(TMR) up to 30 % was observed. This apparent TMR is an artifact of the nonuniform current flow over the junction in the cross geometry of the electrodes.

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