• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fiber Laser

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Multi-kW Fiber Laser (고출력 Fiber Laser)

  • 한유희;전창수
    • Proceedings of the KWS Conference
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    • pp.95-96
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    • 2004
  • 그동안 고출력 레이저에는 CO2 Laser, LPSSL, DPSSL 등이 주로 사용되어 왔다. 최근에는 Fiber Laser가 좋은 빔특성을 가지면서 10㎾이상의 고출력이 가능해 큰 주목을 받고 있다. 고출력 레이저는 매질의 냉각문제가 가장 큰 관건인데, Fiber Laser는 수백 $\mu\textrm{m}$의 지름을 가진 수십m 길이의 공진기 형태를 띠어 부피 대비 냉각면적이 가장 크다고 할 수 있다. EDFA 등 광통신을 위해 개발되었던 다이오드 레이저들이 Fiber Laser쪽으로 전용되고, Side Cladding pumping 방법의 실용화, 다이오드 페이저 펌핑 광과 광섬유사이의 커플링 방법이 개발되면서 고출력 Fiber Laser 개발이 급속히 이루어졌다. (중략)

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Multi-kW Fiber Laser Applications (고출력 Fiber Laser Applications)

  • Han, Yu-Hui
    • Proceedings of the KWS Conference
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    • pp.80-81
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    • 2005
  • 그동안 고출력 레이저에는 CO2 Laser, LPSSL, DPSSL 등이 주로 사용되어 왔다. 최근에는 Fiber Laser가 좋은 빔특성을 가지면서 10kW이상의 고출력이 가능해 큰 주목을 받고 있다. 고출력 레이저는 매질의 냉각문제가 가장 큰 관건인데, Fiber Laser는 수백 ${\mu}m$의 지름을 가진 수십m 길이의 공진기 형태를 띠어 부피 대비 냉각면적이 가장 크다고 할 수 있다. EDFA 둥 광통신을 위해 개발되었던 다이오드 레이저들이 Fiber Laser쪽으로 전용되고, Side Cladding pumping 방법의 실용화, 다이오드레이저 펌핑 광과 광섬유사이의 커플링 방법이 개발되면서 고출력 Fiber Laser 개발이 급속히 이루어졌다. Fiber Laser는 시스템의 부피가 매우 작아질 뿐만 아니라 유지관리 비용이 거의 들어가지 않는다는 장점을 가진다. 현재 단일모드(single-mode) 로는 300W의 출력이 가능하고, 이들을 결합하여10kW 이상의 고출력 Fiber Laser 제품이 나오고 있다. 높은 효율의 레이저발진을 하면서 고출력의 좋은 빔특성을 가지기 때문에 기존의 고출력 레이저용접 및 절단 응용분야에 큰 관심을 불러일으키고 있다.

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A Study on SS400 Cutting Characteristics using Continuous Wave Fiber Laser (연속파 파이버 레이저를 이용한 SS400의 절단 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Yong-Seok;Lee, Ka-Ram;Park, Eun-Kyeong;Yoo, Young-Tae
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.644-650
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    • 2012
  • This paper show the 2kW fiber laser cutting properties of SS400. The study was comparison of traditional 4kW $CO_2$ Laser cutting and 2kW Fiber laser cutting characteristics for the application of Industrial 2D Laser Cutting Machine. The laser used in this investigation was an IPG YLU-2000 multi-mode Ytterbium Fiber machine with a maximum power of 2000W and a wave length of 1070 nm. The laser was used in its Continuous Wave (CW) mode with an approximately top hat beam intensity distribution. Fiber laser high quality cuts at a large range of speeds (ranging from 2000 to 3800 mm/min) which has been obtained for the 2.3mm Sheet of SS400. 2kW power Fiber laser cut was able to max. 20mm sheets of SS400 (speed range from 650 to 850 mm/min). Fiber laser cutting used in conventional hole nozzle could cut 12mm SS400 but used in special dual cutting nozzle could cut 20mm SS400.

All-fiber Tm-Ho Codoped Laser Operating at 1700 nm

  • Park, Jaedeok;Ryu, Siheon;Yeom, Dong-Il
    • Current Optics and Photonics
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.356-360
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    • 2018
  • We demonstrate continuous-wave operation of an all-fiber thulium-holmium codoped laser operating at a wavelength of 1706.3 nm. To realize laser operation in the short-wavelength region of the emission-band edge of thulium in silica fiber, we employ fiber Bragg gratings having resonant reflection at a wavelength around 1700 nm as a wavelength-selective mirror in an all-fiber cavity scheme. We first examine the performance of the laser by adjusting the central wavelength of the in-band pump source. Although a pump source possessing a longer wavelength is observed to provide reduced laser threshold power and increased slope efficiency, because of the characteristics of spectral response in the gain fiber, we find that the optimal pump wavelength is 1565 nm to obtain maximum laser output power for a given system. We further explore the properties of the laser by varying the fiber gain length from 1 m to 1.4 m, for the purpose of power scaling. It is revealed that the laser shows optimal performance in terms of output power and slope efficiency at a gain length of 1.3 m, where we obtain a maximum output power of 249 mW for an applied pump power of 2.1 W. A maximum slope efficiency is also estimated to be 23% under these conditions.

Characteristics of Plasma Emission Signals in Fiber Laser Welding of API Steel (II) -The Relationship between Welding Conditions and Emission Signals- (API강재의 파이버레이저 용접시 유기되는 플라즈마의 방사특성 (II) -용접조건과 방사신호의 관련성-)

  • Lee, Chang-Je;Kim, Jong-Do;Kim, Yu-Chan
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.24-30
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    • 2012
  • Laser welding by fiber laser accompanied by a lot of spatter and humping bead. This is because the deep and narrow keyhole usually form due to high beam quality. So the weld bead is formed defects, because the plasma jet with a high vapor pressure make the molten pool on keyhole wall scattered. For such a reason, unstable behavior of keyhole is difficult to monitor laser welding by using the laser induced plasma. Mostly, fiber laser welding of thick plates most be influenced by this effect. Therefore, fiber laser welding has been difficult to apply the sole. Thus, laser welding monitoring based on plasma measurements have much difficulty in measurements and analysis of signal. In this study, influence of the plasma emission signal according to welding speed and laser power in fiber laser welding analysed by using RMS and FFT analysis. We can verify that RMS value of the plasma emission signal changes with welding parameters in fiber laser welding, and aspect ratio greater than 1, the peak of FFT frequency had been moved in accordance with welding parameter.

Wavelength-Switchable Fiber Ring Laser Employing a Long-Period Fiber Grating Inscribed on a High Birefringent Fiber (복굴절이 큰 광섬유에 형성된 장주기 광섬유 격자를 이용한 파장 스위칭 가능한 광섬유 고리형 레이저)

  • Lee, Yong-Wook
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.56 no.11
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    • pp.1995-1997
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    • 2007
  • In this paper we propose a wavelength-switchable fiber ring laser that employs a polarization-dependent fiber band stop filter. The fiber filter was fabricated by inscribing a long-period fiber grating on a high birefringent fiber. Dual-wavelength switching operation was accomplished by controlling the rotatable linear polarizer which rotated the polarization plane of the light circulating through the fiber laser cavity. The amplitude variation of both laser lines was measured to be less than 0.5 dB and the signal-to-amplified spontaneous emission ratio was more than 55 dB.

Fiber Laser Welding in the Car Body Shop - Laser Seam Stepper versus Remote Laser Welding -

  • Kessler, Berthold
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.17-22
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    • 2013
  • The excellent beam quality of high power fiber lasers are commonly used for remote welding applications in body job applications. The Welding speed and productivity is unmatched with any other welding technology including resistance spot welding or traditional laser welding. High tooling cost for clamping and bulky safety enclosures are obstacles which are limiting the use. With the newly developed Laser stitch welding gun we have an integrated clamping in the process tool and the laser welding is shielded in a way that no external enclosure is needed. Operation of this laser welding gun is comparable with resistance spot welding but 2-times faster. Laser stitch welding is faster than spot welding and slower than remote welding. It is a laser welding tool with all the laser benefits like welding of short flanges, weld ability of Ultra High Strength steel, 3 layers welding and Aluminium welding. Together with low energy consumption and minimum operation cost of IPG fiber laser it is a new and sharp tool for economic car body assembly.

Vector Passive Harmonic Mode-locking Fiber Laser Based on Topological Insulator Bi2Se3 Interacting with Fiber Taper

  • Li, Jian Ping
    • Journal of the Optical Society of Korea
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.135-139
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    • 2016
  • I propose a vector passive harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on topological insulator Bi2Se3 interacting with a fiber taper with a diameter of 7 μm. The particles of topological insulator are deposited uniformly onto the fiber taper with light pressure effect. By incorporating the fabricated saturable absorber into an Er-doped fiber laser cavity, stable mode-locked fiber is obtained. Due to the intense evanescent field of the fiber taper, strong confinement of light enhances the nonlinearity of the laser cavity, and passive harmonic mode-locking is performed. I observe a maximum harmonic mode-locking of 356th, corresponding to a frequency of 3.57 GHz. The pulse duration is 824 fs, and the full width at half maximum of the spectrum is about 8.2 nm. The polarization dependent loss of the saturable absorber is ~ 2.5 dB in the wavelength range of the C band. As the cavity contains no other polarization dependent device, the mode-locked laser is functioning in the vector state. The harmonic order vs pump power is investigated. To the best of our knowledge, this report is the highest frequency mode-locked fiber laser based on Bi2Se3. Experimental results indicate that the topological insulator Bi2Se3 functioning with a thin fiber taper is effective for vector harmonic mode-locking.

Multiwavelength Erbium-doped Fiber Ring Laser with Adjustable Line Power using Variable Attenuators and DWDM

  • Lee, Hojoon
    • Korean Journal of Optics and Photonics
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.146-149
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    • 2014
  • The homogeneous line broadening in EDF leads to unstable lasing and strong mode competition. In this paper a multiwavelength fiber ring laser that overcomes these effects by using variable attenuators between the DWDM and $1{\times}N$ coupler, has been proposed. Fiber ring lasers with four and eight wavelength outputs are implemented, and we show that the output powers can be adjusted with stable operation. The EDF ring laser has one four-wavelength output and four of single wavelengths, with OSNR of 50 and 60 dB respectively.

Laser Microfabrication of Multidirectional Side-fire Optical Fiber Tip (전방과 측면 방사 조절이 가능한 의료용 광섬유 팁 가공 기술)

  • Jung, Deok;Sohn, Ik-Bu;Noh, Young-Chul;Kim, Jin-Hyeok;Kim, Changhwan;Lee, Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.30 no.10
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    • pp.1017-1022
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    • 2013
  • Currently, various optical fiber tips are used to deliver laser beam for endoscopic surgery. In this paper, we demonstrated multidirectional (forward and side) firing optical fiber tip using a femtosecond micromachining and $CO_2$ laser polishing technology. We controlled the edge width of optical fiber tip, by modulating the condition of $CO_2$ laser, to regulate the amount of side and forward emission. The distal end of the optical fiber with core/clad diameter of $400/440{\mu}m$ was microstructured with cone shape by using a femtosecond laser. And then the microstructured optical fiber tip was polished by $CO_2$ laser beam result in smoothing and specular reflection at the surface of the cone structure. Finally, we operated the LightTools simulation and good agreement was generally found between the proposed model and experimental simulation.