• Title/Summary/Keyword: Fillet Welding

Search Result 108, Processing Time 0.074 seconds

Development of Process for High Deposited Metal Melting Efficiency in TIG Welding Using Filler Wire (필러와이어를 쓰는 TIG용접에서 용착금속의 높은 용융효율을 얻기 위한 공정개발)

  • Shin, Hee-Seop;Ham, Hyo-Sik;Seo, Ji-Seuk;Cho, Sang-Myoung
    • Proceedings of the KWS Conference
    • /
    • 2010.05a
    • /
    • pp.41-41
    • /
    • 2010
  • 에어컨용 냉매 압축기, 냉장고용 냉매압축기 및 자동차 샷시 부품들은 주로 겹치기 필릿용접을 GMAW 으로 실시하고 있다. 그러나 용접 시 스패터 발생으로 인한 추가공수가 요구되며 작업환경 또한 열악한 실정이다. 따라서 저가의 고생산이면서 용접비드의 외관이 미려하고 스패터, 소음 그리고 Fume 이 발생되지 않는 청정한 TIG 용접이 있지만, 용접속도가 수십 cpm 이하로 제한되어 생산성이 낮다는 기술적 모순을 가지고 있다. TIG 용접에서 생산성을 증가시키기 위해 모재와 와이어를 고속 용융 시키려면 전류를 높여 입열량을 증가시켜야 하지만, 증가된 전류로 인하여 상승된 아크력이 험핑비드와 언더컷이 발생되는 물리적 모순을 가진다. 또한 필러와이어를 사용한 기존의 TIG 용접에서 필러 와이어는 주로 원형 단면 와이어를 사용하게 되는데 와이어의 직경이 증가함에 따라 비표면적은 감소하여 용융효율이 낮아지므로 $\Phi$1.2 이하의 필러와이어를 송급하여 용접하였다. 그러나 요구되는 용착량이 큰 경우 필러 와이어를 고속으로 송급하게 되는데 이 경우 필러 와이어 용융이 곤란하거나 송급상의 문제가 자주 생겨 용접속도를 고속으로 하기 곤란하였다. 따라서 필러와이어를 사용한 TIG 용접에서 용착금속의 용융효율을 높게 함으로서 전류를 크게 증가시키지 않으면서도 용접속도를 높일 수 있는 용접 공정개발이 필요한 실정이다. 본 연구에서는 비표면적을 증가시켜 용착금속의 높은 용융효율을 얻을 수 있도록 개발된 와이어와 기존의 $\Phi$3.2 일반와이어 및 를 이용하여 BOP TIG 용접에 비교 실험하였으며, 개발된 와이어와 기존의 $\Phi$1.2 필러와이어를 이용하여 필릿용접부에 적용 실험하여 비교하였다. 그 결과 개발된 와이어의 경우 적절한 비드를 형성하였으나 3.2 일반와이어의 경우 과도한 볼록비드와 불용착부의 문제가 발생하였고, 필릿용접 비교실험에서는 각각 200cpm과 50cpm에서 적절한 비드가 형성되어 더 높은 용착금속 용융효율을 얻을 수 있었다.

  • PDF

The study on the prediction of the remaining life at the fillet welded joint by using eletric potential method (전위차법에 의한 필렛용접부의 잔여수명 예측에 관한 연구)

  • Um, Tae-Hwan;Chang, Kyong-Ho;Lee, Jae-Sun;Lee, Jin-Hee;Kim, You-Chul
    • Proceedings of the KWS Conference
    • /
    • 2010.05a
    • /
    • pp.56-56
    • /
    • 2010
  • 최근 강구조물의 건설이 지속적으로 증가되어 왔다. 또한 강구조물의 유지관리 및 안전성에 대한 관심이 급증하고 있다. 시설물의 안전성 확보는 대형사고의 사전 예방, 공용 중 갑작스런 가동 중지에 의하여 발생되는 비용증가를 사전에 차단 할 수 있다는 점에서 그 중요성은 매우 크다고 할 수 있다. 또한 각종 구조물은 열악한 사용조건, 고온, 고압, 고속, 대형화됨에 따라 일단 사고가 발생 했을 경우 대형사고의 위험이 예상되므로, 제작시 검사의 강화뿐만이 아니라 공용 중 구조물의 안전성을 진단 할 수 있는 모니터링 체계의 확립이 필요한 시점이다. 현재 국내에서 강구조물들의 균열 모니터링 시스템에 관한 연구는 매우 미흡한 실정이며, 현재 사용되고 있는 비파괴검사 방법은 UT와 RT등이다. 이러한 방법들은 많은 시간과 경비가 소요되며 또한 거대구조물 혹은 사람의 접근이 어려운 곳에는 적용하기가 힘들다. 또한 주기적인 검사 작업으로 인한 막대한 시간과 비용의 손실이 발생되고 있으며 초기 결함을 조기에 인지하지 못함으로써 적절한 보수 보강 대책이 이루어지지 않아 보수 보강 비용의 증대를 초래한다. 더욱이, 결함이 진전된 이후에도 이것을 인지하지 못하여 적절한 대응을 하지 않는다면 대형사고로 이어질 수도 있다. 따라서 강구조물에 대한 효율적인 유지관리가 가능하고, 초기결함으로부터 균열이 진전하여 붕괴되는 사고를 미연에 방지하며 초기에 보수보강 작업을 수행함으로써 보수보강 비용도 절감 할 수 있는 모니터링 시스템의 개발이 요구되고 있다. 이러한 모니터링 시스템의 개발은 기술적 측면에서 강구조물의 효율적인 유지 관리 노하우를 얻을 수 있으며 경제 산업적 측면에서는 보수 보강 비용 및 불필요한 주기적 점검 비용을 절감 할 수 있다. 이 연구에서는 전위차법을 이용하여 강구조물의 필렛 용접부에서의 균열진전양상을 파악하고 정량화를 통해 필렛용접부의 잔여수명을 예측하였다.

  • PDF

An Estimation of the Fatigue Behavior on the Cruciform Type Specimen by Variation of the Stress Ratio (응력비 변화에 따른 십자형 접합부의 피로거동 평가)

  • 김태봉;서상구;우상익
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
    • /
    • v.15 no.1
    • /
    • pp.140-145
    • /
    • 2000
  • This paper was composed with fatigue test of the cruciform specimens, as load carrying and non-load carrying type. It also has performed computational analyses for geometric condition of the fillet welding bead. As test results, the effect of stress ratio in the specimen was insignificant. Stress ranges were varied with R=0.1~0.2. The fatigue cracks that were found in the load carrying type specimens and most specimens welded with contact were developed at the end of welds. The fatigue strength of specimen that have fractured in maternal plate was found about ${\Delta}\sigma_c$=63.5MPa. It's about 24% less than that of the non-load carrying type specimens having about ${\Delta}\sigma_c$=83.8MPa. A category of the Fatigue design specifications which provide for cruciform details was defined grade C as a stress of the maternal member. And then, the fatigue strength to be transformed into the maternal stress was found about 78.27 MPa, it tends to be less than that of allowable fatigue strength.

  • PDF

Residual Stress Distribution on the Fillet Weldment used by Finite Element Method (유한요소법을 이용한 필렛용접 이음부의 잔류응력분포)

  • Kim, Hyun Sung;Woo, Sang Ik;Jung, Kyoung Sup
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
    • /
    • v.12 no.2 s.45
    • /
    • pp.197-207
    • /
    • 2000
  • A transient heat transfer analysis and thermo-elastic analysis have been performed for the residual stress distribution on the fillet weldment used by finite element method. Specimen is fabricated single-pass fillet welding. This computation was performed for conditions including surface heat flux and temperature dependent thermo-physical properties using by heat input as parameter. Also, cut-off temperature of residual stress estimation by thermo-elastic analysis is determined. The fillet weldment were measured to determined their residual stress distributions for using hole-drilling method. As result, it was found that large tensile residual stress is about material yield strength, and the numerical simulation results for finite element method similar to residual stresses by hole-drilling method and other exiting research. Also, cut-off temperature is effectively determined by temperature which calculated maximum thermal stress equal to material yield strength.

  • PDF

A Study of Predicting 3-dimensional Welding Residual Stresses Distribution for T-joint Fillet Specimen (십자형 용접 시편의 3차원 용접 잔류응력 분포 예측에 관한 연구)

  • Yoo, Mi-Ji;Lee, Jang-Hyun;Hwang, Se-Yun;Kim, Kyung-Su;Kim, Sung-Chan
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
    • /
    • v.28 no.2
    • /
    • pp.84-90
    • /
    • 2010
  • Fillet welding accounts for about 80% of all constructing process of ship and ocean structure. T-joint is one of the typical shapes which are frequently reported to experience the fatigue damage when the marine structure meets the storm loads. The fatigue damage is affected by the magnitude of residual stresses on the weld. Recently, many shipping registers and design guidances have required that the fatigue strength assessment method should be compensated by the effect of the residual stress in case that the random loading or storm loading is applied to the marine vessels. This study suggests the computational procedure to analyze the residual stresses of T-joint specimen that is frequently reported to get damaged by the storm loading. Experiment by XRD as well as the 3-D computational welding model is presented in order to get the profile of residual stress. Throughout the comparison of experimental result with the computational result, the computational model was validated. Thereafter, characteristics of he residual stresses in the joint are discussed.

Effect of Mechanical Constraints on the Angular Distortion of Welding Joints (용접 각변형에 미치는 구속도의 영향)

  • Park, Jeong Ung;Lee, Jae Won;Lee, Hae Woo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
    • /
    • v.13 no.5
    • /
    • pp.547-556
    • /
    • 2001
  • This study presents new method in which to derive the constraint coefficient from the quantity of angular deformation by welding measured by varying the shape of welded joints and the magnitude of constraints by varying the shape of welded joints and the magnitude of constraints by experiment and from the result analyzed by elastic FEM method and then to decide equivalent load with it The numerical analysis results by this new method verified the validity by agreeing with the experimental result on specimen. In addition These results are applicable to the prediction of the quantity of welding deformation for large structures regardless of the size and the shape While in the effects of the constraints based on the shape of welded joints in the case of Butt welding when the constraint coefficients are not considered the deformed quantity is produced larger than one by the experiment and consequently is largely affected by the constraints But in the case of Fillet welding the deformed quantity is seldom affected regardless of considering the constraint coefficients or not.

  • PDF

Three Dimensional Thermal-Elastic Plastic Analysis of GMAW Considering the Melting of Weld Bead (비드의 용용상태를 고려한 가스메탈 아크용접의 3차원 열탄소성 변형 해석)

  • Jang-Hyun Lee;Jong-Gye Shin;Ji-Hoon Kim
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
    • /
    • v.39 no.1
    • /
    • pp.49-60
    • /
    • 2002
  • Welding is essential in ship production since welding is very popular method for joining two or more metals. However, welding causes residual stress and distortion and these give a bad influence to the structure strength and assembly of ship blocks. Therefore, prediction and treatment of residual stress and distortion is a key to accuracy control in shipyard. In this paper, a computational procedure, based on thermal-elastic-plastic 3-dimensional FEA, has been suggested to simulate butt and fillet welding process. In the simulation process, temperature distribution at each time step is obtained by heat transfer analysis and then thermal deformation analysis is done with obtained temperature distributions to find the residual stress and distortion. In heat transfer analysis, enthalpy method is used to realize phase change at melting temperature. Also element birth and death method is used to simulate adding of weld metal in both heat transfer analysis and thermal elastic plastic analysis. The proposed procedure is verified by related researches and the results show good agreement with those of related researches.

Initial Imperfection and Axial Strength of Struts with Octagonal Hollow Section fabricated from HR Plate (열연강판 팔각강관 버팀보의 초기편심과 축방향 압축강도)

  • Jo, Jae Byung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
    • /
    • v.27 no.1
    • /
    • pp.23-30
    • /
    • 2015
  • Developed in this study were Octagonal-hollow-section(OHS) struts, whose compressive strengths against flexural and local buckling is higher than H-shape or rectangular-hollow-section(RHS) struts with the same unit weight. OHS members are also advantageous in handling and storing compared to circular hollow sections(CHS). OHS members were fabricated from HR Plates by cold forming and fillet welding. 5 numbers of 20m long OHS struts were assembled, each of which consist of two 9.6m long OHS member and two end connection elements made of cast iron. The compressive strength of the OHS strut was evaluated by comparing the test results, design codes and FEM analysis each other. Test results show that all of the struts have almost same or larger compressive strength than Korean Road Bridge Design Code(KRBDC) (2012). The initial imperfections can be estimated by using measured strains and are turned out to be less than L/450 for all the struts tested. The results of FEM analysis show that the variation of initial imperfection has less effects on the compressive strength for struts with vertical surcharge than for those with self-weight only, while the strength decreases as the initial imperfection increases. As the result of this study, the allowable initial imperfection for 20m long OHS struts is recommended to be less than L/350 on job sites.