• Title, Summary, Keyword: Financial Performance

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Financial Performance according to the Types of Financial Strategy in Elderly Households (노인가계의 재무전략유형별 재무성과)

  • Park, Jin-Yeong
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.25-44
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to classify the financial strategies and investigate major determinants of the financial performance in elderly households. This study used the data of 4,577households with all ages and 1,255 elderly households were from the Korean Labor and Income Panel Study(2000, 2003). The data were analyzed by various statistical methods such as frequency, mean-test, Duncan's multiple range test, k-mean cluster analysis and regression. The major findings were as follows: First, the classified household financial strategy types were Residual(44.3%), Financial Assets(24.0%), Informal Institutional(19.7%), Diversified Portfolio(7.6%), Real Estate(4.5%). Second, the criteria of classification of the financial strategies were relative, not absolute. Third, elderly households that employed a financial assets had the greatest financial performance (62,320,000 won net gain). Households with all ages that employed a diversified portfolio strategy had the greatest financial performance (98,360,000 won net gain). Forth, the determinants of the financial performance were significantly different according to the types of financial strategy.

An Empirical Analysis of the Effect of Operations Performance on Financial Performance (오퍼레이션스 성과와 재무성과 간의 인과관계에 대한 실증분석)

  • Kim, Younghoon;Pyun, Jebum;Kim, DaeSoo
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.57-73
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    • 2015
  • While many previous studies investigated the effect of operations performance on financial performance, most studies considered only a few performance indicators and ignored the characteristics of industries. Therefore, this study intends to analyze the effect of operations performance on financial performance, by selecting a rather comprehensive operations performance indicators from firms' financial data. In doing so, we used operating efficiency and supply chain performance indicators for operations performance and a firm's profitability and future value indicators for financial performance. For the analysis, we collected 544 firms' operations and financial performance data belonging to eight key industries from the 'Forbes Global 2000'. We first analysed the differences in operations and financial performance among high, medium and low supply chain performance groups based on the quantitative criteria of Gartner's 'Supply Chain Top 25' ranking procedure. Then we analysed the effect of operations performance indicators on financial performance for both entire industry and individual industries, using multiple regression. Based on the results, we provided practical insights into key operations performance indicators to focus on and manage in order to improve financial performance.

The Effect Strategic Alliances on the Performance in Container Liner Shipping Companies (컨테이너 정기선사의 전략적 제휴 특성이 재무적 성과와 비재무적 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Jong-Sub
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.99-106
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    • 2016
  • Purpose - The antecedent to the relationship between the effect of the characteristics of strategic alliances and the performance of container liner shipping companies has been investigated in this study as container liner shipping companies' strategic alliances. It affects positively and negatively home, partner, and the third parties' performance in container liner shipping companies. Extensive literature reviews on shipper's strategic alliances reveal that strategic alliances in financial and non-financial performance of container liner shipping companies show the performance such as economic effects, business performance, global supply chain management performance, customer satisfaction, and forward integration and backward integration performance. The purpose of this study is to test empirically that the relationship between the characteristics of strategic alliances and financial and non-financial performance in container liner shipping companies. Structured equation modeling and confirmatory factor analysis were used to test the hypothesis using AMOS statistics program. Most previous researches focused on the relationship between the characteristics of strategic alliances and alliance types. There are few empirical studies that focus on business performance data because it is difficult to collect data in container liner shipping companies. However, this research measures financial and non-financial performance differently compared with the previous researches focusing on the characteristics of strategic alliances and alliance types measurements. Research design, data, and methodology - The conceptual model for the study is based on the studies of Lim (2010), Chen & Zhen (2009), and Wang & Meng (2014). The model is built around the factors of characteristics of strategic alliances and business performance. Cost, marketing, and service factors are regarded as proxy for the characteristics of strategic alliances. The financial and non-financial performance are regarded as proxy for the performance of strategic alliances. Based on the analysis of one hundred cases such as forwarder, shipper, and liner shipping companies, this study uses structural equation modeling to verify the effects of the characteristics of strategic alliances on business performance. Conclusions - This study provides container liner shipping companies to get some policy and practical implications in terms of the characteristics of strategic alliances and business performance. First, the cost factor for alliances characteristics has a positively significant influence on the financial and non-financial performance of strategic alliances. The cost factor relationship between high and low performance group does not have a significant difference on the performance of strategic alliances. Second, the marketing factor of alliances characteristics has a positively significant influence on the financial and non-financial performance of strategic alliances. The high performance group's marketing factor has a great non-financial performance than low performance group, but the low performance group's marketing factor has a grater financial performance than high performance group factor does. Third, the service factor of alliances characteristics has a negative influence on the non-financial performance of strategic alliances. The high performance group's service factor has a great non-financial performance than low performance group. Based on the findings from this study, related implications and future avenues deserve to be discussed.

The Effect of Financial Restructuring on the Overall Financial Performance of the Commercial Banks in Vietnam

  • DUONG, Tam Thanh Nguyen;PHAN, Hai Thanh;HOANG, Tien Ngoc;VO, Tien Thuy Thi
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.7 no.9
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    • pp.75-84
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    • 2020
  • The study investigates and measures the impact of financial restructuring on overall financial performance of commercial banks in Vietnam. Survey data for this research were collected from audited financial reports of 28 commercial banks in Vietnam, for the period from 2008 to 2018. In the study, we have built a model of econometric regression with the dependent variable being financial results measured through ROA and ROE. The research methods used include Pooled Ordinary Least Square Model (POLS), Fixed Effects Model (FEM), Random Effects Model (REM), and different Generalized Method of Moments (GMM). The results showed that the account payables restructuring and owners' equity restructuring are much needed. Increasing the owners' equity, decreasing the account payables would improve the overall financial performance, bad debts restructuring to decrease bad debts would also improve the financial performance as well. However, the financial restructuring in the period 2012-2015 and 2016-2018, indeed worsen the financial performance during those times. The findings of this study suggest that the evaluation of the financial performance after restructuring of commercial banks in Vietnam must be based on longer data. At the same time, it is necessary to examine differences between various banking groups to draw accurate conclusions on financial performance.

A Study on Relationship between Customer Satisfaction Measure and Financial Performance (KS-SQI를 이용한 고객만족도와 기업재무성과간의 관계에 연구)

  • Song, Sang-Min;Cho, Jai-Rip
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Quality Management Conference
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    • pp.109-114
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    • 2009
  • Recently, there has been growing interest in the financial and economic effectiveness of service quality and customer satisfaction. It means that the final goal of customer satisfaction is the maximization with firms' financial performance, enterprise could survive through the creation of continuous financial performance. Companies are working in various ways to identify the direct relationship of service quality and customer satisfaction with financial and economic effectiveness in order to justify and validate customer satisfaction management. In this study, the influence of customer satisfaction on the financial performance is examined. Also, we have analyzed customer satisfaction by comparing financial outcome of each industry Customer satisfaction index, the key non-financial performance measure has significant association with firms' financial performance index. Moreover, high customer satisfaction has a competitive advantage, so it can be the key success factor of firm's financial performance improvement.

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The Effect of Prior Financial Performance on Organizational Reputation and Earnings Management

  • HUYNH, Quang Linh;NGUYEN, Nguyen Van
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.75-81
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    • 2019
  • The paper aims to investigate the linkage among prior financial performance, organizational reputation and earnings quality. Firstly, it examines the influence of prior financial performance on organizational reputation and on earnings quality. Secondly, this research explores the moderating role that prior financial performance plays in the causal relationship from organizational reputation to earnings quality. Thirdly, the mediating role of organizational reputation in the effect of prior financial performance on earnings quality is analyzed. The empirical findings show that, prior financial performance positively affects both earnings quality and organizational reputation that in turn partly mediates the causal connection from prior financial performance to earnings quality; whereas prior financial performance imposes a positive moderation in the influence of organizational reputation on earnings quality. This research is expected to provide scholars and practitioners with a thorough understanding of the complex link among prior financial performance, organizational reputation and earnings quality. That helps them to deliver good decisions on the investment of suitable resources in maintaining and enhancing their organizational reputation, which assures a higher quality of reported earnings that in turn improves involved stakeholders' confidence in their firm. This likely leads the firms to gain better performance in the future.

A Study on Relationship between Customer Satisfaction Measure and Financial Performance. (KS-SQI를 이용한 고객만족도와 기업재무성과간의 관계 연구)

  • Song, Sang-Min;Cho, Jai-Rip
    • Proceedings of the Safety Management and Science Conference
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    • pp.501-510
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    • 2009
  • Recently, there has been growing interest in the financial and economic effectiveness of service quality and customer satisfaction. It means that the final goal of customer satisfaction is the maximization with firms' financial performance, enterprise could survive through the creation of continuous financial performance. Companies are working in various ways to identify the direct relationship of service quality and customer satisfaction with financial and economic effectiveness in order to justify and validate customer satisfaction management. In this study, the influence of customer satisfaction on the financial performance is examined. Customer satisfaction index, the key non-financial performance measure has significant association with firms' financial performance index. Moreover, high customer satisfaction has a competitive advantage, so it can be the key success factor of firm's financial performance improvement.

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An Analysis of the Financial Performance in the types of Household financial Strategy (가계 재무전략 유형별 재무성과 분석)

  • Park Jin Yeong;Moon Sook Jae
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.165-175
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to classify the household financial strategies and investigate major determinants of the household financial strategies and financial performance. The data of 3,994 households is from the Korean Labor and Income Panel Stud?. The major findings were as follows. (1) The classified household financial strategies types were Residual ($44.6\%$), Informal Institutional ($13.3\%$), Financial Assets ($16.7\%$), Real Estate ($13.4\%$), and Diversified Portfolio ($12.0\%$). (2) The criteria of classification of the household financial strategies were relative, not absolute. (3) The household financial strategy types changed largely during a short period(1999-2000). (4) In all households, the variables that affected changes in household financial strategies were education, occupation, number of children, residential location and home ownership. (5) Households that employed a diversified portfolio strategy had the greatest financial performance (2,316,000 won net gain). (6) In all households, the variables that had the greatest influence on financial performance were the number of children, assets and debts. 1'he financial performance was significantly different according to changes in the household financial strategy.

A Study on the Factors for Adopting Financial Information System and the Companies' Business Performance (회계정보 시스템의 도입 특성과 기업성과에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, In-Tae;Yi, Seon-Gyu
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.141-152
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    • 2009
  • This research conducted research on the provision of the strategic information for the companies' financial and accounting parts among the functions that are provided by the ERP, elements related to the adoption of financial information system that influence and that supports decision-making and management performance. The results of this research are as follows. First, organization's degree of decentralization among the organization structure's characteristics and the element of information technology infrastructure among the information technology characteristics does not affect financial or non-financial performance. Second, financial information characteristics do not affect financial performance partially, Third, organization's size does not play the role of adjuster when it comes to the financial performance. Fourth, some research variables used on this research were not analyzed as important elements that influence financial performance, but the analysis showed that they mostly influence non-financial performance, which means that these are what could be considered strategically when adopting financial information system in the future.

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Global Production vs. Inventory Supply and Financial Performance: Evidence from Korean Multinational Firms

  • Lee, Seungrae;Park, Seung Jae
    • Management Science and Financial Engineering
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.21-26
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    • 2016
  • We analyze how firms' global production activities affect their inventory supply and financial performance in regards to its production location. For the analysis, we use information on global production quantities of 3,076 Korean multinational firms that operate business in Europe and Asia through foreign direct investment (FDI) from 2006 to 2013. Our estimation results show that an increase in global production ratio, measured by global production/total production, decreases inventory supply and financial performance of firms that produce in European countries, while it decreases financial performance of firms that produce in Asian countries. Although our results indicate that global production decreases financial performance of firms that produce in Europe and Asia, we find that its negative effects on financial performance are different based on the market demand uncertainty.