• Title, Summary, Keyword: Finite Element Analysis

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Stochastic finite element based reliability analysis of steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC) corbels

  • Gulsan, Mehmet Eren;Cevik, Abdulkadir;Kurtoglu, Ahmet Emin
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.279-304
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    • 2015
  • In this study, reliability analyses of steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC) corbels based on stochastic finite element were performed for the first time in literature. Prior to stochastic finite element analysis, an experimental database of 84 sfrc corbels was gathered from literature. These sfrc corbels were modeled by a special finite element program. Results of experimental studies and finite element analysis were compared and found to be very close to each other. Furthermore experimental crack patterns of corbel were compared with finite element crack patterns and were observed to be quite similar. After verification of the finite element models, stochastic finite element analyses were implemented by a specialized finite element module. As a result of stochastic finite element analysis, appropriate probability distribution functions (PDF's) were proposed. Finally, coefficient of variation, bias and strength reduction (resistance) factors were proposed for sfrc corbels as a consequence of stochastic based reliability analysis.

Evaluation of Probabilistic Finite Element Method in Comparison with Monte Carlo Simulation

  • 이재영;고홍석
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.32 no.E
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 1990
  • Abstract The formulation of the probabilistic finite element method was briefly reviewed. The method was implemented into a computer program for frame analysis which has the same analogy as finite element analysis. Another program for Monte Carlo simulation of finite element analysis was written. Two sample structures were assumed and analized. The characteristics of the second moment statistics obtained by the probabilistic finite element method was examined through numerical studies. The applicability and limitation of the method were also evaluated in comparison with the data generated by Monte Carlo simulation.

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Contact Heat Transfer Coefficient for Finite Element Analysis in Warm Forging Processes (온간단조 공정의 계면열전달계수)

  • Kang J.H.;Ko B.H.;Jae J.S.;Kang S.S.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.183-188
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    • 2006
  • Heat transfer coefficients have great influence on finite element analysis results in elevated temperature forging processes. Experimentally calculated contact heat transfer coefficient is not suitable for one-time finite element analysis because analyzed temperature will be appeared to be too low. To get contact heat transfer coefficient for one-time finite element analysis, tool temperature in operation was measured with thermocouple and repeated finite element analysis was performed with experimentally calculated contact and cooling heat transfer coefficient. Surface temperature of active tool was obtained comparing measurement and analysis results. Contact heat transfer coefficient for one-time finite element analysis was achieved analyzing surface temperature between repeated finite element analysis and one-time finite element analysis results.

Finite Element Modeling and Mechanical Analysis of Orthodontics (치아교정의 역학적 해석을 의한 유한요소 모델링 및 치아의 거동해석)

  • Heo, Gyeong-Heon;Cha, Gyeong-Seok;Ju, Jin-Won
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.907-915
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    • 2000
  • The movement of teeth and initial stress associated with the treatment of orthodontics have been successfully studied using the finite element method. To reduce the effort in preprocessing of finite element analysis, we developed two types of three-dimensional finite element models based on the standard teeth model. Individual malocclusions were incorporated in the finite element The movement of teeth and initial stress associated with the treatment of orthodontics have been successfully studied using the finite element method. To reduce the effort in preprocessing of finite element analysis, we developed two types of three-dimensional finite element models based on the standard teeth model. Individual malocclusions were incorporated in the finite element models by considering the measuring factors such as angulation, crown inclination, rotation and translations. The finite element analysis for the wire activation with a T-loop arch wire was carried out. Mechanical behavior on the movement and the initial stress for the malocclusion finite element model was shown to agree with the objectives of the actual treatment. Finite element models and procedures of analysis developed in this study would be suitably utilized for the design of initial shape of the wire and determination of activation displacements.

Study on Strain Localization and Progressive Failure of Concrete (콘크리트의 변형률 국소화 및 진행성 파괴에 관한 연구)

  • 송하원;김형운;우승민
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.181-192
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    • 1999
  • The progressive failure following strain localization in concrete can be analyzed effectively using finite element modeling of fracture process zone of concrete with a finite element embedded discontinuity. In this study, a finite element with embedded discontinuous line is utilized for the analysis of progressive failure in concrete. The finite element with embedded discontinuity is a kind of discrete crack element, but the difficulties in discrete crack approach such as remeshing or adding new nodes along with crack growth can be avoided. Using a discontinuous shape function for this element, the displacement discontinuity is embedded within an element and its constitutive equation is modeled from the modeling of fracture process zone. The element stiffness matrix is derived and its dual mapping technique for numerical integration is employed. Then, a finite element analysis program with employed algorithms is developed and failure analysis results using developed finite element program are verified through the comparison with experimental data and other analysis results.

Formulation Method of a Solid-To-Beam Transitional Finite Element (연속체-보 천이 유한요소의 구성)

  • Park, Woo-Jin;Lim, Jang-Keun
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.351-356
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    • 2000
  • Various transition elements are generally used for the effective analysis of a complicated mechanical structure. In this paper, a solid-to-beam transition finite element which connects a continuum element and a $c^1-continuity$ beam element each other is proposed. The shape functions of the transition finite elements, which a 8-noded hexahedral solid element fur 3D analysis and a 4-noded quadrilateral plane element fur 2D analysis are connected to a Euler's beam element, are explicitely formulated. In order to show the effectiveness and convergence characteristics of the proposed transition elements. numerical tests are performed for various examples and their results are compared with those obtained by other methods. As the result of this study. following conclusions are obtained: (1)The proposed transition finite elements show the monotonic convergence characteristics because of having used the compatible displacement folds. (2)As being used the transition element in the finite element analysis, the finite element modelings are more convenient and the analysis results are more accurate because of the formulation characteristies of the Euler's beam element.

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Dynamically Adaptive Finite Element Mesh Generation Schemes

  • Yoon, Chong-Yul;Park, Joon-Seok
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.659-665
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    • 2010
  • The finite element method(FEM) is proven to be an effective approximate method of structural analysis if proper element types and meshes are chosen, and recently, the method is often applied to solve complex dynamic and nonlinear problems. A properly chosen element type and mesh yields reliable results for dynamic finite element structural analysis. However, dynamic behavior of a structure may include unpredictably large strains in some parts of the structure, and using the initial mesh throughout the duration of a dynamic analysis may include some elements to go through strains beyond the elements' reliable limits. Thus, the finite element mesh for a dynamic analysis must be dynamically adaptive, and considering the rapid process of analysis in real time, the dynamically adaptive finite element mesh generating schemes must be computationally efficient. In this paper, a computationally efficient dynamically adaptive finite element mesh generation scheme for dynamic analyses of structures is described. The concept of representative strain value is used for error estimates and the refinements of meshes use combinations of the h-method(node movement) and the r-method(element division). The shape coefficient for element mesh is used to correct overly distorted elements. The validity of the scheme is shown through a cantilever beam example under a concentrated load with varying values. The example shows reasonable accuracy and efficient computing time. Furthermore, the study shows the potential for the scheme's effective use in complex structural dynamic problems such as those under seismic or erratic wind loads.

Selection of the Optimal Finite Element Type by Material Hardening Behavior Model in Elbow Specimen (엘보우 시편에서의 재료 경화 거동 모델에 따른 최적의 유한 요소 선정)

  • Heo, Eun Ju;Kweon, Hyeong Do
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Pressure Vessels and Piping
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.84-91
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    • 2017
  • This paper is proposed to select the optimal finite element type in finite element analysis. Based on the NUREG reports, static analyses were performed using a commercial analysis program, $ABAQUS^{TM}$. In this study, we used a nonlinear kinematic hardening model proposed by Chaboche. The analysis result of solid elements by inputting the same material constants was different from the results of the NUREG report. This is resulted from the difference between shell element and solid element. Therefore, the material constants that have similar result to the experimental result were determined and compared according to element type. In case of using solid element for efficient finite element analysis, we confirmed that the use of C3D8I element type(incompatible mode 8-node linear brick element) leads the accurate result while reducing the analysis time.

Improving the eigenvalue using higher order elements without re-solving

  • Stephen, D.B.;Steven, G.P.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.385-398
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    • 1997
  • High order finite element have a greater convergence rate than low order finite elements, and in general produce more accurate results. These elements have the disadvantage of being more computationally expensive and often require a longer time to solve the finite element analysis. High order elements have been used in this paper to obtain a new eigenvalue solution with out re-solving the new model. The optimisation of the eigenvalue via the differentiation of the Rayleigh quotient has shown that the additional nodes associated with the higher order elements can be condensed out and solved using the original finite element solution. The higher order elements can then be used to calculate an improved eigenvalue for the finite element analysis.

Numerical modelling and finite element analysis of stress wave propagation for ultrasonic pulse velocity testing of concrete

  • Yaman, Ismail Ozgur;Akbay, Zekai;Aktan, Haluk
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.3 no.6
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    • pp.423-437
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    • 2006
  • Stress wave propagation through concrete is simulated by finite element analysis. The concrete medium is modeled as a homogeneous material with smeared properties to investigate and establish the suitable finite element analysis method (explicit versus implicit) and analysis parameters (element size, and solution time increment) also suitable for rigorous investigation. In the next step, finite element analysis model of the medium is developed using a digital image processing technique, which distinguishes the mortar and aggregate phases of concrete. The mortar and aggregate phase topologies are, then, directly mapped to the finite element mesh to form a heterogeneous concrete model. The heterogeneous concrete model is then used to simulate wave propagation. The veracity of the model is demonstrated by evaluating the intrinsic parameters of nondestructive ultrasonic pulse velocity testing of concrete. Quantitative relationships between aggregate size and testing frequency for nondestructive testing are presented.