• Title, Summary, Keyword: Finite Element Analysis

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Is it shear locking or mesh refinement problem?

  • Ozdemir, Y.I.;Ayvaz, Y.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.181-199
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    • 2014
  • Locking phenomenon is a mesh problem and can be staved off with mesh refinement. If the studier is not preferred going to the solution with increasing mesh size or the computer memory can stack over flow than using higher order plate finite element or using integration techniques is a solution for this problem. The purpose of this paper is to show the shear locking phenomenon can be avoided by increase low order finite element mesh size of the plates and to study shear locking-free analysis of thick plates using Mindlin's theory by using higher order displacement shape function and to determine the effects of various parameters such as the thickness/span ratio, mesh size on the linear responses of thick plates subjected to uniformly distributed loads. A computer program using finite element method is coded in C++ to analyze the plates clamped or simply supported along all four edges. In the analysis, 4-, 8- and 17-noded quadrilateral finite elements are used. It is concluded that 17-noded finite element converges to exact results much faster than 8-noded finite element, and that it is better to use 17-noded finite element for shear-locking free analysis of plates.

Shear locking-free analysis of thick plates using Mindlin's theory

  • Ozdemir, Y.I.;Bekiroglu, S.;Ayvaz, Y.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.311-331
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this paper is to study shear locking-free analysis of thick plates using Mindlin's theory and to determine the effects of the thickness/span ratio, the aspect ratio and the boundary conditions on the linear responses of thick plates subjected to uniformly distributed loads. Finite element formulation of the equations of the thick plate theory is derived by using higher order displacement shape functions. A computer program using finite element method is coded in C++ to analyze the plates clamped or simply supported along all four edges. In the analysis, 8- and 17-noded quadrilateral finite elements are used. Graphs and tables are presented that should help engineers in the design of thick plates. It is concluded that 17-noded finite element converges to exact results much faster than 8-noded finite element, and that it is better to use 17-noded finite element for shear-locking free analysis of plates. It is also concluded, in general, that the maximum displacement and bending moment increase with increasing aspect ratio, and that the results obtained in this study are better than the results given in the literature.

Finite Element Inverse Analysis of the Deep Drawing Process Considering Bending History (굽힘이력을 고려한 딥드로잉공정의 유한요소역해석)

  • Huh, J.;Yoon, J.H.;Bao, Y.D.;Huh, H.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.590-595
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    • 2007
  • This paper introduces a new approach to take account of bending history in finite element inverse analysis during sheet metal forming process. A modified membrane element was adopted for finite element inverse analysis so that bending-unbending energy was additionally imposed in the total plastic energy, predicting bending-unbending regions using the geometry of the final shape and tools. An algorithm was applied to a cylindrical cup deep drawing process. The blank shape and the distribution of the thickness strain were compared with those obtained from the incremental finite element analysis in order to evaluate the effect of the bending history. The algorithm reduced the difference between the results of the inverse analysis from those of the incremental analysis due to bending history. The analysis was also carried out with the variation of the thickness of the initial blank to investigate the effect of bending deformation. The results showed that the difference was remarkably reduced as the thickness of the initial blank increased. This indicates that the finite element inverse analysis cooperated with the suggested scheme is useful to obtain more accurate results, especially when bending effects are significant.

Using fourth order element for free vibration parametric analysis of thick plates resting on elastic foundation

  • Ozdemir, Y.I.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.65 no.3
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    • pp.213-222
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this paper is to study free vibration analysis of thick plates resting on Winkler foundation using Mindlin's theory with shear locking free fourth order finite element, to determine the effects of the thickness/span ratio, the aspect ratio, subgrade reaction modulus and the boundary conditions on the frequency paramerets of thick plates subjected to free vibration. In the analysis, finite element method is used for spatial integration. Finite element formulation of the equations of the thick plate theory is derived by using higher order displacement shape functions. A computer program using finite element method is coded in C++ to analyze the plates free, clamped or simply supported along all four edges. In the analysis, 17-noded finite element is used. Graphs are presented that should help engineers in the design of thick plates subjected to earthquake excitations. It is concluded that 17-noded finite element can be effectively used in the free vibration analysis of thick plates. It is also concluded that, in general, the changes in the thickness/span ratio are more effective on the maximum responses considered in this study than the changes in the aspect ratio.

An Automated Adaptive Finite Element Mesh Generation for Dynamics

  • Yoon, Chongyul
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.83-88
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    • 2019
  • Structural analysis remains as an essential part of any integrated civil engineering system in today's rapidly changing computing environment. Even with enormous advancements in capabilities of computers and mobile tools, enhancing computational efficiency of algorithms is necessary to meet the changing demands for quick real time response systems. The finite element method is still the most widely used method of computational structural analysis; a robust, reliable and automated finite element structural analysis module is essential in a modern integrated structural engineering system. To be a part of an automated finite element structural analysis, an efficient adaptive mesh generation scheme based on R-H refinement for the mesh and error estimates from representative strain values at Gauss points is described. A coefficient that depends on the shape of element is used to correct overly distorted elements. Two simple case studies show the validity and computational efficiency. The scheme is appropriate for nonlinear and dynamic problems in earthquake engineering which generally require a huge number of iterative computations.

DIGITAL IMAGE HANDLING BY FINITE ELEMENT RETINA FOR PLANT GROWTH MONITORING

  • Murase, Haruhiko;Nishiura, Yoshifumi
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.765-772
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    • 1996
  • Objectives of this study were to develop an application method of a numerical retina using the finite element model and to investigate the performance of image features extraction in comparison to the textural analysis. Using a plant community of radish sprouts, excellent resolution of the finite element retina was revealed. The sensitivity analysis of the finite element retina from engineering point of view was discussed. The importance of sensitivity analysis of the finite element retina was pointed out in terms of extraction of effective image features of plant community . Technical details of maximizing the sensitivity of the finite element retina to populated plant canopy were also discussed.

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Blank Design in Multi-Stage Rectangular Deep Drawing of Extreme Aspect Ratio (세장비가 큰 다단계 초정밀 사각형 디프드로잉을 위한 블랭크 설계)

  • 박철성;구태완;강범수
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • pp.258-261
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    • 2003
  • In this study, finite element analysis for multi-stage deep drawing process of rectangular configuration with extreme aspect ratio is carried out especially for the blank design. The analysis of rectangular deep drawing process with extreme aspect ratio is likewise very difficult with respect to the design process parameters including the intermediate die profile. In order to solve the difficulties, numerical approach using finite element method is performed in the present analysis and design. A series of experiments for multi-stage rectangular deep drawing process are conducted and the deformed configuration is investigated by comparing with the results of the finite element analysis. Additionally, to minimize amount of removal material after trimming process, finite element simulation is applied for the blank modification. The analysis incorporates brick elements for a rigid-plastic finite element method with an explicit time integration scheme using LS-DYNA3D.

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A Three-Dimensional Rigid-Viscoplastic Finite Element Analysis of isothermal Square Die Extrusion of a Square Section Based on ALE Description (강-점소성 ALE 유한요소 수식화에 근거한 사각형 형재의 평금형 등온 압출에 대한 3차원 해석)

  • 강연식;양동열
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.55-60
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    • 1996
  • In the finite element analysis of metal forming processes the updated Lagrangian approach has been widely and effectively used to simulate the non-steady state problems. however some difficulties have arisen from abrupt flow change as in extrusion through square dies. In the present work an ALE(arbitrary Lagrangian-Euleria) finite element formulation for deforma-tion analysis are presented fro rigid-viscoplastic materials. The developed finite element program is applied to the isothermal analysis of square die extrusion of a square section. The computational results are compared with those by the updated Lagrangian finite element analysis.

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Evaluation of Efficiency Uncertainty for Three-phase Induction Motor using Finite Element Analysis (유한요소 해석을 이용한 3상 유도전동기의 효율 불확도 평가)

  • Lee, Ho-Hyun;Park, Han-Seok;Jun, Hee-Deuk;Woo, Kyung-Il
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers P
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    • v.66 no.4
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    • pp.163-168
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    • 2017
  • This paper presented an evaluation method for the efficiency uncertainty of a three-phase induction motor using finite element analysis. The motor efficiency in the finite element analysis is calculated by the loss separation method as in the actual test. In the process of evaluating the efficiency uncertainty, the difference between the finite element analysis and the actual test is the method of calculating the type-A / B standard uncertainty of the input quantity to estimate the efficiency and each losses. For the input quantities which can confirm the instantaneous values with respect to time, the type-A standard uncertainty in the finite element analysis is calculated from the RMS values or average values having separate periods in the steady state. And, the type-B standard uncertainty in the finite element analysis is assumed to be zero. Also, this paper compared and analyzed the efficiency uncertainty evaluated by the proposed method and the efficiency uncertainty through the actual test.

Sensitivity analysis for finite element modeling of humeral bone and cartilage

  • Bola, Ana M.;Ramos, A.;Simoes, J.A
    • Biomaterials and Biomechanics in Bioengineering
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.71-84
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    • 2016
  • The finite element method is wide used in simulation in the biomechanical structures, but a lack of studies concerning finite element mesh quality in biomechanics is a reality. The present study intends to analyze the importance of the mesh quality in the finite element model results from humeral structure. A sensitivity analysis of finite element models (FEM) is presented for the humeral bone and cartilage structures. The geometry of bone and cartilage was acquired from CT scan and geometry reconstructed. The study includes 54 models from same bone geometry, with different mesh densities, constructed with tetrahedral linear elements. A finite element simulation representing the glenohumeral-joint reaction force applied on the humerus during $90^{\circ}$ abduction, with external load as the critical condition. Results from the finite element models suggest a mesh with 1.5 mm, 0.8 mm and 0.6 mm as suitable mesh sizes for cortical bone, trabecular bone and humeral cartilage, respectively. Relatively to the higher minimum principal strains are located at the proximal humerus diaphysis, and its highest value is found at the trabecular bone neck. The present study indicates the minimum mesh size in the finite element analyses in humeral structure. The cortical and trabecular bone, as well as cartilage, may not be correctly represented by meshes of the same size. The strain results presented the critical regions during the $90^{\circ}$ abduction.