• Title, Summary, Keyword: Finite-Element Methods

Search Result 1,969, Processing Time 0.046 seconds

MULTIGRID CONVERGENCE THEORY FOR FINITE ELEMENT/FINITE VOLUME METHOD FOR ELLIPTIC PROBLEMS:A SURVEY

  • Kwak, Do-Y.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.69-79
    • /
    • 2008
  • Multigrid methods finite element/finite volume methods and their convergence properties are reviewed in a general setting. Some early theoretical results in simple finite element methods in variational setting method are given and extension to nonnested-noninherited forms are presented. Finally, the parallel theory for nonconforming element[13] and for cell centered finite difference methods [15, 23] are discussed.

  • PDF

Finite volumes vs finite elements. There is a choice

  • Demirdzic, Ismet
    • Coupled systems mechanics
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.5-28
    • /
    • 2020
  • Despite a widely-held belief that the finite element method is the method for the solution of solid mechanics problems, which has for 30 years dissuaded solid mechanics scientists from paying any attention to the finite volume method, it is argued that finite volume methods can be a viable alternative. It is shown that it is simple to understand and implement, strongly conservative, memory efficient, and directly applicable to nonlinear problems. A number of examples are presented and, when available, comparison with finite element methods is made, showing that finite volume methods can be not only equal to, but outperform finite element methods for many applications.

SOME RECENT TOPICS IN COMPUTATIONAL MATHEMATICS - FINITE ELEMENT METHODS

  • Park, Eun-Jae
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.127-137
    • /
    • 2005
  • The objective of numerical analysis is to devise and analyze efficient algorithms or numerical methods for equations arising in mathematical modeling for science and engineering. In this article, we present some recent topics in computational mathematics, specially in the finite element method and overview the development of the mixed finite element method in the context of second order elliptic and parabolic problems. Multiscale methods such as MsFEM, HMM, and VMsM are included.

  • PDF

Reliability-based design optimization of structural systems using a hybrid genetic algorithm

  • Abbasnia, Reza;Shayanfar, Mohsenali;Khodam, Ali
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
    • /
    • v.52 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1099-1120
    • /
    • 2014
  • In this paper, reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) of structures is addressed. For this purpose, the global search and optimization capabilities of genetic algorithm (GA) are combined with the efficiency and reasonable accuracy of an advanced moment-based finite element reliability method. For performing RBDO, three variants of GA including a real-coded, a binary-coded and an improved binary-coded GA are developed. In these methods, GA performs (finite element) reliability analyses to evaluate reliability constraints. For truss structures which include finite element modeling, reliability constraints are evaluated using finite element reliability analysis. Response sensitivity required for finite element reliability analysis is obtained by direct differentiation method (DDM) rather than finite difference method (FDM). The proposed methods are examined within four standard test examples and real-world design problems. The results illustrate the superiority and efficiency of the improved binary-coded GA. Results also illustrate that DDM significantly reduces the computational cost and improves the efficiency of the optimization procedure.

FINITE VOLUME ELEMENT METHODS FOR NONLINEAR PARABOLIC PROBLEMS

  • LI, QIAN;LIU, ZHONGYAN
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.85-97
    • /
    • 2002
  • In this paper, finite volume element methods for nonlinear parabolic problems are proposed and analyzed. Optimal order error estimates in $W^{1,p}$ and $L_p$ are derived for $2{\leq}p{\leq}{\infty}$. In addition, superconvergence for the error between the approximation solution and the generalized elliptic projection of the exact solution (or and the finite element solution) is also obtained.

  • PDF

ERROR ESTIMATES OF MIXED FINITE ELEMENT APPROXIMATIONS FOR A CLASS OF FOURTH ORDER ELLIPTIC CONTROL PROBLEMS

  • Hou, Tianliang
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
    • /
    • v.50 no.4
    • /
    • pp.1127-1144
    • /
    • 2013
  • In this paper, we consider the error estimates of the numerical solutions of a class of fourth order linear-quadratic elliptic optimal control problems by using mixed finite element methods. The state and co-state are approximated by the order $k$ Raviart-Thomas mixed finite element spaces and the control variable is approximated by piecewise polynomials of order $k(k{\geq}1)$. $L^2$ and $L^{\infty}$-error estimates are derived for both the control and the state approximations. These results are seemed to be new in the literature of the mixed finite element methods for fourth order elliptic control problems.

A POSTERIORI L(L2)-ERROR ESTIMATES OF SEMIDISCRETE MIXED FINITE ELEMENT METHODS FOR HYPERBOLIC OPTIMAL CONTROL PROBLEMS

  • Hou, Tianliang
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
    • /
    • v.50 no.1
    • /
    • pp.321-341
    • /
    • 2013
  • In this paper, we discuss the a posteriori error estimates of the semidiscrete mixed finite element methods for quadratic optimal control problems governed by linear hyperbolic equations. The state and the co-state are discretized by the order $k$ Raviart-Thomas mixed finite element spaces and the control is approximated by piecewise polynomials of order $k(k{\geq}0)$. Using mixed elliptic reconstruction method, a posterior $L^{\infty}(L^2)$-error estimates for both the state and the control approximation are derived. Such estimates, which are apparently not available in the literature, are an important step towards developing reliable adaptive mixed finite element approximation schemes for the control problem.

Fuzzy finite element method for solving uncertain heat conduction problems

  • Chakraverty, S.;Nayak, S.
    • Coupled systems mechanics
    • /
    • v.1 no.4
    • /
    • pp.345-360
    • /
    • 2012
  • In this article we have presented a unique representation for interval arithmetic. The traditional interval arithmetic is transformed into crisp by symbolic parameterization. Then the proposed interval arithmetic is extended for fuzzy numbers and this fuzzy arithmetic is used as a tool for uncertain finite element method. In general, the fuzzy finite element converts the governing differential equations into fuzzy algebraic equations. Fuzzy algebraic equations either give a fuzzy eigenvalue problem or a fuzzy system of linear equations. The proposed methods have been used to solve a test problem namely heat conduction problem along with fuzzy finite element method to see the efficacy and powerfulness of the methodology. As such a coupled set of fuzzy linear equations are obtained. These coupled fuzzy linear equations have been solved by two techniques such as by fuzzy iteration method and fuzzy eigenvalue method. Obtained results are compared and it has seen that the proposed methods are reliable and may be applicable to other heat conduction problems too.

Updating Algorithms of Finite Element Model Using Singular Value Decomposition and Eigenanalysis (특이값 분해와 고유치해석을 이용한 유한요소모델의 개선)

  • 김홍준;박영필
    • Journal of KSNVE
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.163-173
    • /
    • 1999
  • Precise and reasonable modelling is necessary and indispensable to the analysis of dynamic characteristics of mechanical structures. Also. the effective prediction of the change of modal properties due to the variation of design parameters is required especially for the application of finite element method to the structural dynamics problems. To meet those necessity and requirement, three model updating algorithms are proposed for finite element methods. Those algorithms are based on sensitivity analysis of the modal data obtained from experimental modal analysis(EMA) and analytical modal analysis(AMA). The adapted sensitivity analysis methods of the algorithms are 1)eigensensitivity(EGNS) method. 2)frequency response function sensitivity(FRFS) method. 3)sensitivity based element-by-element method (SBEEM), Singular value decomposition(SVD) is used for performing eigenanalysis and parameter estimation in the updating process. Those algorithms are applied to finite element of a plate and the updating capability of each algorithm is compared in terms of accuracy. reliability and stability of the updating process. It is shown that the model updating method using frequency response function is superior to the other methods in view of various updating capabilities.

  • PDF

Preliminary Study on Effect of Baseline Correction in Acceleration Excitation Method on Finite Element Elastic-Plastic Time-History Seismic Analysis Results of Nuclear Safety Class I Components (원전 안전 1등급 기기의 유한요소 탄소성 시간이력 지진해석 결과에 미치는 가속도 가진 방법 내 기준선 조정의 영향에 대한 예비연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Sung;Park, Sang-Hyeok
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Pressure Vessels and Piping
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.69-76
    • /
    • 2018
  • The paper presents preliminary investigation results for the effect of the baseline correction in the acceleration excitation method on finite element seismic analysis results (such as accumulated equivalent plastic strain, equivalent plastic strain considering cyclic plasticity, von Mises effective stress, etc) of nuclear safety Class I components. For investigation, finite element elastic-plastic time-history seismic analysis is performed for a surge line including a pressurizer lower head, a pressurizer surge nozzle, a surge piping, and a hot leg surge nozzle using the Chaboche hardening model. Analysis is performed for various seismic loading methods such as acceleration excitation methods with and without the baseline correction, and a displacement excitation method. Comparing finite element analysis results, the effect of the baseline correction is investigated. As a result of the investigation, it is identified that finite element analysis results using the three methods do not show significant difference.