• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fire Safety

Search Result 2,969, Processing Time 0.048 seconds

Fire Hazard Analysis and Performance Based Fire safety Design for the Clean Room in Semiconductor Factory (반도체공장 Clean Room에 대한 화재요인 분석 및 성능위주 화재안전설계)

  • Han, Su-Jin;Kang, Kyung-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Safety Management and Science Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.325-336
    • /
    • 2006
  • This research analyzes clean room major fire prevention standard of clean Room (FM, IRI, and NFPA Code), the structure of Performance-Based Fire Safety Design (PBD) applied the korean fire industry situation. Performance-Based Fire Safety can operate effectively the performance of fire protection equipment & building design, so the fitness of fire safety system can be embodied by operating this. moreover, cost to be consume fire safety of real building can reduce and Performance-Based Fire Safety is considered to important technique in fire protection field. A fire in a clean room may cause a serious loss by spreading smoke particles. We will be investigated by using a computational fluid dynamics, for loss prevention by smoke spreading from one fire area to another for clean room and compared the Performance-Based Fire Safety Design with the prescriptive code design. The methodology of fire safety performance-based fire safety design and guarantee of many kinds design skill of fire system and developing design procedure will be very serious one in order to improve efficiency of domestic system. Therefore, This research will be contributing to secure safety of clean room and to set up the performance-based fire safety design in Korea by regulation for the performance-based fire safety design effectively.

  • PDF

Fire Hazard Analysis and Performance Based Fire safety Design for the Clean Room in Semiconductor factory(1) (반도체공장 Clean Room에 대한 화재요인 분석 및 성능위주 화재안전설계(1))

  • Han, Su-Jin;Kang, Kyung-Sik
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
    • /
    • v.8 no.5
    • /
    • pp.211-229
    • /
    • 2006
  • This research analyzes clean room major fire prevention standard of clean Room(FM, IRI, and NFPA Code), the structure of Performance-Based Fire Safety Design(PBD) applied the korean fire industry situation. Performance-Based Fire Safety can operate effectively the performance of fire protection equipment & building design, so the fitness of fire safety system can be embodied by operating this. moreover, cost to be consume fire safety of real building can reduce and Performance-Based Fire Safety is considered to important technique in fire protection field. A fire in a clean room may cause a serious loss by spreading smoke particles. We will be investigated by using a computational fluid dynamics, for loss prevention by smoke spreading from one fire area to another for clean room and compared the Performance-Based Fire Safety Design with the prescriptive code design. The methodology of fire safety performance-based fire safety design and guarantee of many kinds design skill of fire system and developing design procedure will be very serious one in order to improve efficiency of domestic system. Therefore, This research will be contributing to secure safety of clean room and to set up the performance-based fire safety design in Korea by regulation for the performance-based fire safety design effectively.

A Study on the Consciousness Survey of Geriatric Hospital Workers for Fire Safety (요양병원 종사자의 소방안전 의식조사에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Young-Sam
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.91-97
    • /
    • 2016
  • Currently many geriatric hospitals have been built in Korea because younger people don't want to care their parents and have been decreasing for labor. However, the increasing geriatric hospitals make the increasing fire safety accidents. Therefore, this study is conducted by survey and face-to-face talk for analyzing fire safety problem of twelve among 15 geriatric hospitals in the north of Chung-Buk area. The result of this study is that infection and fall accident are higher than others and fire safety implement rate of safety rule followed by CEO is 71%. Monthly safety training rate is 49% and initial fire safety training not conducted is 33%. Yearly outside fire safety training rate is 97% but workers who know how to use fire evacuation facility are 61%. Furthermore, safety instruction rate of fire safety manager is much higher than supervisor's safety instruction. The cause of accident is facility (33%). In conclusion, the institution and rule improvement need for decreasing infection and falling, increasing implement level of fire safety rule and fire safety training, participation rate of supervisor for fire safety, quality of fire safety training, and investment of fire safety facility.

A Study on the Safety and Health Consciousness for the Working Environment of Fire Fighter (소방공무원 근무환경에 대한 안전보건 의식 연구)

  • Lee, Jong-Ho;Kim, Yo-Han
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
    • /
    • v.30 no.1
    • /
    • pp.137-143
    • /
    • 2015
  • Fire fighter are exposed to the situations which are hard to predict due to continuous and accidental changes which hinder their fire fighting activity. As these threats of safety accident act as fear factors, they are doing insecure fire fighting activities. Therefore, as unclear and abnormal risks of working environment such as the riskiness of expansion of disaster, instability, obstacles of activities, abnormality, urgency, etc. increase, safety accidents are caused. This study analyzes the actual condition of safety and health and awareness of fire fighter who are exposed safety accidents during their fire fighting activities and utilize such result as the basis data to secure safety of fire fighter, keep efficient safety control and prevent accidents. The results of analysis are as follows. As rescue works among all fire-fighting works shows the highest emotional stabilization and the highest post-traumatic stress disorder is shown in fire sergeant level positions, and fire fighters whose working period is 10-15 years, reinforcing safety training to long-term workers is necessary. As the result of survey regarding safety awareness, the highest awareness level was shown in fire sergeant level positions, and fire fighters whose working period is over 20 years, and when it comes to operation of fire fighting equipments, fire-fighting workers and workers having 1-4 years of working period showed high safety awareness. The more serious injury in a fire fighter experienced as the first injury after working as a fire-fighter, the more cause-and-effect relationship was shown between personal physical condition and work, and it is shown as obstacles of fire fighting activities and affects to post-traumatic stress disorder. Moreover, as after-work off duty activities also affect to official disaster, systematic improvement of working environment is required. Occupational medical work compatibility evaluation considering the distinct characteristics of works to secure fire-fighter' health care together with fire-fighting capability is shown to be necessary.

The Suitability Evaluation of Training on How to Use Fire Extinguisher through Analyzing Fire Safety Awareness of Preschoolers - Based on Preschoolers in Nowon-gu and Seongbuk-gu - (영유아의 화재안전 의식수준 분석을 통한 소화기 사용 교육의 적합성 평가 - 노원구와 성북구 소재 영유아를 대상으로 -)

  • Lee, Se-Myeoung
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.155-163
    • /
    • 2014
  • Preschoolers are the most effective age to start fire safety education. But, if the education contents are inappropriate, they may form the wrong habit to preschoolers. Many educational contents of fire safety in Korea are not so obvious in the principle and order of priority about what to do during fire and they often contain unnecessary contents to preschoolers such as how to use fire extinguisher. This paper has analyzed fire safety awareness of preschoolers and teachers and, based on the results, has claimed unsuitability of training on how to use fire extinguisher and has suggested the improvement of fire safety education.

A Study on the Fire Safety Plan for High-Rise Building Construction (초고층 건축물 건설공사 시 화재안전계획 수립에 관한 연구)

  • Ham, Eun-Gu;Jeong, Myeong-Jin;Lee, Myeong-Gu
    • Proceedings of the Safety Management and Science Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.59-66
    • /
    • 2012
  • Recently buildings are constructed in larger and higher scales and becoming more complex. Every country in the world is competing to build high-rise buildings. Korea also has and is constructing high-rise buildings, like the 123story Jamsil Lotte Super Tower. However from small to large scale buildings and on construction sites there still are fire safety accidents that occur continuously. Therefore to improve fire safety plan, examining the actual fire safety management and understanding fire risk analysis Using Fire Modeling through Computer Simulation. Fire safety management plan related fire safety cases were collected an dan analyzed for the study. Also hazard analysis of High rise Buildings under fire compared with existing fire law sand regulations.

  • PDF

A Study on the Fire Safety Plan for Building Construction (건축물 건설공사 시 화재안전계획 수립에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Myeong-Jin;Lee, Myeong-Gu;Ham, Eun-Gu
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
    • /
    • v.14 no.4
    • /
    • pp.31-37
    • /
    • 2012
  • Recently buildings are constructed in larger and higher scales and becoming more complex. However from small to large scale buildings and on construction sites there still are fire safety accidents that occur continuously. Therefore to improve fire safety plan, examining the actual fire safety management and understanding fire risk analysis Using Fire Modeling through Computer Simulation. On this study, the permissible evacuation times were estimated for smoke fall, temperature, CO concentration, viability, etc. Fire safety management plans for fire safety were suggested.

A Review on Fire Safety Engineering: Key Issues for High-Rise Buildings

  • Li, Guo-Qiang;Zhang, Chao;Jiang, Jian
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
    • /
    • v.7 no.4
    • /
    • pp.265-285
    • /
    • 2018
  • This paper presents a state-of-the-art review on the design, research and education aspects of fire safety engineering (FSE) with a particular concern on high-rise buildings. FSE finds its root after Great Fire of Rome in 64 AD, followed by Great London Fire in 1666. The development of modern FSE is continuously driven by industry revolution, insurance community and government regulations. Now FSE has become a unique engineering discipline and is moving towards performance-based design since 1990s. The performance-based fire safety design (PBFSD) involves identification of fire safety goals, design objectives, establishment of performance criteria, and selection of proper solutions for fire safety. The determination of fire scenarios and design fires have now become major contents for PBFSD. To experience a rapid and positive evolution in design and research consistent with other engineering disciplines, it is important for fire safety engineering as a profession to set up a special educational system to deliver the next-generation fire safety engineers. High-rise buildings have their unique fire safety issues such as rapid fire and smoke spread, extended evacuation time, longer fire duration, mixed occupancies, etc., bringing more difficulties in ensuring life safety and protection of property and environment. A list of recommendations is proposed to improve the fire safety of high-rise buildings. In addition, some source information for specific knowledge and information on FSE is provided in Appendix.

A Study on the Effective Method of Fire Safety Management of Geriatric Hospitals (요양병원 소방안전관리의 효율화 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Young-Sam
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.83-88
    • /
    • 2016
  • Currently many geriatric hospitals have been built in Korea because increasing aging rapidly. However the increasing geriatric hospitals make the increasing safety accidents. Therefore this study is conducted by survey and face-to-face talk with the fire safety managers for analyzing safety problem of geriatric hospitals which number is twelve among 15 geriatric hospitals in the north of Chung-buk area. The result of this study is that geriatric hospitals are very old. Fire safety managers holding the fire safety license are a level 2 issued by the Korea Fire Safety Association(KFSA). And the fire safety inspection ability of them is normal (58%). Furthermore a fire safety budget ratio is 83% (A little) in the company yearly budget. And ratio having the fire inspection equipment in the building is 42% (A little) and 33% (Nothing). Satisfaction ratio of their duty is 66% and they also get stress from heavy duty and heavy responsibility. In conclusion, CEO needs to invest and interest the improvement of job performance, satisfaction ratio and fire safety facility. Also government needs the improvement of system to support and supervise the fire safety of geriatric hospitals consistently.

A Study on the Improvement of Fire Safety in high-rise Building Construction in Legal aspects (법규적 측면에서 고찰한 고층 건축물 공사현장 화재안전 확보방안)

  • Park, Chan-Seok;Jeong, Il-Kyun
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.21-32
    • /
    • 2015
  • High rising of the buildings offers a number of risk factors than ever before with regard to fire prevention. Especially in the construction site of high-rise buildings, people waste golden-time during the evacuation because temporary fire fighting facilities are not installed and transferred to a large fire because of fire suppression failure. In this study, the researcher derives the problems of fire protection in high-rise buildings construction sites and proposed the measures in such the legal aspects as fire building construction code and etc. There are the legal improvements such as orders of construction suspension in the problems of fire safety, appointing fire safety manager, temporary fire protection installation standards, enhancing penalty provisions regarding the use of fire, operating self fire brigade, confirming on-site after completing fire-protection facalities, establishment or strengthening special fire-protection investigations.