• Title, Summary, Keyword: Flocculant

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Enhancement of the Escherichia coli Floc Strength with Water Soluble Polymers

  • KIM, CHAN-WHA;CHOKYUN RHA
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.282-286
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    • 1997
  • The floc strength of Escherichia coli was enhanced by adding water soluble polymer flocculants (BPA-5020 and BPA-5000) to the particulate flocculant (BPA-1000) as indicated by the increase in the shear index. The shear index of the E. coli flocs increased from 0.39 with the particulate flocculant alone to 0.94 with the particulate flocculant in conjunction with the water soluble polymer flocculant. In addition, the sedimentation rate of flocs was higher and the sedimented volume of flocs was smaller when the particulate flocculant was used with the water soluble polymer flocculant. When E. coli was flocculated first with the water soluble flocculant and the particulate flocculant was added later into the E. coli flocs formed, the sedimentation rate of the flocs was greater than that of any other combination. The shear index of the flocs was, however, independent of the sequence of the flocculant addition.

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The Synthesis of Polyamine Polymeric Flocculant and Application of Drinking Water Treatment. (Polyamine 고분자 응집제의 합성과 상수처리의 적용)

  • 신명철;최상준
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.409-413
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    • 1998
  • Polyamine was synthesized for the drinking water treatment. Polyamine was produced by the two step polycondensation of dimethytamine(DMA) and epichlorohydrin(EPI) and its properties were characterized. The effects of mole ratio of (DMA1/1EPl), reaction temperature and reaction time on synthesis of polyamine were investigated. Polyamine flocculant was applied to Nak-dong river raw water to examine its efficiency in reducing turbidity. The synthesized polyamine was effective as flocculant for drinking water treatment. The addition of 1 mg/L of polyamlne flocculant caused the reduction of 50% PAC (polyaluminium chloride).

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Flocculation Characteristics of Microalgae Through Combined Flocculants (응집제 혼합을 이용한 미세조류의 응집 특성)

  • Kwon, Do-Yeon;Jung, Chang-Kyou;Lee, Choul-Gyun;Lee, Jin-Won
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.443-452
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    • 2011
  • In this study, inorganic flocculant with biodegradable polymer flocculant was usedfor microalgae harvest. The aim of this study was to optimize the concentration of inorganic flocculant, the concentration of biodegradable polymer flocculant and reaction volume for decreasing the amounts of flocculant and obtaining the suitable pH range for seawater by response surface methodology. The flocculation of three marine microalgae, Chlorella ellipsoidea, Dunaliella bardawil, and Dunaliella tertiolecta, using inorganic flocculants and biodegradable polymer flocculants was investigated. The results indicated that the optimal flocculant quantity showed 0.1 g/L of ferric chloride, 7.5 g/L of chitosan on Chlorella ellipsoidea. In the case of Dunaliella bardawil, the optimal flocculant quantity showed amount of ferric sulfate more than 0.12 g/L and chitosan more than 0.75 g/L. In the case of Dunaliella tertiolecta, the optimal flocculant quantity showed 1.0 g/L of sodium aluminate, 0.75 g/L of chitosan.

Injection Effects of Coagulant and Flocculant on Bulking Change of Dredged Soils (준설토 체적변화에 대한 응집제 및 응결제의 주입효과)

  • 윤길림;유승경
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.257-264
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    • 2003
  • Bulking change between sediments and dredged soils occurs when dredged soils are fully disturbed by dredging process and settled down to stabilized conditions in the basin. Bulking of dredged soils are affected by chemical injection, coagulant and flocculant, to speed up settling process of the suspended solids. In this paper, bulking changes of dredged soils are investigated by experimental works regarding injection effects of the coagulant and flocculant. Dredged sediments were sampled in the lagoon located at the East Coast, and the bulking change of dredged soils is quantitatively analysed by changing the clay content and the amount of the coagulant and flocculant. The optimal amounts of the coagulant and flocculant are determined based on minimal bulking change due to coagulant and flocculant injection. From the experimental results, the bulking of dredged soils increased 1.69 times on the average and the bulking change rate slightly increased as clay content increasea due to injection of the coagulant and flocculant.

The Synthesis of Poly(DADM) Flocculant and Properties in Potable Water Treatment (Poly(DADM) 고분자 응집제의 합성 및 상수처리 특성)

  • 박이순;신준호;최상준;신명철;이석훈
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.687-692
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    • 1998
  • Poly(DADM) was synthesized for the drinking water treatment. Poly(DADM) was produced by the free radical polymerization of diallyldimethylammonium chloride(DADM) monomer and its properties were characterized. The effects of monomer concentration, initiator concentration and reaction time on synthesis of poly(DADM) were investigated. Poly(DADM) flocculant was applied to Nak-dong river water to examine its efficiency in reducing turbidity. The synthesized poly(DADM) was effective as flocculant for drinking water treatment. The addition of 1 mg/L of poly(DADM) flocculant caused the reduction of 50% PAC(polyaluminium chloride).

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ENHANCED REMOVAL OF RESIDUAL ALUMINUM AND TURBIDITY IN TREATED WATER USING POLYMERS

  • Kim, Seung-Hyun
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.155-164
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    • 2005
  • This study investigated the possibility of reducing the residual aluminum (Al) in the treated water using polymers. Two raw waters (lake and river water) and three kinds of polymers (coagulant, flocculant, and filtration aids) were used for this purpose. This study found that coagulation at the high dose did not necessarily lead to the high concentration of the residual Al in the treated water. The coagulation efficacy was found more important in determining the residual Al than the coagulant dose. The use of a polymer enhanced the removal of turbidity as well as the residual Al. The coagulant aid removed the dissolved Al as well as the particulate Al by helping the coagulation and the solid-liquid separation. The flocculant aid and the filtration aid preferentially removed the particulate Al while helping the solid-liquid separation. The filtration aid reduced the residual Al substantially more effectively than the flocculant aid. The polyamine-based coagulant aid (FL) showed the better performance in reducing the residual Al and turbidity than DADMAC (WT). The cationic flocculant aid with weak charge density and the medium molecular weight (SC-020) showed the best performance in reducing the residual Al.

Chitosan as a Flocculant: An Approach to Improve its Solubility for Efficient Harvesting of Microalgae

  • Sajjad, Attia;Rizwan, Muhammad;Mujtaba, Ghulam;Rashid, Naim
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.530-534
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    • 2017
  • Chitosan is a promising flocculant for microalgae harvesting, but its scale-up application is not economically supported yet. Low solubility of chitosan in microalgae suspension demands high dosage (as a flocculant) to destabilize the cells, and thus, increases the cost of microalgae harvesting. This study identifies efficient solvents for the chitosan, and optimizes the concentration of solvents and chitosan dose to improve the harvesting efficiency. Chitosan was dissolved in different acids, and subsequently used as a flocculant. The flocculant efficacy was measured in terms of harvesting efficiency and reduction in chemical oxygen demand (COD) of the microalgae suspension. It was found that chitosan dissolved in 0.05 M HCl showed the highest harvesting efficiency ($89{\pm}0.87%$) at only 30 mg/L of dosage. In comparison, 270 mg/L of $FeCl_3{\cdot}6H_2O$ was required to attain $86{\pm}0.083%$ of the harvesting efficiency. $H_2SO_4$ dissolved chitosan required high flocculant dose (150 mg/L) and resulted in relatively low harvesting efficiency ($77{\pm}0.11%$). It was concluded that the efficacy of chitosan is solvent dependent, and the selection of proper solvent can decrease the dosage requirement for microalgae harvesting.

Allergic to Pool Water

  • Stenveld, Harma
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.101-103
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    • 2012
  • To identify the allergy problem of a 36-year old swimming instructor, who experiences heavy itching and rashes whenever she comes in contact with pool water. Patch tests were performed with European standard series and materials from the work floor. A positive patch test to aluminum chloride and flocculant was observed. Occupational dermatitis is, based on a contact allergy to aluminum chloride in the flocculant.

Isolation of Microorganism Producing Flocculant and Its Culture Conditions (응집제 생산 미생물의 분리 및 배양조건)

  • 남진석;권기석
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.421-427
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    • 1995
  • A fungal strain, designated Aspevgillus sp. JS-42, was isolated and shown to produce an extracellular polysaccharide used as a bioflocsulant. The optimal medium composition for the production of flocculant with Aspergillus sp. JS-42 was glucose 3.0%, yeast extract 0.2%, $(NH_4)_2S0_4 0.1%, CaCI_2.2H_2 0.05%$ in distilled water. The optimum culture temperature and optimum culture pH for the production of the flocculant were $25^{\circ}C$ and pH 7.0, respectively. The highest production of flocculant was observed after 90 hours of cultivation at the optimal condition. The flocculant could efficiently flocculaled the tested solids suspended in aqueous solution and was stable at high temperature($100^{\circ}C$) and to pH range of from 2 to 10. The flocculant seems to be a kind of high viscous polysaccharide.

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