• Title, Summary, Keyword: Flow Meter

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A Comparison of Accuracy Between a Turbine and an Orifice Meter in the Field (현장여건에 따른 터빈 유량계와 오리피스 유량계의 정확도 비교)

  • An, Seung-Hee;Her, Jae-Young
    • 유체기계공업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.97-105
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    • 1999
  • Orifice flow meters are frequently used for measuring gas flow in gas industry. However, to insure the accuracy of the measurement, a certain length of the meter run at the upstream of the flow meter is required. The objective of this study is to analyze flow measurement errors of the orifice flow meter quantitatively for shorter lengths of the meter runs than those suggested in the standard manuals with variation of diameter ratio( $\beta$ ratio) and flow rate. The test results showed that the flow measurement errors of the orifice meter were inversely proportional to the diameter ratio. In other words, when the diameter ratio is 0.3 and 0.7, the measurement error is $-7.3\%$ and $-3.5\%$, respectively. the main reason of the measurement error is due to the swirl effect from the configuration of the meter run at the upstream of the flow meter. In case the length of the meter run is shorter than that suggested in the standard manuals, the swirl effect is not removed completely and it affects the flow meter's performance. As mentioned above, the less the pipe diameter ratio, the more the flow measurement error. It means that the swirl effect on the orifice meter increases as the $\beta$ ratio decreases.

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Development of Thermal Mass Flow Meter (열전달 질량유량계 개발)

  • Chi, Daesung
    • 유체기계공업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.118-122
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    • 1999
  • Thermal mass flow meter was developed using principle of convective heat transfer. The advantage of thermal mass flow meter is measuring mass flow directly, therefore, it is not required to use densitometer or temperature/pressure and DP gages. The final accuracy of this thermal mass flow meter is $\pm1.0{\%}$ or better, reproducibility is $\pm0.2{\%}$, and the response time is 600 ms. The thermal mass flow meter was developed from a single point to multi-points (maximum is 9 points), and the number of points is determined according to desired accuracy and size of piping/duct. Since this thermal mass flow meter adopted microprocessor based design, it is intrinsically accurate, self-error detectable, and has self-diagnosis function. The applications of this thermal mass flow meter are for measurement and control of HVAC air flow, other gas flow, and liquid flow.

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Development of an Ultrasonic Gas Flow Meter Using Transit Time Difference (전달 시간차 방식 초음파 가스 유량계)

  • 박상국;황원호
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.9 no.9
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    • pp.707-713
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    • 2003
  • We investigate the ultrasonic gas flow meter for the measurement of gas volume quantity, which passing through pipe, using the transit time difference method. We have designed a receiving system of an ultrasonic signal and hardware system of a flow meter Also, we have designed an experimental system for the characteristic test and calibration of a gas flow meter system. We have developed an ultrasonic gas flow meter, which has a measurement uncertainty within $\pm$ 1.7 %. For the test, we have compared our system with a difference pressure type flow meter for a few months in the real field. Through the test, we have confirmed that our system have a good reliability and durability. Also, we have confirmed that our system follows very well the variation of gas volume quantity, which was measured by a difference pressure type flow meter.

A Study of Straight Pipe Length and Straightener in Orifice Meter Turbine Meter (오리피스 유량계와 터빈 유량계의 직관부길이와 유동안정기에 관한 연구)

  • Her, Jae-Young;An, Seung-Hee;Lee, Kang-Jin;Lee, Seung-Jun
    • 유체기계공업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.265-271
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    • 2000
  • Orifice meters and turbine meters are frequently used for measuring gas flow in gas industry. However, to insure the accuracy of the measurement, a certain length of the meter run at the upstream of the flow meter is required. The objective of this study is to analyze flow measurement errors of the orifice meter quantitatively for shorter lengths of the meter runs than those suggested in the standard manuals with variation of diameter ratio( $\beta$ ratio) and flow rate and also to analyze flow measurement errors of the turbine meter with and without straightener. The test results showed that the flow measurement errors of the orifice meter were inversely proportional to the diameter ratio. In other words, when the diameter ratio is 0.3 and 0.7, the measurement error is $-7.3\%$ and $-3.5\%$, respectively. the main reason of the measurement error is due to the swirl effect from the configuration of the meter run at the upstream of the flow meter. In case the length of the meter run is shorter than that suggested In the standard, the swirl effect is not removed completely and it affects the flow meter's performance. As mentioned above, the less the pipe diameter ratio, the mon the flow measurement error. It means that the swirl effect on the orifice meter increases as the $\beta$ ratio decreases.

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A Study on Development of a Noncontact Precision Flow-meter Using MR Sensor and PIC (MR 센서와 PIC를 이용한 비접촉식 정밀 유량계 개발에 관한 연구)

  • 이승희;이민철;고석조;장용석;최문호
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1063-1066
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    • 2003
  • A flow-meter and its measurement controller was developed for a hydraulic system. This study, for development of positive displacement flow-meter, consist of PIC(Peripheral Interface Controller) controller with MR(Magneto-resistive) sensors. This flow-meter is used valve position indicator for valve control system by hydraulic. The MR sensors are used for the rotation of OVAL gear that detecting device. In the ship environments, consideration that necessary explosive proof. Thus electro device or electro flow-meter needs explosion design for electric circuit. We designed noncontact type flow-meter and evaluated the safety and measuring abilities.

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Experimental Comparison and Analysis of Measurement Results Using Various Flow Meters (유량측정 기기별 측정성과에 대한 실험적 비교분석)

  • Lee, Jae-Hyug;Lee, Suk-Ho;Jung, Sung-Won;Kim, Tae-Woong
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.95-103
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    • 2010
  • Discharge data examine the process of hydrologic cycle and used significantly in water resource planning and irrigation and flood control planning. However, it needs lots of time and money to get the discharge data. So discharge rating curve is usually used in converting discharge data. Therefore reliability of discharge rating curve absolutely depends on quality of discharge data. Many engineers who study hydrologic engineering make high quality discharge data to develop reliable discharge rating curve. And they carry out research on standard and method of discharge measurement, and equipment improvement. Now various flow meters are utilized to make discharge data in Korea. However, accuracy of equipment and experimental research data from measurement are not enough. In this paper, constant discharge flowed through standard concrete channel, and the velocity is measured using various flow meters. Also Discharge is calculated by measured data to compare and analyze. The equipment for the experiment is Price AA(USGS Type AA Current meter), flow meter, ADC, C2 small current meter, flow tracker, Electromagnetic current meter. The discharge got form various flow meters which are widely used for discharge measurement. The various depths of water were examined and compared such as 0.30 m, 0.35 m, 0.40 m, 0.45 m, 0.50 m, 0.55 m. The experiment progresses a round-measurement on 6-case. Wading measurement(one point method : the 60 % height in surface of the water) was applied to improve creditability and accuracy among measurement methods. USGS Type AA current Meter, Flow Meter, ADC, C2 Small Current meter got the certificate of quality guaranteed. So the results of experiment were used to compare discharge. The Results showed the difference based on USGS Type AA current Meter at average discharge and velocity. Electromagnetic current meter made differences over $\pm$ 10 % and Flow Meter made differences under $\pm$ 10 %. Also ADC, Flow Meter, C2 Small Current meter made differences under $\pm$ 5 %.

An Experimental Study of the Air Flow Rate Characteristics at Steady State in an SI Engine (SI엔진의 정상상태 유량 특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • 박경석;고상근;노승탁;이종화
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.5 no.6
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 1997
  • In an SI engine, the characteristics of the air flow is important not only for the design of the intake system geometry but also for the accurate measurement of the induction air mass. In this study, an air flow rate measurement using the ultrasonic flow meter and hot wire flow meter was conducted at the upstream of the intake port and the throttle. At the upstream of the intake port, the pulsating flow into the cylinder affected by the pressure wave was detected directly with the flow meters instead of pressure sensors. At the upstream of the throttle, the reverse flow phenomena were showed by comparing the flow pattern measured by the hot wire air flow meter and the ultrasonic air flow meter. The results of this study can be used for the analysis of the tuning effect in the intake manifold and estimation of the error in real time measurement for the air flow rate.

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A Study on Flow Rate Characteristics of a $Annubar^{(R)}$ Type Differential Pressure Flow Meter with a Shape Improvement ($Annubar^{(R)}$형 차압유량계 형상 개선에 따른 유량 특성 연구)

  • Oh, Dae-San;Lee, Choong-Hoon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.204-210
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    • 2010
  • The inner structure of the triangular separate bar (TSB) was improved to enhance the productivity of the TSB flow meter by simplifying the machining process for making the flow meter. The cross section of upstream and downstream pressure chamber in the TSB was changed from triangle to circle, which make it possible to substitute the wire cutting by drilling in the process of machining the pressure chamber. The flow rate characteristics of the flow meters was calibrated with a laminar flow meter. Six kinds of flow meters whose diameters of pressure tap for measuring pressure of both upsteam and downstream pressure chamber were different one another were made. The effects of the pressure tap diameter on the flow rate characteristics of the TSB flow meter was little. The mass flow rate characteristics of the flow meters with increasing a non-dimensional parameter which includes the gas temperature, exhaust gas pressure and differential pressure at the flow meters and atmospheric pressure shows nearly linear relationship with a correlation coefficient of R=0.998.

Air Flow Rate Measurement in Multi Point Injection Engine U sing Ultrasonic Sensors (초음파센서를 이용한 전자식 연료분사엔진의 흡기유량측정)

  • Park, K.S.;Kim, J.I.;Kauh, S.K.;Noh, S.T.;Lee, J.H.
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.58-65
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    • 1995
  • In this study an air flow meter was developed for MPI engine using ultrasonic sensors. The major characteristcs of the ultrasonic flow meter are high speed response, flow direction recognition and linear output. The air flow rate measurements were conducted at upstream of the throttle and intake manifold. The characteristics of the ultrasonic flow meter are compared with those of the Bosch hot wire flow meter at both steady and unsteady engine conditions.

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A Study on Flow Characteristics of a Separate Triangular Bar Differential Pressure Flow Meter for Measuring Exhaust Flow Rate of Diesel Engine (디젤엔진 배기 가스 유량 측정용 삼각 분리 막대형 차압유량계 유량 특성 연구)

  • Lee, Choong-Hoon;Kim, Kwang-Il;Kim, Min-Chang;Park, Dong-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.563-568
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    • 2007
  • A separate triangular bar type differential pressure flow meter was developed for measuring exhaust gas flow rate from Diesel engine. Three kinds of the separate triangular bar flow meters whose aerodynamic angles are different one another are made and evaluated, respectively. The experimental results show that an aerodynamic shape has a effect on the pressure difference between upstream and downstream at the flow meter, that is, the thinner the shape of the separate triangular bar flow meter is, the smaller the pressure difference at the flow meter is. The separate triangular bar type flow meter was calibrated at both cold and high temperature of the gas flow. A burner system was designed for raising the gas temperature and it was well operated in controlling the gas temperature. An empirical correlation between mass flow rate and differential pressure at the separate triangular bar flow meter was obtained and the empirical correlation was also corrected by the gas temperature.