• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fludioxonil

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Control Efficacy of a New Fungicide Fludioxonil on Lettuce Gray Mold According to Several Conditions (발병 조건에 따른 fludioxonil의 상추 잿빛곰팡이병 방제효과)

  • Choi, Gyung-Ja;Jang, Kyoung-Soo;Choi, Yong-Ho;Kim, Jin-Cheol
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.217-221
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    • 2009
  • Fludioxonil is derived from the antifungal compound pyrrolnitrin produced by Pseudomonas pyrrocinia and classified as a reduced-risk fungicide by the US EPA. The efficacy of fludioxonil for the control of lettuce gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea was evaluated under several conditions such as growth stages of host, inoculum concentrations, and amounts of potato dextrose broth (PDB) included in spore suspension of B. cinerea. At 4-leaf stage of lettuce plants, fludioxonil applied at 2 ${\mu}g$/ml was more effective for the control of gray mold than at 5- and 6-leaf stages. However, fludioxonil at more than 10 ${\mu}g$/ml provided similar control activity in all growth stages of lettuce tested. The fungicide (10 and 50 ${\mu}g$/ml) also gave excellent control of gray mold on lettuce seedlings inoculated with spore suspensions of B. cinerea ($2.5{\times}10^5$ to $2{\times}10^6$ spores/ml). But, control efficacy of fludioxonil (2 ${\mu}g$/ml) was negatively correlated with inoculum concentration. Addition of PDB in spore suspension of B. cinerea resulted in higher disease severity than non-treated control. By inoculating spore suspension including 0.5% PDB, the fungicide gave the most control activity on the disease, followed by 1% and 2% PDB. The results suggest that fludioxonil has potential to control gray mold of lettuce, but the fungicide at a concentration having moderate activity may represent low control efficacy on the disease under some conditions.

Control Efficacy of Gray Mold on Strawberry Fruits by Timing of Chemical and Microbial Fungicide Applications (살균제와 미생물제 처리시기에 따른 딸기 잿빛곰팡이병 방제효과)

  • Nam, Myeong-Hyeon;Kim, Hyeon-Suk;Lee, Won-Keun;Gleason, Mark L.;Kim, Hong-Gi
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.151-155
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    • 2011
  • The fungus Botrytis cinerea causes fruit rot of strawberry and the damages can result in harvest losses upto 50%. Proper timing of fungicide application is essential for successful control of Botrytis fruit rot, fenhexamid plus iminoctadine tris, cyprodinil plus fludioxonil, fludioxonil alone, and Bacillus subtilis QST713 were applied to individual buds, flowers, and green and red fruit of cultivar 'Seolhyang' ex vivo. Cyprodinil plus fludioxonil or fludioxonil alone was applied i) before and after a 5-hr period of low-temperature ($0^{\circ}C$) incubation ex vivo ii) in field trials. Strawberry flowers and red fruit were more susceptible to B. cinerea than the green fruits. Incidence of Botrytis rot with fenhexamid plus iminoctadine tris and cyprodinil plus fludioxonil was the lowest at flowering, whereas B. subtilis QST713 did not significantly among treatments. In 2010, incidence of Botrytis fruit rot was significantly reduced when fludioxonil was applied two times at 1 week intervals from 50% bloom in field trials. Cultivars Redpearl and Seolhyang were more susceptible to low-temperature than cvs. Maehyang and Akihime. Cyprodinil plus fludioxonil application was effective when applied before onset of the low-temperature treatment period. Fludioxonil showed the most effective when it was sprayed one and more than two times in before and post low-temperature condition, respectively. These results demonstrate that fungicide selection and timing can interact with stage of fruit development and low-temperature in determining effectiveness of suppression of Botrytis fruit rot.

Screening of Seed Treatment Fungicide for Control of Damping-off caused by Rhizoctonia solani on Panax ginseng (Rhizoctonia solani에 의한 인삼 모잘록병 방제용 종자처리 약제 선발)

  • Shin, Jeong-Seop;Lee, Seung-Hwan;Cho, Hye-Sun;Cho, Dae-Hui;Kim, Kyoung-Ju;Hong, Tae-Kyun;Park, Chol-Soo;Lee, Seong-Kye;Jung, Hee-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.424-427
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    • 2015
  • Damping-off is a critical disease on ginseng seedling, which caused by the fungal pathogen Rhizoctonia solani. The disease has been prevented by tolclofos-methyl for the last 20 years. However, the tolclofos-methyl usually detected on the harvested roots of 6-year-old ginseng. Herein, we tried to select an alternative pesticide which not only must be safe but also efficiently inhibits the fungal pathogen. Four fungicides (fludioxonil, flutolanil, pencycuron, and thifluzamide) were applied to their inhibition efficacy against the pathogen. In in vitro test, fludioxonil treatment showed 80% inhibition activity for 25 days. Thifluzamide and flutolanil showed the activity for 10 days. Pencycuron showed for 1 days. In addition, the fludioxonil was more effective to control the pathogen comparing to other three fungicides in field. The incidence of damping-off was reduced to 71% by fludioxonil treatment. The level of the fungicide residue in seedling was 0.44 mg/kg, which value will be a negligible level in final products after 5 years. Consequently, the fludioxonil is a conceivable alternative for tolclofos-methyl to cope with R. solani.

Effect of Fludioxonil, Flutolanil, and Thifluzamide on Suppression of Damping-off Caused by Rhizoctonia solani on Panax ginseng (인삼 잘록병(Rhizoctonia solani) 발생억제에 미치는 Fludioxonil, Flutolanil 및 Thifluzamide의 효과)

  • Cho, Dae-Hui;Yu, Yun-Hyun
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.185-191
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    • 2005
  • In vitro and in vivo effectiveness of fungicides were evaluated for the control of damping off caused by Rhizoctonia solani on Panax ginseng. Fludioxonil(67 mg a. i./L), flutolanil(75 mg a. i./L), thifluzamide(35 mg a. i./L), and mepronil (750 mg a. i./L) were selected from 9 fungicides, which were based on inhibition of mycelial growth of R. solani (isolate Rh 9801) and duration of fungicidal effectiveness against the pathogen in vitro. Field trials were made twice in the year of 2003 and 2004. Experimental plots $(54m{\times}0.9m)$ of 4-year-old ginseng fields were artificially infested with 5kg and 14 kg in fresh weight of inoculum in 2003 and 2004, respectively. The fungicides were drenched at a volume of 8l in $3.6m{\times}0.9m$ with 3 replications. Fludioxonil, flutolanil, thifluzamide and mepronil reduced the incidence of damping off by $73\%,\;69\%,\;69\%\;and\;43\%$, respectively. In the 2004 trial, fludioxonil, flutolanil, and thifluzamide showed similar result as reducing the incidence by $85\%,\;84\%,\;and\;82\%$, respectively, in the plot where the inoculum was applied 2.8 times more than the 2003. The disease incidences in untreated control were $12\%$ in 2003 and $47\%$ in 2004.

Residual Patterns of Fungicides Fludioxonil and Metconazole in Different Parts of Wheat (살균제 Fludioxonil 및 Metconazole의 밀 부위별 잔류 양상)

  • Kang, Ja-Gun;Hwang, Jeong-In;Lee, Sang-Hyeob;Jeon, Sang-Oh;Kwak, Se-Yeon;Park, Jun-Hong;Kim, Jang-Eok
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.341-348
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    • 2016
  • Residual patterns of fungicides fludioxonil and metconazole applied 2 or 3 times on wheat were investigated with consideration for their distribution rates in each compartment of wheat. Wheat samples collected at harvesting day were divided into three compartments such as grain, hull and straw, and the pesticide residue analysis was individually carried out to such compartments of wheat. The analytical methods of fungicide residues in wheat were acceptable, with recoveries of 84.3 to 113.3% and correlation coefficients of 0.1 to 4.7%. Due to the systemic characteristics, the residual amounts of metconazole in the grain part of wheat were greater as 0.13~0.17 mg/kg than those amounts (0.01-0.03 mg/kg) for fludioxonil. To absolute residue amounts of the fungicides in one wheat plant, their distribution rates in each compartment of wheat were the highest in straws (68.5-70.7%), followed by hulls (29.0-31.0%) and grains (0.2-0.8%).

Residual characteristic of tebuconazole and fludioxonil in Allium victorialis (Allium ochotense Prokh.) (소면적 재배작물 산마늘(Allium ochotense Prokh.) 중 살균제 Tebuconazole 및 Fludioxonil의 잔류특성)

  • Woo, Min-Ji;Hur, Kyung-Jin;Kim, Ji-Yoon;Saravanan, Manoharan;Kim, Se-Weon;Hur, Jang-Hyeon
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.354-360
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    • 2015
  • In recent years, Allium victorialis has been extensively used as a pharmacological agent for various diseases in the form of anti-arteriosclerotic, anti-diabetic and anti-cancer. Allium victorialis is severely affected by various fungal diseases since it naturally grow in the shady and humid environments in Korea. In this case, different types of fungicides are applied to control the fungal diseases in Allium victorialis. The present study was aimed to determine the residual characteristics of two fungicides namely tebuconazole and fludioxonil on Allium victorialis. For this study, the fungicides were drenched soil on Allium victorialis in the cultivation area Pyeongchang by the standard (two thousand fold) and double (thousand fold) dilutions. At the end of $15^{th}$, $30^{th}$ and $40^{th}$ days samples were collected for residue analysis. Residues of tebuconazole and fludioxonil were analyzed using GC/NPD (Gas Chromatography/Nitrogen Phosphorus Detector) and their recovery were found to be 108.8~119.5% and 91.3~104.8%, respectively. The method of limits of quantification for both fungicides was $0.01mg\;kg^{-1}$. Further, the results of this study shows that the residue levels of both fungicides on Allium victorialis were <$0.01{\sim}0.12mg\;kg^{-1}$ and $0.01{\sim}0.09mg\;kg^{-1}$ and their % ADI (% Acceptable Daily Intake) were 17.44% and 25.75%, respectively. Based on the results obtained in this study, we suggest that the residue levels of both of the fungicides on Allium victorialis are safe and these fungicides can also be used to control fungal diseases in Allium victorialis.

The residue property of fungicide boscalid and fluidioxonil at the same time harvest leafy-vegetables (일시수확 엽채류에서 살균제 Boscalid와 Fludioxonil의 잔류특성)

  • Bae, Byung-Jin;Lee, Hae-Kuen;Son, Kyeong-Ae;Im, Geon-Jae;Kim, Jin-Bae;Kim, Tae-Hwa;Chae, Seok;Park, Jong-Woo
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.98-108
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    • 2012
  • In order to use in the classification of minor crop for the mutual application of safe use guideline, it was investigated the residue property of fungicide boscalid and fludioxonil at the same time harvest leafy-vegetables, such as spinach, ulgaribaechu, vitaminchae and cheongkyungchae. After pesticides were applied 2 times with 1 week interval in that day of harvest, 2 days, 5 days and 7 days before harvest, vegetables were harvested, and the residue of pesticides was investigated. Base on the residue in that day of harvest, the deposit of spray solution in vegetables was calculated. The deposit of spray solution of boscalid was 253.9 mL/kg in spinach, 83.0 mL/kg in ulgaribaechu, 97.8 mL/kg in vitaminchae, and 88.3 mL/kg in cheongkyungchae, respectively. In case of fludioxonil, it was calculated 157.6 mL/kg in spinach, 67.6 mL/kg in ulgaribaechu, 64.8 mL/kg in vitaminchae, and 66.6 mL/kg in cheongkyungchae, respectively. When the amount of the deposit of both pesticides was compared in leafy-vegetables, it was the highest in the spinach. On the other hand, it was estimated the predicted dissipation curve of pesticides in leafy-vegetables during cultivation. The half-life of boscalid was 5.9 days in spinach, 7.4 days in ulgaribaechu, 4.6 days in vitaminchae, and 4.3 days in cheongkyungchae, respectively. Also, it was estimated half-life in fludioxonil, it was 3.0 days in spinach, 4.0 days in ulgaribaechu, 3.2 days in vitaminchae, and 3.5 days in cheongkyungchae, respectively. The half-life was the longest in the ulgaribaechu. When both pesticides were compared with the residue property, the deposit of spray solution and half-life of dissipation of boscalid were more than those of fludioxonil.

In vitro selection of fungicides for control of leaf blight of sweet persimmon tree caused by Pestalotiopsis theae (In vitro에서 단감나무 둥근갈색무늬병 방제를 위한 살균제 선발)

  • Chang, T.H.;Lim, T.H.
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.50-56
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    • 2001
  • In vitro experiments, several fungicides including prochloraz, tebuconazole, fluazinam, fludioxonil, and iminoctadine-triacetate showed more than 85% inhibition of mycelial growth of Pestalotiopsis theae (SP-3). Dichlofluanid and chlorothalonil inhibited mycelial growth at the rate of 10 and 33%, however benomyl did not inhibit mycelial growth of the fungus. Minimum inhibitory concentration(MICs) of iminictadine-triacetate on the mycelial growth of SP-3 isolate was $10{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, but that of P. theae $\underline{MAFF}$ 752002 and P. longiseta $\underline{MAFF}$ 752001 was $1{\mu}g/m{\ell}$. MIC of benomyl, chlorothalonil, dichlorofluanid was $1,000{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, and that of fludioxonil, fluazinam, tebuconazole was $10{\mu}g/m{\ell}$. Conidial germination was inhibited more than 80% in tile medium which contained $1{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ of prochloraz, tebuconazole, fluazinam, fludioxonil, and minoctadine-triacetate. Control values of benomyl, chlorothalonil and dichlofluanid were 40, 60 and 30%, respectively. The controlling effect of iminoctadine-triacetate ($10{\mu}g/m{\ell}$) aganist P. theae (SP-3) in leaf disc test was more than 93%, but benomyl and dichlofluanid could not control leaf blight disease caused by P. theae (SP-3). Tebuconazole, fluazinam, fludioxonil, and iminoctadine-triacetate showed more than 94% of protective and curative effect of leaf blight of sweet persimmon, while, benomyl and dichlofluanid did not show any control effect of the disease.

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Control of Bakanae Disease of Rice by Seed Soaking into the Mixed Solution of Procholraz and Fludioxnil (Prochlornz와 fludioxonil 혼용침지소독에 의한 벼 키다리병 방제)

  • Park, Woo-Sik;Choi, Hyo-Won;Han, Seong-Suk;Shin, Dong-Beum;Shim, Hyeong-Kwon;Jung, En-Seon;Lee, Se-Weon;Lim, Chun-Keun;Lee, Yong-Hwan
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.94-100
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    • 2009
  • These experiments were conducted to improve the effect of seed disinfection on rice seed severely infected Bakanae disease by seed soaking into mixed solution of prochloraz EC and fludioxonil FS. We investigated the effects of various concentrations of two fungicides mixed solution on spore germination and mycelial growth of Fusarium fujikuroi. Mycelial growth was inhibited 100% at $10{\mu}g$/ml of prochloraz and 33.3% at $80{\mu}g$/ml of fludioxonil. Spore germination was inhibited 81.4% at $40{\mu}g$/ml of prochloraz. Interestingly, mixed solution of $5{\mu}g$/ml or $10{\mu}g$/ml of each fungicide inhibitied 100% of mycelial growoth and 99.2% of spore germination, respectively. Severely infected rice seeds soaked into mixed solution composed of $125{\mu}l$/ml of prochloraz and $50{\mu}l$/ml of fludioxonil showed 2.1% of disease symptoms compared to 20.4% of prochloraz $125{\mu}l$/ml, but higher concentrations of prochloraz decreased the seedling stand rate. When the seed soaking time was longer and temperature was higher, control effect on Bakanae disease was improved, but seedling stand was lower about 80% over $35^{\circ}C$.

Control of Gray Mould(Botrytis cinerea) on Roses by Pre-and Post-harvest Treatments with Agricultural Chemicals (채화 전.후 약제처리에 의한 절화장미 잿빛곰팡이병 발병억제)

  • Lee, Jung-Sup;Han, Kyoung-Suk;Park, Jong-Han;Cheong, Seung-Ryong;Jang, Han-Ik
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.249-253
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    • 2006
  • Several fungicides such as polyoxine B, fludioxonil, tebuconazole, tebuconazole+dichlofluanid, and fenbuconazole were sprayed once a week on roses in greenhouse. Botrytis infection on stalks was reduced by 71-89% after regular fungicide spray. The reduction of conidial inoculum by these treatments is also observed. The rose petal infections were controlled significantly by these fungicides only 2 days after the application. The development of gray mold on rose flowers harvested just after spray of fludioxonil, tebuconazole and tebuconazole+dichlofluanid were reduced compared to untreated control. This beneficial effect was also shown in flowers artificially inoculated with B. cinerea conidia after harvest. Post-harvest treatments by spraying cut flowers with the fungicides such as iprodine plus thiram, tebuconazole+dichlofluanid and polyoxin D reduced disease incidence by 50-55%.