• Title, Summary, Keyword: Follower

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Social Learning Effect of Leader's OCB on Follower's OCB (리더 조직시민행동의 사회적 학습 효과)

  • Kim, Boyoung;Min, Eunhong
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.159-176
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    • 2020
  • According to the social learning theory, leader' organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) is a predisposing factor for follower' OCB, because they acknowledge and imitate leader as a desirable example of behaviors for organizational and individual success. We investigate social learning effect of leader OCB on follower OCB and examine the moderating role of political skill in the mediated relationship between leaders OCB and follower OCB (with followers' affective organizational commitment as the mediator). We find that follower's affective organizational commitment may mediate the relationship between leader OCB and follower OCB. Furthermore, we find that follower with high political skill may focus on the instrumental value of OCB. Political skill moderates the relationship between follower' affective organizational commitment and follower OCB. Data from 325 leader-follower dyads support the hypothesis. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are also discussed.

Obstacle Avoidance of Leader-Follower Formation (리더-추종자 대형제어의 장애물 회피)

  • Oh, Young-Suk;Park, Jong-Hun;Kim, Jin-Hwan;Huh, Uk-Youl
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.60 no.9
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    • pp.1761-1766
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    • 2011
  • This paper presents obstacle avoidance of Leader-Follower formation. The follower robot maintain the formation with leader robot and avoid the detected obstacle. When obstacle is detected, follower robot avoid it considering leader robot and follower robot position and follower robot and obstacle position. In addition, follower robot avoid obstacle irrespective of obstacle size. Controller of follower robot is designed to satisfy Lyapunov stability by backstepping method. Simulation results shows that the designed controller has a stable performance.

Development of CAD Software for Automatic Design of Disk-Typed Cams-Part I : Iterative Contact Method (디스크형 캠의 자동설계용 CAD S/W 개발-Part I :설계 및 해석 알고리즘 개발)

  • Son, Ju-Ri;Sin, Jung-Ho
    • 한국기계연구소 소보
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    • pp.149-154
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    • 1989
  • Generally Cam-Follower systems consist of two elements: Cam is for rotating motion and follower for reciprocating motion. Depending on the shape of cam and type of follower, the motion of cam-follower system is determined. Thus design process and analysis process must be well defined. The design process means to find the coordinates of cam shape which can be defined the given motion of follower and the analysis process means to determine the motion curve of follower corresponding to the given cam based on the dimensions of a cam-follower system. This paper consists of two parts: One is development of a numerical method for design and analysis of cam-follower systems, the other is for development of a CAD program and its application. As the first part of the paper, an iterative contact method is proposed. This method can calculate the contact points between cam and roller and determine their contact angles iteratively. The second part of the paper presents the structure of a CAD program and its availability to the industrial applications.

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Effects of Crack on Stability Timoshenko Beam Subjected to Follower Force (종동력을 받는 티모센코 보의 안정성에 미치는 크랙의 영향)

  • Ahn, Tae-Su;Son, In-Soo;Yoon, Han-Ik
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.344-347
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    • 2007
  • In this paper, the stability of a cracked cantilever beam subjected to follower force is presented. In addition, an analysis of the flutter instability(flutter critical follower force) of a cracked cantilever beam subjected to a follower compressive load is presented. Based on the Timoshenko beam theory. The vibration analysis on such cracked beam is conducted to identify the critical follower force for flutter instability based on the variation of the first two resonant frequencies of the beam. Besides, the effect of the crack's intensity and location on the flutter follower force is studied. The crack section is represented by a local flexibility matrix connecting two undamaged beam segments. The crack is assumed to be in the first mode of fracture and to be always opened during the vibrations. Generally, the critical follower force for flutter is proportional to the crack depth.

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A Numerical Method for Cam Synthesis (캠 합서에 관한 수치해석적 방법)

  • 심수섭;김창부
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.445-450
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    • 2000
  • In this paper, a numerical method is proposed for cam synthesis. kinematics of closed loop system with cam and follower is presented using relative coordinates. The system is transformed into an open loop system by cutting fictitiously higher-pair contact of cam and follower and envelope constraint equations are derived. Follower constraint equations are derived from the motion of the follower ends. The joint variables and follower profile parameters are calculated from the envelope constraint equations and follower constraint equations by using the Newton - Raphson iterative method. Algorithms for cam synthesis are presented and simulations are done to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.

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Dynamic Stability of Cylindrical Shells Subjected to Follower Forces (종동력을 받는 원통셸의 동적 안정성에 관한 연구)

  • 김현순;김지환
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.336-345
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    • 1998
  • The dynamic instability of cylindrical shell with clamped-free boundary condition subjected to constant follower force or $P_0 + P_1cos {\Omega}_t$ type pulsating follower force is analyzed. The motion of shell is modeled using the shell theory considering rotary inertia and shear deformation, and analyzed with finite element method. In case of constant follower force, the changes of eigenvalues dependent on the magnitude of applied load are investigated and the critical loads are obtained. In case pulsating follower force, instability regions of exicitation frequency are obtained by modal transform with right and left modal matrix and by multiple scales method. The effects of thickness ratio and aspect ratio on the instability of shell are studied.

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Effects of Crack and Tip Mass on Stability of Timoshenko Beam Subjected to Follower Force (종동력을 받는 티모센코 보의 안정성에 미치는 크랙과 끝질량의 영향)

  • Son, In-Soo;Yoon, Han-Ik;Ahn, Tae-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.99-107
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, the stability of a cracked cantilever Timoshenko beam with a tip mass subjected to follower force is investigated. In addition, an analysis of the flutter instability(flutter critical follower force) and a critical natural frequency of a cracked cantilever Euler / Timoshenko beam with a tip mass subjected to a follower force is presented. The vibration analysis on such cracked beam is conducted to identify the critical follower force for flutter instability based on the variation of the first two resonant frequencies of the beam. Therefore, the effect of the crack's intensity, location and a tip mass on the flutter follower force is studied. The crack section is represented by a local flexibility matrix connecting two undamaged beam segments. The crack is assumed to be in the first mode of fracture and to be always opened during the vibrations.

Leader-Follower Based Formation Control of Multiple Mobile Robots Using the Measurements of the Follower Robot (추종 로봇의 측정값들을 이용한 다중 이동 로봇의 선도-추종 접근법 기반 군집 제어)

  • Park, Bong Seok
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.385-389
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    • 2013
  • This paper proposes the leader-follower based formation control method for multiple mobile robots. The controller is designed using the measurements of the follower robot such as the relative distance and angle between the leader and the follower. This means that the follower robot does not require the information of the leader robot while keeping the desired formation. Therefore, the proposed control method can reduce the communication loss and the cost for hardware. From Lyapunov stability theory, it is shown that all error signals in the closed-loop system are uniformly ultimately bounded. Finally, simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed control system.

Congruence in Leader and Follower Perceptions of Leader-Member Exchange: Relationships with Organizational Commitment and Perceptions of Organizational Politics (리더-구성원 교환관계에 대한 리더와 구성원 지각의 정합성: 조직정치지각과 정서적 조직몰입의 관계를 중심으로)

  • Park, Jae-Chun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.240-252
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    • 2016
  • The purposes of this paper examines the extant to which congruence in leader and follower rating of LMX quality is related to organizational commitment, and perceptions of organizational politics(POPs). A conceptual model is introduced that identifies four combinations of leader and follower LMX ratings of Cogliser et al.(2009): balanced/low LMX(low leader and follower LMX), balanced/high LMX(high leader and follower LMX), follower overestimation(low leader LMX/high follower LMX), follower underestimation(high leader LMX/low follower LMX). The summary of results based on a sample of 236 matched pairs of leaders and followers in KOREA is as follows: First, balanced/high LMX and follower overestimation were associated with relatively high levels of affective organizational commitment, and perceptions of organizational politics. However, follower underestimation and balanced/low LMX was related to low levels of follower outcomes. In particular, follower underestimation and balanced/low LMX were significantly different from balanced/high LMX and follower overestimation. Second, perceptions of organizational politics was negatively related to affective organizational commitment in the four LMX relationship types. Especially, the negative relationship between POPs and organizational commitment was stronger for people who are low as compared with high in LMX quality. Theoretical and practical implications of our findings as well as directions for future research are provided.

Optimum Shape Synthesis of Cam And Follower in Cam-Valve System to Minimize Contact Force (캠-밸브 기구에서 접촉력 최소화를 위한 캠과 종동자 형상 최적 합성)

  • 김성훈;전혁수;박윤식
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.534-546
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    • 1990
  • In this work, an optimum shape synthesis for rolling contact components was done to minimize contact forces considering dynamic characteristics of the system. Even this method was applied to an OHC type cam follower system, it can be expanded to general rolling contact shape design problems which are strictly forced to follow predetermined motion. First, the follower optimum angular motion was derived to minimize the valve peak acceleration while satisfying all the constraints of valve motion. Then the cam and follower contact shape were synthesized to give the proposed follower motion. Theoretically, two components shape to generate a predetermined motion can not be uniquely determined. So the cam shape was syntehsized with parametric synthesis method to minimize the peak contact force between cam and follower when the follower shape is assumed as a circle or an ellipse.