• Title, Summary, Keyword: Format

Search Result 3,402, Processing Time 0.04 seconds

The Process Model of Retail Format Creation in the Japanese Eyeglasses Industry : The Case Study of JINS Inc.

  • Cho, Myung-Rae;Mukoyama, Masao
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.5-18
    • /
    • 2018
  • Purpose - In recent years, new retail innovations have emerged in the Japanese eyeglasses industry and grown as a retail format. The purpose of this study is to establish the process model of retail format creation by examining how a retailer creates a retail format and under what kind of environmental conditions. Research design, data, and methodology - This study pointed out the weakness of the concept of the retail format in existing research on the retail format in existing research on the retail format variation theory and suggested the concept of "Formula" to analyze an individual retailer. This study categorized the subjects categorize the subjects of retail format creation into four categories, and analyzed JINS which is the retail format leader in the Japanese eyeglass industry. This study used secondary data because it is valid. Results - This research found "product handling skill," "changes to consumer purchasing patterns," and "competitive interaction" as environmental factors influencing retail format creation. This study highlighted how JINS adapted those environmental factors to create their original formula and suggested the process model of retail format creation through the JINS case study. Conclusions - This study discussed two theoretical implications and three managerial impressions which were derived from the JINS case study. This study also discussed limitations and further research issues.

ESP : A DVR File Format for Enhanced Recording and Searching (ESP : 녹화 및 검색 기능 향상을 위한 DVR전용 파일 포맷)

  • Park, Jae-Kyung;Yang, Seung-Min
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartB
    • /
    • v.16B no.1
    • /
    • pp.25-34
    • /
    • 2009
  • DVR(Digital Video Recorder) system stores video inputs in compressed digital formats and retrieve them. DVR system has several advantages over traditional analog tape recorder system which are (1) improved real-time monitoring, recording and searching capability, and (2) other capabilities such as watermarking and remote monitoring through network. AVI format is the most popular format used for DVR systems. However, AVI format has drawbacks in recording and searching due to structural problem. Some vendors develop and use their own format, do not open the format to the public. In this paper, ESP format is proposed. ESP format solves the drawbacks of AVI format, and the advantages of AVI format apply to ESP format. Moreover, ESP format provides multistream recording/replay and event-recording. In result, ESP format enchances functionality of recording and searching in DVR system.

Implementation of An Automatic Program Generator for Transforming CASE Data Format into CDIF Format (CASE 자료 형식으로부터 CDIF 형식으로 변환하는 프로그램 자동 생성기의 구현)

  • Bae, Sang-Hyun;Nam, Young-Kwang;Shin, Gyu-Sang
    • The Transactions of the Korea Information Processing Society
    • /
    • v.7 no.12
    • /
    • pp.3840-3847
    • /
    • 2000
  • Electronic Industries Association has set a standard format called CDIF(CASE Data Interchange Format) for exchanging information between CASE tools from 1991. If data used on a CASE tool is represented in CDIF format, then any other CASE tools can use the data by translating CDlF format into their own format. In order to do so, each CASE vendor must provide a translator program from CDIF to its own data format or from its own data to CDIF format. In this thesis, we have implemented a source code generator for translating CASE data format into CDIF format only if they provide how data is stored. This automatic program generator generates CDIF statements using data format used in CASE tools, meta information about stored data and CDIF meta information. In the thesis, the automatic program generator has been implemented with Java and Oracle DBMS with JOBC interface in Sun O/S environment.

  • PDF

Efficient MPEG-2 Video Transcoding with Scan Format Conversion (스캔 포맷 변환을 지원하는 효율적인 MPEG-2 동영상 트랜스코딩)

  • 송병철;천강욱
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.2040-2043
    • /
    • 2003
  • General-purpose MPEG-2 video transcoders must be able to achieve any conversion between 18 ATSC (Advanced television system committee) video formats for DTV (digital television), e.g., scan format, size format, and frame rate format conversion. Especially, scan format conversion is hard to implement because frame rate and size format conversion often happen together. This paper proposes a fast motion estimation(ME) algorithm for MPEG-2 video transcoding supporting scan format conversion. Firstly, we extract and compose a set of candidate motion vectors (MV's) from the input bit-stream to comply with the re-encoding format. Secondly, the best MV is chosen among several candidate MV's by using a weighted median selector. Simulation results show that the proposed ME algorithm reduces significantly transcoding complexity with a minor PSNR degradation.

  • PDF

Effective Image Sequence Format in 3D Animation Production Pipeline (3D 애니메이션 제작 공정에 있어서 효율적인 이미지 시퀀스 포맷)

  • Kim, Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.7 no.8
    • /
    • pp.134-141
    • /
    • 2007
  • In 3D animation rendering process, Although we can render the output as a movie file format, most productions use image sequences in their rendering pipelines. This Image Sequence rendering process is extremely important step in final compositing in movie industries. Although there are various type of making image rendering processes, TGA format Is one of most widely used bitmap file formats using in industries. People may ask TGA format is most suitable for in any case. As we know 3D softwares have their own image formats. so we need to testify on this. In this paper, we are going to focus on Alias' 3D package software called MAYA which we will analyze of compressing image sequence, Image quality, supporting Alpha channels in compositing, and Z-depth information. The purpose of this paper is providing to 3D Pipeline as a guideline about effective image sequence format.

A Study on the Effective Image Sequence Format in 3D Animation Production (3D 애니메이션 제작에 있어서 효율적인 Image Sequence format에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.131-136
    • /
    • 2005
  • In 3D animation rendering process, Although we can render the output as a movie file format, most productions use image sequences in their rendering pipelines. This Image Sequence rendering process is extremely important step in final compositing in movie industries. Although there are various type of making image rendering processes, TGA format is one of most widely used bitmap file formats using in industries. People may ask TGA format is most suitable for in any case. As we know 3D softwares have their own image formats. so we need to testify on this. In this paper, we are going to focus on Alias' 3D package software called MAYA which we will analyze of compressing image sequence, Image quality, supporting Alpha channels in compositing, and Z-depth Information. The purpose of this paper is providing to 3D Pipeline as a guideline about effective image sequence format.

  • PDF

The Study on the GIS Software Engine based on PDA using GPS/GIS (GPS/GIS를 이용한 PDA기반 GIS 소프트웨어 엔진 연구)

  • PARK, Sung-Seok;KIM, Chang-Soo;SONG, Ha-Joo
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.76-85
    • /
    • 2005
  • GIS (Geographic Information Systems) technology is a necessary function to support location based on service by using GPS in the mobile environment. These mobile systems have basic functional limitations such as a low rate of processing, limited memory capacity, and small screen size. Because of these limitations, most of the mobile systems require development of a reduced digital map to overcome problems with large-volume spatial data. In this paper, we suggest using the reduced digital map format in order to use location based on service in a PDA environment. The processing of the proposed data format consists of map generation, redefinition of layers, creating polygons, and format conversion. The proposed data format reduces the data size by about 98% comparing with DXF format based on the digital map of Busan.

File Format Design for Interactive Music Service

  • Jang, In-Seon;Seo, Jeong-Il;Kang, Kyeong-Ok
    • ETRI Journal
    • /
    • v.33 no.1
    • /
    • pp.128-131
    • /
    • 2011
  • This letter describes a file format designed for interactive music service where users are able to recompose music based on their own preferences. The proposed design utilizes the flexible features of the ISO base media file format (ISO/IEC 14496-12, ISO-BMFF). The techniques offered in the proposed file format enable compact storage and efficient preset management, allowing users to recompose music with ease and convenience. Additionally, an implementation scheme for an interactive music player is shown along with its results.

A Study of the Comprehension and Preference of Consumers to Four Different Formats of Nutrition Label (영양표시 양식에 따른 소비자의 이해도와 선호도 조사연구)

  • 장순옥
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.30 no.6
    • /
    • pp.679-689
    • /
    • 1997
  • Nutrition label (NL) on the package of processed food provides consumers with a reliable and consistent source of information . It has been considered as a useful aid for food selection and a potent educational tool for nutrition in daily life. Since current nutrition labeling regulation in Korea does not define a format for presenting nutrition information a wide variety of NL format exists in the markers created by individual manufacturers. Development of standard NL format and its registration remain to be the work for the professionals and government officials. However the acceptance and evaluation of NL by the consumers is a very important and necessary process in the development of NL formats. In this study four different formats A, B, C, D were formulated based on currently circulating labels and new U.S.NL. Subjects used for evaluation of these formats were middle -aged highly educated housewives, who and the potential users of NL. Major parameters observed through the questionnare were their nutritional knowledge of RDA, ability of IC(Information Comparison) and CA (Comprehension and Application of informed nutrient contents), as well as their preference to the different formats. The results are summarized as follows. 1) Of the 178 subjects , 89.9% of the middleaged housewives were college graduates. Their nutrition knowledge of RDA were relatively satisfactory showing over 80% correlation on the basic concepts and unit while for numerical value less than 50% correct answer. 2) IC test scores were significantly different among the formats showing the highest values for format A and B which are presented as absolute value and % RDA, respectively. Format C presented as serving size(number of products) showed the lowest score. CA scores were also significantly different, though the increased load of information did not facilitate to increase the consumers comprehension. 3) RDA knowledge test scores and the scores of IA and CA were correlated in format A and D but not in format B and C suggesting % RDA presentation would be more acceptable to the less educated group. 4) For the preference in the aspects of easiness and time-saving format A was the best one then format D supporting the result of IC and CA test. The results of the present study indicate the most useful and preferred format is the simplest format presented as absolute value without RDA, . The secondly preferred format is the new NL format of the US with much information .

  • PDF

A Sudy for Revision of the KORMARC Format(Monograph) (KORMARC 형식(단행본용)의 개정에 관한 연구)

  • 이두영;최석두;이상헌;오동근
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.20-42
    • /
    • 1992
  • MARC format for bibliographic data is to make the functions of shared cataloging easier and to provide exhaustivity for storing national bibliographic information, and powerful and flexible structure to communicate with international cataloging information. KORMARC format was developed in 1984 to form the basis for storing bibliographic information in a consistent and non-redundant form, and for sharing that information and manupulating it by computer. MARC format needs evolution to make the format more consistent and more useful, and to support new forms of material and new forms of control. The purpose of this study is to evaluate and discuss the original KORMARC format for monographs developed by the National Central Library in 1984 in order to provide the basis for a new revised format and format integration.

  • PDF