• Title, Summary, Keyword: Four Wheel Drive Vehicle (4WD)

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Development of electric Four Wheel Drive System (e-4WD 시스템 개발)

  • Jo, Hee Young
    • Journal of Drive and Control
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.10-17
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    • 2016
  • e-4WD(Electric-4WD) system is a 4WD(4-Wheel Drive) System that can transform a car into a Hybrid System. e-4WD consists of a Motor, Inverter, Speed reducer and Clutch. The Motor, Speed reducer and Clutch are installed on the rear sub-frame as a chassis module type. The inverter is installed separately. Compared to a mechanical 4WD, the e-4WD system has many advantages. For example, the reduced number of drivetrain components makes better use of the space. Driving with a motor only at low speed improves fuel economy and reduces exhaust gas. Engine downsizing is available because the motor assists the engine. The performance of a conventional HEV(Hybrid Electric Vehicle) system can also be maintained. This paper proposes the specifications of components and the control logic for an e-4WD System. And the effect of the e-4WD system is proven using a test vehicle equipped with components under various test conditions.

Development of a Control Method of Traction Control System Using Vehicle Model (차량 모델을 이용한 구동력 제어 시스템 (TCS)의 제어 방법 개발)

  • Song Jeonghoon;Kim Heungseob;Lee Dae Hee;Son Minhyuk
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.28 no.8
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    • pp.1203-1211
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    • 2004
  • A traction control systems (TCSs) composed of either a wheel slip controller or a throttle valve controller or an integrated controller of both systems are proposed in this study. To validatethe dynamic characteristics of a vehicle and TCS, a full car model that can simulate the responses of both front wheel drive (2WD) and four wheel drive (4WD) vehicle is also developed. The wheel slip controller uses a sliding mode control scheme and the throttle valve is controlled by a PID controller. The results shows that tHe brake TCS and the engine TCS achieve rapid acceleration, and reduce slip angle on slippery road. When a vehicle is cornering and accelerating maneuver with the brake or engine TCS, understeer or oversteer occur, depending on the driving conditions. The integrated TCS prevents most of these problems and improves the stability and controllability of the vehicle.

A Study of Tire Road Friction Estimation for Controlling Rear Wheel Driving Force of 4WD Vehicle (4WD 차량의 후륜 구동력 제어를 위한 구동시 노면마찰계수 추정에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jae-Young;Shim, Woojin;Heo, Seung-Jin
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.512-519
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    • 2016
  • In this study, the tire road friction estimation(TRFE) algorithm for controlling the rear wheel driving force of a 4WD vehicle during acceleration is developed using a standard sensor in an ordinary 4WD passenger car and a speed sensor. The algorithm is constructed for the wheel shaft torque, longitudinal tire force, vertical tire force and maximum tire road friction estimation. The estimation results of shaft torque and tire force were validated using a torque sensor and wheel force transducer. In the algorithm, the current road friction is defined as the proportion calculated between longitudinal and vertical tire force. Slip slop methods using current road friction and slip ratio are applied to estimate the road friction coefficient. Based on this study's results, the traction performance, fuel consumption and drive shaft strength performance of a 4WD vehicle are improved by applying the tire road friction estimation algorithm.

Development of an Electronically Controlled Transfer Case for Automobile (자동차용 전자제어식 부변속기 개발)

  • 김광열;김태훈
    • Journal of Advanced Marine Engineering and Technology
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.155-163
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    • 2000
  • A technology of full time four wheel drive(4WD) vehicle has been improved greatly, and the market share of full time 4WD has been extended steadily in recent days. The transfer case is an essential element in the 4WD automobile. In this paper, the details of electronically controlled transfer case is described. In order to achieve easy shifting, the shifting, the developed system automate the conversion of "$4\times2\longleftrightarrow4\times4(H)\longleftrightarrow4\times4(L)$". Furthmore, this system employs an chain drive type instead of gear drive type for drive type and synchromesh type instead of constant-mesh type for gear mesh type. Therefore, the developed transfer case is accomplished light-weight, low noise, and compact.d compact.

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Design of an intelligent steering control system for four-wheel electric vehicles without steering mechanism (조향 기구가 없는 4륜 전기 구동 차량의 지능형 조향 제어 시스템의 설계)

  • 변상진;박명관;서일홍
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics S
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    • v.34S no.4
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    • pp.12-24
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    • 1997
  • An intelligent steering control system is designed for the steering control of a 4 wheel drive (4WD) electric vehicles without steering mechanism, where the vehicle is assumed to have 3 degree of freedom and input-output feedback linearization is employed. Especially, a fuzzy-rule-based side force estimator is suggested to avoid uncertain highlynonlinearexpression sof relations between side forces and their factors. Also, aneural-network-based predictive compensator is additionally utilized for the vehicle model to be correctly controlled with unstructured uncertainties. The proposed overall control system is numerically shown to be robust against drastic change of the external environments.

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