• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fractal antennas

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Compact and Flexible Monopole Antenna for Ultra-Wideband Applications Deploying Fractal Geometry

  • Geetha, G;Palaniswamy, Sandeep Kumar;Alsath, M. Gulam Nabi;Kanagasabai, Malathi;Rao, T. Rama
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.400-405
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    • 2018
  • This paper presents a compact ultra-wideband (UWB) flexible monopole antenna design on a paper substrate. The proposed antenna is made of iterations of a circular slot inside an octagonal metallic patch. This fractal-based geometry has been deployed to achieve compactness along with improved bandwidth, measured reflection coefficient -10 dB bandwidth ranging from 2.7 to 15.8 GHz. The overall size of the antenna is $26mm{\times}19mm{\times}0.5mm$, which makes it a compact one. The substrate used is paper and the main features like environment friendly, flexibility, green electronics applications and low cost of fabrication are the key factors for the proposed antenna. The aforementioned UWB prototype is suitable for many wireless communication systems such as WiMAX, WiFi, RFID and WSN applications. Antenna has been tested for the effect of bending by placing it over a curved surface of a very small radius of 10 mm.

The Characteristics of Koch Island Microstrip Patch Antenna

  • Kim, Il-Kwon;Yook, Jong-Gwan;Park, Han-Kyu
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.28 no.3A
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    • pp.166-170
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    • 2003
  • In this paper, the characteristics of Koch island microstrip patch antenna are investigated by numerical and experimental methods. The Koch patch is fractal shaped antenna which can be characterized by two properties such as space-filling and self-similarity. Due to its space-filling property of fractal structure, the proposed Koch fractal patch antennas are smaller in size than that of conventional square patch antenna. From numerical and experimental results, it is found that as the iteration number and iteration factor of Koch patch increase, its resonance frequency becomes lower than that of conventional patch, thus contributes to antenna size reduction. In particular, when the fractal iteration factor is 1/4, the fractal antenna is 45% smaller in size than that of conventional patch, while maintaining radiation patterns comparable to those of rectangular antenna and cross polarization level is about -20~-14 dB.

Hybrid Fractally Expanded Cross Antenna (하이브리드 후렉틀 확장 크로스 안테나)

  • 장정민;이상설
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.11 no.8
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    • pp.1329-1336
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    • 2000
  • A new fractal geometry of the traveling wave type cross antenna is newly presented. In the conventional type of the traveling wave antenna, the electrical length of the radiating conductor increases as the order of fractal expansion increases. But, increased length of the current path degrades the performance of the antenna from the various loss mechanism of the traveling wave type antenna. To reduce the antenna performance degradation, the new hybrid fractal antenna, which divides the entire fractal structure into some smaller ones and connects each smaller fractal group with a power divider is presented. The secondly, thirdly and fourthly expanded hybrid fractal cross antennas are fabricated and their performances are examined by measurements. Influences of the fractal order to the antenna performance are examined.

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Fractal Microstrip patch Antenna Design and Fabrication for WLAN/WiMax Applications (WLAN/WiMax용 프랙탈 마이크로스트립 패치 안테나설계 및 제작)

  • Kim, Kab-Ki
    • The Journal of Advanced Navigation Technology
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.1008-1014
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, multi-band fractal microstrip patch antenna which is possible for WLAN band and WiMax band is designed and made. For multi-resonance of developed antenna, resonance frequency, impedance matching, polarity and reflection pattern can mad perfectly, then to make satisfied multi-independent frequency three kind of half circle fractal patch is inserted. In the situation continuously happening half circle in designed structure, antennas one of half-circle band is shown.

A CPW-Fed Self-Affine Cross Shape Fractal Antenna (자기 아파인 프랙탈 구조를 이용한 CPW 급전 크로스 안테나)

  • Kim Tae-Hwan;Lee Jae-Wook;Cho Choon-Sik;Lee Yun-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.949-956
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    • 2005
  • In this paper, a new CPW-fed cross shape fractal antenna having a self-affinity is presented. This novel configuration, which has anisotropic scaling symmetry, makes smaller profile characteristic compared to the fractal antenna using a self-similarity. Increase of the iteration coefficient, which leads to decrease of the fundamental resonant frequency, shows a good impedance matching condition and multi-band characteristics due to new surface current paths. The radiation patterns are similar to those of monopole antennas. In the K3 stage of iteration, the proposed antenna shows a measured maximum gain 2.27 dBi at 940 MHz. A commercially available software based on the FDTD algorithm has been used to obtain the predicted results. In addition, an RT/Duroid 5880 substrate has been employed for the experimental results.

Radiation Characteristics of Log Periodic Cantor Koch Dipole Antennas (대수 주기 칸토어 코흐 다이폴 안테나의 복사 특성)

  • Park, Jae-Sung;Choi, Hak-Keun;Park, Jae-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.21 no.9
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    • pp.1005-1012
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, a novel log periodic cantor koch dipole antenna(LPCKDA), which is composed of the cantor Koch dipole elements instead of the Koch dipole elements, is proposed to reduce the size of the log periodic koch dipole antenna(LPKDA). To investigate the reliability of the proposed antenna, the LPCKDA is designed and analyzed at 0.5~1.5 GHz and compared with the LPKDA(Log Periodic Koch Dipole Antenna) characteristic. It is shown that although the proposed LPCKDA has a decreases of 5 % in the length of the dipole elements, radiation characteristics of LPCKDA are similar to radiation characteristics of the LPKDA.

Radiation Characteristics of Log-Periodic Cantor Dipole Antennas (대수 주기 칸토어 다이폴 안테나의 복사 특성)

  • Uhm, Sun-Yong;Choi, Hak-Keun
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.321-328
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, a novel log-periodic cantor dipole antenna(LPCDA), which is composed of the cantor-dipole elements instead of the existing dipole elements, is proposed. The proposed antenna makes possible the antenna miniaturization by using the cantor-dipole elements. To investigate the reliability of the proposed antenna, LPCDA is designed and analyzed at $1{\sim}4GHz$ band and compared with LPDA(Log-Periodic Dipole Antenna) characteristics. It is shown that although the elements of LPCDA are 13.3% shorter than LPDA, the gain increases about 2dB and VSWR is less than 2 in at the upper band.