• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fracture Resistance Curve

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A Study on the Evaluation of the Pipe Fracture Characteristic (실배관 파괴특성 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Park Jae-Sil;Kim Young-Jin;Seok Chang-Sung
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2005
  • In order to analyze the elastic-plastic fracture behavior of a structure, the fracture resistance curve of the material should be known first. The standard CT specimen was used to obtain the fracture resistance curves of a piping system. However, it is known that the fracture resistance curve by the standard CT specimen is very conservative to evaluate the integrity of a structure. Also the fracture resistance curve is effected by the specimen geometry and the dimensions because of the constraint effect. The objective of this paper is to be certain the conservativeness of the fracture resistance curve by the standard CT specimen and to provide an additional safety margin. For these, the fracture tests using a real pipe specimen and the standard CT specimen test were performed. A 4-point bending jig was manufactured for the pipe test and the direct current potential drop method was used to measure the crack extension and the length for the pipe test. Also finite element analyses were performed with a CT specimen and a pipe in order to prove the additional safety margin. From the result of tests and analyses of the pipe and the standard CT specimen, it was observed that the fracture analysis with the standard CT specimen is conservative and the additional safety margin was proved.

Variation of the fracture resistance curve with the change of a size in the specimen of reduced activation ferritic steel (JLF-1) (저방사화 철강재 (JLF-1)의 시험편 크기 변화에 따른 파괴저항곡선의 변화)

  • Kim, D.H.;Yoon, H.K.;Lee, S.P.;Kohyama, A.
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.1240-1245
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    • 2003
  • Reduced activation ferritic steel (JLF-1) is considered as a promising candidate material for blanket or first-wall structure of D-T fusion reactors. The fracture tests of fracture resistance curve (J-R curve) and $J_{IC}$ are desirable to investigate the exact fracture toughness of JLF-1 steel, since it has a high ductility. The fracture toughness of JLF-1 steel is affected by the configuration of test specimen such side groove, specimen thickness or specimen size. In this study, the fracture toughness tests were performed with various size(plane size and thickness) and various side groove of specimens. The test results showed the standard specimen with the side groove of 40 % represented a valid fracture toughness. The fracture resistance curve increased with increasing plane size and decreased with increasing thickness. However, the fracture resistance curve of half size specimen was similar to that of the standard specimen.

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Evaluation on elastic-plastic fracture resistance curve of SA508C-3 and aluminum alloy steels by load-ratio method (Load-ratio 법에 의한 SA508C-3와 알루미늄 합금의 탄소성 파괴저항 곡선평가)

  • Yoon, H. K.
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.98-105
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    • 1996
  • A method is proposed to evaluate the elastic-plastic fracture resistance curve only with load displacement records without the crack length measurement in CT specimen. This method is based on the idea that the effect of plastic deformation and the crack growth can be measured only by using a load-displacement record. If we know the reference-load curve representing the hardening of specimen, then the crack extension can be calculated by the elastic compliance determined from the load ratio. The results of this proposed method were compared to those of the elastic-plastic fracture resistance curve for the ASTM standard unloading compliance method. The experimental results for two kinds of ductile materials showed that the proposed method well simulates the material J-R curves. This method is currently applied for CT specimens. but it can be extended to the other specimen geometries.

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A Study on the Evaluation of the Pipe Fracture Characteristic (I) (실배관 파괴특성 평가에 관한 연구 (I))

  • Park, Jae-Sil;Seok, Chang-Sung
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.345-350
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    • 2001
  • In order to perform elastic-plastic fracture mechanical analyses, fracture resistance curves for concerned materials are required. 1T-CT specimen was used to obtain fracture resistance curves. But the fracture resistance curve by the 1T-CT specimen was very conservative to evaluate the integrity of the structure. And fracture resistance curve was affected by the specimen geometry and crack plane orientation. The objective of this paper is to be certain the conservativeness of the fracture resistance curve by the 1T-CT specimen and to provide the additional safety margin. For these, the fracture tests using the real pipe specimen and standard 1T-CT specimen test were performed. 4-point bending jig was manufactured for pipe test and direct current potential drop method was used to measure the crack extension and length for pipe test. From the pipe and the 1T-CT specimen test results, it was observed that the J-integral of the 1T-CT specimen test at the crack initiation point was very small compare to that of the pipe specimen test.

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A study on the Relations Between Fracture Strain and Fracture Resistance Curve of nuclear Pressure Vessel Steel (압력용기강의 파괴저항곡선의 파괴변형률에 관한 연구)

  • 임만배
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.44-51
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    • 2000
  • Safety and integrity are required for reactor pressure vessels because they are operated in high temperature. There are single specimen method multiple specimen method and load ratio analysis method which used as evaluation of safety and integrity for reactor pressure vessels. In this study the fracture resistance curve(J-R curve) elastic-plastic fracture toughness($J_{IC}$) and material tearing modulus ($T_{mat}$) of SA 508 class 3 alloy steel used as reactor pressure vessel steel are measured and evaluated at room temperature 20$0^{\circ}C$ and 30$0^{\circ}C$ according to unloading compliance method and load ration analysis method. And then the comparison with experimental $J_{IC}$ and theoretical$J_{IC}$ by local fracture strain is managed.

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Dynamic Fracture Testing of Welding part of Nuclear Piping by Using Normalization Method (정규화법을 이용한 원전배관 용접부의 동하중 파괴저항시험)

  • Huh, Yong;Cho, Sung-Keun;Park, Jae-Sil;Seok, Chang-Sung
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.262-267
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    • 2004
  • The unloading compliance method is the most commonly used method to evaluate the fracture resistance characteristics of a material. In dynamic loading condition, the direct current potential drop(DCPD) method has been used because the unloading compliance method can not be applied due to the discontinuity of loading. However, even in the dynamic test using DCPD method, there is a problem that the voltage drops sharply on the initiation of crack. For the reason metioned above, the normalization method was suggested on ASTM E 1820 which is revised recently, as a new method to evaluate the dynamic fracture resistance characteristic. The nomalization method can be used to obtain a fracture resistance curve directly from a load-load line displacement. In this study, we obtained two fracture resistance curves from static test of welding part of nuclear piping both by unloading compliance and nomalization method. The two curves were almost same each other, so the adaptability of the nomalization method has been proved. We conducted a dynamic fracture resistance test for the same material. The fracture resistance curve from the dynamic test was obtained by normalization method and compared to that of the static test result.

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Analyses of the Decrease Phenomenon of Fracture Resistance Curve Under Tension-Compression Loading (인장-압축하중 하의 파괴저항곡선의 감소현상 해석)

  • Yun, Byeong-Gon;Seok, Chang-Seong
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.378-385
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    • 2000
  • Fracture resistance (J-R) curves, which are used for elastic-plastic fracture mechanics analyses, decreased under tension-compression loading condition. This phenomenon was proved by several former researches, but the causes have not been clear yet. The objective of this paper is to investigate the cause of this phenomenon. On the basis of fracture resistance curve test results, strain hardening hypothesis, stress redistribution hypothesis and crack opening hypothesis were built. In this study, hardness tests, Automated Ball Indentation(ABI) tests, theoretical stress field analyses, and crack opening analyses were performed to prove the hypotheses. From this study, strain-hardening of material, generation of tensile residual stress at crack tip, and crack opening effects are proved as the causes of the decrease hypothesis.

Estimation of the Fracture Resistance Curve for the Nuclear Piping Using the Standard Compact Tension Specimen (표준 CT시험편을 이용한 실배관 파괴저항 곡선 예측)

  • Park, Hong-Sun;Heo, Yong;Koo, Jae-Mean;Seok, Chang-Sung;Park, Jae-Sil;Cho, Sung-Keun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.33 no.9
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    • pp.930-937
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    • 2009
  • The estimation method of the fracture resistance curve for the pipe specimen was proposed using the load ratio method for the standard specimen. For this, the calculation method of the load - CMOD curve for the pipe specimen with the common format equation(CFE) was proposed by using data of the CT specimen. The proposed method agreed well with experimental data. The J-integral value and the crack extension were calculated from the estimated load - CMOD data. The fracture resistance curve was estimated from the calculated J-integral and the crack extension. From these results, it have been seen that the proposed method is reliable to estimate the J-R curve of the pipe specimen.

Variation of the Fracture Resistance Curve with the Change of a Size in the CT Specimen (CT시험편의 크기 변화에 따른 파괴저항곡선의 변화)

  • Seok, Chang-Seong;Kim, Su-Yong
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.24 no.12
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    • pp.2963-2971
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    • 2000
  • In order to obtain more realistic fracture resistance curve, research is currently underway to introduce new parameter and to quantify the constraint effect. The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between the constraint effect of a size(plane size and thickness) and the fracture resistance curve. In this paper fracture toughness tests were performed with various plane size and various thickness of specimens in two materials. The test results showed that the effects of plane size in th4 J-R curve were significant and the curve was risen with an increase in plane size. However, relatively weak influence was observed form the change of the specimen thickness and size. The stress fields near the crack tip of th specimen is close to the HRR field according to increasing the plane size and Q stress appears different value according to material properties and the plane size.

Effects of Accelerated Iso-Thermal Aging on Elastic-Plastic Fracture Toughness and Fracture Resistance Curve by Unloading Compliance Method in SA533B Low Alloy Steel (제하 컴플라이언스법에 의한 SA533B강의 $J_1C$ 및 J-R 곡선에 미치는 열시효 영향)

  • 윤한기;차귀준
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.157-165
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    • 1994
  • Effect of an accelerated iso-thermal aging (375 degree C x 66days, 375 degree C x 200days) on elastic-plastic fracture resistance curve were examined in SA533B low alloy steel. Fracture toughness test are conducted by unloading compliance method at room temperature. But the apparent negative crack growth phenomenon, usually arise in partial unloading compliance test. The phenomenon of negative crack growth may be eliminated by the offset technique. There is no effect of aging on J sub(IC) and dJ/da in iso-thermal aged (375 degree C x 66 days) specimen, but there is very little effect in iso-thermal aged (375 degree C x 200 days) specimen.

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