• Title, Summary, Keyword: Franchise Industry

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Case Study of Settlement of Disputes and Complications of Dinning-out Franchise Affiliates (외식프랜차이즈 가맹점의 갈등과 분쟁해결 사례연구)

  • Kim Ki-Hong;Chung Ung-Yong;Byun Joon-Young
    • Journal of Arbitration Studies
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.207-232
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    • 2005
  • This study is for an example of arbitration of a dining out franchise company in Korea and franchise system currently is expanding and developing to international trade. The main reason for that is franchising has some benefits compared to the existing trades. Korean dining-out industry has largely developed for the past 20 years, but there are little world-class company of the industry, because dining-out industry should go for qualitative as well as quantitative growth at the same time. Korean dining-out industry has adopted licensing and joint-venture among growth strategies, but the franchise system among them seems to have taken its place as a representative strategy for management to develop dining-out industry. The history of Korean dining-out franchise industry is very short and it is true that we have no a management philosophy of accompanying growth with franchise due to a short experiences and recognition of top management or managers and short-term strategy for branch expansion. For a brilliant growth of dining-out franchise industry, to settle disputes through arbitration, in case of disputes taking place, is very important, because the franchise industry is a frequent-trading sector, requires expert-level knowledge, favors a closed examination and also needs a fast solution. As the franchise industry has been sharply growing around the world, there is more possibility of disputes, and various and complicated laws of the industry are related to disputes as well, so much more expert-level knowledge is required to solve disputes. Therefore, affiliated headquarters hope a disclosed settlement of their disputes and their any disputes should be fast settled for the benefits of affiliated members.

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The Globalization Strategy and Performance of an Italian Franchise Optics Corporation: A Study of Luxottica

  • Na, Hwa-Sook;Lee, Sang-Youn;Kam, Woo-Kyoon
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.33-44
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    • 2015
  • Purpose - This study examined the Italian eyeglass industry and the status of the franchise market. Luxottica's global growth strategy was analyzed to provide insight into the strategy and development of the Italian eyeglass industry and its franchise business. Research design, data, methodology - Luxottica's annual report, public media material, and website were examined, in addition to data from professional institutions. For the domestic eyeglass industry and franchise business, data from professional organizations, franchise information disclosure documents of the Fair Trading Commission, media materials, and related papers were investigated. Results - The success factor turned out to be securing a global wholesaler with retailers in overseas markets. This successful strategy was based on the strong entrepreneurial spirit of the founder, innovative craftsmanship, and an excellent corporate culture including corporate social responsibility (CSR). Conclusions - Considering the current environment, for Luxottica to be a leading global company, it had to review and adopt a successful vertical integration strategy, from R&D to distribution, M&A of overseas wholesalers and retailers, creative design and technical development, and sustainable cultural development

Evaluating Distress Prediction Models for Food Service Franchise Industry (외식프랜차이즈기업 부실예측모형 예측력 평가)

  • KIM, Si-Joong
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was evaluated to compare the predictive power of distress prediction models by using discriminant analysis method and logit analysis method for food service franchise industry in Korea. Research design, data and methodology: Forty-six food service franchise industry with high sales volume in the 2017 were selected as the sample food service franchise industry for analysis. The fourteen financial ratios for analysis were calculated from the data in the 2017 statement of financial position and income statement of forty-six food service franchise industry in Korea. The fourteen financial ratios were used as sample data and analyzed by t-test. As a result seven statistically significant independent variables were chosen. The analysis method of the distress prediction model was performed by logit analysis and multiple discriminant analysis. Results: The difference between the average value of fourteen financial ratios of forty-six food service franchise industry was tested through t-test in order to extract variables that are classified as top-leveled and failure food service franchise industry among the financial ratios. As a result of the univariate test appears that the variables which differentiate the top-leveled food service franchise industry to failure food service industry are income to stockholders' equity, operating income to sales, current ratio, net income to assets, cash flows from operating activities, growth rate of operating income, and total assets turnover. The statistical significances of the seven financial ratio independent variables were also confirmed by logit analysis and discriminant analysis. Conclusions: The analysis results of the prediction accuracy of each distress prediction model in this study showed that the forecast accuracy of the prediction model by the discriminant analysis method was 84.8% and 89.1% by the logit analysis method, indicating that the logit analysis method has higher distress predictability than the discriminant analysis method. Comparing the previous distress prediction capability, which ranges from 75% to 85% by discriminant analysis and logit analysis, this study's prediction capacity, which is 84.8% in the discriminant analysis, and 89.1% in logit analysis, is found to belong to the range of previous study's prediction capacity range and is considered high number.

Effect of Environmental Dynamics on the Business Performance of Franchise Distribution Industry (프랜차이즈 유통산업에서 환경 동태성이 가맹점의 경영성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Han-Seong;Kim, Joon-Ho;Yu, Jong-Pil
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.59-68
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - This study empirically examines the effects of environmental dynamics(dynamics of one's own company, dynamics of competitors, and dynamics of customers), within the franchise industry, on the dependence and conflict(dysfunctional conflict and functional conflicts) and the business performances(financial and non-financial). Furthermore, we empirically examined the effects of the dependence of franchise on the conflicts(dysfunctional conflict and functional conflict) and business performances(financial and non-financial). Finally, we empirically examined the effects of the conflicts of franchise (dysfunctional conflict and functional conflict) on the business performances(financial and non-financial). Research design, data, and methodology - Our study conducted a survey on the managers and owners of the franchises located in Seoul, Gyeonggi, and Incheon. The total number of valid samples was 230, and the structural equation model was analyzed by using AMOS program. Results - First, the environmental dynamics(dynamics of one's own company, dynamics of competitors, and dynamics of customers) in the franchise industry were shown to have statistically significant positive effect on the dependence of franchise. Second, among the environmental dynamics in the franchise industry, the dynamics of one's own company and the dynamics of the customers were shown to have a statistically significant positive effect on the dysfunctional conflicts of franchisees. However, in the franchise industry, the dynamics of competitors did not have a statistically significant effect on the dysfunctional conflict of the franchise. Third, in the franchise industry, the environmental dynamics(dynamics of one's own company, dynamics of competitors, and dynamics of customers) did not have a statistically significant effect on the functional conflicts of the franchises. Fourth, the dependence of franchise was shown to have a statistically significant positive effect on the conflicts(dysfunctional conflict and functional conflict). Fifth, the dysfunctional conflict of franchisees was shown to have a statistically significant negative effect on the business performances(financial and non-financial). Sixth, the functional conflicts of franchises was shown to have a statistically significant positive effect on business performances(financial and non-financial). Conclusions - From the franchise industry researches, the environmental dynamics were selected as the preceding factors and the relationship leading to dependence, conflict, and business performance were constructed into model.

A Study on the franchisee satisfaction in the foodservice franchise industry (외식프랜차이즈 시스템하의 동인별 고객만족도에 관한 연구)

  • 홍기운;김형준
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.119-147
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    • 2000
  • This Study is performed to research a customer satisfaction to a Franchisee on the food franchise industry. In future, the food industry will be complicated and various. So customer needs also will be complicated. Consequently. a study of customer satisfaction will be researched continuously for corresponding an industrial transfiguration and a customer variety. The result of this study, a Franchisee satisfaction on the food franchise industry is evaluated below the average. This result can be happened by the scale of food franchise industry. However actually it has caused by the lack of Franchisee management mind, the capability of head office, and the lack of competitive power. The mind of service for customer, hygiene and cleanness mind, and the lack of marketing strategies and strategic management can not be satisfied of customer. Also customer value creation can not be made. So the education training and marketing strategies for Franchisee on the food franchise industry have to be requested. And a continuous study for customer satisfaction that correspond with the characteristics of industrial classification be raised.

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An Assessing of Franchisor's Firm Performance Based on Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA 분석을 통한 프랜차이즈 기업의 평가)

  • Kim, Seonmin
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.359-369
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    • 2014
  • Due to the severe market conditions, pre-entrepreneur seeks to start their business through franchise company. This paper, using the data envelopment analysis(DEA) method, examines efficiency of a group of franchise company in order to provide efficiency information with pre-entrepreneur. Output-oriented DEA model is applied in the investigation of efficiency, and the overall efficiency score is decomposed into pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency. The input variables selected to evaluate the efficiency are franchise deposit, franchise contribution cost and the output variables are sales and number of franchises, and length of business. The results of this paper show franchise industry have the low level of overall efficiency and the main sources of inefficiency is found technical rather than scale. As a result, this paper provides not only the current status of efficiency information of a franchise with pre-entrepreneur but also give warning when they sign-up with franchise business.

A Study on the Influence of Franchise PC Game Rooms Store Attributes on Store Selection Behavior (프랜차이즈 피씨방 점포선택속성이 점포선택행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Seong, Baiksoon
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.231-240
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    • 2015
  • This study empirically analyzed the relationship between the franchise pc game rooms selection behavior and revisit, recommendations. Select Properties from the franchise pc game rooms store is ease of access, computer specifications, pleasant environment, brand power and pricing strategy. Korean franchise industry is in spite of the short history of just over 30 years growing very fast. Especially pc game rooms store is 14,782 in 2012 years, pc game rooms store is operated by franchise form 10.6%, 87.9% operated by private, co-operation was confirmed at 1.5%. Conclusions are as follows. First, factors that significantly affect the degree of revisit has been identified as computer specifications, pleasant environment, brand power. Second, the recommendation is an important factor of the computer specifications, brand power, pricing strategy. Finally, franchise pc game rooms successful strategy has excellent computer's specifications, it needs a promotion strategy to attract pc game tournaments to be notified of brand power. We can also see that running is an important factor in a pleasant environment and a flexible pricing strategy.

Perceived Uncertainty and Perceived Usefulness of Intranet in the Restaurant Franchise Industry

  • Lee, Hwan-Eui;Cho, Sun-Gu;Hyun, Sung-Hyup
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.123-129
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    • 2011
  • The restaurant franchise industry is one that could benefit significantly from the use of intranet technology, from its potential for improving communications between franchisors and franchisees, to providing easier inventory and ordering processes. However, there is a level of trepidation among potential users about whether the technology would improve their work performance. This study sought to examine the relationships between perceived uncertainty and perceived usefulness of intranet technology in the restaurant franchise industry. Through a review of available literature, 10 sub-dimensions of perceived uncertainty (Duncan, 1972) and six sub-dimensions of perceived usefulness (Davis, 1989) were derived. Canonical correlation analysis was used to examine the relationships between these concepts using data collected from 163 franchising restaurant managers in South Korea. Findings from the data analysis demonstrates two negative factors and one positive factor in perceived uncertainty that influence perceived usefulness, thus offering some implications of what to consider when implementing an intranet system in a restaurant franchise.

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A Study on the Effect of Core Competence of Supervisor on the Business Performance of Franchisees and Franchisor

  • Song, Ji-Hyun;Jo, Gye-Beom
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.23 no.10
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    • pp.189-201
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    • 2018
  • This study analyzed the effect of core competence of supervisor on the satisfaction, loyalty, business performance of franchisees and business performance of franchisor. And the purpose of this study is to solve the most problematic issues in franchise business such as poor sales of franchisee, inadequate measures for activating sluggish stores, closing rate increase of franchisee, dispute between a franchisee and franchisor. The results of this study will be used as data for the success of Franchisor's business operation and for the change and development of the franchise industry. In this study, 168 CEOs and employees in the franchise industry were surveyed. Through previous research and expert interviews, we designed the core competency factors of franchise supervisors into seven areas: check, consulting, coordination, promotion, counseling, communication, and control. In order to verify the hypothesis of the research, the relationship between variables was verified by simple regression analysis and multiple regression analysis. Key result of the study are as follows. First, the core competency of the supervisor has a positive relationship with the franchisee's satisfaction. Second, the core competence of the supervisor has a positive relationship with the franchisee's loyalty. Third, franchisee's satisfaction has a positive effect on loyalty. Fourth, franchisee's satisfaction positively affects the business performance of franchisee and franchisor. Fifth, franchisee's loyalty positively affects the business performance of franchisee and franchisor.

A Study on the satisfaction of the Franchisee in Franchise industry (외식 프랜차이즈산업의 가맹점 만족도에 관한 연구)

  • 김형준
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.315-330
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    • 2000
  • The development of foodservice franchise is inevitable in the developmental process of domestic foodservice industry and it has been led by some big enterprises and foreign brands, but foodservice franchise of a new and differential form will be rapidly developed. The success of franchise can be resulted under the recognition that franchiser and franchise are in the common fate as the partner. Franchisee must make its best efforts to enhance the unity and value of brand jointly with franchiser. Therefore. franchisee has to make efforts to maintain the quality of commodity and service, not to damage the value of title and follow the guidance and effort of franchiser it chose. Franchiser must have the recognition that the success of franchisee is the key of that of franchiser and give franchisee a reliability in order that it follows the order of franchiser. It must have the consciousness that it can achieve the success through the increase of sales by franchisee and support franchisee with trust not to have the easygoing way of thinking to derive its income of commission from increasing the number of franchisees.

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