• Title/Summary/Keyword: Frequency of Interaction

Search Result 9, Processing Time 0.081 seconds

A Study on the Relationship between the Spatial Structure of Social Mixed Apartments and Interaction among Residents (사회적 혼합아파트의 공간구조와 입주민 간 교류와의 관계에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Hyunju;Choi, Jaepil
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea
    • /
    • v.37 no.4
    • /
    • pp.93-103
    • /
    • 2021
  • Social mix in the concept of housing means that residents of sales·rented households live and interact together within a same complex or a building. However, some social mixed complexes were built without considering interaction and discrimination between the classes, and there was a spatial and psychological exclusion of tenants from rented households within the mixed complexes. Therefore, in order for a social mixed complex to have a positive effect on social integration, it is necessary to consider the behavior of the residents in terms of architectural design, so the relationship between the spatial structure of the social mixed apartment and the interaction between residents was studied. The purpose of the study is to quantitatively analyze the relationship between the spatial structure of social mixed apartments and the frequency of interaction between residents, and to verify how the frequency of interaction between residents has with residents' perceptions. In this study, space syntax was used to analyze the spatial structure of the social mixed complexes. And, surveys were conducted to find out the interaction frequency between residents and their interaction satisfaction. The results of this study were as follows; in some places, the spatial structures have effects on the interaction frequency, and the interaction frequency was positively correlated with the interaction satisfaction. The significance of this study is that it can be used as basic data to promote social integration when designing social mixed housing in the future.

Influences of intra- and inter-team networks on knowledge brokerage behavior (팀 내·외부 관계망이 지식 중개자 활동에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Minhyung;Kim, Byoungsoo
    • Knowledge Management Research
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.19-37
    • /
    • 2018
  • Knowledge transfer among employees integrates individual knowledge scattered within a firm, thus increases organizational effectiveness. In particular, the role of knowledge broker, which enables knowledge sharing across multiple teams or subunits, is critical for the success of knowledge management. This study classified the types of knowledge broker that facilitates knowledge flows among team, and examined the influences of various intra- and inter-team social networks. Survey responses from 128 employees of four R&D teams were gathered and analyzed using partial least square structural equation modeling. The results of analysis showed that all types of inter-team networks(i.e., emotional closeness network, frequency of interaction network, and perceived expertise network) had significant influences on related knowledge brokerage behaviors. In case of intra-team networks, only the emotional closeness network showed significant influence. These results proved the necessity of managing various types of intra- and inter-team networks to encourage knowledge brokerage behaviors within a firm.

Influence of Cultural Competence on Nursing Professionalism of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 문화적 역량이 간호전문직관에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Mijeong;Yoo, Hana
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
    • /
    • v.25 no.1
    • /
    • pp.38-47
    • /
    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of cultural competence on nursing professionalism among nursing students in South Korea. Methods: A sample of 218 nursing students in three universities answered a self-report questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Mann-Whitney U-test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Pearson's correlation analyses, and hierarchical multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Results: There were significant differences in cultural competence depending on the use of foreign language, having foreign friends, frequency of interaction with foreigners, multi-cultural education experiences, and level of demand for multicultural education. There were significant differences in nursing professionalism depending on grade level, satisfaction with major choice, college life satisfaction, and foreign language learning experience. There was a significant positive correlation between cultural competence and nursing professionalism. Lastly, significant predictors of nursing professionalism included satisfaction with major choice (${\beta}=.22$, p=.004), cultural awareness (${\beta}=.22$, p=.007) and cultural experience (${\beta}=.17$, p=.026). The regression model explained 20.2% of nursing professionalism. Conclusion: In order to establish desirable nursing professionalism, strategies for enhancing cultural awareness and cultural experiences in nursing education courses are needed both inside and outside the curriculum.

Internet Addiction a In Correlation to Friendship and Internet Use of Adolescents (청소년의 친구관계와 인터넷 사용에 따른 인터넷 중독)

  • Lee, Sook;Nam, Yun-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.42 no.3
    • /
    • pp.1-16
    • /
    • 2004
  • This study analyzes the relation of friendship and internet use on adolescents' internet addiction. The subjects were 117 middle and 106 high school adolescents living in Kwang-ju city. Cronbach'a, t-test, x²-test, ANOVA, Duncan's test were employed in analyzing the data by using SPSS 10.0. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: - First of all, most adolescents had a best friend and maintained an affirmative friendship showing high social function and satisfaction. And it was also found that internet use has been settled as a part of daily life among adolescents and over majority of the subjects reported themselves as internet addicts. - Secondly, boys had more friends than girls, but the frequency of interaction with their friends was lower than for girls. Girls showed higher scores in function and satisfaction with friends than boys. And girls used the internet longer than boys. - Thirdly, variables of internet friends and internet use showed significant differences on internet addiction. Groups using the internet frequently, more than usual, and groups using the internet to relax and enjoy showed significantly higher scores in internet addiction.

An Inquiry into Typically Developing Children's Interaction Strategies with Young Children with ADHD According to Gender (ADHD 유아에 대한 일반유아의 성별 상호작용 전략 탐구)

  • Kyun, Ju-Youn;Chung, Kai-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.32 no.5
    • /
    • pp.135-150
    • /
    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the interaction strategies used by typically developing boys and girls in their dealings with young children with ADHD in free play situations in inclusive classes. This was done in order to gain an in-depth understanding of the meaning of their interaction strategies. The subjects were 52 typically developing children (comprising 27 boys, 25 girls) and 3 young children with ADHD. The findings were as follows : First, the overall frequency of interaction strategies with the young children with ADHD was greater among the young female children (n = 372) than the young male children (n = 298). Second, when the utterance strategies of the male and female children were sub-categorized, both the male children (79.5%) and the female children (57.0%) mostly made use of avoidance strategies, one of the typical withdrawal strategies. Third, the interaction strategy of control represented 42.0 percent and as such was identified as the most prevalent interaction strategy utilized by the young male children studied. In the case of the young female children, obliging strategies were the most common interaction strategies representing 33.1 percent of the total used. In the light of the findings yielded from this study, some educational recommendations are provided.

Analysis of the Sense of Community in Apartment and Non-apartment Housing - Focused on the Community in Gongduk-dong, Mapo-gu, Seoul - (아파트와 비(非)아파트 거주자의 지역공동체의식에 미치는 영향요인 분석 - 서울 마포구 공덕동을 중심으로 -)

  • Kang, Soon-Joo
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
    • /
    • v.28 no.1
    • /
    • pp.73-82
    • /
    • 2017
  • The goal of this study is to identify the sense of community that is present in people based on different housing types and to devise methods for a sustainable community by comparing and contrasting the factors affecting the sense of community between apartment residents and non-apartment residents. The data for the analysis was collected using the questionnaire survey method from July 23~30, 2015, and the sample consisted of 225 respondents living in Gongdukdong, Mapo-gu, in Seoul. The results were as follows: (1) The attitude and sense of community in both groups turned out to be near the middle range without showing a significant difference. (2) All the variables related to the attitude towards the community that have impacts on the development of sense of community show significant positive correlations in both groups. (3) Determining factors of the sense of community are -in the order of importance- frequency of interaction, community awareness, and satisfaction level of community facilities. This result indicates that developing customized programs to enhance community interactions and making people aware of policies and support available are more effective in building a strong sense of community than expanding and refurbishing community facilities.

An Analysis of Social Interaction according to Students' Preference for Groups in Science Instruction of Elementary School (초등학교 과학 수업에서 학생들의 모둠 선호도에 따른 사회적 상호 작용 분석)

  • Yang, Jeon-Mi;Lee, Hea-Jung;Oh, Chang-Ho;Jeong, Jin-Su;Kwon, Yong-Ju;Park, Kuk-Tae
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
    • /
    • v.26 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-11
    • /
    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate interaction patterns and characteristics of small group discussions during elementary school science classes. Four heterogeneous groups were formed according to preferences and non-preferences, consisting of male and female students. Verbal interactions during small group discussions were audio and videotaped, transcribed and analyzed. The interaction frequency of each group was compared in terms of their cognitive and affective aspects. The results in terms of the cognitive aspect showed that there were no significant differences in the frequency of interaction between preference and non-preference groups' verbal behaviors. However, the quality of interaction was superior and the number of high level types of interaction were more frequent in the preference group. From the affective perspective, both groups of students exhibited a positive attitude in the preference group and a negative attitude in the non-preference group. The differences of interaction between the male and female student's groups were that in the case of the female group, the frequency and the quality of interaction was higher. Moreover, in contrast to male students, female students revealed satisfaction and favorable attitudes in their non-preference group because they felt more a acceptable atmosphere and attitude in that group. These results suggest that the interactions of the preference group are more interactive and elaborate in nature than those of the non-preference group.

  • PDF

Analysis of Effects of Learning Motivation on the Interaction in Online Cooperation Learning (온라인 협력학습에서 학습동기가 상호작용에 미치는 영향 분석)

  • Lee, Eun-Chul
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.17 no.7
    • /
    • pp.416-424
    • /
    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of learning motivation on interaction in online collaborative learning. The study subjects are 79 university students who take courses in teaching. Learning motivations measured the intrinsic goal orientation, extrinsic goal orientation, tasks value, control of learning beliefs, test anxiety, self-efficacy, goal orientation by MSLQ. Next, the level of interaction was measured by online collaborative tasks. The group for online cooperation tasks consisted of four to five people and random assignment. The level of interaction was used frequency and score that quantitative Value assess. The collected data were analysed using multiple regression analysis(stepwise). As a result, self-efficacy and extrinsic goal orientation, tasks value, mastery goal orientation were positive effect on frequency and score. next, test anxiety and performance avoid goal orientation were negative effect on frequency and score.

Characteristics of Verbal Interactions According to the Leader Style in MBL Experiment Class in Which Discussion was Emphasized (토론을 강조한 MBL실험수업에서 리더 유형에 따른 언어적 상호작용 특성)

  • Gu, Yang-Sam;Park, Geum-Hong;Sin, Ae-Gyeong;Choe, Byeong-Sun;Lee, Guk-Haeng
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.50 no.6
    • /
    • pp.494-505
    • /
    • 2006
  • This study was performed for 7th grade students to analyze by leader style, the verbal interactions between students in a small group in an MBL(Microcomputer-Based Laboratory) experiment class. The study was performed after arranging the students into four kinds of groups, including groups with leaders of inclusive, persuasive, and alienating styles and a group with no clear leader. The analysis of total frequencies of verbal interaction revealed that the group with an inclusive leader showed the highest frequency of verbal interaction, followed by the group with a persuasive leader, an alienating leader and lastly, the group with no clear leader. The group with an inclusive leader showed the highest frequency of interaction from a cognitive aspect related to question(Q), response(R), making suggestion(MS), and receiving opinions(RO), while interactions from an affective aspect related to behavioral participation(BP) and students' attitudes(SA) were observed more often in a group including an alienating leader than in any other group. An analysis of characteristics of verbal interaction according to leader style showed that a group with an inclusive leader had a permissive atmosphere. It also showed that all members of the group actively participated in discussion and they had a sense of belonging and self-pride with their group. In a group with a persuasive leader, the leader took the lead of most experimental and discussion activities and he was rarely challenged by other students in the group. Rather, other group members showed a tendency to depend on their leader. In a group with an alienating leader, the relationship between leader and members of the group was not harmonious and unfiltered expressions of dissatisfaction and ignorance often took place. The leader's lack of concern about members' low achievement became an obstacle in active discussion. In a group with no clear leader, most interactions during discussion were short and simple. Many answers to the question given by their members were not clear and the interactions were sometimes interrupted for a short while.