• Title, Summary, Keyword: Functional group

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The Effects of Functional Electrical Stimulation on Forced Vital Capacity and Phonation Capabilities in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy

  • Ju, Joung-Youl;Kang, Kwon-Young;Shin, Hee-Joon
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.339-343
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to see the effect of functional electrical stimulation on forced vital capacity and alternating motion rate in children with spastic cerebral palsy. This study divided 20 children with spastic cerebral palsy into two groups; functional electrical stimulation treatment group and control group. Functional electrical stimulation treatment group had 20min per day treatment three times a week for four weeks and the control group did not have any treatment. Before and after intervention, this study measured forced vital capacity and alternate motion rate(/peo/,/teo/) for all children. Forced vital capacity showed statistically significant increase for the group with functional electrical stimulation(p<.05) while the control group did not show any significant increase(p>.05). Alternate motion rate showed statistically significant increase for the group with functional electrical stimulation(p<.05) while the control group did not show any significant increase(p>.05). This result shows that functional electrical stimulation affected the ability of the children with spastic cerebral palsy who have decreased breathing and phonation capability.

Microstructure and Properties of Yttria Film Prepared by Aerosol Deposition (에어로졸 데포지션에 의한 이트리아 필름의 미세구조와 특성)

  • Lee, Byung-Kuk;Park, Dong-Soo;Yoon, Woon-Ha;Ryu, Jung-Ho;Hahn, Byung-Dong;Choi, Jong-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.46 no.5
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    • pp.441-446
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    • 2009
  • Dense crack-free yttria film with 10 $\mu m$ thickness was prepared on aluminum by aerosol deposition. X-ray diffraction pattern on the film showed that it contained the same crystalline phase as the raw powder. Transmission electron microscopy revealed a nanostructured yttria film with grains smaller than 100 nm. Tensile adhesion strength between the film and aluminum substrate was 57.8 $\pm$ 6.3MPa. According to the etching test with $CF_4-O_2$ plasma, the etching rate of the yttria film was 1/100 that of quartz, 1/10 that of sintered alumina and comparable to that of sintered yttria.

The Effects of Interferential Current Therapy on Functional Dyspepsia

  • Koo, Ja Pung;Shin, Hee Joon;Kim, Nyeon Jun;Jeon, Hye Mi;Park, Joo Hyun;Yun, Young Dae;Lee, Joon Hee;Lim, Sang Wan;Um, Ki Mai;Kim, Ji Sung
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.499-504
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    • 2013
  • This study aims to address the effect of interferential current therapy and thereby to provide basic resources to physical therapies for internal medicine by identifying symptoms for functional dyspepsia and serum gastrin level that shows gastric motility. Following results were obtained by performing interferential current therapy to 16 subjects composed of 8 for functional dyspepsia group and 8 for control group for 20 minutes a day, 3 days a week, for 6 weeks. In control group, serum gastrin level was significantly( p<.01), lowered after the therapy whereas there was no significant difference observed in all questions from questionnaire for symptoms of functional dyspepsia between before and after the therapy. In functional dyspepsia group, serum gastrin level was significantly(p<.01), lowered after the therapy and there was also significant(p<.01) reduction in every question from questionnaire for symptoms of functional dyspepsia between before and after the therapy. There was more significant decrease in serum gastrin level and reduction in questionnaire for symptoms of functional dyspepsia in the functional dyspepsia group compared to the control group(p<.01). This study confirms the interferential current therapy as an effective therapeutic method for internal diseases including functional dyspepsia since it not only improves the symptoms of functional dyspepsia but also allows the gastric motility close to normal.

Comparative Study of Acute Dyspepsia, Functional Dyspepsia, Organic Dyspepsia by HRV(Heart Rate Variability) (심박변이도를 통한 급성, 기능성, 기질성 소화불량증의 비교연구)

  • Kim, Hyo-Jin;Kim, Bo-Kyung;Kim, Won-Il
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.75-85
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : This study was designed to evaluate the correlation between patterns of dyspepsia(acute dyspepsia, functional dyspepsia, dyspepsia with the organic disease) and autonomic nerve system dysfunction using HRV analysis. Methods : The patient group consisted of 88 patients diagnosed as a dyspepsia (Acute dyspepsia group-35 patients, Functional dyspepsia group-28 patients, Dyspepsia with the organic disease group-28 patients) who visited in the Oriental Medical Hospital of Dong-eui University from 2005.3.OO to 2008.8.OO. And the control group consisted of 33 patients diagnosed as a normal state of stomach during the same period. We checked HRV of the 4 groups over 5 minutes and compared the HRV index between groups. Results : 1. HF, LF, VLF and TP were significantly lower in the acute dyspepsia, functional dyspepsia and organic dyspepsia patient group than in the control group. 2. HF, LF, VLF and TP were higher in the acute dyspepsia patient group than in the organic dyspepsia patient group, but the differences were not statistically significant. 3. HF, LF, VLF and TP were higher in the acute dyspepsia patient group than in the functional dyspepsia patient group, but the differences were not statistically significant. 4. HF, LF, VLF and TP were lower in the functional dyspepsia patient group than in the organic dyspepsia patient group, but the differences were not statistically significant. Conclusions : Compared to the control group, all of the dyspepsia patient groups showed the tendency that the overall activity of the autonomic nervous system and the activity of sympathetic nerves decreased. Although there was no significant difference in the suppression of the autonomic nervous system, chronic dyspepsia patient group was lower than acute dyspepsia patient group, functional dyspepsia patient group was lower than the organic dyspepsia patient group in HRV.

Consumption of Health Functional Foods according to Age Group in Some Regions of Korea (우리나라 일부지역 연령대별 건강기능식품 이용 실태)

  • Chung, Hye-Kyung;Lee, Hae-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.190-205
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the consumption of health functional foods according to age group. We surveyed 300 subjects with quota sampling aged 10 to 50 and over. The rate of consumption of health functional foods by users was substantial (52.7%). Consumers of health functional foods showed higher scores for interest in health (3.97 vs 3.49, P<0.001) and knowledge of health functional foods (3.79 vs 3.30, P<0.001) than non-consumers of health functional foods. Regarding consumers of health functional foods, the number (P<0.01) and types (P<0.05) of health functional foods, reasons for taking (P<0.05), motivations for buying (P<0.05), periods of taking (P<0.001), cost per month (P<0.01), observance of instruction (P<0.01), and effectiveness (P<0.01) were significantly different according to age group. For non-consumers of health functional foods, reasons for not-taking (P<0.01) and types of health functional foods to be planned (P<0.001) were different according to age group. For consumers and non-consumers, problems (P<0.01) andimprovements (P<0.001) for health functional foods showed significant differences according to age group. The majority of subjects (85.4%) answered that heath functional foods had no side-effects. Reported side effects were inappetence (6.6%), constipation (2.6%), and headache (2.0%). In conclusion, differentiated strategies and specialized education programs according to age group might be needed for promoting adequate consumption and preventing side-effects of health functional foods.

The Effect of Upper Extremity Training with a Focus on Functional Reaching, on Trunk Control and ADL Performance in Post-Stroke Hemiplegic Patients

  • Song, Bo-Kyung
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.71-77
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: In this study, we tried to determine the effect of upper extremity training such as functional reaching on improved trunk control and ADL performance in post-stroke hemiplegic patients. Methods: We randomly selected 11 stroke patients in the hospital, who had a problem with the upper extremity, trunk and ADL performance. The patients were divided into the conservative training group and the functional reaching training group. We applied general occupational therapy only in the conservative training group whereas we applied upper extremity training with a focus on functional reaching in the functional reaching training group. To compare the two groups we used several assessment tools such as Modified Barthel Index (MBI), total Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS), static TIS, dynamic TIS and coordinative TIS. Results: The results obtained were as follows: (1) In the functional reaching training group, there was a statistically significant difference in the total TIS score, dynamic TIS score, and MBI. (2) We compared the results obtained before training with the changes in the results obtained after training and found that there was a relation between the assessment outcomes. Especially, static TIS score showed a relation in both groups. Conclusion: Functional reaching training influenced both the trunk control and ADL performance. Especially, the functional reaching training group demonstrated better static trunk control ability than the conservative treatment group.

The Assessment of the Postural Control Ability of the Volleyball Players With Functional Ankle Instability Using Balance Master System

  • Kim, Ho-Sung;Ahn, Chang-Sik;Choi, Jong-Duk
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.18-26
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    • 2008
  • The present study was aimed at investigating the postural control ability of volleyball players with functional ankle instability. The subjects were 26 male volleyball players were divided into 2 groups (13 subjects with functional ankle instability and 13 subjects with ankle stability) who could evaluate Questionnaire. All the male participants were tested by a Balance Master System. This study were to measure of static balance ability, dynamic balance ability, motor function the difference between functional ankle instability group and control group. Ankle instability group and stable group in postural sway ($^{\circ}/sec$) on film surface with eye closed in modified clinical test sensory interaction on balance, and left unilateral stance with eye opened and closed were significantly different (p<.05). The ankle instability group and stable group in limit of stability were significantly different (p<.05). The ankle instability group and stable group in left/right rhythmic weight shirt were significantly different (p<.05). The ankle instability group and stable group in turn time (sec) & turn sway ($^{\circ}$) during step/quick turn and end sway ($^{\circ}/sec$) in tandem walk were significantly different (p<.05). This study showed that volleyball players with functional ankle in stability were effected postural control ability by static balance & dynamic balance ability. Further study is needed to measure various athletic with functional ankle instability for clinical application.

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Effects of Dual Task Training on Balance and Functional Performance in High School Soccer Players with Functional Ankle Instability

  • Kwak, Kwang-Il;Choi, Bum-Jin
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.254-258
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the effects of dual task training on balance and functional performance in high school soccer players with functional ankle instability. Methods: Twenty high school soccer players with functional ankle instability were randomly assigned to a single task training group and a dual task training group. One participant who did not participate regularly in the training was excluded. The single task training group (n=9) received balance training on an unstable surface. The dual task training group (n=10) received balance training on an unstable surface and had to catch thrown balls during the balance training. Both groups were trained for 4 weeks, 3 days a week. The balance and functional performance of both groups was measured before and after training. Balance was measured using an anterior-posterior and medio-lateral balance. Functional performance was measured based on a figure-of-8 hop test, up-down hop test, and a single hop test. All data were analyzed by repeated two-way ANOVA tests. Results: A time by group interaction effect was not observed in the medio-lateral balance test, figure-of-8 hop test, or single hop test (p>0.05). A time by group interaction effect was observed in the anterior-posterior balance and up-down hop test (p<0.05). Conclusion: These results suggest that dual task training improved balance and functional performance better than single task training for some items.

The effects of treadmill exercise and feeding Allium tuberosum Rottler on blood glucose level with Streptozocin-inducde diabetic rat (트레드밀 운동과 부추 식이가 Streptozotocin 유발 당뇨병 백서에서 항당뇨효과에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Dong-Kil;Oh Myung-Hwa;Kim Gye-Yeop
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.28-44
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to discuss and analyze the effect of blood glucose on treadmill exercise, functional food and their combined treatment protocol on diabetic rats. These group were divided treadmill exercise group(n:12), functional food feeding group(n:12), treadmill exercise with functional food feeding group(n:12) and control group. The following results were obtained from this study. 1. The blood glucose level was showed significantly different in several group, treadmill exercise with functional food feeding group are most significantly on other group. 2. The inhibitory rate of body weight was not significantly different on each group. 3. The amount of feeding was not significantly in several group. 4. The Islets size and Connective tissue proliferation was showed significantly different except control group, treadmill exercise with functional food feeding group are more significantly than other group. These results show that treadmill exercise with functional food feeding and their several protocols can retard the setreptozotocin-induced dibetic rat.

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Development and Evaluation of Functional Group Activity Program on Institutionalized Aged (시설 노인을 위한 기능적 그룹활동 프로그램의 개발 및 운영 평가)

  • Bang, Yo-Soon;Kim, Hee-Young
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.83-92
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the changes of physical function, perceptual and cognitive function, emotional function, and functional independence in the institutionalized aged according to functional group activity program (self help Tai Chi exercise plus functional task). Methods: Study subjects were 20 institutionalized aged from June to October in 2010. The subjects received functional group activity program two times a week for 15 weeks. Physical function (grip strength, coordination, lower extremity strength, balance, gait, trunk flexibility), perceptual and cognitive function, emotional function(depression, social skill), and functional independence were measured before and after the program. Results: The subjects showed significantly increased physical function (coordination, lower extremity strength, gait, trunk flexibility), perceptual and cognitive function, emotional function (depression, social skill), and functional independence. The functional group activity program may be an effective strategy for institutionalized elders to enhance their functions. Conclusion: The functional group activity program may be effective on elderly institutions which have limitation in human, material, environmental resources.