• Title, Summary, Keyword: Fuzzy logic controller

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Gain Tuning of a Fuzzy Logic Controller Superior to PD Controllers in Motor Position Control

  • Kim, Young-Real
    • International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.188-199
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    • 2014
  • Although the fuzzy logic controller is superior to the proportional integral derivative (PID) controller in motor control, the gain tuning of the fuzzy logic controller is more complicated than that of the PID controller. Using mathematical analysis of the proportional derivative (PD) and fuzzy logic controller, this study proposed a design method of a fuzzy logic controller that has the same characteristics as the PD controller in the beginning. Then a design method of a fuzzy logic controller was proposed that has superior performance to the PD controller. This fuzzy logic controller was designed by changing the envelope of the input of the of the fuzzy logic controller to nonlinear, because the fuzzy logic controller has more degree of freedom to select the control gain than the PD controller. By designing the fuzzy logic controller using the proposed method, it simplified the design of fuzzy logic controller, and it simplified the comparison of these two controllers.

A Study on the Gain Tuning of Fuzzy Logic Controller Superior to PI Controller in DC Motor Speed Control (직류 전동기 속도 제어에서 PI 제어기보다 우수한 퍼지 논리 제어기의 이득 선정을 위한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Real
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.30-39
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    • 2014
  • Through a lot of papers, it has been concluded that fuzzy logic controller is superior to PI controller in motor speed control. Although fuzzy logic controller is superior to PI controller in motor speed control, the gain tuning of fuzzy logic controller is more complicated than that of PI controller. In this paper, using mathematical analysis of the PI and fuzzy controller, the design method of the fuzzy controller that has the same characteristics with the PI controller is proposed. After that, we can design the fuzzy controller that has superior performance than PI controller by changing the envelope of input of fuzzy controller to nonlinear, because the fuzzy controller has more degree of freedom to select the control gain than PI controller. The advantage of fuzzy logic controller is shown through mathematical analysis, and the simulation result using Matlab simulink has been proposed to show the effectiveness of these analysis.

Control of the Washing Machineos Motor by the GA-Fuzzy Algorithm (GA-Fuzzy Algorithm에 의한 세탁기 모터의 제어)

  • 이재봉;김지현;박윤서;선희복
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.3-12
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    • 1995
  • A controller utilizing fuzzy logic is developed to control the speed of a motor in a washing machine by choosing an appropriate phase. Due to the hardship imposed on obtaining a result from a relation established for inputs, present speed and present rate of speed, and ouput, a phase, of the system that can be tested against an experimental result, it is impossible to apply a genetic algorithm to fine-tune the fuzzy logic controller. To avoid this difficulty, a proper assumption that the parameters of an if-part of a primary fuzzy logic controller have a functional relationship with an error between computed values and experimental ones in made. Setting up of a fuzzy relationship between the parameters and the errors is then achieved through experimentally obtained data. Genetic Algorithm is then applied to this secondary fuzzy logic controller to verify the fuzzy logic. In the verification process, the primary fuzzy logic controller is used in obtaining experimental results. In this way the kind of difficulty in obtaining enough experimental values used to verify the fuzzy logic with genetic algorithm is gotten around. Selection of the parameters that would produce the least error when using the secondary fuzzy logic controller is done with applying genetic algorithm to the then-part of the controller. In doing so the optimal values for the parameters of the if-part of the primary fuzzy logic controller are assumed to be contained. The experimental result presented in the paper validates the assumption.

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A Development of a Real-time, Traffic Adaptive Control Scheme Through VIDs. (영상검지기를 이용한 실시간 교통신호 감응제어)

  • 김성호
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.89-118
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    • 1996
  • The development and implementation of a real-time, traffic adaptive control scheme based on fuzzy logic through Video Image Detector systems (VIDs) is presented. Through VIDs based image processing, fuzzy logic can be used for a real-time traffic adaptive signal control scheme. Fuzzy control logic allows linguistic and inexact traffic data to be manipulated as a useful tool in designing signal timing plans. The fuzzy logic has the ability to comprehend linguistic instructions and to generate control strategy based on a priori verbal communication. The implementation of fuzzy logic controller for a traffic network is introduced. Comparisons are made between implementations of the fuzzy logic controller and the actuated controller in an isolated intersection. The results obtained from the application of the fuzzy logic controller are also compared with those corresponding to a pretimed controller for the coordinated intersections. Simulation results from the comparisons indicate the performance of the system is between under the fuzzy logic controller. Integration of the aforementioned schemes into and ATMS framework will lead to real-time adjustment of the traffic control signals, resulting in significant reduction in traffic congestion.

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Enhancement of Computational Efficiency for Type-1 Fuzzy Logic Controller Using Rule Selection Method (Rule 선택 기법을 사용한 Type-1 Fuzzy Logic Controller의 연산 효율성 향상)

  • Joh, Jung-Woo;Park, Gwi-Tae
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1879_1880
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    • 2009
  • 본 논문에서는 제어상황에 따라 Type-1 Fuzzy Logic Controller가 선택적으로 rule을 사용하도록 rule 선택 알고리즘을 제안 한다. 그리고 이를 통해 연산 효율성을 높이는 방법에 관해 논한다. Type-1 Fuzzy Logic Controller는 기존의 제어기에 비해 설계하기 쉽고 성능이 더 뛰어나다. 그러나 제어 변수가 많아질수록 rule의 개수가 늘어나 연산량이 증가하게 된다. 연산량이 많아지면 고성능의 컴퓨터에서는 실시간 연산에 문제가 없으나 산업용 micro controller에서는 실시간 연산을 구현하는데 한계가 발생한다. 본 논문에서는 Type-1 Fuzzy Logic System의 논리구조에 근거하여 Type-1 Fuzzy Logic Controller의 연산량을 감소시킬 수 있는 알고리즘을 제안한다. 제안한 알고리즘은 제어상황에 따라 필요한 rule들만 선택적으로 제어값 도출을 위한 연산에 관여하도록 한다. Matlab 시뮬레이션을 통해 제안한 알고리즘의 유용성과 연산량을 실험하였다. 실험대상은 2륜 이동로봇으로 하였고 step 응답과 전/후진 시 결과를 관찰하였다. 실험 결과 제안한 알고리즘이 기존의 Type-1 Fuzzy Logic Controller에 비해 제어상황에 따라 필요한 rule들만 선택적으로 사용하는 것을 확인하였다. 결과적으로 연산 효율성이 향상되었다.

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A Novel Fuzzy Logic Controller for Systems with Dedzones (사구간이 존재하는 시스템을 위한 새로운 퍼지 논리 제어기)

  • 이선우;박종환;김종환
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.468-477
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    • 1994
  • Existing fuzzy control methods do not perform well when applied to systems containing nonlinearities arising from unkonwn deadzones. In particular, we show that a conventional fuzzy logic controller applied to a system with a deadzone suffers from poor transient performance and a large steady-syate error. In this paper, we propose a novel two-layered fuzzy logic controller for controlling systems with deadzones. The two-layered control structure consists of a fuzzy logic-based precompensator followed by a conventional fuzzy logic controller. Our proposed controller exhibits superior transient and steady-state performance compared to conventional fuzzy controllers. In addition, the controller is robust to variations in deadzone nonlinearities. We illustrate the effectiveness of our scheme using computer simulation examples.

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PID auto-tuning controller design via fuzzy logic

  • He, Wei;Yu, Tian;Zhai, Yujia
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 2013
  • PID auto-tuning controller was designed via fuzzy logic. Typical values such as error and error derivative feedbackwere changed as heuristic expressions, and they determine PID gain through fuzzy logic and defuzzification process. Fuzzy procedure and PID controller design were considered separately, and they are combined and analyzed. Obtained auto-tuning PID controller by Fuzzy Logic showed the ability for less than 3rd order plant control.

Design of Fuzzy Logic Controller for Robot Manipulators in the VSS Control Scheme

  • Yi, Soo-Yeong;Chung, Myung-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems Conference
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    • pp.1207-1210
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    • 1993
  • There is an opinion of regarding a simple fuzzy logic controller as a kind of Variable Structure Controller in recent years. The opinion may provide an analytical basis which describes the robustness to uncertainty and the stability of a fuzzy logic controller. So in this paper, a fuzzy logic controller based on the Variable Structure System with is designed for a robot manipulator which is a class of complex, nonlinear system with uncertainty. Fuzzy control rules, membership shape of the I/O variables of the fuzzy logic controller are designed for guaranteeing the stability of an overall control system. From a computer simulation of dynamic control of a two link robot manipulator, the design procedure of the fuzzy logic controller is validated.

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Design of fuzzy logic Run-by-Run controller for rapid thermal precessing system (고속 열처리공정 시스템의 퍼지 Run-by-Run 제어기 설계)

  • Lee, Seok-Joo;Woo, Kwang-Bang
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.104-111
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    • 2000
  • A fuzzy logic Run-by-Run(RbR) controller and an in -line wafer characteristics prediction scheme for the rapid thermal processing system have been developed for the study of process repeatability. The fuzzy logic RbR controller provides a framework for controlling a process which is subject to disturbances such as shifts and drifts as a normal part of its operation. The fuzzy logic RbR controller combines the advantages of both fuzzy logic and feedback control. It has two components : fuzzy logic diagnostic system and model modification system. At first, a neural network model is constructed with the I/O data collected during the designed experiments. The wafer state after each run is assessed by the fuzzy logic diagnostic system with featuring step. The model modification system updates the existing neural network process model in case of process shift or drift, and then select a new recipe based on the updated model using genetic algorithm. After this procedure, wafer characteristics are predicted from the in-line wafer characteristics prediction model with principal component analysis. The fuzzy logic RbR controller has been applied to the control of Titanium SALICIDE process. After completing all of the above, it follows that: 1) the fuzzy logic RbR controller can compensate the process draft, and 2) the in-line wafer characteristics prediction scheme can reduce the measurement cost and time.

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Optimal Design for Rule-Based Fuzzy Logic Controller Using GA (유전알고리즘을 이용한 규칙 기반)

  • No, Gi-Gap;Ju, Yeong-Hun;Park, Jin-Bae
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers A
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.145-152
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    • 1999
  • This paper presents an optimal design method for fuzzy logic controllers using genetic algorithms. In general, the design of fuzzy logic controllers has difficulties in the acquisition of exper's knowledge and relies to a great extent on empirical and heuristic knowledge which, in many cases, cannot be objectively justified. So, the performance of the controller can be degraded in the case of plant parameter variations or unpredictable incident which the designer may have ignored, and parameters of the fuzzy logic controller obtained by expert's control action may not be global. To solve these problems, the proposed method using genetic algorithms in this paper, can tune the parameters of fuzzy logic controller including scaling factors and determine the appropriate number of fuzzy reles systematically and automatically. We provide the second drder dead time plant and inverted pendulum system to evaluate the feasibility and generality of our proposed method. Comparison shows that the proposed controller can producd higher accuracy and a smaller number of fuzzy rules than manually tuned fuzzy logic controller.

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