• Title, Summary, Keyword: GC/MS

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Analysis of Agrochemical Residues in Tobacco Using QuEChERS Method by GC-MS/MS

  • Lee, Jeong-Min;Jang, Gi-Chul;Hwang, Keon-Joong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.132-139
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    • 2007
  • This study was performed to apply the more rapid and accurate sample preparation, and the high selectivity and sensitivity of the analyte detection by gas chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS). QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe) method was validated for 49 agrochemicals in the CORESTA Agrochemical Advisory Committee guide and amenable to GC-MS/MS determination. In QuEChERS method, the effects of sorbents (PSA, $C_{18}$ and GCB) and matrix of the analytes in tobacco types (flue-cured, burley and oriental) were investigated. MS/MS acquisition provided high specificity and selectivity for agrochemicals and low limit of quantification. QuEChERS by using PSA alone and the matrix-matched standards gave good recoveries and RSD values in three types of tobaccos. QuEChERS method was no needed to be complex clean-up procedure and would be used as the fast and easy method for agrochemical residue analysis in tobacco.

Geographical origin discrimination of Korean variety, Angelica gigas Nakai by using TDU (Thermal Desorption Unit)-GC/MS (TDU-GC/MS를 이용한 한국품종 참당귀 국산 판별 기법)

  • Lee, Mi-Na;Kim, Yoon-Suk;Kim, Won-Il;Kim, Jeong-Gyu;Kwon, Oh-Kyung
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.63 no.1
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    • pp.29-33
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    • 2020
  • The objective of this study was to develop a fast and accurate method of variety discrimination and geographical discrimination origin of Korean angelica (Korean variety, Angelica gigas Nakai) by using TDU-GC/MS. Two peaks of decursin and decursinol, which are coumarin derivatives were identified in the range of Total Ion Chromatogram (TIC) RT 26.9-27.2 of the Korean angelica by GC/MS analysis at the time of condensation in a refrigerated condensation system after thermal desorption of sample extracts. In case of Chinese angelica (Chinese variety), ligustilide peak was detected at the RT 17.2. In order to investigate the difference of volatile components according to the geographical origin of Korean variety, the mass spectra were measured by TDU-GC/MS at the range of m/z 40-400 amu. The TIC of domestic cultivation and Chinese cultivation of the Korean variety, Angelica gigas Nakai showed the same tendency as a whole. However, in partial scans of TIC, two peaks detected at 15.54 and 16.05 of RT showed different peak patterns between Korean angelica (Korean variety) cultivated in Korea and in China. The ratio of Peak A (RT 15.54) and B (RT 16.05) was 0.0-0.2 for domestic cultivation and 0.5-2.8 for Chinese cultivation, confirming the possibility of discriminating origin by comparing the TIC peak pattern of TDU-GC/MS.

Analytical method of the polychlorinated biphenyls in soil using GC/ECD and GC/MS (GC/ECD 및 GC/MS을 이용한 토양 중 PCBs 분석방법 고찰)

  • Kim, Tae-Seung;Shin, Sun-Kyoung;Yoon, Jeong-Ki;Kim, Jong-Ha;Kim, Hyoung Seop;Lee, Jeong Ah
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.91-108
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    • 2007
  • This study was investigated both the Korean official soil test method and the international various methods for PCBs in soil sample. The analytical guideline of PCBs in contaminated soil were proposed based on the official soil test methods by discussing the extraction, column cleanup, instrumental conditions, quantification methods of peak matching and individual isomers. The total 28 soil samples were selected by consideration of PCBs-contamination, land use etc., and then analyzed using gas chromatography/electron capture detection (GC/ECD) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry(GC/MS). In this study, the PCBs were not detected as peak matching method using GC/ECD, but PCBs detected $0.002{\sim}0.487{\mu}g/kg$ using GC/MS in background concentrations.

Feasibility study of membrane interface for gas chromatograph-mass spectrometry (기체크로마토그래프-질량분석기의 실리콘 분리막 인터페이스의 유용성 연구)

  • Kang, Gil Seon;Lee, Dong Soo;Lee, Hwa Sim;Park, Chang Joon
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.495-501
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    • 2008
  • Agilent 5973 GC-MS instrument was modified so that the capillary direct interface was removed and that a silicone membrane was installed between GC and MS. Feasibility study of the membrane interface GC-MS has been carried out. Vacuum of the mass spectrometer was not affected by the carrier gas flow rate up to $4.7m{\ell}/min$. As the carrier flow rate was increased, peak tailing was reduced and chromatogram peaks appeared earlier. Chromatogram peaks showed better separation and higher sensitivity as the membrane thickness was reduced from $127{\mu}m$ to $75{\mu}m$, and also as the interface temperature was increased. However, the membrane interface GC-MS had drawbacks such as background ions at 73 and 147 m/z and poor peak separation due to peak tailing.

Fire Debris Analysis by GC/MS (GC/MS를 이용한 화재현장증거물의 분석)

  • Han, Dong-Hun
    • Proceedings of the Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.37-40
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    • 2011
  • 화재현장에서는 화재의 원인으로 간주되는 여러 가지 증거물이 발생한다. 이러한 증거물을 분석하기 위한 수단으로 GC/MS의 역할은 아주 크며, 이를 이용한 증거물의 분석에 관한 표준으로 ASTM 1618-10과 전처리법을 소개한다. 또한 전처리법에 따른 여러 가지 종류의 유류의 특성을 알아보고 유류 성분을 포함한 화재증거물의 실제 사례를 들어 보겠다. 아울러 화재현장에서의 가연물로 추정되는 물질에 대하여 열분해를 통한 GC/MS 분석 사례도 제시하여 본다.

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A Study on the Identification of Phenol Production by GC/MS under Chemical Treatment of Industrial Wastewater (화학적 폐수처리 중 GC/MS에 의한 폐놀생성 규명에 관한 연구)

  • 박선구;고오석;신대윤
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.89-93
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    • 2000
  • Twenty organic chemical substances(Table 2) were isolated from untreated wastewater, as well as treated wastewater, collected at 76 companys of 9 industry group located in the basin of Youngsan River. Those organic compounds were analyzed by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry(GC/MS) and confirmed through comparison with each standard reagents. Phenol, which was not detected in the raw wastewater, was identified in the effluent of treatment facility, indicating that phenol is generated from isopropylbenzene of plant wastewater.

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Confirming Animal Glue in Dancheong Sample by Pyrolysis/GC/MS (열분해/GC/MS에 의한 재현 단청 시편에서 아교의 확인)

  • Park, Jong Seo;Kim, Mi Jeong;Kim, Soon Kwan
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.21-32
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    • 2016
  • Animal glue is a traditional material used extensively as adhesive and binder in mother-of-pearl, wooden structure, traditional painting, etc. Analysis of animal glue is usually performed with IR(infrared spectroscopy) based on the IR absorption of functional group. But, it has a limitation in confirming animal glue when a sample consists of several materials because of overlapping of the absorption band. Py/GC/MS(pyrolysis/gas chromatography/mass spectrometry) is a useful tool in analyzing the constituent of polymeric materials like animal glue by identifying their pyrolysate with very small amount of sample. In this study, confirmation of animal glue in a Dancheong sample was tried with this method. Characteristic pyrolytic compounds of animal glue and tung oil used in Dancheong were identified. Dancheong sample painted with Noerok as a coloring material, animal glue and tung oil was prepared and it was possible to find characteristic peaks of animal glue after thermal degradation and artificial weathering experiment. From this, we found that animal glue can be detected using py/GC/MS in cultural heritage samples consisting of several materials and in different condition. IR was also tried to analyze Dancheong sample and the results were compared with those of py/GC/MS for the detection of animal glue.

Determination of Radiolysis Produce of DHOA by GC/MS (GC/MS를 이용한 DHOA의 방사선 분해생성물 분석)

  • Yang, Han-Beom;Lee, Eil-Hee;Lim, Jae-Kwan;Chung, Dong-Yong;Kim, Kwang-Wook;Kim, Jong-Seung
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.17-23
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    • 2009
  • Dihexyloctanamide(DHOA) was used as an extractant or phase modifier with the diamide extractants in a solvent extraction process for a radioactive liquid waste treatment. The degradation compounds of the DHOA extractant, irradiated with $^{60}Co$ gamma ray, were octanoic acid and dihexylamine which are identified by a Fourier transform infrared(FT-IR) and gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer(GC/MS) analysis, and determined by the GC/MS with selected ion monitoring(SIM) mode. Retention behavior of octanoic acid, tridecane (internal standard) and dihexylamine in total ion chromatogram (TIC) were 8.65 min., 9.79 min., and 10.27 min., respectively. With increasing the absorbed dose of the $\gamma$-ray irradiated DHOA, the concentration of octanoic acid was decreased and that of dihexylamine was increased.

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Organic Material Analysis of a Lacquered Wooden Sheath of Long Sword with Ring Pommel Excavated in Imdang Ancient Tomb (경산 임당고분 출토 철제 고리자루칼 칠의 유기물 분석)

  • Park, Jongseo;Cho, Ha-nui;Lee, Jae-sung
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.369-377
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    • 2018
  • In order to examine the constituents and weathered state of a lacquer specimen, analysis of the organic materials was conducted using py/GC/MS(pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry). The samples were obtained from the lacquered wooden sheath of a long ring-pommel sword excavated in the Imdang No.1 ancient tomb constructed around the Proto-Three Kingdoms period. In direct py/GC/MS, the sample and the dried Asian lacquer showed similar chromatograms, while the characteristic compounds of Asian lacquer such as 1,2-dimethoxy-3-pentadecylbenzene were observed in THM(thermally assisted hydrolysis and methylation)-py/GC/MS. In addition, compounds like dimethyl nonanedioate, which presumably originated from drying oil, were also detected. Furthermore, the detection of oxidized catechols in considerable amount indicated that the degradation of lacquer is estimated to result from the oxidation of urushiol. Therefore, it is suggested that the lacquered wooden sheath was prepared using Asian lacquer and drying oil, and that the lacquer layer was considerably oxidized over the long burial time.

Analysis of Synthetic Fragrances (SFs) in Water Using Stir Bar Sorptive Extraction (SBSE) and GC-MS/MS (교반막대 추출법과 GC-MS/MS를 이용한 수중의 합성 향물질류 분석)

  • Seo, Chang-Dong;Son, Hee-Jong;Yoom, Hoon-Sik;Choi, Jin-Taek;Ryu, Dong-Choon;Kwon, Ki-Won;Jang, Seung-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.387-395
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    • 2014
  • A highly sensitive analytical method based on stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE) technique and gas chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) has been developed, allowing the simultaneous multi-analyte determination of 11 synthetic fragrances (SFs) in water samples. The stir bar coated with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) was added to 40 mL of water sample at pH 3 and stirred at 1,100 rpm for 120 min. Other SBSE parameters (salt effect and presence of organic solvent) were optimised. The method shows good linearity (coefficients > 0.990) and reproducibility (RSD < 10.9%). The extraction efficiencies were above 83% for all the compounds. The limits of detections (LOD) and limits of quantification (LOQ) were 2.1~4.1 ng/L and 6.6~12.9 ng/L, respectively. The developed method offers the ability to detect 11 SFs at ultra-low concentration levels with only 40 mL of sample volume. Matrix effects in tap water, river water, wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) final effluent water and seawater were investigated and it was shown that the method is suitable for the analysis of trace level of 11 SFs. The method developed in the present study has the advantage of being rapid, simple, high-sensitive and both user and environmentally friendly.