• 제목, 요약, 키워드: GC/MS

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Multi-dimensional GC-MS를 이용한 항공터빈유의 첨가제 분석 (Determination of Additives Content in Aviation Turbine Fuel Using Multi-dimensional GC-MS)

  • 연주민;장윤미;임의순;김성룡;강용
    • 한국응용과학기술학회지
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.1260-1268
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    • 2018
  • 항공터빈유는 등유 기반의 석유제품에 산화 방지제(Antioxidant), 빙결 방지제(Fuel system icing inhibitor, FSII), 전기전도도 향상제(Electrical conductivity improver) 등의 첨가제를 첨가하여 항공기 연료로서 필요한 성능 향상 및 보관이나 이송 등에 관한 특정한 능력을 부여시키고 있다. 이들 첨가제는 항공터빈유의 품질에 이상이 발생하거나 다른 석유제품과 구별하기 위하여 그 첨가량을 정성 및 정량적으로 분석할 수 있어야 한다. 항공터빈유는 수많은 탄화수소 화합물로 구성된 복잡한 화합물이기 때문에 미량으로 첨가된 산화 방지제와 빙결 방지제를 분석하기 위하여 Multi-dimensional GC-MS (MDGC-MS)의 Deans switching 기술을 적용하였다. 2.5 - 20 mg/L 농도 범위의 산화 방지제와 빙결 방지제를 MDGC-MS로 정량 및 정성적으로 분석할 수 있었으며, 검출 한계는 1-dimensional GC-MS의 분석 결과와 비교하여 약 2배 정도 낮았다. 본 연구에서 개발된 시험 방법은 기존의 GC-MS보다 첨가제 피크의 분리능이 더 우수하였으며, 시료의 전처리가 필요없이 두 가지 첨가제를 동시에 분석할 수 있었다.

GC/MS에 의한 잎담배중 Phenolic Acid의 분석 (Analysis of Phenolic Acids in Tobacco Leaf by GC/MS)

  • 박진우
    • 약학회지
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.129-132
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    • 1982
  • A GC/MS method was developed to analyze phenolic acid extract from tobacco leaf. Extracted acids were converted to their methyl esters by refluxing with 3M hydrogen chloride in methanol, and the esters were reacted with his (trimethylsilyl) trifluoroacetamide plus 10% trimethylchlorosilane to silylate the phenolic groups. Derivatives of standard salicylic, p-hydroxybenzoic, vanillic, gentisic, p-coumaric, syringic, ferulic, and sinapic acids prepared by this procedure were analyzed by GC/MS on $20m{\times}0.2mm$ column of SE-54 glass capillary. GC/MS analysis of the extract from tobacco leaf revealed the presence of salicylic, p-hydtoxybenzoic, vanillic, gentisic, protocatechuic, p-coumaric, syringic, gallic, ferulic, caffeic, sinapic, and quinic acids, respectively. The quantitative analysis of these phenolic acids were achieved by using multiple ion selection technique.

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홍삼 페놀성 성분의 GC/MS분석 (Analysis of Phenolic Components in Korean Red Ginseng by GC/MS)

  • 위재준;허정남;김만욱
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.284-290
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    • 1996
  • To Identify phenolic components known to exist in Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) by GC/MS, three derivatization methods were employed for their analyses. First, phenolic components in ether soluble acidic fraction prepared from Korean red ginseng powder were taimethylsilylated. Secondly, phenolic acids in the same fraction were esterified with diazomethane followed by trlmethylsilylation. Thirdly, acidic components in ginseng powder were extracted and esterified concurrently by methanolic sulfuric acid, followed by fractionation of phenolic components with Silica Sep-Paka and trimethylsilylatlon. All phenolic components found in ginseng except gen tisic acid were identified by retention times and mass spectrums of standards. Besides, 5 phenolic components including salicyl alcohol and 1-H-indole-2-carboxylic acid were first identified from Korea an red ginseng by GC/MS.

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GC-MS에 의한 옥수수 미숙종자의 Brassinosteroid 동정 (Identification of Brassinosteroids in Immature seeds of Zea mays by GC-MS analysis)

  • 김선재;;박근형
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.179-183
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    • 1995
  • 옥수수미숙종자에 함유된 brassinosteroid활성물질을 탐색하고자 MeOH추출물에서 얻어진 brassinosteroid활성물질을 정제, 분획하여 GC-MS로 분석한 결과, castasterone, teasterone, 28-norcastasterone, 6-deoxocastasterone 등의 4종의 brassinosteroid가 옥수수종자로부터 최초로 동정되었다.

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Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry를 이용한 식품보존료의 동시분석방법 연구 (Simultaneous Determination of Preservatives in Food by GC/MS)

  • 김승기;노동석
    • 한국식품위생안전성학회지
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.140-145
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    • 1999
  • Analytical method for preservatives in food was developed using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Propionic acid, sorbic acid, benzoic acid, ethyl salicylate, ethyl p-hydroxy benzoate, iso-propyl p-hydroxy benzoate, n-propyl p-hydroxy benzoate, iso-butyl p-hydroxy benzoate, n-butyl p-hydroxy benzoate, p-hydroxy benzoic acid and dehydro acetic acid were extracted from cooling beverage with diethyl ether. The polar hydroxyl and carboxyl groups of food preservatives were derivatized with N-methyl-N-tert-butyldimethylisilyl-trifluoroscetamide (MTBSTFA) to form the corresponding tert-bytyldimethyl-silylated derivatives, and submitted to GC/MS analysis. The mass spectra of the derivatives were investigated for the selection of monitoring ions for multi-residue analysis of 11 preservatives by GC/MS. The macro program was also developed for the qualitative analysis of these preservatives in food.

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Determination of the PDE-5 Inhibitors and Their Analogues by GC-MS and TMS Derivatization

  • Pyo, Jae-Sung;Lee, Hee-Sang;Park, Yu-Jin;Jo, Ji-Yeong;Park, Yong-Hoon;Choe, Sang-Gil;Lee, Mi-Young;Lee, Jae-Sin
    • Mass Spectrometry Letters
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.15-17
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    • 2012
  • Eighteen of the PDE-5 inhibitors and their analogues were analyzed using GC-EI-MS. Fourteen of them could be identified by simple GC-MS method without derivatization, but hydroxyhongdenafil, hydroxyvardenafil, xanthoanthrafil and mirodenafil could not be identified without derivatization for the high polarity due to the presence of hydroxyl groups. N,O-bis(trimethylsilyl) trifluoroacetamide (BSTFA) and N-methyl-N-(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide (MTBSTFA), widely used trimethylsilyl (TMS) derivatizing reagents, were used to improve the sensitivity of the hydroxylated analogues. And the analytes could be identified by GC-MS after the derivatization.

Gas Chromatography-High Resolution Tandem Mass Spectrometry Using a GC-APPI-LIT Orbitrap for Complex Volatile Compounds Analysis

  • Lee, Young-Jin;Smith, Erica A.;Jun, Ji-Hyun
    • Mass Spectrometry Letters
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.29-38
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    • 2012
  • A new approach of volatile compounds analysis is proposed using a linear ion trap Orbitrap mass spectrometer coupled with gas chromatography through an atmospheric pressure photoionization interface. In the proposed GC-HRMS/MS approach, direct chemical composition analysis is made for the precursor ions in high resolution MS spectra and the structural identifications were made through the database search of high quality MS/MS spectra. Successful analysis of a complex perfume sample was demonstrated and compared with GC-EI-Q and GC-EI-TOF. The current approach is complementary to conventional GC-EI-MS analysis and can identify low abundance co-eluting compounds. Toluene co-sprayed as a dopant through API probe significantly enhanced ionization of certain compounds and reduced oxidation during the ionization.

탱자(Poncirus trifoliata)의 향기성분 분석에 관한 연구 (Flavor Components of Poncirus trifoliata)

  • 오창환;김정한;김경례;안혜준
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.749-754
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    • 1989
  • 탱자(Poncirus trifoliata)의 향기성분을 분석하기 위해 gas co-distillation 방법으로 정유를 추출한 후 GC/retention index(RI)와 GC/MS를 이용해 multi-dimensional analysis를 행하였다. Gas co-distillation 방법으로 탱자의 향도 그대로 지니며 기기분석에 적합한 정유를 얻을 수 있었다. 향기성분의 확인작업에는 GC/RI와 GC/MS를 상보적으로 사용한 multi-dimensional analysis가 효과적이었으며 GC/RI로만 확인할 경우 극성이 다른 두 가지 column을 사용해서 신뢰도를 높일 수 있었다. 탱자에 다량 함유되어 있는 향기성분들은 limonene, myrcene, ${\beta}-caryophllene,\;trans-{\beta}-ocimene,\;{\beta}-pinene$, 3-thujene, 7-geranyloxycoumarin 등으로 밝혀졌으며 확인된 30개의 성분 중 cis-3-hexenyl acetate, n-hexyl acetate, 2-methyl acetophenone, elixene 그리고 elemicine 등은 이제까지 감귤류에서는 발견되지 않았던 새로운 성분들이다.

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GC-MS를 이용한 황벽의 색소 성분 분리 거동 (Separation of Chromophoric Substance from Amur Cork Tree Using GC-MS)

  • 안춘순
    • 한국의류학회지
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.980-989
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구는 황벽으로부터 추출하는 염료를 가스 크로마토그라피 질량분석기로 분석할 때 berberine 색소를 가장 효과적으로 검출할 수 있도록 추출방법을 표준화하고 적절한 GC-MS 분석방법을 찾는데 목적을 둔다. 항온진탕기와 가열판을 이용한 다양한 추출법을 적용하였으며 GC 컬럼내 온도조작과 MSD 스캔범위에 따라 5종류의 GC-MS 분석방법의 유효성을 검사하였다. Berberine 표준색소와 추출염료 내 berberine 화합물의 유무는 r.t. 15.0분에서 dihydroberberine의 검출로 확인하였다. 가열판 추출이 항온진탕기 추출보다 더 효과적으로 나타났으며 이는 추출 전 실온에서 사전침지를 한 경우와 하지 않은 경우 모두 동일하였다. 물을 이용한 추출은 berberine 검출에 적합하지 않은 것으로 확인되었다. 본 연구에서 도입한 다섯가지 GC-MS 방법 중 berberine 검출에 가장 효과적인 방법은 Method 4였으며 그 조건은, GC 컬럼내초기온도를 $50^{\circ}C$로 하고 $23^{\circ}C$/분 비율로 온도를 올려 $210^{\circ}C$에 달하면 다시 $30^{\circ}C$/분 비율로 온도를 올려 최종온도 $305^{\circ}C$에 도달했을 때 14분간 온도를 그대로 유지하여 전체 분리시간을 24.12분으로 하며 질량 분석기의 스캔 범위는 $35\sim400$m/z로 하는 것이다.

Comparative Investigation of Flavors in Cigarettes by Electronic Nose and GC/MS

  • Lee, Yelin;Park, Jin-Won;Lee, Hwan-Woo;Lee, Seung-Yong;Lee, Hyung-Suk
    • 한국연초학회지
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.20-27
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    • 2013
  • An Electronic Nose(E-Nose) and Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectroscopy (GC/MS) are meanwhile conventional technique to analyze volatile materials in many industries (e.g., food, medicine, environment) and have broad acceptance in the analysis of tobacco products. In this study, an experiment where tin oxide gas sensor array responses and GC/MS profiles are used to characterize the volatile compounds of different cigarettes at the same time is performed and the measurements of two instruments are compared for cigarette samples with a known chemical information. E-Nose and GC/MS were employed to differentiate and match flavored cigarettes with commercial tobacco flavoring agents (lavender, vanilla, peppermint, orange, star anise). For verifying reliability of two systems, the analyses were conducted in terms of amount of flavors in each cigarettes using partial least squares (PLS) and with the principal components analysis (PCA). Various chemical sensors and GC/MS data was reduced into two principal factors (PC1, PC2) for being distinguished with visualized regions. Both systems provided adequate results for odor characteristics of cigarettes in this study with each instrument having its own advantages and disadvantages.