• Title, Summary, Keyword: GM soybean curd

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Quantification of Genetically Modified Soy Proteins in Fresh Soybean Curd by Antigen-coated Plate ELISA (효소면역측정법을 이용한 두부 중의 유전자 재조합 대두단백질 분석)

  • Jung, Mee-Hyun;Bae, Hyung-Ki;Kim, Kyung-Mi;Jang, In-Suk;Ko, Eun-Jung;Bae, Dong-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.828-832
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    • 2004
  • Enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA) was applied to quantify soy protein in fresh soybean curd (bean curd) produced by combination of genetically modified (GM) and genetically not modified (non-GM) soybeans. Antibodies against 113 and 24 kDa proteins, which appeared only in non-GM bean curd (specific band), and in both non-GM and GM bean curds (non-specific band) based on SDS-PAGE results, were prepared by immunization to rabbit. Through ELISA using either antibody, GM bean curd protein content was determined at dilution rates of $10^{-1}-10^{-6}$. Standard curve showing relationship between ELISA optical density and non-GM protein content was produced using antibody against 113 kDa protein at protein dilution between $10^{-7}\;to\;10^{-6}$, highly antigen content-dependent dilution. Bean curd prepared by random combinations of GM and non-GM soybeans were analyzed by ELISA, and standard curve was produced. Results reveal non-GM protein content of bean curd could be quantified with higher than 93% accuracy.

Properties of Non-GM Soybeans with Lipoxygenase Free Genotypes (Lipoxygenase 결핍된 Non-GM콩의 특성)

  • Lee, Soo-Jung;Kim, In-Sung;Lee, Hye-Jin;Chung, Jong-Il;Sung, Nak-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.42 no.10
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    • pp.1629-1637
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    • 2013
  • The properties of non-GM soybeans with lipoxygenase (LOX) free genotypes, such as Gaechuck#1 (black, LOX2,3-free), Gaechuck#2 (yellow, LOX2,3-free) and Jinyangkong (yellow, LOX1,2,3-free), were compared to Taekwangkong (yellow, LOX1,2,3-present) as control. Length and weight of soybeans were significantly longer in Gaechuck#1, but LOX free genotypes of yellow beans was smaller than Taekwangkong, in terms the size and weight. After soaking for 12 hr, increased ratios of soybean weight were 217.07~226.55%, and they were significantly higher in Gaechuck#2. The total color difference (${\Delta}E$) to Taekwangkong was the highest in Gaechuck#1, but another yellow soybean were similar. Crude lipids content was significantly higher in Taekwangkong (17.30%), and these LOX free genotypes (13.71~14.66%) did not show significant difference. Crude protein contents were significantly higher in Gaechuck#1 (34.79%) compared to the other soybeans (32.93~33.47%). Contents of glutamic acid among the detected composition amino acid were highest, and its total contents were highest in Gaechuck#1 (32.42 g/100 g), and the total content of Gaechuck#2 was similar to Taekwangkong. Contents of total isoflavone were higher in LOX free genotypes than Taekwangkong, especially significantly higher in Gaechuck#1 (1672.54 ${\mu}g/g$). Contents of total phenol were highest in Gaechuck#1 (276.91 mg/100 g), and flavonoids content of Gaechuck#1 (26.93 mg/100 g) was 2.6~2.8 times higher than the other samples. DPPH, ABTS radical scavenging activities and reducing power were significantly higher in Gaechuck#1. The yield of soybean curd from tested samples was the highest in Gaechuck#2. Gaechuck#2 as LOX free genotypes was similar to Taekwangkong with regard to physicochemical properties and antioxidant activities. Therefore, we propose that Gaechuck#2 is a more suitable genotype for soybean curd products.