• Title, Summary, Keyword: GTG-bands

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Chromosomal band pattern of black-striped field mouse (Apodemus agrarius) (한국 야생 등줄쥐의 고해상도 염색체분염상)

  • Oh, Seung-hyun;Yoon, Yeo-sung;Jin, Hee-Kyung;Seong, Je-kyung
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.159-162
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    • 2004
  • We investigated the cytogenetic characteristics of male black-striped field mouse (Apodemus agrarium) in Korea. Chromosome slides were obtained from blood cell cultures which were synchronized with thymidine blocking or not. In the chromosome slide which synchronization with thymidine blocking was employed on, the GTG(G bands by trypsin using Giemsa)-bands of high resolution were observed. The male black-striped field mouse has 48 chromosomes composed 46 autosomes and XY sex chromosomes. The centromeric regions of autosomes were positive to GTG-banding. According to this investigation, thymidine blocking in cell culture process was useful to get lengthened chromosomes. It may be necessary to employ RBG-banding technique to investigate complementary band patterns between R- and G-banding in black-striped field mouse.

Chromosome Analysis by GTG, High-Resolution, and NOR-banding Techniques in the Dog (Cams familaris) (GTG, High-Resolution, Nor-banding에 의한 개의 염색체 분석)

  • 김종봉;윤인숙
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.605-609
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    • 2002
  • None of the numerous published canine idiograms and karyotypes has yet been generally accepted as a standard one because the dog has 76 acrocentric autosomes of similar size and shape. To establish canine banded karyotype from the 22nd chromosome to the 37th chromosome, we analyzed canine chromosomes by GTG, high resolution, and NOR-banding techniques. The GTG and high resolution banding patterns of canine chromosomes corresponded to other reports described previously except for a few chromosomes. While other researchers observed 12 bands, we observed 7 bands in the banding patterns of chromosome 24, 34 and 37. On the other hand, the banding patterns by NOR-banding technique showed that three pairs of autosomes have nucleolus organizer regions at the terminal ends of their long arm, and the Y chromosome has it in its short arm terminal. However, the X chromosome has no nucleolus organizer like other mammals.

DNA Profiling of Leuconostoc citreum Strains in Fermented Foods by Repetitive Element Polymerase Chain Reaction

  • Kaur, Jasmine;Sharma, Anshul;Lee, Sulhee;Park, Young-Seo
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.27 no.10
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    • pp.1778-1782
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    • 2017
  • To identify and discriminate the bacterial species at the subspecific level, rep-PCR is a reliable genomic fingerprinting tool. Fourteen strains of bacteria were isolated from different food sources, identified as Leuconostoc citreum using 16S rRNA gene sequencing, and amplified using rep-primers (REP, ERIC, and $(GTG)_5$). Fingerprinting patterns generated bands in the range of 300-6,000 bp with REP, 150-6,000 bp with ERIC, and 200-1,700 bp with $(GTG)_5$ primers. In UPGMA dendrogram analysis, 14 strains were clustered into three clades (I, II, and III) with all the primers, thus differentiating them at the molecular level. The present study revealed the differentiation of L. citreum strains using rep-PCR.

High Resolution G- and R-banding for Accurate analysis in Human Chromosomes (사람의 정확한 염색체 분석을 위한 고해상 G-분염 염색체와 R-분염 염색체)

  • Park, So-Yun;Choi, Soo-Kyung;Lee, Hyung-Hoan
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.109-122
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    • 1995
  • A technique is described for producing high resolution G- and R-banded chromosomes in human peripheral lymphocyte cultures. Cultured lymphocyte cells were exposed to ethidium bromide ($10{\mu}g/ml$) and colcemid ($0.02{\mu}g/ml$) each for 2.5h and 0.5h prior to harvest for high resolution G-banded chromosomes. High resolution R-band patterns were obtained by BrdU substitution which was revealed by the fluorochrome-photolysis-Giemsa staining technique. These methods are easy to perform and highly reliable. The data on relative length of chromosomes at the four mitotic stages are presented in units of percentage of haploid autosome length. The characteristic patterns of GTG-bands (G-bands after trypsin and Giemsa) and RBG bands (R-bands after BrdU and Giemsa) were analyzed.

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Identification of AFLP Marker Linked to a SCN Resistant Gene in Soybean

  • Ko, Mi-Suk;Kim, Myung-Sik;Han, Soung-Jin;Chung, Jong-Il;Kang, Jin-Ho
    • Plant Resources
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.169-175
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    • 2002
  • The soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines Inchinoe; SCN) is a devastating pest of soybean and is responsible for significant losses in yield. The use of resistant cultivars is the effective method to reduce or eliminate SCN damage. The objective of this research is to identify AFLP markers linked to the SCN resistant genes. Bulked genomic DNA was made from resistant and susceptible genotypes to SCN and a total of 19 primer combinations were used. About 31 fragments were detected per primer combination. The banding patterns were readily distinguished in resistant and susceptible bulked genotypes. Polymorphic fragments were detected between resistant and susceptible bulked genotypes in the primer combination of CGT/GGC, CAG/GTG and CTC/GAG. In primer combinations of CGT/GGC and CAG/GTG, bulked resistant genotype produced a polymorphic bands. However, in primer of CTC/GAG, bulked susceptible genotype produced a polymorphic fragments. Three AFLP markers identified as a polymorphic fragments between bulked genomic DNA were mapped in 85 F2 population. Among them, only two markers, CGT/GGC and CTC/GAG, was linked and was mapped. Broad application of AFLP marker would be possible for improving resistant cultivars to SCN.

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Identification of Chromosomal Band Markers of the Korean Native Chicken (한국재래계의 염색체 분염 표지 분석)

  • Baik, K. H.;Lee, C. Y.;Sang, B. D.;Choi, C. H.;Kim, H. K.;Sohn, S. H.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2003
  • The present study was carried out to establish the standard karyotype of the Korean Native Chicken and to find their chromosomal band markers using high-resolution banding technique. Chromosome analysis was performed on early chick embryos following in vitro culture of fertilized eggs of the yellow-brown and the red-brown lines of the Korean Native Chicken which had been established at National Livestock Research Institute. The high-resolution banding of the chromosome was achieved by treating the embryos with ethidium bromide and colchicine during culture. On GTG-banding, the Korean Native Chicken exhibited a typical chick banding pattern in all the macrochromosomes. Overall chromosomal morphology and positions of typical landmarks of the Korean Native Chicken were virtually identical to those of White Leghorn and International System for Standardized Avian Karyotypes(ISSAK). However, the lengths and G-band numbers of the Korean Native Chicken macrochromosomes were greater than those of White Leghorn and ISSAK. Especially in chromosomes 1 and Z, the Korean Native Chicken exhibited more separated bands in compared with ISSAK. In C-banding patterns, although a lot of observed cells had C-band polymorphic patterns, almost the Korean Native Chicken macrochromosomes had heterochromatic C-band on centromeres and/or near terminal part. However, the heterochromatic C-band was constantly observed at the end of q-arm of Z chromosomes and on the whole W chromosome. In addition, the Korean Native Chicken exhibited distinctive heteromorphic patterns of C-bands on the centromere of chromosome 3 and at the end of q-arm of Z chromosome between homologous chromosomes.

G-, C-, and NOR-banding of Korean Native Pig Chromosomes (한국재래돼지의 G-, C-, 및 NOR-banding)

  • Sohn, S.H.;Kweon, O.S.;Baik, K.H.;Jung, W.;Cho, E.J.;Kang, M.Y.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.901-910
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    • 2003
  • Using the G-, C-, and NOR-banding techniques, a karyotyping for Korean Native Pig was performed. Blood samples were collected from 50 male Korean Native Pigs that had been bred at the National Livestock Research Institute and then blood cells were prepared from in vitro cultures followed by karyotyping; G-, C-, and NOR-banding patterns of metaphase chromosomes were analyzed. The karyotype of Korean Native Pig is 38, XX or XY which consists of 5 pairs of submetacentric chromosomes(Group I), 2 pairs of acrocentric chromosomes with short p-arm(Group II), 5 pairs of medium metacentric chromosomes(Group III), 6 pairs of acrocentric chromosomes(Group IV) and metacentric X and Y sex chromosomes. On GTG-banding, the Korean Native Pig exhibited a typical and identical banding pattern in each homologous chromosomes. Overall chromosomal morphology and positions of typical landmarks of the Korean Native Pig were virtually identical to those of Committee for the Standardized Karyotype of the Domestic Pig(CSKDP). However, numbers of G-bands of the Korean Native Pig chromosomes were more than those of CSKDP. In chromosomes 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 and X, the Korean Native Pig exhibited more separated bands as compared with CSKDP. In C-banding patterns, although the quantity of heterochromatin was variable in each chromosome, most of the Korean Native Pig chromosomes had heterochromatic C-bands on centromeres. However, the heterochromatic C-band was constantly observed on the whole Y chromosome. In AgNOR staining, the NORs were located at centromeres on the chromosomes 8 and 10. The number of NORs per metaphase ranged from 2 to 4 giving a mean value of 2.13. The number of NORs were distributed on all chromosome pair 10 but not on chromosome 8. The sizes of NORs were also differed between homologous chromosomes 8. Numbers of NORs of Korean Native Pig were significantly higher than those of Yorkshire. The pattern of pig NORs was polymorphic in breeds, individuals and cells, especially on chromosome 8.