• Title, Summary, Keyword: Gait balance

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The Correlations among the Dynamic Gait Index the Berg Balance Scale and Timed Up & Go Test in people with stroke (뇌졸중 환자에서 Dynamic Gait Index와 Berg Balance Scale 및 Timed Up & Go 검사간의 상관관계)

  • Lee, Sang-Ho;Hwang, Byoung-Yong
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the relationship among the Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS) scores, Timed Up & Go Test(TUG), and subject characteristics. The subjects were fifteen stroke with hemiplegia were chosen in the Konyang University Hospital. Dynamic balance was measured Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), and balance was measured using Berg Balance Scale(BBS). Timed Up & Go Test(TUG) was used to evaluate functional mobility. Data were analyzed using Spearman correlation. There was significant correlated among Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS) and Timed Up & Go Test(TUG)(p<.01). The correlation among subject characteristics and Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS), Timed Up & Go Test(TUG) score was significant result in r = -.527 from Dynamic Gait Index(DGI) and pathogenesis(p<.05). There were no significant statistical differences among the types of spasticity and Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS), Timed Up & Go Test(TUG). The comparison among the sex, type of hemiplegia, pain, pathogenesis and Dynamic Gait Index(DGI), Berg Balance Scale(BBS), Timed Up & Go Test(TUG) score was significant result in pathogenesis(p<.05). The results of this study showed that there was high correlations among the Dynamic Gait Index(DGI) and balance test of people with stroke.

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The effect of obstacle gait training on balance, gait and ADL of the stroke patient - pilot study (장애물 보행훈련이 뇌졸중 환자의 균형, 보행 및 일상생활활동에 미치는 영향 - 예비연구)

  • Kim, Soo Jin;Oh, Gku Bin;Lee, Hyo Jeong
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2020
  • Background: The purpose of this study is intended to evaluate the effectiveness and analyse the change on balance, gait and ADL of the stroke patient by obstacle gait training. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Methods: Ten subjects with stroke patient are recruited from C rehablitation hospital located Chungbuck. The subjects which are divided to 2 group as experimental group (N=5) conducted the obstacle gait training and control group (N=5) conducted the general gait training. The gait (10mWT), balance (BBS) and ADL (FIM) were measured before and after intervention. Results: There were no significant differences (p>.05) in sex, age, height, weight and K-MMSE among subjects. There were significant differences (p<.05) in balance and gait between of the experimental group and control group. But there was no significant difference (p>.05) in the ADL between of the experimental group and control group. There were significant differences (p<.05) gait and balance in the experimental group. But there were no significant difference (p>.05) gait, balance and ADL in the control group. Conclusion: Obstacle gait training showed positive effects on the gait, balance of the stroke patient.

The Effects of Robot-Assisted Gait Training with Visual Feedback on Gait, Balance and Balance Confidence in Chronic Stroke Patients

  • Ham, Sin-Cheol;Lim, Chae-Gil
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to assess the effects of robot-assisted gait training with visual feedback on gait, balance, and balance confidence in patients with chronic stroke. Methods: Thirty subjects with chronic stroke were randomly assigned to two groups: the experimental group (n=15) and the control group (n=15). The experimental group performed robot-assisted gait training for 30 minutes and the control group performed gait training with assisted devices training for 30 minutes after both groups performed conventional physical therapy for 30 minutes. Both groups performed the therapeutic interventions for 5 days per week, for a period of 4 weeks. For assessment of the 10 m walking test (10 MWT), Figure of 8 on the walk test (F8WT), Timed-Up and Go test (TUG), and Berg Balance Scale (BBS) were used to test the gait and balance, and the Korean version of the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale was used to test the balance confidence. Results: The experimental group showed significant improvement in the 10 MWT and the K-ABC (p<0.05), and the control group showed significant improvement in the BBS and the TUG (p<0.05). In four measurements, there were significant differences between the two groups (p<0.05), and the control group showed significant improvement in the F8WT at pre and post intervention (p<0.05). Conclusion: This study demonstrated that Robot-assisted gait training with visual feedback is an effective intervention for improving straight gait abilities and balance confidence, while the control group showed some improvement in curve gait and balance. Thus, we suggest both Robot-assisted gait training with visual feedback and gait training with assisted devices training exercise as a therapeutic intervention in chronic stroke rehabilitation.

The Effect of Treadmill Gait Training Accompanied by Visual Feedback on the Gait and Balance of Chronic Stroke Patients (만성뇌졸중 환자에 시각적 되먹임 트레드밀 보행 훈련이 보행과 균형 능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Ji-Seon;Ahn, Jin-Hwan;Lee, Hyeon-Hee;Park, Hyo-Jeong;Ki, Kyong-Il
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.133-140
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study compares the effects of treadmill gait training accompanied by visual feedback and general treadmill gait training on the gait and balance ability of patients with chronic stroke. Methods: A total of 11 patients with chronic stroke were randomly divided into either the treadmill gait training accompanied by visual feedback group (six patients) or the general treadmill gait training group (five patients). The gait and balance ability of the two groups were measured before and after the interventions using the functional reach test, the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, Berg's balance test, and the Biodex balance test. The treadmill gait training accompanied by visual feedback group performed the exercise under the supervision of a therapist after first being provided with a hat and a goal that was devised for the purpose of providing visual feedback information. The interventions were applied to the respective groups for four weeks. For the statistical analysis, we conducted a Mann-Whitney test to compare the results between the two groups. Additionally, the Wilcoxon test was used to compare the results from before and after the intervention in each group. Results: The treadmill gait training accompanied by visual feedback group showed a significant difference in terms of the functional reach test after the intervention when compared to the general treadmill gait training group (p<0.05). Although there was no significant difference, the treadmill gait training accompanied by visual feedback group showed a larger improvement in the TUG test, Berg's balance test, and the Biodex balance test than the general treadmill gait training group (p>0.05). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that treadmill gait training accompanied by visual feedback can be used as a beneficial intervention scheme for the recovery of the gait and balance ability of patients with chronic stroke.

Changes in Balance and Gait Patterns with Different Heel Heights Among Women in Their 20's (20세 이상 성인의 구두 굽 높이에 따른 균형과 보행형태의 변화)

  • Nam, Hyoungchun;Moon, Gonghee;Choi, Yeji
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.49-56
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    • 2016
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of different heel heights on gait deviation and balance. Method : Participants were 16 women majoring in physical therapy in Kyungbuk college, located in Yeong-ju, North Kyungsang Province. Balance and gait patterns were measured by Good Balance and GAIT Rite. Result : Statistically significant differences were found in swing right measured by Gait-rite, and also in Analyze End, Ant-post, Med-Lat, and gait ability score(p < .05) regarding dynamic balance ability. Conclusion : There was no statistically significant difference in gait ability between those who walked barefoot and highheeled. However, balance ability was different "between them". This shows that heel height can lead to decrease in gait ability. Further research should include more participants and use a wide range of heel heights.

Effect of gait training with additional weight on balance and gait in stroke patients

  • Shin, Seung Ho;Lee, Mi Young
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 2014
  • Objective: To study the effects of gait training with additional weight and gait training with non-additional weight on balance ability and gait ability in patients with chronic stroke through comparative analysis. Design: Randomized controlled trials. Methods: The subjects were divided randomly into two groups: additional weight group (AWG, n=12), and non-additional weight group (NAWG, n=10). Both groups received general physical therapy for 30 min in 1 session, 5 sessions per week during 6 months. The AWG practiced gait training with additional weight of 0.1 and 0.5 kg for 20 min a day, 3 days per week for 6 months and the NAWG practiced gait training with non-additional weight for 20 min a day, 3 days per week for 6 months. Patients in both groups were instructed to walk as fast as they could along a 35 m long track (straight for 20 m and curved for 15 m). Patients walked with their hemiplegic side on the inside of the track while a physical therapist followed along to instruct patients to maintain a straight posture. Balance ability was tested with the Functional Reach Test, the Timed Up and Go test, and the Berg Balance Scale, and gait ability was tested with GAITRite. The results of balance and gait ability were analyzed before and after interventions. Results: A significant increase in FRT, TUG, BBS was seen in both groups after intervention (p<0.05). A significant increase in gait ability was seen in the AWG after intervention (p<0.05). For balance and gait ability, the results from the AWG was significantly improved compared with the NAWG (p<0.05). Conclusions: Gait training with additional weight improves balance ability and gait ability in stroke patients, this gait training method is effective and suitable for stroke patients to increase the ability of functional performance.

Effects of Treadmill Gait Training According to Different Inclination on Postural Balance in Patients with Chronic Stroke

  • Choi, Myeong Su;Lee, Jong Su;Kim, Kyoung;Kim, Young Mi
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.205-210
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was to examine the effects of treadmill gait training at different controlled inclinations on the standing balance of hemiplegic patients caused by cerebrovascular injury. Methods: The study's subjects were 44 patients with chronic stroke, randomly divided into three experimental groups: $0^{\circ}$ treadmill gait training (n=14), $5^{\circ}$ treadmill gait training (n=15), and $10^{\circ}$ treadmill gait training (n=15). In addition to conventional physical therapy, the subjects underwent gait training on a treadmill with one of three different inclinations for 30 min per session five times per week for six weeks. The Biodex balance system SD, Berg balance scale, and timed up and go tests were used to measure the postural balance of the patients. Results: This study showed that gait training on a treadmill at controlled inclinations of $0^{\circ}$, $5^{\circ}$, and $10^{\circ}$ positively influenced the stroke patients' standing balance. The $5^{\circ}$ and $10^{\circ}$ inclination gait training groups showed significantly more improvement than the $0^{\circ}$ inclination group. Conclusion: Gait training on a treadmill with inclinations of $0^{\circ}$, $5^{\circ}$, or $10^{\circ}$ can be said to positively affect the postural balance of hemiplegic patients due to stroke. In particular, $5^{\circ}$ and $10^{\circ}$ inclination gait training offered more significant improvement than the $0^{\circ}$ inclination gait training group. When added to regular treatment routines, gait training at controlled inclinations is an effective intervention for improving hemiplegia due to postural balance.

Robotic-assisted gait training applied with guidance force for balance and gait performance in persons with subacute hemiparetic stroke

  • Son, Dong-Wook;Hwang, Sujin
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.106-112
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    • 2017
  • Objective: Robot assisted gait training is implemented as part of therapy for the recovery of gait patterns in recent clinical fields, and the scope of implications are continuously increasing. However clear therapy protocols of robot assisted gait training are insufficent. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of robot-assisted gait training applied with guidance force on balance and gait performance in persons with hemiparetic stroke. Design: Two group pre-test post-test design. Methods: Nineteen persons were diagnosed with hemiparesis following stroke participated in this study. The participants were randomly assigned to the unilateral guidance group or bilateral guidance group to conduct robot-assisted gait training. All participants underwent robot-assisted gait training for twelve sessions (30 min/d, 3 d/wk for 4 weeks). They were assessed with gait parameters (gait velocity, cadence, step length, stance phase, and swing phase) using Optogait. This study also measured the dynamic gait index (DGI), the Berg balance scale (BBS) score, and timed up and go (TUG). Results: After training, BBS scores were was significantly increased in the bilateral training group than in the unilateral guidance group (p<0.05). Spatiotemporal parameters were significantly changed in the bilateral training group (gait speed, swing phase ratio, and stance phase ratio) compared to the unilateral training group (p<0.05). Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that robot-assisted gait training show feasibility in facilitating improvements in balance and gait performance for subacute hemiparetic stroke patients.

The effects of treadmill training on dynamic balance and gait function in stroke patients: a pilot randomized controlled trial

  • Chung, Eun Jung;Lee, Byounghee
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.39-43
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    • 2013
  • Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of treadmill gait trainig on dynamic balance and gait functions in stroke patients. Design: Randomized, double-blind, controlled pilot study. Methods: Four subjects following first stroke participated in this study. They were divided randomly into the treadmill gait trainig group (TM group) (n=2) and the control group (n=2). Subjects in both groups received general training five times per week. Subjects in the TM group practiced an additional treadmill gait trainig program that consisted of 60 minutes, three times per week, during a period of four weeks. Timed up and go test (dynamic balance) and the GAITRite test (gait function) were evaluated before and after the intervention. Results: In dynamic balance (timed up and go test), the TM group (-14.235 sec) showed a greater decrease than the control group (-13.585 sec). In gait functions, the TM group showed a greater increase in gait speed (12.8 cm/s vs. 10.15 cm/s), step-length (5.825 cm vs. 3.735 cm), and stride-length (5.005 cm vs. 1.55 cm) than the control group. Conclusions: The treadmill gait trainig improved dynamic balance and gait functions. Further research is needed in order to confirm the generalization of these findings and to identify which stroke patients might benefit from treadmill gait trainig.

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Effect of Gait Training Using PNF on Balance and Walking Ability in Person with Chronic Stroke(Single Subject Design) (PNF를 이용한 보행 훈련이 만성 뇌졸중 환자의 균형 및 보행에 미치는 영향(단일사례설계))

  • Lee, Moon-Kyu;Yun, Tae-Won;Kim, Yoon-Hwan;Lim, Jae-Heon
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 2012
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of a gait training using PNF on a gait and balance ability of a person with chronic stroke. Methods : The subject was left hemiplegia due to cerebral infarction. The subject participated in PNF gait training session as well as baseline for 30 minutes a day for 4 weeks. we used the 10-meter walking test(10MWT), figure-8-of walk test(F8WT), dynamic gait index(DGI) for measuring the gait ability and four square step test(FSST), Berg balance scale(BBS) for measuring the balance ability through the whole sessions. Results : The gait ability was enhanced compared to first baseline, as measured by 10MWT(27.3%), F8WT(36.6%), DGI(8 points increased). The balance ability was improved compared to first baseline, as measured by FSST(49.1%), BBS(10 points increased). The increase was maintained in second baseline session. Conclusion : The PNF gait training program is helpful to enhance the adaptation of the gait and balance according to the various environmental demands.

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