• Title, Summary, Keyword: Gallic acid

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Effect of Artemisiae Argi Folium Fermented with Lactobacillus Pentosus on Hydrogen Peroxide Production of Macrophage Treated with Toxicants (Gallic acid 등으로 유발된 대식세포 내 hydrogen peroxide 생성억제에 대한 유산균발효애엽 추출물의 영향)

  • Park, Wan-Su
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.438-442
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of water extract from Artemisiae Argi Folium Fermented with Lactobacillus pentosus (AFL) on hydrogen peroxide production within mouse macrophage Raw 264.7 Cells treated with gallic acid, EtOH, Nicotine, Acetaminophen, and Acetaldehyde. AFL (0${\sim}$400 ug/mL) was treated with gallic acid, EtOH, Nicotine, Acetaminophen, and Acetaldehyde. And the intracellular productions of hydrogen peroxide were measured by dihydrorhodamine 123 (DHR) assay. AFL showed the restoration of the intracellular productions of hydrogen peroxide which were reduced by gallic acid, EtOH, Nicotine, Acetaminophen in Raw 264.7 Cells. AFL could be supposed to have the immunological activity related with macrophage's oxidative burst.

Antioxidative and Hepatoprotective Effect of Compounds Isolated from Galla Rhois(Rhus javanica Linne) (오배자 성분의 항산화 및 간보호 효과)

  • Cha, Bae-Cheon;Lee, Sung-Bae;Rhim, Tae-Jin;Lee, Kwang-Hoe
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.157-164
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    • 2000
  • The major components were isolated from the n-hexane, EtOAc and BuOH extract of Galla Rhois(Rhus Javanica Linne). Their structures were characterized as syringic acid, gallic acid methylester, protocatechuic acid, gallic acid and 1, 2, 3, 4, $6-penta-O-galloyl-{\beta}-D-glucose$. This study was carried out to investigate the biological activities of isolated compounds. Five compounds were tested for hepatoprotective effects on CCl4-induced cytotoxicity in primary cultured rat hepatocytes and antioxidative effect on Ferric-Thiocyanate method and TBA method. As a result, isolated five compounds showed stronger antioxidative activity than tocopherol, and the antioxidative activity of gallic acid methylester, protocatechuic acid and syringic acid were similar to that of BHA on Ferric-Thiocyanate method. Specially 1, 2, 3, 4, $6-penta-O-galloyl-{\beta}-D-glucose$ showed stronger effect of lipid-peroxidation inhibition than BHA. Gallic acid appeared stronger inhibitory effect of malondialdehyde on TBA method. Hepatoprotective effect of 1, 2, 3, 4, $6-penta-O-galloyl -{\beta}-D-glucose$ was similar or even higher than that of glycyrrhizin on primary cultured rat hepatocyte cytotoxicity.

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Anti-inflammatory Constituents of Polygonum bistorta (권삼의 소염활성성분(I))

  • Ahn, Jung-Su;Kwon, Yong-Soo;Kim, Chang-Min
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.345-349
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    • 1999
  • Five compounds were isolated from the BuOH fraction of Polygonum bistorta (Polygonaceae). On the basis of spectral data, these compounds were established as caffeic acid, quercimeritrin, avicularin, gallic acid and protocatechuic acid. The inhibitory activies on $3{\alpha}-hydroxysteroid$ dehydrogenase $(3\;{\alpha}-HSD)$ of isolated compounds were compared. $IC_{50}$ value of isolated compounds were $133.57\;{\mu}g/ml\;(caffeic\;acid)$, $89.1\;{\mu}g/ml\;(quercimeritrin)$, $189.85\;{\mu}g/ml\;(avicularin)$, $140.69\;{\mu}g/ml\;(gallic\;acid)$ and $165.27\;{\mu}g/ml\;(protocatechuic\;acid)$ respectively. Although all compounds showed lower inhibition activities than BuOH fraction $(IC_{50}<50\;{\mu}g/ml)$ of Polygonum bistorta, it showed higher inhibition activities than aspirin $(IC_{50}\;246.81\;{\mu}g/ml)$.

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Constituents of Antioxidative Activity and Free Radical Scavenging Effect from Galla Rhois (Rhus javanica Linne) (오배자의 항산화 활성성분 및 자유라디칼 소거효과)

  • Lee, Sung-Bae;Rhim, Tae-Jin;Lee, Kwang-Hoe;Cha, Bae-Cheon
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.185-189
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to investigate the structure of antioxidative constituents and the free radical scavenging effect of the main ingredients from Galla Rhois(Rhus javanica Linne). Antioxidative activities of n-hexane, EtOAc and BuOH extracts of Galla Rhois were similar or even higher than that of natural (tocopherol) or synthetic antioxidant (BHA). It is suggested that major fractions for the antioxidative activity of Galla Rhois were the n-hexane, EtOAc and BuOH extract compartments. In the subsequently experiment, one active compound from n-hexane extract, three active compounds from EtOAc extract and one active compound from BuOH extract were isolated. Their chemical structures were identified as syringic acid, protocatechuic acid, gallic acid methylester, gallic acid and $1,2,3,4,6- penta-O-galloyl-{\beta}-D-glucose$ on the basis of the speculation of spectral data and chemical reaction. Among the compounds, protocatechuic acid, gallic acid methylester and $1,2,3,4,6- penta-O-galloyl-{\beta}-D-glucose$ showed most potent radical scavenging effect using DPPH method.

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Protective effect of gallic acid derivatives from the freshwater green alga Spirogyra sp. against ultraviolet B-induced apoptosis through reactive oxygen species clearance in human keratinocytes and zebrafish

  • Wang, Lei;Ryu, BoMi;Kim, Won-Suk;Kim, Gwang Hoon;Jeon, You-Jin
    • ALGAE
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.379-388
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    • 2017
  • In the present study, we enhanced the phenolic content of 70% ethanol extracts of Spirogyra sp. (SPE, $260.47{\pm}5.21$ gallic acid equivalent $[GAE]mg\;g^{-1}$), 2.97 times to $774.24{\pm}2.61GAE\;mg\;g^{-1}$ in the ethyl acetate fraction of SPE (SPEE). SPEE was evaluated for its antiradical activity in online high-performance liquid chromatography-ABTS analysis, and the peaks with the highest antiradical activities were identified as gallic acid derivatives containing gallic acid, methyl gallate, and ethyl gallate. Isolation of ethyl gallate from Spirogyra sp. was performed for the first time in this study. In ultraviolet B (UVB)-irradiated keratinocytes (HaCaT cells), SPEE improved cell viability by 8.22%, and 23.33% and reduced accumulation of cells in the sub-$G_1$ phase by 20.53%, and 32.11% at the concentrations of 50 and $100{\mu}g\;mL^{-1}$, respectively. Furthermore, SPEE (50 and $100{\mu}g\;mL^{-1}$) reduced reactive oxygen species generation in UVB-irradiated zebrafish by 66.67% and 77.78%. This study suggests a protective activity of gallic acid and its derivatives from Spirogyra sp. against UVB-induced stress responses in both in vitro and in vivo models, suggesting a potential use of SPEE in photoprotection.

Effect of Food Additives on Inhibiting the Browning of Model Solutions for Doenjang (Synergist로서 사용된 식품첨가물이 된장모델액의 갈변억제에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwak, Eun-Jung;Lim, Seong-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.589-594
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    • 2007
  • The effect of synergists having chelating ability on inhibiting browning were studied with a giucose-glutamic acid model for doenjang containing citric acid as the anti-browning agent and iron ion. The model solutions were prepared by dissolving 0.1 M glucose, 0.1 M glutamic acid, 50 mM citric acid, 0.2 mM $FeCl_2$ and synergist in 1 M phosphate buffer (pH 7.0), heating at $50^{\circ}C$ for 24 hr and storing at $30^{\circ}C\;or\;40^{\circ}C$ for four weeks. Synergists were chitosan, gallic acid, methyl benzoate, pyrophosphate and tannic acid; they were used at the following concentrations: gallic acid, pyrophosphate and tannic acid at 0.015% and 0.15%; chitosan and methyl benzoate at 0.0075% and 0.015%. Anti-browning capacities had a tendency to decrease greatly after three weeks in the case of storage at $30^{\circ}C$, whereas they decreased with storage time during storage at $40^{\circ}C$. However, anti-browning capacities of samples containing 0.015% tannic acid and 0.15% pyrophosphate were higher than that of sample without synergist by 32% after storage at $30^{\circ}C$ for four weeks. Gallic acid, tannic acid and pyrophsphate also inhibited the formation of Maillard reaction intermediates such as fluorescent compound and 3-deoxyglucosone due to the high chelating ability with iron ion after four weeks of storage at $30^{\circ}C$. The effect of these compounds on the inhibition of formation of Maillard reaction intermediates was higher at 0.15% than at 0.015%. Moreover, gallic acid increased the browning by forming colored complexes, and tannic acid generated black precipitates. Therefore, pyrophosphate of food additives was found to be the most useful synergist of citric acid, the anti-browning agent for doenjang.

Effect of Dietary Supplementation of the Combination of Gallic and Linoleic Acid in Thigh Meat of Broilers

  • Lee, Kyung-Haeng;Jung, Samooel;Kim, Hyun-Joo;Kim, Il-Suk;Lee, Jun-Heon;Jo, Cheorun
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.25 no.11
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    • pp.1641-1648
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    • 2012
  • This study was performed to investigate the combined effect of dietary supplementation of gallic and linoleic acid (GL) on the antioxidative effect and quality of thigh meat from broilers. Broilers received 3 dietary treatments: i) commercial finisher diet (control), ii) 0.5% GL (gallic:linoleic acid = 1 M:1 M), and iii) 1.0% GL during the 22 to 36 d. The pH value of broiler thigh meat was increased by GL supplementation. Water holding capacity of the thigh meat was enhanced by the 1.0% dietary GL supplementation. Antioxidative effect (total phenolic content, DPPH radical scavenging activity, $ABTS^+$ reducing activity, reducing power, and TBARS value) in the thigh from the broilers improved significantly with 1.0% GL. Linoleic acid and docosahexaenoic acids were higher in the broilers fed both levels of dietary GL. However, volatile basic nitrogen content and microbiological quality was not shown to be different between control and treated group. Results indicate that 1.0% dietary supplementation of GL can improve the antioxidant activity of broiler thigh meat and may enhance the meat quality.

Chemical Constituents of Domestic Quercus spp. Barks (국내산 참나무속 수종 수피의 추출성분)

  • Kim, Jin-Kyu;Kwon, Dong-Joo;Lim, Soon-Sung;Bae, Young-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.359-374
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to investigate the chemotaxonomical correlation and chemical constituents of domestic Quercus spp. barks. The barks of Q. mongolica, Q. aliena, Q. serrata, Q. acutissima, Q. dentata, and Q. variabilis were collected in the experimental forest of Kangwon National University. The combined extracts were successively fractionated with n-hexane, methylene chloride and ethyl acetate using a separation funnel. A portion of the ethyl acetate and H2O soluble materials of each species were chromatographed on a Sephadex LH-20 column using various aqueous MeOH and EtOH-hexane as washing solvents. Spectrometric analysis such as NMR and MS, including TLC, were performed to characterize the structures of the isolated compounds. Ellagic acid (0.03 g), (+)-catechin (4.59 g), taxifolin (3.35 g), and glucodistylin (20.52 g) were isolated from Q. mongolica bark. Gallic acid (0.18 g), (+)-catechin (8.52 g), (+)-gallocatechin (0.09 g), taxifolin (0.54 g), and glucodistylin (3.28 g) were characterized from Q. acutissima bark. Gallic acid (0.38 g), ellagic acid (0.11 g), (+)-catechin (2.01 g), (+)-gallocatechin (0.12 g), and glucodistylin (0.39 g) were identified from Q. dentata bark. Ellagic acid (1.51 g), (+)-catechin (21.91 g), and glucodistylin (3.91 g) were purified from Q. aliena bark. Ellagic acid (0.84 g), (+)-catechin (0.82 g), taxifolin (4.02 g), and glucodistylin (21.50) were isolated from Q. serrata bark. Gallic acid (0.24 g), caffeic acid (0.05 g), (+)-catechin (0.32 g), and glucodistylin (0.65 g) were purified from Q. variabilis bark. (+)-Catechin and glucodistylin were isolated from all the barks. Glucodistylin can be a taxonomic index on Quercus spp.

Isolation and Determination of Phenolic Compounds in Peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.)Root

  • Choung, Myoung-Gun;Kang, Kwang-Hee;An, Young-Nam
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.83-87
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    • 2000
  • The five phenolic compounds of peony root were isolated by Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. Their chemical structures were identified by spectroscopic methods (UV, FT-IR, FAB-MS and $^1H$ .&^13C$-NMR). The complete structures of these compounds were elucidated to be (+)-taxifolin-3-0-$\beta$-D-glucopyranoside, benzoic acid, gallic acid, (-)-epicatechin and (+)-catechin. The concentrations of five phenolic compounds in the peony root of three Korean cultivars (Youngchonjakyak, Euisungjakyak and Jomjakyak) were determined by reverse-phase HPLC. The constituents concentration in Youngchonjakyak were generally higher than in Euisungjakyak and Jomjakyak. The concentrations of (+)-taxifolin-3-O-$\beta$-D-glucopyranoside, benzoic acid, gallic acid, (-)-epicatechin and (+)-catechin in three different cultivars were ranged 0.23-0.52%, 0.20-0.30%, 0.26-0.28%, 0.09-0.12% and 0.34-0.63%, respectively.

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