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A Qualitative Study on the Process of the Mental Health Assessment and Intervention after the Sewol Ferry Disaster: Focusing on Survivors among Danwon High School Students

  • Lee, Mi-Sun;Hwang, Jun-Won;Bhang, Soo-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.161-171
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study aimed to identify the process of psychosocial assessment, the experience of intervention, and the improvement after the disaster that Danwon high school students survived from the sinking of the Motor Vessel (MV) Sewol in South Korea on April 16, 2014. Methods: We conducted in-depth qualitative research using individual interviews from January to February 2017. Twenty-one of 75 Danwon high school students survived by the MV Sewol disaster were studied. Two interviewers participated in the in-depth interview. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, coded, and analyzed through content analysis based on psychosocial assessment and intervention after the disaster. Results: Twenty-one participants were 20 years old, where 10 were male (47.62%), and 11 were female (52.38%). More than 75% of the interviewed students felt that mental health services were needed, and more than 85% required mental health assessments. Regarding psychiatric symptoms, the students reported that they suffered depression and insomnia (19.05%), anxiety (14.29%), nightmares and phobias (9.52%), and difficulties regarding concentration, aggression, and game addiction (4.76%). Conclusion: Despite survivors experiencing the same disaster, there were differences in their responses to mental health assessments and interventions experienced during the three years, and conflicting opinions were reported. In planning future evaluations and interventions, it is necessary for strategies to cope with flexibly to consider the characteristics and symptoms of the survivors while maintaining principles.

Virtual Reality Program Model for Trauma Intervention in Multi-cultural Adolescents (다문화청소년의 트라우마 중재를 위한 가상현실 프로그램 모형)

  • Kim, Kyung-Sook;Song, Eun Jee;Kim, Min-Kyeong;Ju, Sejin;Kim, Min-Jung
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.361-366
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    • 2017
  • As the technology of virtual reality has recently developed, virtual reality treatment programs for game addiction and alcoholism are being developed. The purpose of this study is to present a model of developmental process of virtual reality based cognitive behavior therapy program for trauma intervention in multicultural adolescents. The development of virtual reality program of cognitive behavior therapy consists of three stages. In the first step, In the first stage, the trauma characteristics including the main emotions and the expression problem due to the trauma experienced by the multicultural youth should be grasped. In the second stage, the contents of the development process and scope of the scenario for the cognitive behavior therapy for trauma should be presented. In the final stage 3, the study will examine the feasibility of implementing the scenario contents in the virtual reality program. Through this process, the intervention program development model that can lead the positive change of the multicultural youth was presented.

VDT Syndrome according to the Types of Computer Use Among Elementary Students (초등학생의 컴퓨터 사용행태에 따른 VDT증후군)

  • Kim, So-Won
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.359-370
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study is to provide basic data for prevention of VDT syndrome by confirming VDT syndrome according to the type of computer use. The subjects recruited for the research were 518 students who were in the 4, 5, 6 grades from 5 schools in Seoul. The data were collected during the period from October 8 through October 18, 2004. The results were as follows; 1. The mean value of the VDT syndrome was 1.55 (SD=.52) for the 5th graders. 2. The degrees of VDT syndrome according to the characteristics of the subjects shows higher scores for the 5th and 6th graders, boys, students with more than 4 online friends, students with a low degree of school life satisfaction, and for students with parents who had a negative attitude for their children. 3. The degree of VDT syndrome according to the type of computer use showed higher scores when the students used computers for game more than for study, more than 11 hours in a week, more than 2 hours at one time, not having any rest, in dark places, with the monitor less than 40 an distance from the eyes, sitting with their legs crossed and when the keyboard was in a higher position than their elbows. The internet absorbed group showed higher scores than the unabsorbed group. 4. There was positive correlation between the hours of computer use and VDT syndrome. Also, internet addiction and VDT syndrome had positive correlation. Therefore, each home and society needs to pay consistent attention to correct computer use by their students. Especially, schools will have to educate about computer utilization and VDT syndrome.

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Descriptive Psychiatry and the Development of Diagnostic Criteria in the History of Child Psychiatry and Phenomenological Descriptive Psychiatry (소아정신의학 역사 속의 진단기준 발전과 현상학적 기술정신의학)

  • Bahn, Geon Ho;Lee, Yeon Jung;Han, Ju Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2015
  • Phenomenology has been developed by philosophers like Kant and Husserl since the late 18th century. Jaspers, a German psychiatrist, adopted it into psychopathology studies and accumulated data by closely observing and recording the patients' symptoms and signs. Among descriptions done even before the psychopathology or diagnostic criteria of disorders in the field of child psychiatry was established, we can find exact and valuable descriptions matching the autism spectrum disorder or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. The diagnostic criteria of modern childhood psychiatric disorders were established based on these grounds. Phenomenological/descriptive methods in various psychiatric fields lead to medical study methods for social phenomenon such as oiettolie, hikikomori, and internet game addiction. Since Romanian orphans were adopted to the western world, descriptive studies along with neurobiological studies on the influence of stimulus deprivation on emotional and physical development are being conducted. While phenomenology, which was adopted by Jaspers to verify psychopathology, was developed mainly by observation and description, recent studies are explaining such descriptive phenomena even at the synapse level due to advances in neurobiology. Although phenomenological/descriptive psychiatry, describing precise and detailed experiences of patients, is less applied nowadays among modern study methods, we must remember that such descriptions may lead to biological studies and provide evidence to improve the accuracy of choosing and applying treatment methods.

The Exploratory Study of Children's Use of Smart Devices in Information Society (정보사회에서 어린이들의 스마트기기 이용생활에 대한 탐색적 연구 -초등학교 고학년을 중심으로-)

  • Han, Byoungrae;Gu, Jungmo
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.423-432
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    • 2014
  • With wide spread of smart devices, the use of children's smart devices were increased. We have performed an exploratory study about children's use of smart devices in the viewpoint of lives of children. The children was encouraged on the school centered learning by their parents. In this study, we wanted to explore the state of life of children's using of smart devices in the view of the children's life at the age of information society. The results show that there was a difference in children's using of smart devices between big and small city. This research shows that the students have the lack of the experiences of learning of desired usages and learning with devices. In the play with the non-electronic media, outside play was more than indoor play. Half of the answers at the amount of time to play the game and to watch the TV were "within an 1 hour". We know that the proportion of children's indoor play portion is more than outdoor play of it.

EEG Dimensional Reduction with Stack AutoEncoder for Emotional Recognition using LSTM/RNN (LSTM/RNN을 사용한 감정인식을 위한 스택 오토 인코더로 EEG 차원 감소)

  • Aliyu, Ibrahim;Lim, Chang-Gyoon
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.717-724
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    • 2020
  • Due to the important role played by emotion in human interaction, affective computing is dedicated in trying to understand and regulate emotion through human-aware artificial intelligence. By understanding, emotion mental diseases such as depression, autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and game addiction will be better managed as they are all associated with emotion. Various studies for emotion recognition have been conducted to solve these problems. In applying machine learning for the emotion recognition, the efforts to reduce the complexity of the algorithm and improve the accuracy are required. In this paper, we investigate emotion Electroencephalogram (EEG) feature reduction and classification using Stack AutoEncoder (SAE) and Long-Short-Term-Memory/Recurrent Neural Networks (LSTM/RNN) classification respectively. The proposed method reduced the complexity of the model and significantly enhance the performance of the classifiers.

Relationship between Internet Game Addiction, Self Control and Impulsiveness in Elementary School Students (초등학생(初等學生)의 인터넷 게임중독(中毒)과 자아통제(自我統制), 충동성(衝動性)과의 관계(關係))

  • Woo, Joung-Ryae;Hong, Jee-Young;Lee, Moo-Sik;Na, Baeg-Ju;Lee, Jin-Yong;Hwang, Ji-Hye
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.751-754
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 초등학교 5, 6학년 학생들을 대상으로 인터넷 게임중독과 자아통제, 충동성과의 관계를 파악하여 올바른 인터넷 사용 문화를 장려하고, 과도한 인터넷 사용 방지교육을 위한 기초자료를 제공하고자 시도되었다. 자료는 2009년 11월 9일에서 11월 30일까지 익산시내 3개 초등학교를 임의로 선정하여 5, 6학년 학생 927명을 대상으로 조사하였다. 자료 분석은 SPSS WIN(12.0 한글판) 프로그램을 이용하여 카이제곱검정, t-검정, 일원배치 분산분석, 다중회귀분석의 통계적 방법을 이용하였다. 본 연구의 결과로는 대상자의 인터넷 게임중독 정도는 '정상' 483명(54.3%), '중독초기' 363명(40.8%), '중독중증' 43명(4.8%)으로 나타났다. 일반적 특성에 따른 인터넷 게임중독 정도를 분석한 결과 성별(p<0.01)이 유의한 차이가 있었으며 컴퓨터 사용 특성에 따른 인터넷 게임중독 정도는 이용장소(p<0.05), 주요활동(p<0.01), 평일 이용시간(p<0.01), 주말 이용시간(p<0.01)이 유의한 차이가 있었다. 또한, 인터넷 게임중독과 자아통제와의 관계를 분석한 결과 인터넷 게임중독 경향이 높을수록 자아통제 점수가 낮으며, 자아통제 점수가 높을수록 인터넷 게임중독 경향이 낮은 것으로 조사되었으며(p<0.01) 인터넷 게임중독과 충동성과의 관계를 분석한 결과 인터넷 게임중독 경향이 높을수록 충동성 점수가 높은 것으로 조사 되었는데, 이는 충동성 점수가 낮을수록 인터넷 게임중독 경향이 낮음을 의미한다(p<0.01). 자아통제와 충동성과의 관계를 분석한 결과 자아통제가 낮을수록 충동성이 높으며, 자아통제가 높을수록 충동성이 낮은 것으로 나타나서 자아통제와 충동성은 서로 반대 개념인 것을 알 수 있었으며(p<0.01) 인터넷 게임중독과 자아통제, 충동성과의 다중회귀분석 결과 유의한 영향을 주는 변수는 성별(p<0.01), 학교성적(p<0.01), 주요활동(p<0.01), 평일 이용시간(p<0.01), 주말 이용시간(p<0.01), 자아통제(p<0.01), 충동성(p<0.01)이었다. 여학생보다 남학생이, 학교성적이 높을수록, 주요활동이 비학습관련인 경우, 평일 이용시간이 1시간이상 이용할수록, 주말 이용시간이 2시간이상 많이 이용할수록, 자아통제가 낮을수록, 충동성이 높을수록, 인터넷 게임중독 경향이 높은 것으로 나타났다. 이상의 결과를 종합해 보면, 인터넷 게임중독 경향이 높을수록 자아통제 정도가 낮게, 충동성 정도는 높게 나타나고, 인터넷 게임중독 경향이 낮을수록 자아통제 정도가 높게, 충동성 정도는 낮게 나타나는 것을 알 수 있다. 또한 자아통제와 충동성은 상반된 개념으로 자아통제 정도가 높을수록 충동성은 낮아지고 자아통제 정도가 낮을수록 충동성이 높아짐을 알 수 있다.

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Analysis of Cognition Pattern of a College Student's Occupational View on Social Welfare Position (사회복지사직에 대한 사회복지학과 학생의 인식유형)

  • Oh, Yun-Sou;Jung, Hyun-Tae;Lee, Seong-Dae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.285-297
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    • 2014
  • This research is involved in looking into the cognition pattern of social worker position of a fourth-year student majoring in Social Welfare. The purpose of this research is to offer a basic data needed for education of the students who are preparing to get a job of a social worker. For this, applying Q methodology, this research made an objective analysis of their subjective response to social worker position targeting the 30 students in the department of social welfare at the four-year-course college located in Gyeongsangbuk-do and Gyeongsangnam-do. The research results showed that the cognition pattern of the college students' occupational view on social welfare position could be categorized into the three; The first pattern is a "job-skeptic & reality-evasive" type, who tends to perceive the position of a social worker as the one having a lot of job exhaustion and much workload, showing a pessimistic view on the meaning or a sense of mission of a social worker position. The second pattern is a "practice-centered & specialized-job-seeking type" who tends to think much of practical aspects of a social worker job and to seek after the position of a social worker as a specialized job, and at the same time to rely on the policy or system for a social worker position. The third pattern is a "value-oriented & self-achievement type", who tends to think much of the necessity of value or ethics in putting social welfare into practice and also to make much of self-achievement through the channel of a social welfare worker position. Taken together, it might be possibile to turn out professional human resources, but this research thinks it is more necessary to place the education of values of a social welfare worker.

Development of the Multidimensional Scale of Addictive Behavior for Adolescents (청소년 중독행동의 다차원적 척도 개발)

  • Park, Hyun-Sook;Jung, Sun-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.8
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    • pp.3597-3609
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was done to develop the multidimensional scale of addictive behavior for adolescents. Methods: The process involved construction of a conceptual framework, initial items, verification of content validity, selection of secondary items, and extraction of final items. The participants were 636 adolescents in six middle schools and four high schools. Results: Seventy items were selected for the final scale, and categorized 8 factors explaining 56.5% of total variance. The factors were labeled as game addictive behavior, shopping addictive behavior, mobile phone addictive behavior, nicotine addictive behavior, television addictive behavior, gambling addictive behavior, alcohol addictive behavior, and internet addictive behavior. The scores for the scale were significantly correlated with addictive personality and self-control. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the 70 items was .94. Scale scores identified adolescents as addictive behavior group, risk group, and average group. Conclusion: The above findings indicate that the multidimensional scale of addictive behavior for adolescents has good validity and reliability when used with adolescents. More importantly, it provides the first step toward developing a addiction prevention program. Additionally the scales provide an education or guideline, and proper physical and mental health management of youth in research and practice for the promotion of education.

Effects of Group Art Therapy on the Aggression and Emotional Regulation Ability of Elementary School Students Over-Immersed in Internet Games (집단미술치료가 인터넷게임과몰입 초등학생의 공격성과 정서조절능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Geon-uk;Lee, Hyun-mi;Shin, Ji-hyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.769-778
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of group art therapy on the aggression and emotional regulation ability of elementary school students over-immersed in Internet games. The subjects include 16 elementary school children from H Local Children's Center in S City and G Local Children's Center in Y City. They were allocated to the experiment and control group each of which consisted of eight. Total 12 sessions of Group art therapy were administered to the experiment group twice per week from January 4 to February 15, 2016. Employed in the study were the Internet game addiction, aggression, and emotional regulation inventories. Collected data were treated with repeated measures ANOVA for differences according to the implementation time and group. The findings show that group art therapy had positive effects for mitigating the aggression of elementary school students over-immersed in Internet games and increasing their emotional regulation ability and that those effects lasted. Those findings indicate that group art therapy is effective for alleviating the aggression of elementary school children over-immersed in Internet games and improving their emotional regulation ability. Finally, based on the reuslt of this study, the development and future direction of this program for prevention and treatment of elementary school students over-immersed in Internet games is suggested.