• Title, Summary, Keyword: Geometrically Necessary Dislocations

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Strength Analysis of Particle-Reinforced Aluminum Composites with Length-Scale Effect based on Geometrically Necessary Dislocations (기하적 필수 전위에 의한 길이효과를 고려한 입자 강화 알루미늄 복합재의 강도해석)

  • Sub, Y.S.;Kim, Y.B.;Rhee, Z.K.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.482-487
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    • 2009
  • A finite element based microstructural modeling for the size dependent strengthening of particle reinforced aluminum composites is presented. The model accounts explicitly for the enhanced strength in a discretely defined "punched zone" around the particle in an aluminum matrix composite as a result of geometrically necessary dislocations developed through a CTE mismatch. The density of geometrically necessary dislocations is calculated considering volume fraction of the particle. Results show that predicted flow stresses with different particle size are in good agreement with experiments. It is also shown that 0.2% offset yield stresses increases with smaller particles and larger volume fractions and this length-scale effect on the enhanced strength can be observed by explicitly including GND region around the particle. The strengths predicted with the inclusion of volume fraction in the density equation are slightly lower than those without.

Strength Analysis of Particle-Reinforced Composites with Length-Scale Effect based on Geometrically Necessary Dislocations (기하적 필수 전위에 의한 길이효과를 고려한 입자 강화 복합재의 강도해석)

  • Suh, Y.S.;Joshi, Shailendra P.;Ramesh, K.T.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • pp.322-325
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    • 2009
  • An enhanced continuum model for the size dependent strengthening of particle reinforced composites is presented. The model accounts explicitly for the enhanced strength in a discretely defined "punched zone" around the particle in a metal matrix composite as a result of geometrically necessary dislocations developed through a CTE mismatch. The size of the punched zone presents an intrinsic length scale, and this results in the size dependence of the overall behavior of the composite. Results show that predicted 0.2% offset yield stresses are increasing with smaller inclusions and larger volume fractions and this length-scale effect on the enhanced strength can be observed by explicitly including GND region around the particle.

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Hierarchical Finite-Element Modeling of SiCp/Al2124-T4 Composites with Dislocation Plasticity and Size-Dependent Failure (전위 소성과 크기 종속 파손을 고려한 SiCp/Al2124-T4 복합재의 계층적 유한요소 모델링)

  • Suh, Yeong-Sung;Kim, Yong-Bae
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.187-194
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    • 2012
  • The strength of particle-reinforced metal matrix composites is, in general, known to be increased by the geometrically necessary dislocations punched around a particle that form during cooling after consolidation because of coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) mismatch between the particle and the matrix. An additional strength increase may also be observed, since another type of geometrically necessary dislocation can be formed during extensive deformation as a result of the strain gradient plasticity due to the elastic-plastic mismatch between the particle and the matrix. In this paper, the magnitudes of these two types of dislocations are calculated based on the dislocation plasticity. The dislocations are then converted to the respective strengths and allocated hierarchically to the matrix around the particle in the axisymmetric finite-element unit cell model. The proposed method is shown to be very effective by performing finite-element strength analysis of $SiC_p$/Al2124-T4 composites that included ductile failure in the matrix and particlematrix decohesion. The predicted results for different particle sizes and volume fractions show that the length scale effect of the particle size obviously affects the strength and failure behavior of the particle-reinforced metal matrix composites.

Effect of Plastic Gradient from GND on the Behavior of Polycrystalline Solids (GND 효과에 의한 소성 구배의 다결정 고체 거동에 대한 영향)

  • Chung, Sang-Yeop;Han, Tong-Seok
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.185-191
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    • 2011
  • Plastic gradient from geometrically necessary dislocation(GND) can affect material behavior significantly. In this research, mechanical behavior of polycrystalline solid is investigated using the finite element method incorporating plastic gradient from long range dislocation or GND effect. Plastic gradient effect is implemented in the analysis model by considering a long range strain term as well as elastic and plastic terms in the multiplicative decomposition. In the model, gradient hardness coefficient and length parameter are used to evaluate the effect of the long range strains and sensitive study is conducted for the parameters. It is confirmed that the GND amplifies hardening response of polycrystals compared with the single crystal.

Particle Size-Dependent Failure Analysis of Particle-Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites using Dislocation Punched Zone Modeling (전위 펀치 영역 모델링에 의한 입자 강화 금속지지 복합재의 입자 크기 의존 파손 해석)

  • Suh, Yeong Sung
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.275-282
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    • 2014
  • Particle-reinforced metal matrix composites exhibit a strengthening effect due to the particle size-dependent length scale that arises from the strain gradient, and thus from the geometrically necessary dislocations between the particles and matrix that result from their CTE(Coefficient of Thermal Expansion) and elastic-plastic mismatches. In this study, the influence of the size-dependent length scale on the particle-matrix interface failure and ductile failure in the matrix was examined using finite-element punch zone modeling whereby an augmented strength was assigned around the particle. The failure behavior was observed by a parametric study, while varying the interface failure properties such as the interface strength and debonding energy with different particle sizes and volume fractions. It is shown that the two failure modes (interface failure and ductile failure in the matrix) interact with each other and are closely related to the particle size-dependent length scale; in other words, the composite with the smaller particles, which is surrounded by a denser dislocation than that with the larger particles, retards the initiation and growth of the interface and matrix failures, and also leads to a smaller amount of decrease in the flow stress during failure.

Analysis of Size Effect of Nano Scale Machining Based on Normal Stress and Indentation Theories (수직응력과 압입이론에 기반한 나노스케일 기계가공에서의 크기효과 분석)

  • Jeon, Eun-chae;Lee, Yun-Hee;Je, Tae-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2018
  • Recently nano meter size pattern (sub-micro scale) can be machined mechanically using a diamond tool. Many studies have found a 'size effect' which referred to a specific cutting energy increase with the decrease in the uncut chip thickness at micro scale machining. A new analysis method was suggested in order to observe 'size effect' in nano scale machining and to verify the cause of the 'size effect' in this study. The diamond tool was indented to a vertical depth of 1,000nm depth in order to simplify the stress state and the normal force was measured continuously. The tip rounding was measured quantitatively by AFM. Based on the measurements and theoretical analysis, it was verified that the main cause of the 'size effect' in nano scale machining is geometrically necessary dislocations, one of the intrinsic material characteristics. st before tool failure.