• Title, Summary, Keyword: Gilliam

Search Result 6, Processing Time 0.027 seconds

Use of Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction for Identification of Rickettsia tsutsugamushi Serotype Cultured in Human Embryonic Lung Cells (Nested PCR을 이용한 사람 유래 태아 폐세포에서 배양된 Rickettsia tsutsugamushi의 혈청형 동정)

  • An, Chang-Nam;Woo, Gyu-Jin;Kim, Tae-Yeon;Shin, Kwang-Soon;Kim, Chul-Joong;Baek, Luck-Ju
    • The Journal of Korean Society of Virology
    • /
    • v.26 no.2
    • /
    • pp.235-244
    • /
    • 1996
  • We selected the adequate cell line to be used for propagation and plaquing of R. tsutsugamushi in laboratory and identified R. tsutsugamushi serotype cultured in LuMA cells by nested PCR. As in this study, we concluded that. 1. LuMA cell was suitable for the study of the biology of rickettsiae-host cell interaction. 2. The plaque-forming unit (PFU) per ml of R. tsutsugamushi Karp strain propagated in embryonated egg yolk sacs was $10^{8.8}$ and the PFU/ml of Gilliam strain was $10^{7.1}$. 3. The rate and extent of cytopathic changes depended on the PFU titer of R. tsutsugamushi. 4. PCR with nested primer pairs was useful for identification of R. tsutsugamushi serotype cultured in human embryonic lung cells.

  • PDF

Seropositive Rate of Orientia Tsutsugamushi in Tamias Sibiricus from Korea (한국산 다람쥐의 Orientia Tsutsugamushi에 대한 항체양성율)

  • Song, Jin-Won;Lee, Sang-Won;Kho, Eun-Young;Chung, Ki-Mo;Lee, Yong-Ju;Song, Ki-Joon;Baek, Luck-Ju
    • The Journal of the Korean Society for Microbiology
    • /
    • v.35 no.1
    • /
    • pp.61-68
    • /
    • 2000
  • Among wild chipmunks, Tamias sibiricus, captured in Kyunggi and Kangwon province in Korea, 1997, seropositivity for Orientia tsutsugamushi was determined. Serological test for Orientia tsutsugamushi infection was performed using indirect immunofluorescent antibody technique (IFA). Of 243 wild chipmunks, 61 against Gilliam strain and 64 against Karp strain of Orientia tsutsugamushi were IFA positive. Seropositivity against Gilliam strain was shown 33.3% in Kyunggi and 23.5% in Kangwon province, and against Karp strain was shown 33.3% and 25.4%, respectively.

  • PDF

Longevity of Antibodies to Live Orientia tsutsugamushi Inoculated in Sprague Dawley Rats

  • An, Chang-Nam;Kim, Sung-Min;Kim, Tae-Yeon;Bae, Luck-Ju;Kim, Chul-Joong;Shin, Kwang-Soon;Park, Song-Yong
    • The Journal of Korean Society of Virology
    • /
    • v.28 no.2
    • /
    • pp.193-201
    • /
    • 1998
  • In Sprague Dawley (SD) rats, antibodies against strains of Orientia tsutsugamushi, Kato, Karp and Gilliam, were produced in order to investigate their longevity and cross-reactivities to their corresponding homologous and heterologous antigens. By immunofluorescence assay (IFA) of IgG and IgM, it was shown that the immunity to the homologous strains persisted at a higher level (longevity of at least 34 weeks with higher IFA titers). On the other hand, the immunity to the heterologous strains persisted at a lower level (longevity of 10 to 34 weeks with lower IFA titers). Since infection with one strain of O. tsutsugamushi does not preclude reinfection with other strains, understanding of the antigenic diversity of O. tsutsugamushi and duration of the immunity to both homologous and heterologous strain is very important in diagnosis of scrub typhus.

  • PDF

Survey of antibody on Orientia Tsutsugamushi among wild rodents in Gyeongnam area and detection by nested polymerase chain reaction (경남지역 야생들쥐에서 Orientia tsutsugamushi에 대한 항체 조사 및 PCR에 의한 검색)

  • Hah, Dae-Sik;Kim, Young-Hoon;Park, Jung-Ung;Park, Jae-Kap;Kim, Chung-Hui;Ryu, Jae-Doo;Jong, Myung-Ho;Heo, Jung-Ho;Shu, Jong-Lip;Cho, Myung-Heui;Lee, Kuk-Cheon;Kim, Gon-Sup;Kim, Eui-Kyung;Kim, Jong-Shu
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.44 no.2
    • /
    • pp.241-249
    • /
    • 2004
  • As a part of epidemiologic investigation of tsutsugamushi disease, the wild rodents which were captured in Gyeongnam area were diagnosed with indirect immunofluorescent antibody assay (IFA) and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) to find if they have an antibody against Orientia tsutsugamushi. The conclusion was drawn as followings. (1) The captured 58 wild rodents showed that the subspecies distribution of Apodemus agrarius was 86.2%, Microtus fortis was 8.6% and Crocidura lasiura was 5.2%. (2) The antibody positive rate of O. tsutsugamushi Gilliam, Karp, Karto and Boryong by IFA method was 32.0% in Apodemus agrarius among 50 wild rodents and 40.0% in Microtus fortis among 5 wild rodents, respectively. It was negative in the case of all the 3 Crocidura lasiura. (3) The antibody titers on Apodemus agrarius, Microtus fortis and Crocidura lasiura against Gilliam, Karp, Karto and Boryong were measured between 1:20 and 1:640. The antibody titer against each antigen was in the order Boryong>Gilliam>Karp. (4) O. tsutsugamushi was detected from the blood, spleen and kidney from the artificially infected mice by IFA and PCR. IFA showed the positive response between 3 and 18 days after inoculation. On the other hand, positive response was found from all the samples by PCR. (5) From PCR of the genomic DNA extracted from the blood, spleen and kidney samples of the captured wild rodents, Boryong-specific amplification product with size of 210 bp, which is particular in Boryong, was detected from spleen and kidney samples, but not detected in the blood. (6) Boryong-specific amplification product was detected from spleen and kidney samples which were obtained at 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 days after the infection with Boryong. But, it wasn't detected from the uninfected samples. (7) From PCR of spleen and kidney samples of the captured wild rodents, it was found that positive rate of O. tsutsugamushi in Apodemus agrarius and Microtus fortis were 25.0% (4/16) and 20.0% (1/5), respectively. From the above results, it can be concluded that Apodemus agrarius resided in Gyeongnam area carried O. tsutsugamushi and PCR method might be a simple, precise, rapid and useful diagnostic tool than IFA for the diagnosis of O. tsutsugamushi.

A Seroepidemiological survey of scrub typhus and murine typhus among residents and rodents in Kyodongmyeon, Kanghwagun (강화 교동면 주민과 들쥐의 쯔쯔가무시병 및 발진열에 대한 혈청역학 조사)

  • Choi, Eun-Jeong;Hur, Myoung-Jei;Oh, Bo-Young;Park, Jin-Su;Lee, Mi-Yeon;Lee, Jea-Man;Go, Jong-Myoung;Kim, Yong-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.26 no.3
    • /
    • pp.203-214
    • /
    • 2003
  • Scrub typhus and murine typhus are common endemic febrile illness in the fall in Korea. Scrub typhus is caused by Orientia tsutsugomushi, murine typhus is caused by Rickettsia typhi. Trombiculid mites are known as both the vector and the reservoir host of O tsutsugamushi, the mites which transmit O tsutsugomushi have been reported to be Leptotrombidium pallidum and L scutellare. The author carried out an epidemiological study of scrub typhus and murine typhus in Kyodong-Myeon, Kanghwa-Gun, Incheon in relation to the residents and the host rodents, such as their distribution, seroepidemiology, and population density of chigger mites. 1. Out of 900 residents, 33(3.7%) showed positive reaction to O tsutsugamushi, 24(2.7%) to R typhi. 2. In the seropositives to O tsutsugamushi or R typhi, between the sixties and the seventies of the age were dominant. 3. In the seropositives to O tsutsugamushi serotypically Gilliam was dominant. 4. Among the total 42 field rodents trapped by the sherman traps, 18 rodents were Apodemus agrarius(42.9%), 13 rodents were Crocidura lasiura(31.0%), 5 rodents were Musmusculus(11.9%), 2 rodents(4.8%) were Crocidura suaveolens, Rattus norvegicus, Tscherskia triton, respectively. 5. Out of 42 field rodents, 25 were parasitized by 4,419 chigger mites, showing 59.5% of the infestation rate and 98.8 of the chigger index. L pallidum parasitized in A agrarius, C lasiura, M musculus, R norvegicus and T triton, and L scutellare parasitized only C lasiura. 6. Antibodies in the sera of field rodents against O tsutsugamushi and R typhi were investigated by indirect immunofluorescent antibody technique. Positive rate of antibody against O tsutsugamushi were 11.9(5 of 42) and all of the positive is A agrarius. Antibody against R typhi was not detected. These results might provide the basic information for the management of scrub typhus and murine typhus in Kyodong-myeon, where the epidemiological studies on scrub typhus and murine typhus was not carried out enough.

Epidemiological studies on host animals of tsutsugamushi disease in Korea (쭈쭈가무시병의 숙주동물에 관한 역학적 조사)

  • 이한일;이홍수
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
    • /
    • v.29 no.2
    • /
    • pp.181-188
    • /
    • 1991
  • Epidemiological studies on host rodents of tsutsugamushi disease were carried out during the period of July∼September 1990 at nine localities of central Korea. Among total 111 wild rodents trapped by the modified Sherman live traps, 103 were Apodemus agrarius (92.8%), seven were Crocidura lasiura (6.3%) and one was Microtus fortis (0.9%) , showing 24.0% of trapping rate in winter, 11.7% in spring, 11,2% in summer and 12.0% in autumn. Out of 103 A. agrarius 84 were parasitized by chiggers, showing 81.6% of the infestation rate and 43.0 of the chigger index. The antibody positive rate of A. agrarius sera to Rickettsia tsutsugamushi was significantly variable by locality, being in the range of 0∼78.6%. The seasonal change of the antibody positive rate at Dorai 5-ri, Goyang-gun was 75.8% in average during November∼March, decreased to 30.3% in April and further decreased to 13.3% in average during May∼August. Among 33 antibody positives, 31 were Karp strain and two were Gilliam. Seven Crocidura lasiura sera showed all negative. R. tsutsugamushi organisms were isolated from three A. ngrarius out of 94 mice tested, showing 3.2% of the infection rate.

  • PDF